tv Global 3000 - The Globalization Program Deutsche Welle June 26, 2018 10:30am-11:01am CEST
yeah i love the bucket of. songs to sing along to download the combo from super. to. have varied courses put into active exercises that are available at d.f.w. dot com slash adoption and on facebook in the app store. learn german for free but w. welcome to global three thousand this week we head to afghanistan to meet a young woman who spends her mornings learning and her afternoons teaching. in morocco we find out how farmers can insure themselves against the effects of
climate change. and in the democratic republic of congo we meet women and children traumatized by civil war. in the twentieth century alone an estimated two hundred million people were killed in wars more exact figures are hard to come by partly because of the chaos surrounding conflicts what is clear is that the proportion of civilian deaths has risen dramatically in one hundred years. in the first world war civilian deaths accounted for just five percent of all fatalities. today that figure is more like ninety percent. and the instrumentalists sexual assault of women has become a common feature of many conflicts to. that's the case in eastern parts of the democratic republic of congo there. militias have
terrorized civilian populations for decades according to one study over a thousand women are right there every day. the city of bukavu on the banks of lake kivu looks tranquil but in eastern congo seems like this can be deceiving in this conflict zone rape has been systematically used as a weapon of war. the worst thing was that they treated us like animals. it wasn't just one minute. it was all of them it was so painful they beaters and abused as like cattle my family had stayed behind which was awful. my children were suffering at home while i was being raised in the forest that you. can't close women have suffered the same way that full seen sinead did to have my mama penzias a trauma therapist who frequently travels to the villages around to cover to help
survivors of mass rape. the roads are in poor condition the region has been destroyed by more than twenty years of war. the women here have suffered horrific ordeal holes. when you're a victim your heart is damaged it's as if you're no longer human and. along with emotional suffering diseases like hiv also take a toll on the pens the addresses these issues listening to story after story including that of no cattleya who was held captive by rebels for six months. president on why during that whole time they hardly gave us anything to eat they've beaten and raped as day and night when one was finished the next one arrived then
the next one and the next on and on what i want is many people as possible to know this is happening. to you it's not clear precisely how many women have suffered in this way but they likely number in the hundreds of thousands will release them to abuse. sometimes you are powerless you miss words to. feel to to share compassion to the people but to just stay there listening to the. looting and then. i think it's my only way to support him because it's horrible to see how human beings can react can behave like peace. since one thousand nine hundred six war has raged relentlessly in the east and democratic republic of congo the conflict is mostly over natural resources worth millions that are sold to customers all over the world but none of the
profits end up here. back in because in a society torn apart children suffer two decades of war have left their mark on everyone here. this is clear he says his family tortured her for years and convinced her she was a witch. maupin's he asks her what she's drawn she answers the person who burnt me i want them to burn to the therapist says it's important for clarity's to express herself have been rejected by the community. the has been accused the self it form of years ago of violence and all it is being a very small children dares to live freely the needs to begin confidence in two people. the clear his who is blamed for everything unfortunate that happened to her
family she suffered a lot the scars left by hot melted plastic thrown on her legs a still painful. the echo bana house office children refuge and a place to be a child again the girls put on a play to share their experiences many of them horrific. a father goes to war and comes back with another woman's child his wife doesn't accept the new daughter who's branded a witch and thrown out. all these children have suffered similar traumas including alice who plays the angry mother. when are we don't want parents to accuse their children they should be there for them love them and listen to them. why do you think. that's what the fourteen year old tells the therapist as she shares her story alice believes
she's a witch because her aunt died in an accident and the pensée comforts her as best she can and promises to help it can be a lonely struggle. yes. to me we usually feel does the the wards go on tours to suffer so people talk so much it was the wars in other countries but so when it's close to talk about the situation some people see. again these and sometimes when it boards the people listed that's why i come to fight these it's citizens we're in this country but you don't do nothing to tim this tuition thing but the trauma therapist is doing something with her help children who've been ostracized by a broken society and learning to dance again to her as my momma pendry and others like
her are trying to create moments of peace even amidst the horrors of war. education can offer children a route out of poverty without it there's little hope of change according to the united nations though two hundred sixty four million kids worldwide have no access to education one hundred thirty million of them girls. afghanistan does particularly poorly in this respect even though the taliban was overthrown sixteen years ago two thirds of afghan girls still don't attend school but why well there are too few schools for a start and daughters are often married off young at the same time child labor is rife and the security situation dismal. fresh though just turned eighteen but she's already teaching in a makeshift classroom the children in her class are happy they're learning to read
and write even a little bit of english for the little ones that something special the children here are so eager to learn they even forget how cold it is. this cave in afghanistan is two thousand five hundred meters above sea level. huge buddha statues hewn into the rock face one stood here until the taliban blew them up the hardline islamic militant group also closed most of the schools in the area and didn't allow girls to go to any of those that remained it's different here now but the children who attend fresh to school still can't afford to pay for lessons. and i am of a white yellow and then people of this area and they are really backwater in their own bed if you just heard different points is spatially the need for education because of this fresh the teachers nearly thirty children from the neighborhood
there's no room for any more and the few donations have already been spent on books and pens like the children here fresh there is from the hazaar ethnic group for centuries the has are of face discrimination in afghanistan but they dream of a brighter future lad like to become a doctor and treat people in the surrounding area i want to be a teacher and later teach in a school for boys joey. that. signal is the best student in the class when she stands in front of the others she forgets for a moment that in this region women are expected to devote their lives to cooking and other domestic work. after school it's a short walk home for the kinder and her two siblings where their mother is waiting . their father is working on a building site at the moment he doesn't have a permanent job so the family has to make ends meet with any casual labor he can
find. i hope that in a few years i can go to high school and later attend university. i would also like to become a doctor. a very different path from her mother who can neither read nor write as a teenager she was forced into an arranged marriage. matter that he tells us how she grew up under the taliban far from here but the taliban drove her and her family away since then she's muddled through as best she can she says and now she's happy that at least her children are learning something. nearby people are making their way to friday prayers bamiyan is deemed the safest area in afghanistan there's no taliban here those are a fellow shia islam in contrast to most other afghans who overwhelmingly belong to the sunni branch of islam while in many parts of afghanistan education for women is
still controversial the has are i have no problem with it. of course women should be allowed to go to school and work why should they just sit at home it's good if they earn money too much. i think women should contribute at least half of what men do to the household income more balanced way everyone has enough. meanwhile volunteer teacher fresh is back in her home inside a cave like all girls she has to help her mother with the housework here she is still first and foremost a daughter but her father respects his child's unusual talents. or does he go i assume that fresh to will later move away and study then she can return as a real teacher and finally get paid. until then fresh the has to fit in with the
expectations her society has. she founded her cave school all by herself and funded it with donations she felt she owed it to the other children in need. unlike them she was lucky enough to get a place at a proper school. again my plan for the future that i have to bring changes about my ability my education about my schools and i would like to be a very telling that girl and then i want to help florida the people of my country also for the people of my community that mike me just back you are. the next morning she has to head out early again fresh the ahmadi still goes to school herself and will soon be graduating as one female student among many that is until she switches roles in the afternoon and transforms back into a teacher in a cave in the cliffs of.
bangle thing they say so i'm fifty six years old i live with my husband and my daughter. when one has the loud voice you know on this side is my bedroom that's where we store our goods those. this is my dining area yes they got the name most. of the wall and the other side we have to work to get to the plough. and this is the yoke which we currently use for the oxen. you know that you're on this side i have my shrine these are our ancestors who protect the house. and we have the animal kits that we take from dead alpacas that we find they serve as payment to the goddess pocho mama boss gets even better.
and when i was a political man was this is where we eat. creamed corn. battle on special occasions we also eat guinea pig you know the idea of. a guinea pig is a traditional dish that is eaten on special occasions like birthdays and baptisms. mostly on us about. is that. easy to find this one is the female and this one is the male they used to polish to chisel let's clear this up then and here we have the put to two it's an instrument that the indigenous group called the child is used to communicate almost like a money go. yes you have to blow hard that's a bit too too. yes i hear you got i have
a nice trip take care of yourself good bye. today in global ideas we look at how to insure yourself against the effects of climate change droughts and flooding now pose a bigger threat to farmers than ever before in the rural region of sushma in morocco plans are underway to introduce a simple form of insurance to help protect them. from our reporter mabel met the man behind the idea. farmers from across the region bring their produce to the main market maxime souvenir he wants to know how good their harvests have ben agriculture in the area has been hard hit by climate change he coordinates a project focused on finding ways to implement climate risk insurance solutions. insurance for a small farmers already exists in morocco. insurance companies offer schemes that
are subsidized by the state. so that's not our focus. what we're interested in is an insurance solution that encompasses the entire file you creation chain. from growing and harvesting produce in the field to packaging and transporting it ideally everyone involved in the process is insured against natural disaster whether they're directly or indirectly affected. agriculture is the source of income here in the sousse plain but extreme weather from drought to flooding is becoming an increasingly frequent problem. we head into town who don't the provincial capital where local authorities are struggling to cope with the effects of extreme weather heavy rain and flooding jeopardize the whole region. roads and bridges are especially vulnerable the trouble is
there's just not enough money to tackle the problem and if. we compiled a report to see how much the bridges and protective measures for that town would cost it turned out to be just over eight hundred thousand euros the city would contribute twenty percent of that the interior ministry thirty percent that means we need to find someone to put up the remaining fifty percent. this footage shot just a few weeks ago with a mobile phone shows how dramatic flooding here can be. it leaves behind collapsed bridges like this one if local authorities can't afford to repair them the transport of fresh fruit and vegetables will be interrupted the problem calls for more than improvise solutions which will be useless as soon as it begins to rain again. if bridges damaged here in town. it could
mean production and delivery to businesses in the town of i eat who will suffer if that affects the entire value creation change. in the globe and that means just one damaged bridge. can affect the whole region up there with all. the businesses and the heat malula industrial park prepare fresh fruit and vegetables from the region for export if their suppliers don't deliver the produce the economy suffers ninety percent of morocco's agricultural exports are processed here a key aspect of the climate insurance scheme that souvenirs developing is that payouts are decided by weather data if there's been so and so much rainfall the insurance pays up damage incurred doesn't have to be documented the scheme is geared to four hundred businesses and i met a loser. well covered but detect a more of a case of we don't work directly with the companies it's hard to reach them.
proposing new ideas without the help of regional authorities and associations is complicated it's new polls that's why we work with partners like the regional center for investment this is a. local businesses or by all means aware of the gravity of the situation this firm packages fruit grown on its own plantations but long periods of high temperatures are bad for the orange trees and flooding can lead to fungal infestations the company head says that climate change has become a bitter reality if the quality of the produce isn't up to standard that can't be exported and the modern packaging plant is all for nothing the company is facing losses and the workers are feeling the pinch. the company head says existing insurance schemes are
a step in the right direction but don't go far enough. yeah boutros can do so but there are lots of aspects that aren't covered. and many bureaucratic hurdles. over when there's an insurance claim that can be traced back to climate change then no one wants to take responsibility it takes a long time for anything to happen. the new climate insurance is designed to improve the situation a workshop and the chamber of commerce brings together insurance providers local authorities and association representatives and project coordinator maxime souvenir . the goal is not only to develop a new insurance scheme but to provide advice on how to weatherproof businesses. to avoid them basically we want to create something with a sustainable financial foundation but we want it to be integrated into a risk reduction chain we develop risk management concepts and the insurance is
only the final element in this chain if we do it properly then we'll lower the costs of the insurance because the risk is reduced i think we'll see it. more data needs to be gathered before the new climate insurance scheme can be introduced and farmers and businesses need to find new ways of protecting their enterprises against the extreme weather that's becoming the new normal here in morocco. we've been hot on the trail of good eats again and have discovered as a little just fish. makes good on might be one of montenegro's best kept travel secrets but it's clear water natural beauty and inviting villages and tourists are now flocking to the area something restauranteur nannette picture of it she is counting on to boost his business. group that will come out soon. we're in
a good location era right in the center of montenegro anyone traveling from the capital port go to the coast passes my restaurant. everything is close to here the mountains the lake the sea we have everything that tourists could want for the for . the food is all locally sourced vegetables from the garden and fish from the lake. through these choice ingredients are turned into tasty unpretentious meals like ill results have. been almost as it's a very traditional dish in montenegro often we take different vegetables add rice and then later the ill. carrots red peppers onions and garlic fried in all of oil
give the dish a hearty aromatic character. the chef then adds the fresh eel and dried plums to give it a richer fuller flavor. the dish is grazed in the oven for forty five minutes. when it's ready it's straight to the table where it's devoured by hungry travelers . not only misreads are. i especially like the sweet sour taste buds. to the ial adds a very particular note of course. this dish makes me really happy and definitely one of the best in the area little comparable the be served with
a glass of chilled wine it's a lovely way to enjoy an afternoon on the terrace. the but. that's all from global three thousand this time we're back next week and if you'd like to find out more in the meantime check out our facebook page d w global society or drop us a line at d w dot com see you next time. the book. on the but. the book.
fifteen minutes on d.w. . earth. home tunes of species. a home worth saving and. those are big changes and most start with small steps global ideas tell stories of creative people and innovative projects around the world. but news that considers its limits are used to bring images solutions and resource to ship. to interactive content to choose the next generation about environmental protection. using channels available to inspire people to tend to action and were determined to build something here for the next generation the idea
is the environment series of global three thousand on t.w. and online. crimes against humanity. civilians see come with music so. they're recorded inches travel around the globe just social media. but what is probably. fiction and what is fact digital investigators combed through the flood of images they combine sources to try to reconstruct what happened and to substantiate claims of christ thanks to this video recording of the soldier who shot the young man is on trial now for forensics between bits and bytes. believe. anything getting. it's a big chance because justice is about to truth. truth
detectives starts june thirtieth on t w. this is g w news live from a debate over a migration recall rages in europe and it's only is pushing other e.u. countries to take a tougher stance caught up in the middle hundreds of migrants stranded for days on board a rescue ship in the mediterranean italy is one of those who you countries to refuse them entry. also coming up children separated from their families at the u.s.