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tv   DW News  Deutsche Welle  October 14, 2019 1:00pm-1:31pm CEST

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this is news to live from berlin and turkey advances deeper into northern syria in its deployment against the kurds but kurdish leaders have sealed a deal with syria's government to cooperate in halting the turkish offensive that as their former ally the united states withdraws from the conflict zone. also coming up the 2019 nobel prize for economics goes to
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a trio of researchers the jury helps them for their experimental approach to alleviating poverty and spain's hand spain hands tough the prison sentences to catalan separatist leaders for holding a banned independence referendum the former head of the catalan government calls the sentences quote an atrocity. i'm sorry kelly welcome to the program turkish backed forces are continuing their push into syria as fighting continues along a 200 kilometer stretch in the north of the country where the last few hours the truckie back to free syria army is reported to have taken the city of taylor bought fighters there have been removing flags of kurdish backed troops in the area to braise their own flags it's part of
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a coordinated push to wreck to by the turkish government after american forces started to withdraw from the region. and there do one has indicated that turkish troops are also ready to launch an assault on the syrian city of man beds which is held in the west of the country now syrian kurds in this area. turkish media reporting that the country's forces were preparing for an operation on men bed and were positioned at the city's edge having pushed into the area in the last 24 hours of the latest now from our correspondents matts hoffman is standing by in luxembourg at the meeting of e.u. foreign ministers and dorian jones is joining us from istanbul welcome to both of you and dorian i'd like to begin with you what does everyone want to achieve with a potential attack here now on man bitch well for president
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on this has been a target and objective for well over a year and a mum beach is an extremely important town it's a major hub of communications hub sitting on a main highway connecting syria with iraq and beyond that it is the gateway to syria's 2nd city of aleppo president one has saying that he had this deal with the united states that they would promise the withdrawal of syrian kurdish militia if they took it more than a year ago they said america remains still not deal and now he's saying that we determine now to take the city i return it to what he says is its rightful owners and that his reference to the syrian free syrian army forces which have been fighting with damascus regime and now are allied with turkey the key question here will be will damascus be happy with the handing over of such an important city to rebels that are currently still fighting the regime so a potential flashpoint is looming it seems and max how far are you countries willing to go to to stop this offensive that we've heard about because we already have a number of countries halting. the export of weapons to turkey if
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it were up to some countries for example. economic sanctions year or the very least an e.u. wide embargo as you know as as of now we have embargoes weapons and bargirls of some countries but not the whole of the european union but as things stand at the moment it appears that you foreign ministers here are struggling for wording to condemn what is happening in northern syria and that is because some countries are very concerned that the turkey e.u. migrant deal that is keeping many migrants out of the european union because turkey is helping might blow up in their faces and that they would face even more migration coming into the european union and as you know that topic is political dynamite for the european union. dorrian what has changed now that the kurds have reached an agreement with the syrian government. well this is
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a really potential game changer the fact the syrian kurds have now reached out to the damascus forces and they all believe to be currently trying to secure syria's northam bowled off with turkey now that brings the prospect of a potential clash between turkish and syrian regime forces a major escalation in the syrian civil war with repercussions all across the region and the key flashpoints are believed to be the city of miami beach which both sides now lay claim to and also this kurdish controlled town of kabbani on turkey's bowlder president has said that his forces will long with the syrian rebels will be seizing that town the same time we understand syrian regime forces are rushing to that town to secure it so potential looming confrontations here and at the same through all of it is moscow moscow is backing the syrian regime at the same time it has good relations with turkey it will need to find some balancing act to avoid this potential clash with 2 important allies and max just walk us through how the
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e.u. is reacting now that we have this word of. kurdish forces essentially reaching this agreement with damascus. you know some foreign ministers here have acknowledged that the you basically is watching helplessly because it does have economic clout but it doesn't have the military muscle really to change things as they stand right now in northern syria but of course the e.u. itself has 2 major concerns when it comes to the region the 1st one i touched upon in my 1st answer it's more migration like i said political dynamite but the 2nd one is also what happens to the foreign fighters apparently some of the isis captors of the u.s. have already been released or fled will be come back will europe face another terror wave as we did in the past years these are all things that need to be discussed here in luxembourg but like i said we don't expect anything more than a strong condemnation if at all what's happening with turkey in northern syria but you know turkey for its part is really tough and talking tough and dorian i'd like to ask you about this turkish threat to dishonor the agreement with the e.u.
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over migration. how serious is that threat indeed well i mean potentially it is very serious you have to recall way back in 2015 nearly a 1000000 refugees from turkey cross the agency into the greek islands in greece and overwhelmed not only greece but the rest of europe and that is in the back of their minds that turkey can do that again present one is reiterating this right again and again but it has to be said there we skeptics see it because in 2015 the route from greece to the rest of europe in germany in countries like the u.k. and france was open now that route is affectively closed there's a lot of skeptics here whether the refugees in turkey would flock in so many numbers to greece when they realize the situation in greece is nearly as bad as it is in turkey so people do suspect that this is an empty bluff a threat empty threat by turkey but many in your may not be ready to take that chance dorian jones with the view from turkey and max health men with
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a view from the e.u. thank you so much to both of you and while the fighting is now affecting mostly northern syria it's also spilling over into turkey has been just heard our correspondent yulia han has this report on turkish towns that have been hit by the shell. in the turkish border town of. the public outpouring of grief. the women mourn the death of their village chief he and 2 other men were killed in a mortar shelling an apparent reprisal attack from across the border in syria. we want this war to stop nobody should die no soldiers no civilians we just want peace you know course we're scared we're scared for the whole country the turks for kurds for everyone no one should be killed. and you never think you
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order people show us where the weak them died. within a radius of 20 meters traces of bomb fragments. windows walls. passes by shrapnel all right where. i don't think it came from the outside maybe from over there i don't know but this is from a bar. similar story can be heard in many turkish border towns. if people believe there was just across the border in syria they know better now. they may also support the turkish offensive he claims the fighting could cost many come their ability here in our car we are hosting $125000.00 syrians
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you might be able to imagine how difficult that is that we want to save their own to resettle the 3500000 refugees that have become a burden for turkey over the past 8 matthew but here occasion my friend have a little money but we pay the real price syrians to go back to their homes. in. the area northeast syria that is supposed to be coming face own anything but. for days the turkish army and opposition fighters have clashed with kurdish militia and while they are busy fighting each other there are concerns that either jihadists which are already defeated in the area might be able to regroup. international criticism of the turkish military campaign is growing the united nations say the offensive has course more than 100000 civilians to flee but the consequences have also been dramatic on this side of the border in turkey and many people we've
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talked to here are hoping that the violence won't continue to escalate. this includes people in full rich who are grieving over the death of their village chief . and pray that the turkish military or peroration will and before they have to bury more of their loved ones. that was here leon there in istanbul excuse me on the turkish syrian border let's get a quick check of some other stories making news around the world and poland's the country's ruling conservatives have secured a big election when the law and justice party is projected to have enough seats in parliament to govern alone with most votes counted from sunday's ballot the right wing party backed judicial and media reforms that you criticism from brussels for eroding the rule of law in poland. wading through need deep waters emergency responders are searching for missing people after
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a major typhoon houghi biggest hit japan over the weekend the super typhoon has already claimed dozens of lives and jabot some by flooding and landslides in cities and towns near the capital tokyo is still being assessed. i did ecuador indigenous leaders agreed to end a protest after president let me motor you know agreed to reinstate fuel price of cities they greenman came after nearly 2 weeks of violent street protests people were angry over austerity measures brought in to obtain a multi-billion dollar loan from the international monetary fund. 21000 nobel prize for economics has been awarded jointly by energy as to do flow and michael kramer for their pioneering studies the trio were awarded the prize for their experimental work in alleviating global poverty better g and 2 for those who
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work at massachusetts into to institute of technology and cramer works at harvard in the united states the economics prize is technically not a nobel prize as such it was 1st awarded back in 1969 by the sweetest central bank as an add on to other nobel prizes the economics prize wraps up a noble season that has so far seen only one female. rob watts from day to be business joins us now to tell us a little bit more to tell us 1st of all about the trio of winners what exactly is that work about so the phrase that was used by the committee they gave in this award is they're being awarded for their experimental approach to alleviating poverty so what these 3 have done that other economists weren't doing before them is to actually go to areas in the world where there is extreme poverty there is something like 700000000 people living in extreme poverty or around the globe and carry out experiments that so that the policies that come from those experiments
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actually relate to some scientific evidence and that's the really the key to what they've done that others haven't it's really reap revolutionized the way in which people start policymakers have started to come up with policies on how to help people living in extreme poverty we've heard that it's a controversial prize you know given the way that it has been awarded but you know it's also who it is awarded to there's only been one woman ever awarded so what does this tell us you know until today there had only been one female nobel laureates we do now have 2 that makes it 2 out of 83 i make it which is still quite a proportion away from anything like equality we could say that this shows that the committee is trying to redress that balance but also you wouldn't want to suggest the test to do flow is unworthy of this for reasons other than the vats she is a woman they did
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a question and answer with her after they announced the award she was woken up this morning by the nobel committee and was given a cup of tea and then asked some questions about this and she said that. getting this award shows that it's possible for a woman to succeed and be recognized for that success and she hopes that she can be of some sort of inspiration to other women working economics you described where he and economics she describes as. incredibly humbling that she was getting this award a big year also for this particular prize right yes the 50th anniversary of the nobel prize for economics as we casually call it i mean it's official name is the bank of sweden prize for economics sciences in memory of alfred nobel because this is not one of the original nobel prizes set out by africa nevel in his will some 120 years ago was invented by the. swedish central bank 50 years ago but since then it has driven a lot of economists to make some key breakthroughs that have changed the ways in which we approach global money policy what's thank you.
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spain supreme court has sentenced 9 catalan leaders to up to 13 years in prison for their role in a failed independence referendum back in 2017 they were part of a group of separatist leaders who organized the vote to declare spain's northeastern catalonia region as an independent state the referendum passed with a majority vote but the central spanish government deemed it illegal bringing journalists even bergen who is joining us from barcelona so what's been the reaction to this verdict i think the reaction or most people are appalled although. the population supported the president of iraq from the. leaders say such incredibly bitter kone and charges people about what it was excessive. where were doing were and over there were rumors were being larger in
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far as a very severe but overall sense of this very shock even when it was exactly like that here. well the thing was that they would face 3 different charges one was rebellion which is almost as bad as treason sedition and the 3rd was misuse of public funds well they've been found guilty on the 2nd 2 and the thought was as they were dropping the charges and the more serious rebellion the sentences of the larger part has happened is they've applied for more or less the maximum sentences for the other charges so you know we're here between 9 and 13 years. for. basically for offenses that most people think these people should have been banned from politics and hard. not actually sums
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prison. well i mean surely these verdicts are going to have major implications for the separatist movement itself where does it go from here. difficult to say i think we go in for a day and perhaps several days of a process of various kinds but the point is that the separatist movement has managed to mount a massive campaign over several years and came to a lot of attention for its course but the fact of the matter is that it's failed it hasn't gone anywhere near independence and seen a whole generation of its leaders now banned from holding public office and there's no clear way forward even bargain in barcelona thank you. that germany's parliamentary oversight committee on the intelligence services has been meeting to discuss last week's anti semitic attack in the eastern city of hala the panel always meets behind closed doors one of the big questions they will be asking is
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whether more could have been done to prevent this attack another issue is how to protect synagogues and mosques in the future on wednesday 27 year old man shot 2 people dead and tried to break into a local synagogue to attack worshipers gathered for the young kapoor holiday the holiest day of the year in judaism. and joining us now here in the studio is patrick sands burge a c.d.u. politician and member of the german parliament oversight committee on the intelligence services thank you so much for joining us and welcome to the program we know that the authorities they seem to have established a timeline of events in holland so now as a member of this oversight committee what exactly are you trying to find out so we're looking closely if there are any connections to other people if you have was really alone there to develop the guns by himself they were guns idea and any
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connection to other people and what about other connections to. move that could be the ones who are in christ church. so are there any links on platforms to these people like breivik christchurch this issues yeah exactly we have the actor essentially acting alone but you know the larger question is was he part of one of these international networks of of like my sims or don't know the money festo it's 11 pages long but there are a lot of connections maybe to breivik and to christ church in this little money fest i wouldn't even call it money for a story it's 11 pages it's more like. a paper that's written for a computer game whole set it is given that i mean. what do you make of the work of the authorities should they have detected this individual before this happened before he took to the streets i think it's very hard to detect people like him he was alone he was unemployed no friends living at home with his mother spending
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a lot of time in the internet so it's very hard to detect people like this but we have to think about looking closer inside these forums trying to find connections when people already themselves and so it's not easy but i think we have to look much closer into that i want to talk a little bit more about the political backdrop you know on the side of this investigation because we have the conservatives calling for access to be encrypted messages services such as whatsapp for example but we haven't the other hand here in germany the their partners in the grand coalition the social democrats essentially saying no. is this just yet another fault line in the government playing playing out where it might where it should be going to get digital age so we have to to give our. security of authorities the possibility to do the work a normal telephone line is not interesting anymore so these people they use what's up of course they use the chat function in games that's also interrupted so so in
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the way we have to give all thought to supposed ability to act in the in the our century in the digital world so i think it's time for that and we have a discussion about data retention for also for the intelligence community and i think that's another interesting issue that's important in the past decades we've had a lot of attention drawn on to islamic terrorism you know identifying potential attackers before they indeed can carry out those wishes did the authorities did they drop the ball when it comes to you know home grown right wing terrorism right here in germany i think so too we're looking very close to the right extreme part of terrorism but it's. very hard to find individual people who just go in the internet who are not linked to the other person who have got no friends no social community around them so it's very hard to find these people that's why we have to access in
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the digital world to access of forums he was very active in forums like 4 chan like h.n. we have to be more present there and observe people who are going step by step in a radical way patrick cents per member of the bundestag oversight committee on the intelligence services thank you so much for joining us this afternoon to talk a little bit more about what you are indeed discussing like me. it's in sports news for you now and qualifying for football's euro 2020 germany overcame pre-match controversy and an early shock to beat it is still only a thrill 3 nil excuse me it was just after 14 minutes when chan was sent off but 2 goals from van sent up a 3 nil victory those 2 germany players with turkish roots had caused a controversy before the match even kicked off also had an instagram post of picked in turkish national team players who were celebrating a goal with
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a tribute to turkey's military operation against kurds in syria john and going to one leader unlike the post i have denied any political support for so forth but i suppose it was 2 or 3 days ago now and it was mentioned in sporting sense because he scored a goal i liked his post but it wasn't meant in a political way i mean against war in any form i pray every day for peace in the world's premier absolutely leading pretty into the media always interpret everything critically and i'm not saying any more now with all of the office my thoughts on this critical. well euro 2020 qualifying season england face full garia in sofia up later leno in a win while are in the place in next gins tournament but football has taken a back seat in the build up to the clash with discussion focusing on racism instead england have asked for stronger support from football authorities in dealing with racist fan chants or bulgaria insists that it is their opponents with the worst
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track record. of genuine sporting significance for england but one that's being overshadowed by racism riles and finger pointing england players including russia girling and tommy abraham have threatened to leave the pitch if they are racially abused by vogue area friends both players have recently experienced racist abuse in the premier league. you know we do not have a problem with racism in the beaucaire in championship we have many black friends in boca area and we don't have as much of a problem with racism as you do in england perhaps to link the movie on the. problems with racism have been a recurring theme throughout england's qualification campaign carol southgate's players were subjected to racist chanting in montenegro in april he's called on you wait for take measures to prevent it from happening in future. we had to prepare
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our players because of what happened to us in montenegro so that was a process that we needed to go through before next away fixtures but. outside of that we trust your thirty's to make sure everything is in place. england player for sanctions against montenegro to lenient repeated pleas to hold her account has evidently been taken as an accusation by both kerry and officials. in south korea but one that both sides hope. for anything more sinister. in athletics kenya's brigid caused a made history at the chicago marathon on sunday with a new world record. didn't just break the women's marathon record she shattered it by stunning 81 seconds previous holder hall of radcliffe's record had stood for 16 years finished the race with clocking 2 hours 14 minutes and 4 seconds afterward
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she said that she thinks it's possible to go even faster. and they are going to do you know what and what we're done even to what they intend to do think than 2 minutes think and. maybe one minute to be. community. here watching to give you news live from berlin coming up next global 3000 the globalization program with just placement in the spotlight i'm sorry kelly in berlin thanks for watching have a great day. the boy.
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the boy. climate change. sustainability and. environmental pressures. of globalisation. biodiversity species conservation exploitation egoity. human rights displacement told the global and current to
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a local large. global 3000 next on d w. cohen goes eco fashion. you call made from trash. pretty colors from bacteria. and may not mass produce. sustainable ethical and that's beautiful fashion. in 60 minutes on d w. i i subscribe to do you know where your books are something more in the world than what we make. kaptur father of. 3 books are none too.
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sure of. what unites. what divides. the man. driving force. what binds the content together. the answers and stories aplenty. spawn why don't people. listen girl on t w. welcome to global 3000. more hunger ready and natural disasters they've always been the 3 main reasons for human migration but technological progress and new forms of transportation have made displacement
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a far bigger global issue. in the mid 19th century mill.

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