tv The Day - News in Review Deutsche Welle November 9, 2017 11:02pm-11:31pm CET
raise parking fees to encourage the use of public transport. watch and learn the chinese arts of winning over a u.s. president give him the parade and the pageantry that he'll never get in washington and then top it off with a state dinner and a toast. i don't blame china. as if china and the u.s. were allies like europe and the us tonight a u.s. president blinded by the minute i'm going off in berlin this is the day. forty five years ago u.s. president richard nixon visited china. it was the week that changed the world.
we agreed not to replicate failed approaches of the past and there were many. we have benefited out to countries and indeed change the world. who can blame a country for being able to take advantage of another country. for the benefit of its citizens i give china great credit for that we will definitely write a new chapter in u.s. chinese relations. also coming up for twenty eight years the berlin wall divided this city today twenty eight years ago it divided no more how time flaw that's coming up in about ten minutes. we begin the day in a significant shift from china raping the american economy to china toasting the american president just over a year ago candidate donald trump attacked chinese trade policy and he vowed to teach beijing
a lesson on free and fair trade we can't continue to allow china to rape our country and that's what they're doing will deny trump and richard nixon are getting top billing in beijing as part of a chinese charm offensive at a state dinner chinese president xi jinping toasted the u.s. president now you'd think that she had moved in and replaced russian president putin in the world's most watch strongman bromance indeed trump's visit to china has been a complete success for she and here's why the u.s. president has heaped nothing but praise on his chinese counterpart and has noticeably emitted any criticism of human rights the trade imbalance and north korea perhaps chinese wine is more potent than anything on the menu which from towers our coverage takes us tonight first to beijing.
the latest president donald trump's granddaughter singing the mandarin chinese song in a video it was shown to audiences at the banquet on the second day of the u.s. president's visit this is just one way of saluting the friendship between washington and beijing. trump already congratulated she on his great political victory before arriving in beijing in return the chinese president praised the two countries longstanding bilateral relations. forty five years ago u.s. president richard nixon visited china the visit unlock the door to relations between china and the united states since then thanks to the joint efforts of several generations of leaders and the peoples of two countries historic progress has been made in china u.s. relations. earlier on thursday the two countries signed commercial deals worth more than two hundred fifty billion dollars and even when speaking of the trade
deficit the u.s. currently has china trump lavish praise on beijing and blamed his own predecessor for the current imbalance in trade right now unfortunately it is a very one sided and unfair one but but i don't blame china who can blame a country for being able to take advantage of another country for the benefit of its citizens i give china great credit. but in actuality i do blame past administrations for allowing this out of control trade deficit to take place and to grow on another thorny issue the crisis on the korean peninsula trump also took a much softer tone than before when north korea launched its latest ballistic missile in september president trump threatened to cut off ties with all countries that do business with north korea that includes beijing which accounts for ninety
percent of pyongyang's trade this time trump said he believes changes will happen if president xi works on it the visit between two of the world's most powerful leaders has so far been a friendly one but it isn't clear if they'll make real progress on the most pressing issues. you know there's a lot to talk about here joining me now at the big table is melissa chan she's a journalist and a fellow at the robert washed if them she has also worked in china as a correspondent for al jazeera liz it's good to have you on the day when our look at what's been happening between mr trump and she's you being it looks like this visit has been a complete success for the chinese president i mean it could not have run more smoothly if you agree make china great again i mean you have a situation where we just saw the report trumps granddaughter seeing in chinese now i would love to see president she's daughter who went to harvard and speaks great
english do the same we don't see that so even in that little act some people would be quite uncomfortable and looking at this dynamic i mean yes they talked about the fact that they talked about north korea but we don't see any major announcements there other than the fact that president trump is assuring us that the chinese are going to put more pressure on north korea let us see i mean to be fair the chinese have done some things but again also in regards to the two hundred fifty billion dollars in terms of the business deals right a lot of them is there nonbinding so they could go away poof the next day and it could mean nothing now it's a political win for trump but but it's more than that i mean if you're observing it from the outside as we are it seems that the chinese president simply pushed every button that you need to push to win trumps favor now is he that good or is mr trump made that blind i think it's a little bit of both i mean you have to look at these two men president trump has
expressed since the one nine hundred eighty s. that he wanted to be president of the united states but he's mostly been a businessman now we have she whose father was a revolutionary with man now she has also spent his entire life in many ways preparing for this role and he survived i would say quite tricky politics in terms of the communist party and. the way it functions to become the most powerful man in china so this is somebody who's incredibly politically savvy and i would not be someone who wants to sit across the table from him in terms of negotiating you mention too that we will probably never see any of she's in ping's children paraded there to impress a political counterpart can you imagine any other u.s. president agreeing to the type of public displays of affection that we saw today between trump and she. i think it's hard to think but there are a few examples i think of visiting the united states and wearing his cowboy hat
this was during the early a period of relations between the united states and china and at that time he was received very very warmly johnson was certainly a character and i would say they were super friendly but there was good relations between his interactions sometimes so i think it's hard to say whether you really have a relationship there that special president trump definitely think so. let's talk about what trump did not say during his visit but first i want to take a listen to what he did say about china when he was running for the white helps to get us we have a five hundred billion dollars deficit trade deficit with china we're going to turn it around and we have the karts don't forget we're like the piggy back that's being robbed we have the cards we have a lot of power with china when china doesn't want to fix the problem in north korea we say sorry folks you got to fix the problem. he wasn't talking that way during this visit. we know that she wants china to be
a superpower and to be treated like one was this visit a meeting of two equals really. i think it depends on how you see it i would say that the united states is still the superpower and there are questions about whether china actually wants to be a superpower there's a debate whether it wants to be a superpower versus a regional power so at the state to state level there is an imbalance in terms of the leadership level we talked about the president she spending so much time preparing for this role so like i said earlier the negotiating table i wouldn't want to be across from him but i think president trump probably thinks they're equal but in terms of political savvy in this i would say that she is the one who has done his homework on a lot of issues i think we've seen that on prominent display the last couple of days alissa cham with the broader boston and here in berlin melissa thank you very much. tonight tensions in the middle east are spiking the governments of saudi arabia kuwait and
bahrain it's all their citizens to leave lebanon immediately and last week in lebanese prime minister saad hariri resigned while visiting saudi arabia and said that his life is in danger at home shortly thereafter saudi arabia says the iranian backed militants trying to to retaliate by launching a missile from yemen targeting riyadh observers say you saudi arabia and iran are about to expand their proxy war from yemen to lebanon. well i'm joined now by jerry fire stein from washington he is director for gulf of fairs and government relations at the middle east institute he served as ambassador for the u.s. in several countries including lebanon and yemen and masters good to have you on the show i want to ask you about the tensions that we're seeing tonight that are focused on lebanon do you think that we are headed towards
a military conflict in lebanon between iran and saudi arabia no i don't think so i think that you're absolutely correct that tensions have been raised clearly the saudis are looking at that and on. in the. picture the conflict with iran in the live on syria as well as they have been on concern over his boat. and of course this is also a response in some way to the events of the other day the missile that was launched against saudi arabia from yemen which they blame on the iranians and hizbollah would also be responsible for that so they're they're definitely ratcheting up tension but i i don't think and our view that it's likely to boil over to a hot war but where do you think this increase in tensions is coming from is the
united states with its overt support for saudi arabia against iran is it fueling a conflict that otherwise would not exist. well the tensions between iran and saudi arabia go back for many many years and there's nothing new about that certainly the administration's more robust position on iran hasn't some way encouraged our partners in the region to also be more aggressive but i think it's also a reflection of the frustration. that the saudis feel about iranian advances in the region particularly in syria and yemen also in iraq and i think that there is clearly a decision on the part of the crown prince mohammed bin some on to increase
the pressure and and sharpen the differences between saudi arabia and iran ok ambassador if you would stand by for just a moment we want to talk a little bit more about this proxy war another thundery that is called off in this proxy conflict is yemen the united nations says that seven million yemenis could face starvation in death if aid is not allowed into the country now that devastating warning comes after the saudi led coalition backing the government has tightened its air land and sea blockade around yemen after a missile was launched from yemen towards riyadh the u.n. says that if the blockade is not lifted yemen will things quote the largest famine that the world has seen for decades. conditions for yemenis have been dire for months now they're even worse. the united nations says more than a third of the population has barely any access to food supplies the u.n.
emergency relief coordinator appealed to the international community it will not be like the famine which cost two hundred fifty thousand people their lives in somalia in twenty eleven. it will be the largest famine the world has seen for many decades with millions of victims there's almost no access to clean water and cholera outbreaks have become commonplace a civil war has been raging in yemen since twenty fifteen a saudi led coalition has been trying to fight back who the rebels with aerial attacks on monday the coalition closed all entry points to the country allegedly to prevent weapons from being smuggled to the rebels. the border closures are in retribution for this who is the missile attack on saudi soil seen here on saudi television. the un and fifteen aid organizations have called on the coalition to end the blockade and allow the delivery of desperately needed emergency supplies
are the ambassador you've been in yemen you've spent time there you know what the situation is like there on the ground. do you foresee the saudis opening up the borders long enough for food aid to get in or do you think yemen is going to be the site of the biggest famine that the world has seen and half a century. well we have the statement by the saudi foreign minister out of eligible error in which he said that the coalition would not impede the movement of humanitarian supplies into yemen there's no doubt that this is an extremely grave extremely serious situation that needs to be result very quickly if we're to avoid the kind of large scale disaster that your correspondent was referring to there needs to be some clarification of communication between the
international humanitarian organizations and the saudis to ensure that everyone understands what the rules of the road are in terms of getting these desperately needed supplies into the country and that should be relatively simple there right i mean we're not asking anyone to reinvent the wheel with this by getting aid into the country what about saudi arabia and what about the united states and its influence with saudi arabia i mean if you were in the government now in the u.s. government would you be doing something different would you be urging the saudis to open up that blockade well of course i can't say whether or not the administration is already passing that message to saudi arabia i hope that they are i would think that were were in the previous administration when i was still there that we would certainly be on the phone with the saudis speaking to them and telling them that this is something that they need
to address this is obviously a. red line inflicting. collective punishment on people who are helpless can't be allowed to stand. jerry fire's dime former ambassador for the u.s. to lebanon and yemen joining us tonight from washington embassador thank you very much we appreciate your insights. and the generation that just several years ago watched everything to mail your home crashing down no wonder so many people say they feel cheated. structures are longer cowshed from the government i feel i was deceived for forty years even today i haven't come to terms with my frustration and anger that i went along the system for so long in one nine hundred eighty nine i had
a heart attack i blame the system for that but glad didn't see it what should this war mean preservatives future. outweight parts will be saved and preserved and not become victim to provide its construction sites the wrong should become a monument against tyranny and oppression. well that was the story of an east berlin couple and their sense of betrayal now their story was one of several that i reported on in one nine hundred ninety four five years after the wall well it has now been twenty eight years since the wall fell in fact the berlin wall has now been down exactly as long as it stood it is quickly becoming a relic of history and no longer an icon of a shared memory and that date november ninth is one of joy and sadness for germany on this day in one thousand eight hundred after suffering defeat in war one political leaders declared a new republic the weimar republic and of years of hyperinflation political
upheaval and the rise of the nazis and add off hitler would follow on november ninth one thousand nine hundred thirty eight the nazi regime slaughtered many in germany's jewish communities as synagogues businesses and people were attacked police stood by and did nothing. on the evening of november ninth one thousand thirty eight synagogues in europe were set aflame they burned in germany austria and in czechoslovakia organized gangs of nazi and brownshirt thugs abused imprisoned or murdered thousands of jews amid the cheers of countless gardeners seven thousand jewish owned shops were destroyed and the mob then looted the shops that night was the start of the biggest genocide in human history. or despite efforts to confront its nazi past anti semitic and races
attitudes still persist here in germany and the gains made by the far right in september's election have many worried that the westerns of the past are being forgotten one high school student has chosen to take a stand against bigotry here but due to online threats and harassment aimed at her we're only using her first name. fifteen year old is visiting the memorial to the murder jews of europe in central berlin with her mother at school she has seen how hate speech and anti-semitism are on the rise again she says it started slowly. this is when people would come into the classroom others would raise their right arm in a deliberate nazi salute sometimes they shouted heil hitler you are cool if you did that. and i must come off that at first she didn't speak up then
she saw an online chat group with upsetting images sometimes being good for not there was one picture of a cloud of smoke and the caption said jewish family portrait. and that wasn't the only one in the class chat group so i wrote that this guy should stop behaving like he's a nazi and he wrote back saying i should emigrate to poland if i don't like it but he asked if i didn't held too many dead jews. and milia reported her classmate for incitement to hatred which is a crime in germany she had to contend with a lot of other classmates giving her strange looks but now the civil courage she demonstrated has been recognized with this award from the friends of the whole the cost memorial and berlin's jewish community and lee says she didn't get much support from her teachers and classmates but she did have backing from her friends and family and she says in the future she'll act much sooner against racism and anti-semitism. and now into those
revolutionary events one hundred years ago when russia's communist seized power berlin played a role in that story too in the spring of nineteen seventeen the both of the revolutionary vladimir lenin was living in exile in zurich switzerland and he was given permission to travel by train across german territory in scandinavia on his way back home in st petersburg he was welcomed by jubilant crowds. in route lenin passed through berlin and so began a communist revolution connection. one hundred years ago the magnificent what's the must train station stood on the spot a carriage with the milling on board stopped here in the spring of one thousand seventeen they wanted to return to russia we want to travel for. it was the imperial authorities who allowed lenin strands it through germany during world war
one. the original documents that put this fateful alliance of convenience in effect on display in the instrument historical museum a german diplomat sent a telegram to the in the threat learned they're not safe in russia he's doing just what he want. oct it says here ten million german marks for political propaganda in russia and someone corrected it to say fifteen million found a lot of documents. there were huge sums involved. he appears as many as two million russians fled their homeland after the nine hundred seventeen revolution they escaped a few of civil war taro and starvation it was mainly the intellectual elite who were squandered by the bush weeks doctors and to print write us off as sauce and our restock rats their lives in exile were shaped by few of an unknown future. mighty of an article was born to
a russian noble family her father at the asking was a cadet in the marin academy of st petersburg he fled to russia a few months after the revolution at the age of sixteen. if you ask me with my home is i or i have no home. i have no because i feel at home nearly everywhere i mean i've been to many places and. i can adjust. after many detours through serious living in germany for much because family settled in the us as did many other russians who fled after the revolution you had. the highest the record i restore christian who was working in factories and doing work which brought in pay and the pay was here could live on something else and it was very very difficult.
for many exiled russians believe it was the first stop here they couldn't buy a new car from the carol speck home getting visas to enter germany was a relatively simple process of the border many russian away if you just were granted political asylum charlottenburg at a district where most of the three hundred thousand prussian settled was nicknamed shall not rot. but he was a magnet to the russian and that intensity the reason smites song from india was told around and the best sense and different but many russian state only a short time here before heading to paris or new york. most of the exiled russians like money from his father never saw their homeland again he left his diary to and with it a lot for his native language and russian culture. fascinating story the day is done the conversation continues online and don't forget whatever happens
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