tv Eco-at- Africa - The Environment Magazine Deutsche Welle December 9, 2017 9:30pm-10:01pm CET
born and raised in a military dictatorship with just one t.v. shadow and a few newspapers with official information as a journalist i have work on the strength of many cameras and their problems are always the same forward to social inequality a lack of the freedom of the press and corruption who can afford to stay silent when it comes to the fans of the humans and seem right to foals who have decided to put their trust in us. my name is jenny paris and i work a d w. hello
and a warm welcome to the latest edition of africa here from. nigeria. and i'm cheryl minute from nairobi kenya today we have again literally a ray of new environmental ideas for you. today to. meet. a man with a mission. and we show you how farmers in zimbabwe are battling climate change with new ways of agriculture. zimbabwe's farmers face a lot of challenges sandy and. climate change and most recently a new invasive and highly destructive pest on top of that is to mated three million people in the country without access to reliable food supplies but there's also
hope new stress resistance maize varieties and improved agricultural techniques could help the farmers to achieve the use that they need to survive. looks at his field with disbelief. whether the. now excessive rain has drowned most of his harvest. this unpredictable weather makes survival tougher with each passing year. we are still finding it difficult to adjust to climate change. in this farming season we planted army. and unfortunately part of it died off because there was so much rain. and things are continuing to get worse and nothing will
come out of it is the nothing. out of our research institute or the ari inspect the trial field the fall army worm and invasive species has done a lot of damage here and throughout the country it's estimated that about a tenth of the maize crop is a fact it. insecticides have been used to contain the past. but the scientists say only a balanced ecosystem with natural past predators can ensure success in the future. we work with. the past. through missions like conservation ecology into the integration of trees. and also help to control pests. way meanwhile climate change continues to threaten zimbabwe's farmers. but hope is rising high in
this village in the district. the region's farmers have all suffered harvest losses and now representatives from the ministry of agriculture and a private seed production company say they have a solution a new variety of maize. in. its brand name is zap sixty one a hybrid of traditional maize were raw and he's is better adapted for both drought and excessive rain you. it's said to yield twenty to thirty percent more than conventional mains. lazarus and sam bailey and other farmers are interested but cautious the new mayor is requires new farming techniques and it's more expensive. and the farmers would also have to spend money to fertilize the soil and i don't think we. are all i think this is
a good maze. however i might have to buy for sacks of fertilizer for my one hectare of maize. to think about. other farmers i've already changed to the new maize variety. always thinks farmer to try something new in order to achieve better results. what really astonished me is that on the two hectares worth that i planted agra seed zap sixty one performs the other alternative varieties with the same maturity dates the results are quite impressive. zaps sixty one is up to twenty five percent more expensive than traditional maize for riotous.
but scientists back in harare have developed their own new maize for riot he's. base a that since the soil in many parts of zimbabwe is not very fertile maize farmers have to move away from monoculture. if you rotate it with other crops like humans like. speech and peace ground you can reduce pests and diseases and overall improve the sort of fatality for lazarus and his wife patricia it's decision time whether to just hope that next season climate change fall on him from his heart again or to embrace new technologies that come at a price so now let's move to your reads on mt in your neighboring country we have a role model on how to time the waste into something useful yes sharon as you know
trash is a big problem in almost all of african countries but we can draw a little comfort from the fact that one woman's initiative from the army as a couple of the general public is doing its bit to combat the problem by turning old timers into floor cushions let's take a look at how this works. niger's capital niamey has no regular garbage collection so trash is often burned at illegal dumping sites. when rubber tires burn they release toxic substances. environmental activist i mena is so i do has found a brilliant way to recycle tires. thereby creating jobs for local youths. her recipe. take
a tire wrap it in foam rubber and decorate it with beautiful fabrics. that makes the seat cushion in the traditional style of the sahara region they sell for twenty two euro's apiece. the tourists and other customers who buy them say these cushions are more comfortable and even last longer than traditional ones. it's no wonder they're made of rubber. and you like to see. if you're also doing your bit tell us about it. is it a web site or send us a tweet. tag doing with it share your stories. hey sharon i understand that climate change is also making itself felt in kenya tell us more about yes and national parks in kenya have been hit by adam expected
drought and i mean was us struggling to survive this is a marketing problem because this attract tourists an important source of income but sheikh can those who has set up an initiative to help the animals. is a man with a mission his task is to make sure the animals in national park get enough to drink . he drives many kilometers through the vast parks landscape to deliver a commodity that's limited here water. a rough track leads to the water hole where the buffalo elephants zebras and antelope come to slake their thirst. and. we give you know what i. do we.
patrick started his campaign in two thousand and sixteen when he observed that animals were walking long distances to seek water but were unable to find any. is initiative not only saves animals from dying of thirst but also helps avoid possible human wildlife conflicts. to finance the project he gets help from go fund me and crowd funding platform. the initiative costs a total of about two hundred fifty dollars for a water tanker currently he delivers about once a week the wildlife sanctuary also supports his campaign because it helps keep animals away from the local people. from this particular we. really appreciate it because sometimes the previous twenty fifteen used to look forward to the
point this one was a very big challenge for the cause a lot of people being affected by these conflicts. patrick is hoping that rain will come soon because he needs the water for his other environmental project i want to do some tongue in savile so that when it doesn't rain fell quite sometime week on week on tech and what from there on you know feed i want to hold for our animals so we will have a lot of areas of it as i don't hear so that we don't experience the same problem that we're experiencing now. kenya's tsavo region is considered one of the best places in the world to see large elephants so it's a great asset for tourism patrick also likes to visit the national parks tourist attractions like springs up to. this prone heaps of
solve will. come here. taking place so that they can. and i do go to fresh myself again before i go home. patrick bellew works as a farmer in a nearby village for him bringing water to the animals is a sacred task locals here call him the guardian of solver. one south african city is trying a new low carbon and resource efficient way of covering its food needs and agribusiness that runs on alternative energy is unfortunately the flagship project in them when this equality of slime it still has some to think problems but the twenty five young farmers who walk there are determined to solve the problems together after one year the enterprise is beginning to take root elizabeth mccarthy is one of twenty five local people selected to join the politan
city the idea is to generate electricity with the group's own solar power plant and recycled organic waste from livestock and use the power to produce low cost food for the local population. and it was to use the. and by ok it was there by ok only feed them with waste use one day with from the chickens three to the biochar it's simple for us because we're not going to waste money to pay the electricity from the escort i don't know if we are going to benefit any energy from the state power company is too expensive the municipal government invested the equivalent of three million euros in politan city's infrastructure each farmer is given a house a chicken farm a greenhouse a thousand checks and animal feed project manager sonoma fargo is confident the green project will succeed and the long term. the other group bulletin city was
developed. in mind with casing. and demonstrating theft an ability element of a south enabled living and working environment with somewhat included or incorporated in the project. and i don't want to aspect they are noble in the aspect but it was important to have this. to be. that's actually a problem right now elizabeth greenhouse is empty because the supply of water from the wells dried up the bio gas converter isn't yet producing enough power to pump the water to the surface. the plant requires six tons of organic waste every day to keep the farm powered up around the clock but not enough fuel is being produced yet and a number of solar panels have been stolen. the autonomy's power grid isn't yet up and running but that's not dampening elizabeth's optimism i think progress because
when i was there in the location there were no programs i like to plant is something i grown up in a home. base where like you know. we. so i cannot do anything i can test. the only disability. so for me it's a better life when i'm here the new project is within walking distance of the nearest township so in theory at least it could produce cheaper meat and vegetables for the local population the new farmers can expect to grow since estimated forty thousand euros a year. model once it's running in only it's you know four split it's clearly a proper want to get into replicate throughout the city and most probably throughout the province in the country because to us putting together what could be a game changer in the sense of food security climate change. such that they were
living the green project is still in its development phase and has already suffered serious setbacks production can only get going once the missing solar modules have been replaced and the water starts flowing from the wells and while it's a waiting game for the farmers the authorities already have plans to expand the agro politan city. fish is both tasty and good for you the bustling fish markets and seafood restaurants around the world attests to its popularity but what about future generations empty is this pleasure still going to be there for them well sharon as you know many fish stocks are on the threats many species mostly as a result of overfishing one prime example is called it used to be a staple in many parts of europe but supplies have brindled now and scientists are doing what they can to help the caught stalks in the baltic sea to recover.
the humble cod has fallen on hard times in the baltic sea all too often they have fallen victim to overfishing the result test fishing vessels come back with empty nets the institute of baltic sea fisheries in the north german city of rostock operates three research vessels which spend sixty days a year out its sea in a large scale experiment the scientists in rostock measured and weighed five thousand cod they then injected them with a fluorescent dye before putting them back into the baltic. if analysts or fishing trawlers catch one of these marked cards they're supposed to send them to the institute in return they get twenty euros per fish the first specimens of the going to arriving in rostock. here bones known as otter
lists are in move from the fish and analyzed these bones reveal any problems in the growth of the federation and the probable cause is the. ones under the microscope rings can be seen rather like the rings in a tree trunk that represent layers that have been added each year in this case alterations in the rings suggest climate change is affecting the cards appetite which has a knock on effect for reproduction. believe into the winters are no longer as colder than the water warms up more quickly and stays warm for longer so the spaces longer that's not good for the card because they eat less during this time because they can't feed so well on shallow water communities such as sea grass and algae or so that doesn't help stocks for. constant overfishing is not a big problem that is affected caught in recent years angling enthusiastic over three thousand tons of
a year that's as much as the professional fishing industry and yet anglers a subject to very little regulation so that's now set to change. the plan is to allow only called measuring between forty five and seventy five centimeters anything smaller or larger would have to be thrown back into the sea a new type of fishing net could also help ensure that the card actually remain in the water long enough to produce young. to experts at the institution rostock have spent years working on a special kind of tool that the original design was intended to let flap fish escape through an outlet at the bottom while still catching other fish that work very well all of the shards of the fish shop and so i am glad they shot looks different to a car and also behaves differently i would offer it as if i know how the different fish behave it's much easier for me to separate them off. it would make no sense for example but trying to get flatfish to escape from the top of the net when their
natural behavior is to stay close to the sea floor. sublime. so the big question was could this same principle be applied to other species of fish stocks of flatfish have since recovered the aim now is to protect cod instead . another research boat goes out with a modified two step troll net this time with an opening at the top to allow cod to escape. the fish behave exactly as hoped the flat fish marked with a red arrow swim to the bottom while the caught fish shown by the blue arrow moved to the top. of modifying conventional troll nets to work on this principle is easy and affordable the trawlers would just have to open the top of the net to let the
cod swim free while the flatfish remain trapped in the bottom. in this way it could actually be a fishing net that ends up helping cod stocks in the baltic to stabilize again. a nigerian initiative is helping to keep the girls in school the eco friendly business is offering them low cost sun if you pulled out it's the latest news in a series of moves to give young nigerian women and young girls access to sanitary care products from a leak proof cotton hemp with and to bacteria properties that can hold up to fourteen milligrams of blood these personal hygiene items aren't just accessible they are cheap locally made and a bore hundred percent eco friendly let's go to mina in niger state nigeria and see what these young ladies doing. seamstresses that work in the
central nigerian city of mina. they're not sewing clothes here they're making sanitary pads. olivia on yamal b. is the founder of pad up creations. sits. st luke's thinking just after she began selling sanitary pads from fabric in twenty sixteen their washable and reusable each pad is made up of three layers. this is one of those that lost their color i think decent the equal of the box just don't move on leaking so he did it will never be the whole it was. the pads can be reused for up to a year in days everyone is going to go though you start thinking it will help to raise money to buy something for quantum events and then more goals who will help
to be in school going to instead of doing it only to know that when you get there and the whole that whole something for us. in nigeria many girls drop out of school because they can't afford sanitary pads and stay at home when they're menstruating it's a serious problem and one that makes girls vulnerable to exploitation there are men who demand sex in return for buying them the sanitary pads they desperately need re-usable pads could be a solution as they don't require a monthly investment. they're also better for the environment because they reduce waste. thousands of women are already using the livia anya mobius washable pads. we have been able to impart delightful over a hundred thousand and young girls and women so we have reduced the barrier berrien of west on on the air by a hundred thousand we have also reduced emissions of guys into the atmosphere by
eight hundred thousand so i think in the core system we have also played out well in part by reducing all these in this dimension the peds also provide business opportunities to women outside the company they're sold by female vendors who make a small profit on them. over the quantity through customs just through it is good to go to study. so they get to some of them recently. to some of the survey that one thousand to take him out of nothing is you know olivia only i'm out o.b. left to secure and well paid job at a bank in order to start her business and realize her dream of making a social and environmental impact. major is yes is yet to embrace the misdeeds of the ecosystem we need to keep conversation keep
it in people and then keep rearranging them so that this country breezes like you my house i have gone that's over really don't waste water so they know there was no water there will be a tender we know what so if we keep getting keep reiterating it come to understand that this is not regressive for business looks promising she employs fifty one staff members and production is expanding. by next year olivia anya my o.b. hopes to supply half a million girls with her re-usable sanitary pads. so that's all for today's equal africa so we hope you enjoyed our latest edition of our nature and the environment thanks for watching and bye bye from a big container going state nigeria visit our web site if you want to find out more about our stories of this as unfortunate media and have your say thank you for watching we'll be with you again next week for another edition of our european and
with the senses. because. inexpressible. the cultural magazine. in scotland does. not go out and they will not succeed in dividing us subtle not succeed in taking the people off the streets because we're tired of this dictatorship. taking the stand global news that matters. made for minds. your home life because of persecution society. starting from scratch in an unfamiliar country five people who found a new home in a foreign land. with their stories books and music they've built bridges to the
past and the future. after the escape starting december seventeenth d.w. . their black and living in germany. she's reminded what that means on a daily basis presenters like this nothing and that. and all this kind. of group being you know different. she traveled across germany to meet other black people and to hear their stories. it seems as. though i grew up in a white family in a white neighborhood it was definitely a challenge. she decided to put me up for adoption. so the main thing was to keep your head down and your mouth shut of course of the few scientists i could never completely disappear if you see the stereotypes about
africa it's good to see you. do something for your country murderous. well the blanket toss them out. for germany starting december tenth d.w. . this is the day of the news live from berlin an emergency meeting in cairo after donald trump's decisions are recognized a reason as the capital of israel arab league member.