The Office of Naval Research (ONR) is engaged intensively in the research of technologies that will ultimately provide superior combat casualty care to front-line care givers. Current tactical operations and future predicted operations will continue to rely on the concept of distributed operations supported by combat infantry and special operations units. These units will continue to be dispersed far from traditional logistic support bases and tails; to include compensatory medical support. As a result, front-line care givers, those critical independent corpsmen will continue to play an integral and vital role in sustaining quality combat casualty care. It is therefore imperative that organizations such as ONR, in unison with the Navy Bureau of Medicine (BUMED), Navy Expeditionary Combat Command (NECC), and Marine Corps System Command (MCSC), continue to deliver medical life sustaining technologies. Technologies currently being pursued by ONR include strategies and techniques for effective combat casualty care treatments, medical planning tools to support combat operations, and mechanisms to provide rapid non-invasive diagnoses.