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tv   Close up  Deutsche Welle  December 4, 2019 8:30am-9:01am CET

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to the people of east germany in the mideast tense the crowd clamors for german unity journalist peter allen boyd was at the scene. 13 years later he looks back on the tight rope interest and starts december 19th d.w. . but these time there was that growth will come and that there's no one. for months hong kong citizens have been demonstrating more and more of a safer asli against china's increasing restriction of their freedom ah ah ah ah ah ah ah ah ah ah ah ah ah ah ah ah ah ah ah ah ah ah ah ah ah ah ah ah ah ah i thought out the protests have no official leader are organized only through social
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media and are both surprising and creative artists are playing a major role. on. the tourism has plummeted and the economy is suffering huge losses. but during the work week most things take their usual capitalist course in this international finance center. hong kong streets tell a different story on sundays. hundreds of thousands of hong kong citizens are turning out in mass displays of civil disobedience.
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at the beginning of this wave of protest in early june the masses were demanding the withdrawal of an extradition bill which would have allowed hong kong to deport criminal suspects to china the. outrage over the proposal took lawmakers completely by surprise. kong's pro chinese chief executive carrie lamb seen here at her inauguration 2 years ago in beijing underestimated the extent of the citizens anger for far too long for her the people's wrath grew ever more threatening with each confrontation between activists and the police. the angry citizens of hong kong feared that the law would expose them to china's
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arbitrary legal system. as carrie lamb retracted the controversial bill at 1st reluctantly but then more resolutely she had long lost control of the situation. carlos and often this is going to withdraw the bill not coming the protests because a lot of people have said that the focus of the protests for this shift from the bill to the police has been doing in hong kong and a lot of people are not happy with what the police has been doing. tony chung is a reporter at the south china morning post his specialization is relations between hong kong and china. first carol i'm wolf seem to to be a person could really mend trust and relationship but it ended up no of the protest and it seems to promise not to solve and i threw up most of.
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what considerably worse in the situation happened right here on august 31st at the prince edward underground station. the site has now become a pilgrimage for victims of police brutality. after a demonstration police followed several activists into the underground train and there were scenes on the trains that utterly shocked the peaceful people of hong kong i i i. i i. artists and illustrators took images of young people bleeding and put them online but they spread like wildfire as did the videos of police brutality. it triggered a chain of reactions activists started occupying the underground stations bringing
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public transport to a standstill. i militant activists have since declared the underground. system as an enemy concept . stations have been destroyed all over hong kong. before the sunday demonstrations workers try to say what can be saved. as an advisor to hong kong's chief executive. she's a powerful woman in hong kong and a personification of the enemy in the democracy camp after 3 months of protests you know it looks like to us that's the number of peaceful demonstrators it's been doing but the hot cocoa to this violence is escalating they are throwing along
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perpetual you know so that is worrying. there's no question that some parts of the movement are becoming more radical. nor that the police are also using excessive violence. the trust between the government and the people has reached of very low point who has always been the case in recent years that's a lot of people find it hard to trust the government completely. hardly anyone is talking about the extradition bill now. now the movement is demanding an investigation into police brutality as well as amnesty for activists who've been arrested releasing protesters from the criminal status as rioters and most of all free elections overnight the slogan 5 demands none less was created
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it's become one of the battle cries of the movement but it's chiefly the call for free elections which goes too far for the beijing friendly government. the protests that they as they were adopting all or nothing approach you know for 5000 months you know. must be met the government would formally announce it what with all the filth on for september you know and we have since an independent oversight on police law enforcement by bringing in international experts will you take on that australia. as far as we can go. both sides are now facing each other stuck in a kind of hostile trench warfare the question is who can hold out the longest by china has been hoping that the protest would eventually lose momentum. the challenge for the activists is to keep up civil disobedience and keep the mass demonstrations going. this is where the creative types come in.
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samson and long as an artist and is seen as one of the most creative minds of hong kong's cultural scene. every sunday he meets with friends to go on a demonstration. the large sunday demos were legally permitted by the police until the end of september. now they're illegal but the protesters still go and i think most essentially is the volume intending on local because. in a peaceful protests all the legal for this we have a 1000000 of people come out but if it is the clay illegal. a lot of people relate to it we may be you know all fluffy and for us and. however this tactic hasn't worked in spite of the ban samson and hundreds of thousands of others still go out and demonstrate their fears for the future are greater hong kong citizens have many
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democratic rights. we don't need anyone's permission to exercise our right to exercise all freedom locks. each. thought is very clear the people of hong kong knows that it is written in our constitution in the basic law that we have this basic freedom. the democracy movement fears that hong kong's illegally guaranteed independence could be eroded and complains about beijing's growing influence many people here fear it is just a matter of time. samson wong visualize this fear in a guerrilla art campaign projecting a countdown on to hong kong's highest building. and
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it counts down the time until hong kong is finally returned to china and 2047 a provocation. by. the young freedom loving hong kong people it's about their future and nothing less. perhaps that explains their unwillingness to compromise. by reigning we mean the 5 miles but we all know that this is. this is one step. it is started they think otoh practically. everyone just decide. it is a mall and check this i also have a home call me for a purpose that will say. sampson wong who is also a junior art professor believes in the power of images. to sing about their role
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in the age of the show on the t.v. all creativity and movement a thing it is rare a situation where and crowd created that they become. very important by crowd creativity i mean everyone created to get up trying to make their movement stronger sold and it's not just about polls to us it's not just the ball particular in that . is the ball more ball to sustain the energy of the all to move. guys know you. guys know. it's more about actions like. when people create a song called corey to home call. the story of this song illustrates what wall means it all began with the melody on the
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internet. at some point an unknown person wrote a narration and people started gathering spontaneously to sing their new anthem. then a few professionals produced this music video which was also put online anonymously . in no time at all glory to hong kong became the battle anthem of the protest movement. it is some demonstrations whistled in underground stations and a flash mob congregates almost daily somewhere to sing it as a collective protest it's not really about the morality all the music all day in the red sea is about how you produce
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a whole action and all people occupy and there was helping all saying this all and i think this kind of creative that they all factions most important to them will but it's about people and. sustain the attention to them also saying their motivation to come all week by week. the crowd finds out about organization of the various actions on social media active hong kong citizens follow dozens of internal unclosed groups and decide which action to participate in depending on where they are. proud intelligence is guided by a quote by action hero bruce lee a hong kong icon. who has maxim before most shapeless like water has become the narrative thread of the democracy movement.
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the protesters flow through the city streets like water with no leadership unpredictable surprising and nearly always before the police can react. approaching a faction is deploying the same strategy day to organize flash mobs here with slogans supporting hong kong's police sometimes singing the chinese national anthem . actual singing battles often take place like in the shopping mall where democracy activists singing glory to hong kong on the top floor drown out the chinese patriots. who see people now singing. the f.m.
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. in it's the shopping mall i was just. before full i mean so i think that is the future of hong kong. just in one is a famous local hong kong illustrated political cartoonist and art professor. he has a comic column in a much read newspaper. and he thinks that art can do much more than criticize china touches people's hearts. i think it's hope of time a lot of people in hong kong. really sat and you know. depressed frustrated. reading negative emotional and a lot of works they're actually not about propaganda not about
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mobilizing action but about healings. not just in long has started archiving of the drawings posters and images of the pro-democracy movement he already has thousands. and they have a large influence on the movement. the cartoonists the player wrote to. purge some i call for example the yellow raincoat. appear to when the 1st. whoso design them it is so decided. the young man in the yellow raincoat climbed some scaffolding to stick up a protest poster in mid june. he remained up on the scaffolding for several hours before jumping down to his death. he is seen to be the 1st fatality of the protests.
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illustrators made the raincoat a symbol for the protest. the young man as a sacrificial icon for the movement. and then some icons different icons. weekend and merged like. the think through the late the girl with the eyes being shot. was the young woman hidden here behind on braless by her friends was at a demonstration when she was hit in the face by a tear gas bullet. and so that is another icon i think that one is now in has no impact because when i see it like overseas people who want to show support to holcomb's as cover when i just have very often the cartoonists works find
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their way from the digital into the real world onto the so-called lenin walls. these public pen boards derive their name from a wall of graffiti which sprung up in prague after the murder of john lennon. back then as today the icon of young protest movements. who. was. nobody knows exactly how many of these walls there are currently in the city. some say dozens others say hundreds. everyone can express their opinion here. congratulations a message or tips on how to protect yourself from tear gas. when the 1st lennon wall appeared in hong kong and 2014 the police were soon on
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site. today these pen boards of protests are popping up all over the city so fast that the police can barely keep up. now we don't have a specific location because all the events happened here and there so. even there are some things like in the lebanon war in different districts. there's just they're ok even though lenin was destroyed by other people people who put that up there and there's no centralized location so so all the work through and merge here and there and here and there there's no limitation for the time frame or the physical space so our thing is not just about. freedom of expression this is it is also about how communities come together to create political space to reclaim the city so we always think that hong kong people
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law. apolitical before this move was a lot of them not really. a sampling to do anything passing the walls obvious like thing. and no true create political space in the coming days she's all that system for this. i want to hang out why so many people are now claiming this space there are smaller actions almost every day in hong kong. schoolchildren are occupying a space here in the financial district with a spontaneous sit in. school children are among the most active of the protesters. more than. a few streets ahead a further demonstration is taking place this time it's legal with a permit from the british general consulate. the inhabitants of the former crown colony are asking the former colonialists for help. unusual times call for unusual
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means. i. many of the peaceful protesters have the feeling that something special is happening in their city and they want to be part of it. the young yang art critic and curator has come across this demonstration rather by chance. she's taking part in the protests but only if they are violence free as an effort citizen on the street like for me. i could feel the texture and temperature of the city becoming gradually different like for instance people carrying you could suddenly going to a conversation with a stranger about you know what's happening you know what led the protests what do you think of it i was just in this kind of conversation yesterday you know hong kong chinese people so we lucked in to context french on the street people say
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hello there was just. the way. i think that i see think of change is not just for the human chain but for a lot of protests we see a lot of filings fighting scene but be high you see a lot of. both of those i like the unity among them they don't know each other but the support they show to each other is just unbelievable. how many people are behind the protest no one can really answer this question. among the $7000000.00 plus inhabitants of hong kong around $1200000.00 are mainland chinese who have moved to the island. their number is growing by a good 50000 a year. just like everywhere else in the world the polarization between the 2
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opposing camps is increasing. and not being optimistic about you know the whole city being united but what is positive i think that come this coming out of this is all these had been undercurrents and now it's all opened up and we it's outrageous to deal with it or not deal with it so divisions could become in the trees and then unities could divide again but this is what life is about. i. there are many signs that the protests have led to an ever increasing division of society which can be seen recurring on the edges of the demonstrations. this man in the czech shirt clearly a follower of the government was very vociferous in his criticism of the protests on the street. after
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a few minutes of his hefty tirades these scenes follow. it was . thanks to the brave intervention of a few people breaking up the fight the man is not seriously injured was in the latest stage of the movement you know there's a more direct fighting if the police and a lot of young start they are going like they're wearing like food here with the hand that and the mars. and and a lot of words if they start to patrick then as i like a fighter. i think his kind of what is important that they try to good night after one to canada and they try to put track than portrayed them as the hero thing. so that i think it's also to give them
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the energy and the supports to those people in the front line. on october 1st the 70th birthday of china the situation escalated a new. for the 1st time the police shot live ammunition at militant activists. the shots triggered a new wave of people and student protests everywhere in the city. at this point over 2000 activists have been arrested. beijing has said very little about the unrest in its special administration region . the question of whether china will decide to send in the army has been on everyone's lips for weeks now. was this in the basic law
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the chief executive could seek help to keep the army in case all. public safety you know but this i don't think she will want to because even though legally is permissible practically we might need some help you know. perception wise you know it will be seen as the death of one country 2 systems was what will happen next and how do artists see their role in the coming weeks i want to. change i want to change people's minds. for somebody. i want my work. and let them understand what we're thinking. i think some people are counting on the world support i don't believe in that i think god is more powerful are our
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whole structure because i was saying many countries who actually are all the true make china angry. who knows if democracy would come and maybe eat them up in hong kong depends on democracy in china what we're doing here is true that ask if it is possible this kind of make believe which children are good at right they just pick up something from the beach the sack and then they make a castle because they know it's got a possible but they make it to be a cost of your dream house and we are doing that.
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hello india. to me misery into her home in 28 team and devastating delhi which destroyed the famous cameraman weaver villages. the survivors started creating dolls from damaged cloth getting up was never an option
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. a story of success. in 30 minutes on the d.w.p. . the mummy has time to take one step further and face the possible. time to search the are no fun for the troops abundant to overcome baldrick is as come back to the world it's time for a d.w.i. . coming up ahead of its.
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this is deja vu news live from berlin nato's search for unity in along the alliance leaders may have been trading barbs at the start of their summit but now it is down to business as nato talks new priorities and new budget targets 70 years after its founding also coming up. donald trump says there is no chance that will happen after a house report says the evidence for impeachment is full for whelming.


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