In January 2011, then Army Chief of Staff, General Martin Dempsey, began the Army Profession Campaign by releasing an Army White Paper that called for a dialogue concerning the state of the profession after nine years of war. General Dempsey insisted that it was, essential that we take a hard look at ourselves to ensure we understand what we have been through over the past nine years, how we have changed, and how we must adapt to succeed in an era of persistent conflict. What are the implications of the Army Profession campaign on the Army National Guard (ARNG) as it transforms from a strategic to an Operational Reserve? How will changes in the ARNG s role and use affect the profession? This paper provides a construct to assess the ARNG s role in the 21st Century focusing on the tasks conducted by the organization, and not the organizational structure. The paper then provides a strategy to build a professional reserve capable of performing strategic and operational roles as part of the Joint Force 2020.