This report summarizes an effort to identify the attributes needed by Air Force officers to meet the leadership requirements of the 21st century and establish the best and most efficient way to assess those attributes. Specifically, the report examined the effectiveness of current officer selection systems and practices used by the Air Force Reserve Officer Training Corps (AFROTC) and Officer Training School (OTS) programs. The report also examined alternatives to the attributes and measures currently used to seek ways to enhance assessment and selection of officer talent. The findings of the report are mixed. The current selection system has areas of weakness that could be improved. However, it also appears that in some instances viable alternative procedures may not be available. Overall the report recommends adjusting the various selection systems to one overall formal and programmatic system that can be sustained and linked with future needs and deliver a return on investment that will benefit the overall Air Force.