The Navy Center for Applied Research in Artificial Intelligence (NCARAI) has been involved in basic and applied research in artificial intelligence, autonomous systems, and humancentered computing since its inception in 1981. NCARAI, part of the Information Technology Division within the Naval Research Laboratory (NRL), is engaged in research and development efforts designed to address the application of artificial intelligence technology and techniques to critical Navy and national problems, with a strong emphasis on autonomous systems. NCARAI's research in autonomous systems addresses multiple, critical capabilities for future naval autonomous systems: human interaction with autonomous systems; adaptation in dynamic environments; coordination of multiple vehicles; and architectures that allow integration of high-level reasoning, planning and decision making with low-level vehicle control. The emphasis at NCARAI is the linkage of theory and application in demonstration projects that use a full spectrum of artificial intelligence techniques. Dr. Alan Schultz, the Director of NCARAI, has been emphasizing the need for intelligent autonomy in unmanned systems as an enabling naval capability that cuts across specific vehicle platforms since 2002 when he worked with the Office of Naval Research (ONR) as a Deputy Program Manager for Intelligence Autonomy for the Autonomous Operations Future Naval Capabilities (FNC).