tv Check-in Deutsche Welle July 14, 2019 6:30am-7:00am CEST
the streets. we speak different languages we fight with different things that's fine but we all stick up for freedom freedom of speech and freedom of the press. giving freedom for us global news that matters. made for moderns. i've always wanted to show you around my hometown a small city in the state of hessen in the heart of germany.
there are more than 1000 half timbered houses here. and if you're lucky you'll hear the bells ring at the market place. when i was born and figure was located on the fringe of the german federal republic germany's and our border ran only a few kilometers from here it separated has and to lincoln and germany and all of europe for that matter into east and west but in 1909 the wall came down in berlin and the border between east germany and the federal republic was opened for the past 30 years no bigger it has been at the heart of germany. today i want to take you on a little tour along the border between hassett and well most that places that still bear witness to the cold war division of germany and that's make tim's animals my.
now what has changed since reunification turning a once heavily fortified death strip and so unattractive tourist destination. will visit a small town torn apart in the cold war. well check out castle one of the symbols of german reunification. and globe trotters steve handed sends his regards from durban and south africa. i'm heading south all the way along the border between hess and tooling and until i reach the. 3rd cities and towns meadows and fields quite unimaginable that this region was once marred by the cold war and cut into by the iron curtain i want to find out what things were like back in the day and head over
to point alpha a former u.s. observation post at the interment border. takes me around the premises 1st he shows me the different stages of the east german border fencing. starting in 1952 the old boundary stones were replaced with barbed wire. but those trying to flee could easily cut it when no border guards were in sight so the east german leadership made escaping more and more dangerous. we're in the middle of a minefield that dates back to the 1960 s. when they began building the berlin wall on august 13th 1961 the inner german border was secured through military means and 1.3 to 1400000 land mines were planted. the death strip whoever managed to pass it unscathed was often brought to a halt in the last border fence. really it would have been very difficult to climb
the fence practically impossible to pull yourself up by your fingertips like that. up until 1904 there were also s.m. seventy's here anti-personnel mines which would detonate if anyone tried to climb up. they were called automatic firing devices and would have fired shrapnel that anyone trying to escape and had. this was the border patrol road in the former east . only 50 meters across the border a u.s. army watch tower it was part of observation post alpha 40 u.s. soldiers were stationed here they all belong to the reno and black horse regiment a demanding task at the frontline of a conflict that had the whole world holding its breath is that costly to the black horse regiment was a very strong unit on its own combat helicopters armored infantry and artillery and
assumption was that if war broke out the soviets would advance and this would be one of the 1st sights of a 3rd world war helpless and it couldn't because i'm bored. every accidental movement could have had devastating consequences tanks were only allowed to drive up to this red line a rule established by the americans and meant to avoid provocation that could have cost the soviet leadership to snap. nowadays point out tells the tale of germany seemingly distant but there you've recent history groups of schoolchildren come to learn but also veterans who served here and many people from around the world interested in germany's peaceful reunification by the way this watch tower was only built in 1984 back then nobody thought that 5 years later the cold war and the iron curtain would be history until not too long ago the region we're in right now the wound was full of military infrastructure on both sides of the border today the low mountain range as a protective bias fair reserve and still somewhat of an insider tip for travelers
for hiking biking or just taking a little time up. the one is a low mountain range in the middle of germany often called the land of open spaces it ranges from the state of turning in to has and the varia. there are some larger cities on the outskirts for example mine again in the east which for a long time was the capital of the duchy of socks a mine again. for the baroque city of boulder in the west. and right in the middle is the vasa cooper the highest peak of the world at 950
meters. this is the heart. gliding in germany because of the thermals. the 1st attempts at gliding took place before the 1st world war but the 1st competitions were organized in 1920. sailplane is designed to write the air currents without an engine so that it can just glide through space. back when germany was still divided sailplanes from hessen in the west sometimes found themselves gliding towards and even over the border just 15 kilometers from the boss a cookbook. some pilots were even arrested and only released weeks later after paying a hefty fine in deutsche marks. the planes were confiscated. today
these gliders and paragliders have the same ideal thermal lift conditions but there's no border that they have to mind. so they can glide freely in their own lands of the open spaces. little remains of the iron curtain only the border patrol road still meanders through germany i can start to walk on it on the shores of the baltic sea and would end up in hope and bavaria the 1400 kilometers of exclusion zone have turned into a greenbelt a protected area for flora and fauna. my ts kissed as one of the many environmental activists and east and west that demand the german green belt not be used for construction or agricultural purposes he
wants it to be fully returned to nature resumed its will close to the book on the taft. which is now flowing again in its own bed. before the wall came down this stream was part of a no go zone on the eastern side of the patrol road set up to prevent escapes the pool to fill in the. after the wall fell the riverbed was recalled invaded by environmentalists and has been that you know enough to focus in on india. but now there are wetlands for plants and animals for and this is a very valuable limitation that and you don't want something you don't wish to flee now. surprisingly political and military hostility were fertile ground for endangered species. and regularly takes visitors around the greenbelt to introduce them to the biodiversity of their region. i went
on a really fun walk with some biology students from all snuff look. we went to the also which is known for its orchids the country. instead of the usual half hour the walk took 2 and a half because the biology students kept stopping at every blade of grass. when seeing that for. their lives so it's not just the locals in the greenbelt has turned into an attractive tourist destination this clean up on the greenbelt will never be a tourist trap thank god. it's not done but it's very important that those who are interested should be able to come here. and clinton as well this will always be a small select group there won't be any mass tourism. but we're noticing more and more people coming from a far more fun closer than in front of. my
next stop is for one of the oldest towns in tooling and. its existence was 1st documented in the year 840. almost as old this bridge that crosses the vent of river on the other side lies phillips only a stone's throw away but unreachable when germany was divided and these are bad luck it's born and raised and fall tells me how this bridge when from connecting people to separating them. during a cold war was located in the exclusion zone what was daily life like. for when we drove in and drove out we had to show a special stamp on our ideal. no one else was allowed in on friends couldn't visit us. we were allowed to request a visitor's permit from the police for very close relatives 6 we wouldn't know for
6 weeks whether we'd get permission or not because i'm a good miracle because order to win that battle then best place to look very different and you tell us about this bridge and the role it played in. the bridge was a very important artery cause of 4 kids from the holy roman empire it was on the via regular from like 6 to frankfurt. we liked it very much. and we were able to cross it until 1952 and i'm on now you know or my aunt lived in the house on the border to mine a tug and then that ended here it was there were more and more fences. first a wire mesh fence. then a watch tower was built on the bridge. and then everything was closed off as there was nothing around this cause it was
a no man's land really. and i know what people are trying to flee across the valley i'm not really. worse very often my brother escaped in 1962 he was a student in fly back and he and his friends played jazz and that got them into trouble with this band so when they swam across in august 1960 to. try and fish to did they succeed they made a lot of them and no member of 989 the border opened what was that like your family was reunited so was germany euphoria must have been immense i suppose and. it's the best thing to have happened to us at the end of the 20th century. it's a feeling that you don't experience very often come on in the us.
you can relive this moment in foz local history museum. and amateur filmmaker captured the scene as the west started to tear down the border wall the famous berlin wall came down on nov 9th 989 only 3 days after the border between fatah and phillips all followed. oh. since then the old bridge has returned to its original function connecting and philip stop. trying to take a little tour of the lives tom the small town is home to a true gem a castle dating back to the 17th century and surrounded by a lush park. setting
out to explore the world wasn't really an option for the citizens of communist east germany people and getting visit their neighbors here in philip's taught nowadays things are much easier to look at our globe trotters save painted all he needs is a ticket a backpack and a sense of adventure this time we caught up with him in durban south africa 2nd biggest city. we start things off in the sunny city of devon i'm here with my little boy guides tell me were god is around for today some sun i could go now i'm going to get leo welcome to the city of durban wasn't enough don we're going to take up with what is on the telly called to sure there'd be. something. because wilma city is located on the east coast and has a population of about 3 and a half 1000000 in the metropolitan area durban is famous for being the busiest port
in the country it's also seen as one of the major centers the tourism because of the city's warm subtropical climate and extensive teaches if. you get. it. right we made it to the most popular stadium which was built for the world cup in 2010 we're here to do the big rush the world's tallest one that's got. to get. through syria what if. it. wasn't safe and it was scary but i don't expect it's to be back. to the next morning
we hit the road and drugs about 3 hours northeast. so we just drove it away and what we see just right after we entered some secrets here. i guess is. our base inside the park was the hilltop can't which overlooks the reserve. first came dr are sitting right. there ready to give us the feeling right and also have to say that it's one of. the little they can fall asleep part is the oldest proclaimed nature reserve in africa it consists of 960 square kilometers of hilly topography and is known for its rich wildlife and conservation efforts here teach the. the big 5 game animals can be found in just a short amount of time also we were able to see 4 out of the big fine on our 1st
game drive. and we are back at the covered resort in the pool which is the perfect way to finish this trip through the region of western stuff. but. back in germany i'm on my way to the protest mining area stretching out on both sides of the backdrop and hesson as well as tooling up between 194-5989 it was divided after reunification east and west german potage industries merged the privatisation led to the closure of unsafe or inefficient mines and the loss of many jobs in the former east the mine in macas was turned into a visitor's attraction. polish guba takes me on a tour of the huge underground labyrinth. even the ride is quite an adventure.
140 square kilometers of winding tunnels the nazis believed this to be the perfect hiding spot in april of 1905 u.s. soldiers couldn't believe their eyes when they came upon this room thousands of boxes and bags filled with cash diamonds and gold paintings by rembrandt do that and many others in anticipating the downfall of the 3rd reich the nazis hid a lot of their gold and currency reserves and marcus. from by some means oh what dimensions are we talking about here that holes like my own right markets well some time ago if you count em. we think that in but it comes to 3000000000 writes mark you were in a bank notes alone. there was so much money stored here that there was
a shortage of cash in berlin. one of the most spectacular finds never t.v. this is of course a replica the original is back in berlin's pergamon museum if all of this is an adventurous enough for you you can also explore the labyrinth by mountain bike but there are only a limited amount of spots and dates so you should sign up ahead of time in any case there's plenty to see down here. like this grotto full of sparkling salt crystals. because it was on board it's something special or unique in the world as far as we know the salt crystals of this size with a metre long edge aren't found anywhere else except at mcas. and in the right light it's twice as beautiful.
a couple of kilometers from the inner german border germany is arguably a country of many councils so why did the box book play such a crucial role in german history i meeting with our to find out that. for many years he's been showing visitors through the book into the birthplace of the modern german language 500 years ago monte lucia translated the bible into german in this very room until then there have been countless dialects has bible created a unified german language power in the language that german speak today emerged in this room with martin luther we're good to start here hundreds of years later he said we became a people a nation because of martin luther that's how we. and a common language you would find that in minds of.
another milestone in german history took place in the books banquet hall in $817.00 students and fraternities hailing from small states and principalities got together and this room. here and they demanded the founding of a unifying german nation with democratic civil rights. under the 1st the un a fraternity germany's 1st fraternity invited people to the book festival. and the fraternity colors were black red and gold black in the middle red and then a modest gold on the rim of the flag and in the middle an old french. with the flag became the symbol of german democracy black red and gold blue over the book for the 1st time. today the book is once again a castle for all germans a little a still remembers the 1st months after the border was opened west germans were finally able to cross into the east without needing
a visa or passport and for many the baht book was the 1st place to visit. just that one year more than 700000 people came. and they waited in line for hours. well they were amazed because the vault book wasn't such a good state and that money had been invested over decades we're all prejudices flew out the window before they solve a gold cross on the tower and they knew they were home here who thought the holes or. even the hardest of frontiers are essentially artificial concepts and because they're artificial they can be challenged by the people and eventually taken down it's been 30 years since the fall of the iron curtain and the reopening of the inner german border 3 decades that have blurred the lines between east and west and still we mustn't forget about the past which is why it's so important to have places that
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a hero a legend or simply a human being who was neil armstrong. the moon was his destiny starts july 20th on t.w. . playbook the. us vice president mike pence is warning of a crisis on america's southern border with mexico pence has been visiting to overcrowded migrant detention centers in texas nationwide raids to deport apparent illegal immigrants are scheduled for sunday.