tv Global 3000 - The Globalization Program Deutsche Welle June 26, 2018 7:30pm-8:01pm CEST
and bring down. evidence. because justice is about to truth. truth detectives starts june thirtieth on g.w. . welcome to global three thousand this week we head to afghanistan to meet a young woman who spends her mornings learning and her often means teaching. in morocco we find out how farmers can insure themselves against the effects of climate change. and in the democratic republic of congo we meet
women and children traumatized by civil war. in the twentieth century alone an estimated two hundred million people were killed in wars more exact figures are hard to come by partly because of the chaos surrounding conflicts what is clear is that the proportion of civilian deaths has risen dramatically in one hundred years. in the first world war civilian deaths accounted for just five percent of all fake tallaght. today that figure is more like ninety percent. and the instrumentalist sexual assault of women has become a common feature of many conflicts too. that's the case in eastern parts of the democratic republic of congo their militias have terrorized civilian populations for decades according to one study. over
a thousand women are raped there every day. the city of bukavu on the banks of lake kivu looks tranquil but in eastern congo scenes like this can be deceiving in this conflict zone rape has been systematically used as a weapon of war. the worst thing was that they treated us like animals. it wasn't just one minute zing me it was all of them it was so painful they beaters and abused as like cattle my family had stayed behind which was awful. my children were suffering at home while i was being raised here in the forest with the few. close women have suffered the same way that francine sinead did to have my mom and penzias a trauma therapist who frequently travels to the villages around to help survivors of mass rape. the roads are in poor condition their region has been destroyed by
more than twenty years of war. the women here have suffered horrific ordeal holes. when you're a victim your heart is damaged it's as if you're no longer human and. along with emotional suffering diseases like hiv also take a toll the pens the addresses these issues listening to story after story including that of nicads here who was held captive by rebels for six months. president why during that whole time they hardly gave us anything to eat they've beaten and raped as day and night when one was finished the next one arrived and the next one and the next on and on what i want is many people as possible to know this is happening . you know. it's not clear precisely how many women have suffered in
this way but they likely number in the hundreds of thousands. we nearly simple because. sometimes you parlous you miss words to. feel to share compassion to the people but you just still be listening to they're looking at them. i think it's my only way you support him because it's horrible to see how human beings can react can behave like peace. since nine hundred ninety six war has raged relentlessly in the east and democratic republic of congo the conflict is mostly over natural resources worth millions that are sold to customers all over the world but none of the profits end up here. back in bukavu in
a society torn apart children suffer two decades of war have left their mark on everyone here this is clear he says his family tortured her for years and convinced her she was a witch. mackenzie asks her what she's drawn she answers the person who burnt me i want them to burn to the therapist says it's important for clarity's to express herself have been rejected by the community. neve been accused the self it for fusible of violence and all it is being a very small children still if we'd been means to he gain confidence in two people. to clear his who is blamed for everything unfortunate that happened to her family she suffered a lot the scars left by hot melted plastic thrown on her legs
a still painful the echo banner house offers children refuge and a place to be a child again the girls put on a play to share their experiences many of them horrific a father goes to war and comes back with another woman's child his wife doesn't accept the new daughter who is branded a witch and thrown out. all these children have suffered similar traumas including alice who plays the angry mother. when are we don't want parents to accuse their children they should be there for them love them and listen to them. i guess. that's what the fourteen year old tells the therapist as she shares her story alice believes she's a witch because her aunt died in an accident and the pensée comforts hers that she can and promises to help it can be
a lonely struggle. yes. actually we usually feel dirty the wards to suffer so people talk so much it was the wars in other countries but when it comes to talking about the situation some people see again again these and sometimes when it boards the people lose it that's why i come to fight these it's citizens we're in this country but you don't do nothing to tim the situation. but the trauma therapist is doing something with her help children who've been ostracized by a broken society and learning to dance again to her as my momma pendry and others like her are trying to create moments of peace even amidst the horrors of war.
education can offer children a route out of poverty without it there's little hope of change according to the united nations though two hundred sixty four million kids worldwide have no access to education one hundred thirty million of them girls. afghanistan does particularly poorly in this respect even though the taliban was overthrown sixteen years ago two thirds of afghan girls still don't attend school but why well there are too few schools for a start and daughters are often married off young at the same time child labor is rife and the security situation dismal. fresh though just turned eighteen but she's already teaching in a makeshift classroom the children in her class are happy they're learning to read and write even a little bit of english for the little ones that something special the children
here are so many gets a learn they even forget how cold it is. this cave in afghanistan is two thousand five hundred metres above sea level. huge buddha statues hewn into the rock face one stood here until the taliban blew them up the hardline islamic militant group also closed most of the schools in the area and didn't allow girls to go to any of those that remained it's different here now but the children who attend fresh to school still can't afford to pay for lessons. and i am of a white yellow and then people of this area they are really back what i mean they are that if you just heard different points is specially the need for education because of this fresh the teachers nearly thirty children from the neighborhood there's no room for any more and the few donations have already been spent on books and pens like the children here freshener is from the has our ethnic group for
centuries the has our of face discrimination in afghanistan but they dream of a brighter future well i'd like to become a doctor and treat people in the surrounding area i want to be a teacher and later teach in a school for boys. benefit that the signal is the best juden in the class when she stands in front of the others she forgets for a moment that in this region women are expected to devote their lives to cooking and other domestic work. after school it's a short walk home for the kinder and her two siblings where their mother is waiting . their father is working on a building site at the moment he doesn't have a permanent job so the family has to make ends meet with any casual labor he can find. but. i hope that in a few years i can go to high school and later attend university in campbell i would
also like to become a doctor. a very different path from her mother who can neither read nor write as a teenager she was forced into an arranged marriage. matter that he tells us how she grew up under the taliban far from here but the taliban drove her and her family away since then she's muddled through as best she can she says and now she's happy that at least her children are learning something. nearby people are making their way to friday prayers bamiyan is deemed the safest area in afghanistan there's no taliban here those are a follow shia islam in contrast to most other afghans who overwhelmingly belong to the sunni branch of islam while in many parts of afghanistan education for women is still controversial the has are i have no problem with it.
of course women should be allowed to go to school and work why should they just sit at home it's good if they earn money to do my. article. i think women should contribute at least half of what men do to the household income more that way everyone has enough. meanwhile volunteer teacher fresh is back in her home inside a cave like all girls she has to help her mother with the housework here she is still first and foremost a daughter but her father respects his child's unusual talents. or does he go i assume that fresh to will later move away and study then she can return as a real teacher and finally get paid. until then fresh the has to fit in with the expectations her society has. she founded her cave school all by herself and
funded it with donations she felt she owed it to the other children. unlike them she was lucky enough to get a place at a proper school. again my plan for the future that i have to bring changes about my ability my education about my schools and i would like to be very telling the girl and then i want to help for the people of my country also for the people of my community that my community israel back was. the next morning she has to head out early again fresh the mahdi still goes to school herself and will soon be graduating as one female student among many. that is until she switches roles in the afternoon and transforms back into a teacher in a cave in the cliffs of. this
don't think they say so i'm fifty six years old i live with my husband and my daughter. when has the last always me down on this side is my bedroom that's where we store our goods those as does me this is my dining area yes and the name also left it on the end of the wall and the other side we have. now. this is the yolk which we currently use for the ox and the quickest way yes. you know that here on this side i have my shrine these are our ancestors who protect the house. and we have the animal kits that we take from dead alpacas that we find they serve as payment to the goddess purchase mama boss gets even better.
and we're not let's go mammals so this is where we eat. we call creamed corn. on special occasions we also eat guinea pig. guinea pig is a traditional dish that is eaten on special occasions like birthdays and baptisms. but the source is that's. easy to find this one is the female and this one is the male they used to polish and to chisel. and here we have the put to two it's an instrument that the indigenous group called the child is used to communicate the rest of the group when you've got a. you have to blow hard that's a bit too too. yes i hear you but i have a nice trip take care of yourself good guy.
today in global ideas we look at how to insure yourself against the effects of climate change droughts and flooding now pose a bigger threat to farmers than ever before in the rural region of soon. plans are underway to introduce a simple form of insurance to help protect them. reporter. met the man behind the idea. farmers from across the region bring their produce to the main market maxime souvenir he wants to know how good their harvests have been agriculture in the area has been hard hit by climate change he coordinates a project focused on finding ways to implement climate risk insurance solutions. insurance for a small farmers already exists in morocco. insurance companies offer schemes that are subsidized by the state. so that's not our focus.
was what we're interested in is an insurance solution that encompasses the entire file your creation chain. from growing and harvesting produce in the field to packaging and transporting it ideally everyone involved in the process is insured against natural disaster whether they're directly or indirectly affected agriculture is the source of income here in the seuss plain but extreme weather from drought to flooding is becoming an increasingly frequent problem. we head into taboo don't the provincial capital where local authorities are struggling to cope with the effects of extreme weather heavy rain and flooding jeopardize the whole region. roads and bridges are especially vulnerable the trouble is there's just not enough money to tackle the problem and if.
we compiled a report to see how much the bridges and protective measures for the town would cost it turned out to be just over eight hundred thousand euros the city would contribute twenty percent of that the interior ministry thirty percent that means we need to find someone to put up the remaining fifty percent. this footage shot just a few weeks ago with a mobile phone shows how dramatic flooding here can be. it leaves behind collapsed bridges like this one if local authorities can't afford to repair them the transport of fresh fruit and vegetables will be interrupted the problem calls for more than improvised solutions which will be useless as soon as it begins to rain again. bridges damage here in town. it could mean production and delivery to businesses in the town of i eat well who will suffer with that affects the entire value creation change. and
global and that means just one damaged bridge into. can affect the whole region. the businesses and the industrial park prepare fresh fruit and vegetables from the region for export if their suppliers don't deliver the produce the economy suffers ninety percent of morocco's agricultural exports are processed here. a key aspect of the climate insurance scheme that suny is developing is that payouts are decided by weather data if there's been so and so much rainfall the insurance pays up damage incurred doesn't have to be documented the scheme is geared to four hundred businesses a night. of public but detect them all because we don't work directly with the companies it's hard to reach them. proposing new ideas
without the help of regional authorities and associations is complicated with new goals that's why we work with partners like the regional center for investment this is a. local businesses or by all means aware of the gravity of the situation this firm packages fruit grown on its own plantations but long periods of high temperatures are bad for the orange trees and flooding can lead to fungal infestations the company head says that climate change has become a bitter reality is the quality of the produce isn't up to standard it can't be exported and the modern packaging plant is all for nothing the company is facing losses and the workers are feeling the pinch. the company head says existing insurance schemes are a step in the right direction but don't go far enough. yahoo troops can do so but
there are lots of aspects that aren't covered. and many bureaucratic hurdles. go when there's an insurance claim that can be traced back to climate change then no one wants to take responsibility it takes a long time for anything to happen. the new climate insurance is designed to improve the situation a workshop and the chamber of commerce brings together insurance providers local authorities and association representatives and project coordinator maxime souvenir . the goal is not only to develop a new insurance scheme but to provide advice on how to weatherproof businesses. their boy and basically we want to create something with a sustainable financial foundation but we want it to be integrated into a risk reduction chain we develop risk management concepts and the insurance is only the final element in this chain if we do it properly then we'll lower the
costs of insurance because the risk is reduced that it's. more data needs to be gathered before the new climate insurance scheme can be introduced and farmers and businesses need to find new ways of protecting their enterprises against the extreme weather that's becoming the new normal here in morocco. we've been hot on the trail of good eats again and have discovered as a religious fish. let's get on might be one of munson you various best kept travel secrets whether it's clear water or natural beauty and inviting villages and tourists are now flocking to the area something restauranteur nannette the chant of it she is counting on to boost his business. and we're in a good location era right in the center of montenegro anyone traveling from the
capital port go to the coast passes my restaurant. everything is close to here the mountains the lake the sea we have everything that tourists could want because of the for. the food is all locally sourced vegetables from the garden and fish from the lake. these choice ingredients a turned into tasty unpretentious meals like ill results have. been almost as it's a very traditional jewish in montenegro so we take different vegetables add rice and then later the ill. carrots red peppers onions and garlic fried in all of oil give the dish a hearty our mass a character. the chef then adds the fresh
eel and dried plums to give it a rich a full of flavor. the dish is praised in the oven for forty five minutes. when it's ready it's straight to the table where it's devoured by hungry travel lives. on the outer limits to st george. i especially like the sweet sour taste buds. the ial adds a very particular note of course. already this dish makes me really happy and stephan at least one of the best in the area will comparable the beasts served with a glass of chilled wine it's a lovely way to enjoy an afternoon on the terrace. the
into the conflict zone come from to the powerful. as f.b.i. director james comey was always pretty well known for window charm fired him last year. for good measure of this week he's my guest here in by the way he's promoting . book even as he faces new challenges are installed the nation so what's the truth of this conflict zone confronting the powerful on t.w. .
assignees clash of cultures in india. a clash between those who believe in arranged marriage and those who want to marry for love. the clash that's shaking families and society to the core. my father will be angry sometimes i think i'm already dead to. the love commandos starts july eighth on d w. this is a fifteen year old girl. being gang raped. his teacher is beating a boy for talking back and class. for the rest of the class watches.
and here is toddlers being killed by his mother breaking up lots. of child sleeps in the streets because her family through her. fear. online bullying. pushes a teenager over the edge. just because you can see violence against children doesn't mean others and there are the invisible visible of us might violence against children disappear. the union leader. the todd.
oddly. odd . genuine place. this is do we do is live from berlin donald trump scores a win for his hard line on immigration a victory for our constitution we have to be tough and we have to be safe and we have to be chic you are the us president hails a supreme court decision to uphold his travel ban on several muslim majority countries will get more from washington also coming up moll to us is that it will accept a migrant rescue ship which it previously turned away as after several european countries agreed to take.