Eielson Air Force Base (AFB) has prepared an environmental assessment (EA) that evaluates the potential environmental impacts associated with the implementation of the Military Housing Privatization Initiative (MHPI) at Eielson AFB. The United States Air Force, Pacific Air Forces Command, proposes to privatize its military family housing at Eielson AFB, Alaska. The Air Force is considering two action alternatives for implementing the MHPI Proposed Action. Both alternatives include the conveyance of up to 974 housing units and lease of the underlying land to the developer for a period of 50 years. The National Defense Authorization Act of 1996 authorized the Department of Defense to engage private sector businesses through a process of housing privatization wherein private sector housing developers would renovate or demolish existing housing units, build new units, and provide the infrastructure needed to support such developments. The developer would own the units, lease the land from the Air Force, and collect rent from service members while providing maintenance and management.