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tv   Eco-at- Africa - The Environment Magazine  Deutsche Welle  December 30, 2017 3:30pm-4:01pm CET

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taking the stand global news that matters d. w. made for mines meet the germans new and surprising aspects of noise and culture in germany. us american keep music take a look at germany idiosyncracies at their traditions every day lives and language can just come out of my lungs and so on and young good. liquor centrica d.w. dot com the germans. hello and welcome to the latest edition of eco at africa the environment magazine
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brought to you by d.w. tallow phebe k.p.n. my name is sound money coming to you from kenya's capital often nairobi and joining us is my colleague m.p. in my area hello in. thank you sharon and hello everyone. we're coming to you from the live fasi park in lagos nigeria welcome sit back and relax for the next half hour or thereabout i will bring you the latest on environment topics from africa and europe this is what we have coming up today in tanzania donkeys are still being stolen and killed farmers and animals welfare come pain as a lamb then a shipyard in germany is building guess what functional green boat renewable materials and incentive go we meet women using. money and provide light to be happening. but first let's stop the show here in nairobi
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kenya has joined its neighbor rwanda in banning the sale of plastic bags and a plastic products but that doesn't mean an end to plastic waste in every round nairobi an estimated two hundred fifty tons of plastic are generated every day it can be recycled in different ways now just cans and entrepreneurial in the kenyan capital has found a way of timing the west into fuel. plastic litter this dump site counting. every kenyans generates four million tons of garbage. to see one juror who is a moderate for school children. collecting waste helps. not. come here to collect plastic with my friends. this job helps me pay for school
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fees followed. everything. on an average day lucy and others collect about twelve tons of plastic waste from the site. a truck takes today's bounty to the alternative energy system factory in thicker. here the plastic waste will be processed into diesel founder cans opened this facility in june twenty seventh. we decided to embark on a bio diesel project where. the new wife's name to prove it became abundantly clear that unless we are able to create a value hole out of the waste we would not succeed with a project that led me to investigation all the way through energy technologies bringing in britain which is where i found this particular technology for every
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twelve tons of plastic the facility produces seven thousand liters of oil it's a process that involves many steps. first the plastic is shredded. after that it gets heated to remove the moisture. then the material is fed into a reactor where it goes through a process called thermal cracking the extreme heat changes the molecular structure of the plastic and turns the solid material into a liquid. this oil has the same properties as industrial diesel oil. getting customers to understand the complicated took knology was challenging at first. our greatest challenge has been in the marketing of oil and it's taken time for people to be convinced our oil is a substitute for. diesel. the diesel oil made from plastic can be used to power
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plants and industrial further and still manufacture prime still uses it to hitch to over. the synthetic diesel is more expensive than local petroleum oil but factory owner indira patel is convinced it's worth it using this. is. because we do not take small and here read. it. back to you like millings. and smokes though the price competition remains sheers kent's remains committed to growing his business with millions of tons of plastic discarded every year he hopes his plan will work. now we had to book in a fossil it's one of the wild poorest countries still it is very active in fighting
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against climate change for example the country recently inaugurated west africa's biggest fall a power plant our reporter met up with book enough environment minister to get he staked on the current state of the environmentalists. how does climate change affect the kind of fast. and. like all the other countries in the region we are also experiencing the effects of climate change. so is no exception there. involves issues from soil degradation to flooding to pollution. victims of climate disruption. that are going through what. measures you have to take to tackle climate change is all about this after. the war to look at. the situation in this
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hole in the northern part of so is that certification is expanding and degradation is progressing quickly. plus that's what drives population migration. so is engaged in revalue weighting these areas there are a number of projects in the northern part of corkey now seeking to maintain populations in areas with soil degradation. what do you expect from the international community in this area. we're not responsible for climate disruption we're suffering from and so we're asking the international community for climate justice and support for developing countries to deal with the consequences from because this is a range of questions questions of adaptation and mitigation but also involving the transfer of technologies to cope with the affects of climate change today we need appropriate technologies but we also need to be able to adapt to the booking office
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. in europe work you know faster is often viewed as a pioneer in a green technology. how are you trying to make this transition in your country. as a possible signal goes well put i think it involves political commitments at the highest levels for us the president of talking afonso was very involved in the green transition to renewables and the green economy. today no matter what they say but kenya still has the highest electricity costs in the region and now the rate of energy coverage in the country is still very low. you don't have many reserves energy. sources but we have the sun and we think that's a great opportunity to put that if it means that the novel. the president has just inaugurated the largest solar center in western africa exactly. i'm afraid.
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it's an opportunity we're seeking to combine solar energy with thermal power we won't withdraw completely from thermal energy. we're going to combine the two by the. guys with the idea is to provide the entire country with electricity and. it's something good for them like us what. you said there's an important link between poverty and the environment. what do you mean by that last movie resources invoking a fast so are natural resources the environment minister invoking a faster today is called the minister for the environment green business and climate change by choosing green business we want to manage natural resources in a rational and fair way to ensure that there are better distribute it because we're also thinking of future generations but enough urso is convinced that there's a lot left to explore in the environmental sector and that it represents
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a real opportunity for us because it allows us to create new jobs and generate income for our population. population. while the rest. saw farm commitments to environmental protection vet all the best with that and then we move on to the wild overvoting sail boats and yachts it might make you think of open oceans and but in fact they are real environmentalists. that made a lousy of glass fiber which is re-inforce plastic that uses lots of oil and energy to manufacture a ship builder in bremen germany has found a way to make more environmentally friendly boats mt knows more. yes he claims that his boats made up ninety percent renewable materials like uncork i'm a bit skeptical that these boats are as durable and. conventional ones but let's go
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take a look at these. the materials being cut here in the green boats workshop come mostly from nature things like cork and paper. the boats protective coating gets the finishing soak in a resin linseed oil mixture although some mineral oil is still indispensable for now. soon as it's hardened it's environmentally friendly you could even eat off it but before the individual components have reacted with each other i wouldn't recommend that. more than seventy five percent of this lightweight one person sailing dinghy consists of renewable materials the top coat is made of flax plant fiber also used in linen clothing. predicts diamond tells us that flax is lightweight and sturdy just like the layer of paper honeycomb beneath it or a good view of the plant. it's moistens and then stretched so that it really gets
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this honeycomb structure sort of. a piece of paper honeycomb is always used where something has to be both extremely lightweight and super rigid basically only in sport coats the the associated risk is that if it's damaged the water can get in and. that's why the boat's gunwales are insulated with water resistant cork the green banty's hole is made entirely of corn. it's seven and a half meters long the yards largest model to date. for the past two seasons it's been put through its paces like here on lake constance in south germany as sixty eight thousand euros it's somewhat more expensive than boats but we. traditional materials but then it's environmentally friendly and the outer hole is just as durable as standard fiberglass reinforced plastic holds.
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it's an interest shared by researchers in the biological materials group that will show to blame the university of applied sciences. this whole segment is undergoing a stress test it shows that the composite made of flex and cork is extremely durable. on this and that's why the evidence that it's even under tremendous pressure as ship's whole would not fracture it would only deformed some to do some cotton and knocks it out and we test materials such as flax hempel work enough for bending we find that in terms of density they have better characteristics than fiberglass composites when it comes to defamation or mode bearing. on time. but for that you need special breeds of plants mature like this flax with extremely sturdy fibers. you can even make skis with them less diophantus and when they're in then they spring back into shape really well on the. green
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boats they're convinced the future belongs to natural fibers even if it's diamond still relies on a mineral oil component for the top coat rather than purely organic resin. those kinds of resins are very hard to work with they're very sensitive to moisture and they're not really very durable and. that means there's a danger that when a boat's been in the water for a number of years big could start to rot. there's not a trace of raw on the green bench and it's set to sail the coming season as well it will be one of a kind for much longer finished diamond plans to build five more of this model in. twenty eighteen. and now. doing your bit this time we're in west africa to be precise in senegal community there relatively
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little electricity but plenty of sun in other parts of africa people here have the idea of harvesting the solar energy to provide households with small amounts of electricity and thanks to the financial dividend some communities yes indeed have made. friendly business out of the venture let's take a look at how the. lack of electricity is a major problem in senegal. less than a third of the rural population has access to it. and the women of the young have come up with a solution. solar energy kids. almost one hundred people in the region have already bought solar lamps. and those who can't afford them can get
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micro credit or pay in installments. some villages got together to buy a fridge. and now make a living selling cold drinks with. other sports solar energy kits so the children can do their homework in the evening. new sources of income better education thanks to green energy. like them. if you are also doing your bit tell us about it. visit our website or send us a tweet. hash tag doing your bit we share your story.
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many areas in africa are drying out in the sahara region the desert and quoting at an alarming rate on the communities nigeria is one of the nation's most at risk we'll never know if it's not on state of the front line of the certification experts say the sahara is moving southward i don't alarm ingrate we're in the village of gandhi in the far north of nigeria it's not far from the sahara desert is advancing southwards it's an estimated six hundred meters but. it's already started encroaching on gandhi and surrounding. this village is home to day hero the farmer has spent his entire life here he tells us he's worried about the growing threat from the deserts in the north and his annual harvest is dwindling year after year. has sunk. just
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a politically let's see four hundred. bucks how many of you think you get. a president in the three hundred. twenty five percent over the last years. the encroachment is more than this and you are just certain that what. you can be able to. say one time you would moan and visit it is going to show you how that is important and when it is it is more than. three kilometers and. the farmer hires herdsman to graze their cattle on his land so he can collect them and we'll look at life and he's doing more to ward of the deserts. we in the. affluent ten.
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pounds just to reduce the level. and you see all these new interviews applicable. nigeria has been fighting the cation for decades the government has a special budget for forestry programs and has planted two hundred kilometers of tree barriers in recent years. every year we ensure that plantation takes place throughout the year we don't just plant trees during the rainy season even during the dry season we had to get trees the cluster of trees up planted at designated locations to hold back the desert weems that carry the sand but residents of many rural communities continue to cut down trees to use the wood for charcoal burning desertification displaces communities and threatens people's livelihoods it's estimated that nigeria loses more than five billion dollars
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a year as a result. more sustainable solutions are needed to successfully hold back the advancing desert and the destruction it causes. and now into a more disheartening topic poaching in africa but not the well known illegal trade in ivory or rhino horn another species surprisingly threatened by females and hunters donkeys why is that so shark. well duncan skin is very often used in asia for example to produce medical and beauty products demand is huge so no wonder that some farmers are losing that donkeys to and that's where one animal welfare organization comes in to help the donkey is their own that's. this is my papaw in central tens and. hundreds of donkeys have been stolen here in the past month the mona family has also lost two they found the remains
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a few kilometers away and the bushes poisoned and skinned. made it outside on the. big donkey skin the french between one hundred fifty and one hundred eighty thousand shillings that's up to eighty dollars so donkeys are being stolen or killed. this is a big problem for the whole community here. don't these are desert animals perfectly adapted to the hot dry climate and their use has little impact on the environment as pack animals they're very valuable to farming communities simon pope is from the u.k. based animal welfare organization the donkey sanctuary the british activist is investigating and recording what's happening here donkeys he says are disappearing across africa many countries fear that entire populations could be lost within just a few years you know we hear the term than in don't you saw ending up in the other
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two are in kenya they still don't he's disappeared from around. the reason for the rapid decline is each out the traditional chinese medicine made of substances extracted from donkey hides. a kilo of it sells for over three hundred euros. each oh is an ingredient in a wide range of beauty products it's said to stop wrinkles for example. africa's don't keep population is a key target for the skin trade thousands of animals are slaughtered there every day together with partners in tanzania and other african countries the donkey sanctuary wants to put an end to the gruesome business so really what we're trying to do is trying to get the case studies fellow stories about the vigils we've been affected as a way of putting pressure on not just on the governments but on. the good people
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internationally to build one great but it will protect you know actually the whole detroit. many farmers are now trying to sell their donkeys even below market value as they fear losing the animals to gangs of thieves and women over take it or suffer when their animals are stolen they often depend on donkeys to fetch water or transport goods to market. in an attempt to protect its animals and farmers tens in the eye has finally banned the trade but experts say that's just driven it underground and that it's now organized by the same networks that smuggle rhino horn and ivory. pope is heading to the site of a donkey avatar not far from douma it supposedly had to close down after the ban. these images were taken earlier this year at the facility was still up and running . over for years up to five hundred donkeys were slaughtered here every day the offer was buried
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a local animal welfare organization says that poisoned the soil and polluted groundwater in the area. but when he arrives this time pope isn't allowed out of the car is the site still active after all. but we've arrived here i think imagining that this was going to be a pretty much abandoned but it was something. with the door we can just push and go in and i put it instead what we found is it is still go on god's on the on the gate . the officials of the spoken to here are extremely nervous. very very. reticent to allow us to go in a place he told us recall. so if you are kind of add all those different pieces together. pretty. despondent if you like this something is going on in there which shouldn't be. involved don't. you know mohun tells us
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a middle man made him an offer for the family's two remaining donkeys he was willing to pay eighty dollars although the trade is officially banned in tanzania donkeys are still disappearing here in large numbers. and i hope the advocacy groups in the government will continue with initiatives to ban the trade in the country because otherwise we face more losses and soon we won't be able to do our work here. the locals are starting to build fenced compounds to keep the animals safe at night but if the ban is not strictly enforced and the sector remains unregulated donkeys will continue to be slaughtered in the bush and exported illegally in the long run making life worse for thousands of families. how cruel and unnecessary i hope this terrible trade will be ended soon and saw africa and you know johnny it draws to a close here today i do hope you've enjoyed the show as you again next time and buy
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from nairobi. for morning could africa you could check out our website through showing on your screen and you can have your say on our social media pages especially being walked in environmental activities we can tell your story and now it's bye bye from lagos nigeria. logs.
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close. the god's house of music. this time with the color of tara soprano some of the coming.
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together with opera stars. playing. games. just to split. the folks it's all happening. with the book tour link to news from africa and the world looks. link to exceptional stories and discussions can you unload some student news actually program a from the morning to me from the news of museums and while it's a good close touch. afrikaner join us on facebook t w africa. crime fighters the new season of radio crime thrillers begins. domestic violence cyber clay and human trafficking for investigative cases that
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will keep you on your toes in crime fighting stories at the base idea so every young person needs to listen to crime fighter and share tell a friend tell a friend to a fake crime fighters don't miss it. they live to surf cutler danger lurks in the water we were there all year long surfing waste and. not only being the witness but the time being a victim i mean we see you troubles all gastric troubles live basically the same sort of always moments to back up a little there is a cold i was on a shelf. place we just need to go somewhere every day and see more of them from issue to time sort of assumed gives me everything the waves the wind have to give something back to me and i can apply
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an inch to me seemed already out of the atmosphere. that. one waves surfers fighting against unseen pollution seemed starting in january seventh on t.w. list. elite . player. play. this is the news live from berlin a show of support in the streets for iran's privileges it's pro-government demonstrators rally in teheran and in other cities for the supreme leader this comes after. government protests are wrong.


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