Fire is an important ecological process in the southern United States. Many animal and plant species evolved in the presence of fire, and many vegetation types thrive best in the presence of fire. Fire-dependent biota are declining because of fire suppression and landscape-scale changes. Pine Bluff Arsenal has been working to restore pine savanna, a declining habitat, by reintroducing prescribed burns on part of the Arsenal. The report contains information on fire ecology, history and prescribed fire at Pine Bluff Arsenal; fire effects monitoring reports; and the phase II report on herpetological diversity and abundance in relation to fire management.