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tv   Doc Film  Deutsche Welle  January 16, 2020 10:15am-11:01am CET

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need them to survive and people are simply dying and today we will see m.p.'s not necessarily vote along party lines because this simply isn't one they are only bound by their conscience chief political editor michel we got there for us thanks very much michel. this is due to the news up next we have our documentary series doc films looking at the exodus of political and economic refugees from venezuela i'm brian thomas for the entire news team thanks for being here. it's all happening to children in africa. your link to news from africa the world your link to exceptional stories and discussions continue and welcome to the debut suffocating program tonight from one jenny from the news of easy to our i would say demi that could smash africa join us on facebook and d.-w.
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africa. every 2 seconds a person is forced to flee that home nearly 71000000 people around the world have been forcibly displaced more than ever before one is marian saudia who now lives in berlin every month she sends money to venezuela so that her family doesn't go hungry. i am. living with. all. i know how messy to go. now. well i know what i have to say that i don't want to stick up like i said get out
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there but at least i mean. i don't i think that i could be for the by the book that the money's going back but. let's have all. known to know the most i know you don't have one to go but it's a market out there call me. ok but i'm going i'm going to see. smoke a towel. millions of venezuelans have left the country fleeing poverty and despair even though venezuela has the largest proven petroleum reserves in the world. venezuela was once south america's richest nation now it's a commie has collapsed sparking one of the worst migrant crises of recent years
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'd. sis about to use is a venezuelan journalist who's been documenting the crisis. all the lower figures are going to jail and there are take them out of orbit on one of a global although not at all let's take the military thing in the morning and. oh yes yeah i think they are your own you know the next.
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level of thing and here they are an advantage of. a kilo of meat 430000 believe us more than twice the country's average monthly wage many people are angry and afraid protests have swept the country in the capital caracas and elsewhere security forces have responded with violence hundreds of people killed. last. we are able to determine that some people were killed because their names were on the government's food assistance list what about if the people in charge of those lists inform the security authorities that they taking part in anti-government protests. but if. it's very worrying. the lists are a form of social control they determine who has
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a right to food. and they determine who's for or against moderates government. then if. they will. say so but this is embodied in us the state in the northwest of the country as editor of the online news site and he's taken on a powerful opponent the government of president nicolas maduro. in thrall to money and greed the country's oil riches have proven to be a cuss. at all across refinery is 300 kilometers east of caracas the country's abundant oil reserves are belied by the desolation here venezuela is not alone in this paradox
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other nations regine on oil such as nigeria angola and sudan are ruled by a corrupt elite while ordinary people live in better poverty corruption and mismanagement helped fuel the instability that drives people to flee countries in the top 10 of transparency international's corruption perceptions in the next major contributors to the international migrant crisis places like afghanistan syria south sudan and somalia. in venezuela though the crisis has reached. stunna shinkai mentions poverty has always been a fact of life here but when oil prices were high then president chavez launched ambitious social programs awash in petro dollars the country also continue to take on debt corruption further drain public coffers and the oil crash of 2014 was the final blow. thanks it's the most vulnerable
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who have suffered the most. her. lives with her 7 children in a slum on venezuela's caribbean coast. are. calling you. fearful so it's a. battle my husband went to perth because of the crisis. he went there to send us help here at home said. if he hadn't gone there we would have died of hunger. then we were on one of them we would have starved to death that sunday when a lot of them. i wasn't. see any multilevel also send money when he has no work for
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a week he can't send me any money. but as in we have only one meal a day i try to feed the children at 2 in the afternoon with a little and they spend the rest of the day sleeping. pill me and again the family they asked me for food. but they understand when i tell them we don't have any money sometimes they cry. it's not easy when your children beg you for food but you have nothing to give them. that it's hard really hard. place. the united nations food and agriculture organization has warned that venezuela may be on the brink of famine. like many in the country near leckie heart as children
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haven't been to school in months they can't afford the bus fare. hard i goes to the supermarket once a week but only when her husband has sent money from peru. she can only get the banus s a t's. others in venezuela can't afford food at all. people with family abroad are the lucky ones it's a bitter irony the more venezuelans flee abroad the more money flows back home. that's been a boon for president nicolas maduro. his government needs hard cash. all accounts belonging to the state owned oil company gave a son in the united states have been frozen deep to sanctions.
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without the remittances sent by migrants the state would be unable to import even basic foodstuffs and medicines. that the. venezuelan is hoping leaving in drugs clean hungover collapse of the health care system and soaring child mortality those were. travel documents across the border to colombia illegally the brain drain is an especially better blow for many of those fleeing are doctors lawyers and teachers highly educated people that are badly needed at home.
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by june 2019 some 4000000 venezuelans had left the country out of a total population of just 30000000. venezuela was once considered a beacon of prosperity caracas its glittering modern capital. corruption didn't begin with president chavez who died in 20 for a teen but in the 20 years since chavez 1st took office corruption and mismanagement of spiraled out of control. one of the lynchpins of the system was rafael ramírez he served as minister of energy under chavez and at the same time as president of the pdvsa oil company for years his loyalty to charge as allowed the president to dip into the country's
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petro dollars at will without parliamentary oversight or accountability. java's had nearly unchecked access to oil revenues. some went to fund far reaching social programs but billions also vanished into private coffers. today eading as both his friends and foes called him has gone into hiding in exile . me he must soon as you said the simple i just met the petroleum exports brought in about 700. 1000000000 dollars over the 10 years i was in office ok let the wind picking up thing by my calculation 480000000000 of that even from taxes we got the rest from the pier davis's petroleum sales bill that is on the 700000000000 this is. the big question is the number one of the state do with that money so that's the big question going 2nd leg
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up truth it's a question say so but he's has also lost himself he's in neighboring colombia to carry out the research nearly a quarter of venezuelan refugees more than a 1000000 people have ended up in the country. the. * the word of. god. the. the the. oh. the venezuelan government sometimes blocks access to the border some young venezuelans have gathered in colombia under one of the border bridges. venezuelan state media has a blackout on stories like this but says up the ts will report on it. i read the
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issue not just their freedom of expression no which i'm told we fight to preserve it every day they're risking that our websites will be blocked no his shooting input on that will be publicly insulters threatened with jail or have our passports confiscated at the airport to go on the bomb has a new plotter but. their rage spills over the young people launch an attack against mcdougall security forces. they throw rocks and are met with tear gas and rubber bullets. but what do you think of that. particular i didn't think it was.
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but he's goes to meet with one of the duros opponents. these exiles know the system from within and are important sources. one man he used to be a close friend of the child his family with a swastika. that basically is what he was the systematic persecution again in the very same day i submitted evidence of the child his family's corruption to parliament somebody had asked not to look for me they're going to see a child we had evidence that more than 30 forming a states were involved in that corruption. later on but i was and she gave that to the parliamentary audit committee. we are you know minister i was jailed and 2010. out of my family was persecuted i'm seeing my brother died since 2000 and 9 am on a meal for years that mean way for the sick and how did he die you know he was shot one of these murdered yesterday now. see.
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this is. the only good. thing it's self self. in my eyes. it's. been 2017 when the us was a was sent to prison for more than a year the opposition all make it was only one of countless political prisoners. like about 30 other parliamentarians aswat they had no choice but to flee. this video was taken by prison guards who sent it to us while his family in order to help care for us. is not all state employees are loyal to my daughter so that's. why here. in this one a little community this mayor is a criminal state and it has a society of accomplices called b.c. and this is
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a site he includes many civilian and military accomplices wrong and they are all corrupt. and they're all in it together in it that. venezuela's political decline began under president hugo chavez. his economic policies paved the way to among last of corruption. the country's strict currency exchange system in particular opened the door to massive fraud. business elites politicians and state officials obtain state subsidized dollars through the central bank. these dollars were then sold at a huge profit on the black market water positive directly in foreign bank accounts . were stated ministration remains riddled with corruption. billions in public revenues have gone missing. in the industrial hub of mother
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most factories lie a band less than 20 percent of factories in venezuela are still in operation industry has been driven into ruin. under chavez numerous companies were expropriated or nationalized and then were driven into the ground by mismanagement rather than support private industry chavez used petro dollars to import goods from abroad this help redistribute wealth and power away from the old business elite and increase ordinary people's dependency. in the government venezuela is not entirely reliant on the export of petroleum gold and call time almost all necessities have to be imported. and as rough ale i mean it is admits the country made another fateful economic era. him a little pool swimming pool to guess my duro installed his military friends and to keep his asians in industries that look even to the man who heads the petroleum
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industry as a general series general could be the c.e.o. in 20142017 order the crushing of the protests in a city but it's all this is here for a little bit now he's head of the petroleum industry. and knows nothing about it we see the duros installed military people in all key industry positions so well you know if they have no idea how to run an oil industry or the most women have in the debate the need. oil production has collapsed due to mismanagement output is now the same as it was in 1945 along with the oil industry the military also controls the black market in gasoline state subsidized gasoline in venezuela is cheap a bottle of water costs more than a 1000 liters of gasoline sold on the black market in colombia it's worth a fortune. and i mean it has witnessed this corruption from the inside
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and who knows whether it is way down at leeds have stashed that jetty money. to keep on the left in seat 30 years to the bottom line is today i believe that at least 30 percent of government revenue has been lost to corruption is the new federal mechanisms by which money is siphoned out of our country is a middle of it on the basis that money flowed into private bank accounts in major industrial nations it's not in zimbabwe it's in private accounts in europe and the united states that. he's done. a system of state sponsored terror is maintaining my doodles hold on power the collective paramilitary gangs who help quell any signs of popular dissent they have a strict code of silence and the government turns
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a blind eye in exchange for their loyalty. commandante chavez called us the collective a kind of urban guerrillas troop. when chavez came to power the collective o's were street fighters who were supposed to keep the opposition in check. these so-called shock color t.v. shows armed and deployed in case of civil unrest or the like. to suppress people who oppose the revolution. i. might do those support has been doing but not among the collective evils. they also still defend the socialist revolution chavez proclaimed in 1908.
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0 you will be going to. there's one man in this country who wants to improve things . but no one's listening to him he gives an order and everyone does what they want. how can anyone rebuild a country that way. and make a mess of bands i never imagined i'd have to live in a swale i one day i had a career that allowed me to see what my family leave we could buy what we needed her opinion even if it wasn't easy. but then it went downhill and we had no food we didn't live well now who know maybe i will grant that when marian soria still lived
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at home in venezuela she was a member of an elite units of police called fire which is going to reputation as a government death squad. according to. a u.n. report they've carried out fountains of extrajudicial killings they target criminal gangs as well as ordinary people who've taken part in protests. at the un was recruited after she graduated from university she spent 12 months with as before deciding to quit after witnessing an extrajudicial killing. perez and out and at the time there was a search underway for all scoppetta by the state. he was an opponent of nicolas maduro and was plotting to overthrow him. as i don't buy that that's why he was
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officially designated a terrorist then we know that already. you know sadly. this was a former police officer who commandeered a military helicopter and dropped 2 stun grenades over the supreme court in caracas no one was injured perez had hoped to spark a military coup and free the country from corruption but his call for an uprising went nowhere. that everyone was looking for us got paris so that we received information that he was somewhere near el cerrito. we went to his hideout. then we began our raid. saying at 3 in the morning on january 14th 2018 the torso then nato and then bombing this you. you're all.
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ok. as a member of many i'm sorry i witnessed what happened when paris was tracked down. we're going to go into a no no again really i'm going to bring in a get out of the. whole thing so they finally know this scene oh ok that was the day when i realized i didn't belong there you know why i had a nervous breakdown. and i cried all the time and said that's it for nicky so why should i be involved in things like this he i didn't go to university to kill people and we don't get them or to have my boss come to me and tell me to kill
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someone and if i don't they'll kill me here favoring in any doubt might that look you saying oh my coming right down on me. i. was. leaving her daughter i left behind with her parents in venezuela was the price she had to pay for survival. i. was the state tara brightest doesn't treat those who turned their back on it kindly . one girl told they had a staple so when you leave a state institution you have information about people you worked with but that's not a risk they want to take people who quit but especially who quit 5 people usually
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leave venezuela fact and otherwise they'll be killed also because they'll just say you were killed during a robbery so they sent them out battle at all after. you know i mean. i send my mother money every week or 2 it depends sometimes they need something unexpected like medicine and medicine is very expensive also put up on a lot of money but normally what i sent them every 2 weeks is enough for food and for daycare. you. need. a lesson that has been living with her grandparents since january 28th like many
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other venezuelan children whose parents have fled. other 100 doesn't have a passport and obtaining one is difficult in venezuela at the moment as a result mattie and hasn't yet been able to bring her daughter to germany. meanwhile marion's father and has so he is dealing with his own problems. but i hold. him up for all the dollars are getting would go for the daughter they call i'm a coconut farmer. about a little all coconut producers in this region have to pay protection money jonathan but i'm the one if we refuse they threaten us and say there's like you're allowed on our hearts. and don't tell us why we don't go there anymore. it just abandonment in their lives here in the bay until they're out of the not
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a. little but that harvest was how we earned a living those who went to more like what are we supposed to do no i don't have to go but what will happen there are no longer able to work our land and to harvest our crops they name on the proceeds. criminal gangs are now in charge of his farm they sell his coconuts by the truckload mainly in colombia where they fetch a better price. there's. a lot of that i didn't know. carlos trapani as a human rights lawyer. but the rule of law has eroded and obtaining a hearing in the venezuelan courts is next to impossible.
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for them to talk with an officer this is the call to 9 o 5 distributable would have to leave and. lies data from 192012 find out how many children and young people were killed by gun violence is more of the of all the districts we looked at the group most and this was one of the most dangerous ones a lot of us. top army is on his way to give a workshop as a catholic school he's a determined advocate especially on behalf of children to want to sort of tell what is he enjoyed it was sort of painting the music art what is he like it will draw up a plan for him completely does he like to draw seeing sketch work of clay that's the best way you know what are you really. going to be done for some of them come from dover come. to the.
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cotton. plant in the compound. and i. won't. commit to the for. years. to my mum one of us are going to dip in
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the community. most famous so you know this is a little. weird looking into the sumo. daily mickey ollie. deal could do without. question to me this woman she she made. the. difficult most computer plan. for what to give up on stepped on most of the dogs. on the bench and you'll. hear something much. bigger but above 3 a lot of toys to be cheered up if i. feel the same way as some of us who cause several pulls up a few. event looking like just. tough
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enough. for. people. to copy and. make up. off with venezuelans up bombarded with propaganda on state radio and t.v. . preserve the hope going to mars most of it but it's also to the there when the other one of us really. good discipline to. the real name of man but the point of this. song. is it was a bit dirty all month but. i think. i'm out there live we're going to see
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a lot of but i guess lean is free and some real so for the currency reevaluation across 100 feet. today that would be 0.015 all of us cents this idea that's a monetary unit that doesn't even exist so gasoline is basically given away here so i could have paid for that tank of gas with a coating of. by dollars. if that was. there along the lines of the banks people can only withdraw the equivalent of 50 us cents a week from their accounts. venezuela has the world's highest inflation rate the duro has continued to print money to finance the deficit . even among the top 5 venezuela's runaway hyperinflation is an eye watering.
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and what if there was. any is being interviewed at a private radio station there are only a few independent media outlets left in the country trapani is careful with his criticism. of the sanctions are not to blame for all the problems with the children if i think any of these problems have been around for a long time after 2007 something got much worse for the child mortality was increasing year by year even before the sanctions list i think i meant cannot be a sponsor on earth. for a long time and 2 rows regime tonight there was a crisis after the united states imposed sanctions that changed and now news of the crisis is everywhere. carlos trapani is listening to a speech by the prosecutor general on state television. and you get the new
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british leader i think the market don't care for wal-mart andrew kingoff keep it out of court for everything down. you know i'm not getting out. of this thing. but if i did i don't know but i thought i did it for. my. carlos refuses to flee he wants to stay with his family and continue to work for change even though that's often a discouraging prospect. to. look at a real i watch a mature son not only so that i can be a journalist without fear of him but so that my children can live in
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a more peaceful country. and so that my family can live well and in peace with me it is in particular so that friends and family who have left the country come back again with simply of course i want change he can only think that. say somebody else is taking his children to school many critical journalists have been forced into exile so far he's been spat did a little bit of relief don't be mean to them. come you know leave the job it's no good they do above the people give you the most women these numbers are going to be down about up. but i want to come up with much of my meeting. with your model number 1000000. people out of the most that i don't need a lot of. this vision of
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a pluri polo world has become a reality but not in the way that chavez had imagined today venezuela has become the play. a thing of international interests. in february 29000 the united states sent humanitarian aid food delivery to venezuela says up by police witnessed what happened. the 1st aid trucks were greeted with euphoria but soon the border crossing at the bridge became the scene of a propaganda showdown my daughter shot the border trucks full of food and medicine were unable to pass protesters clashed with venezuelan security forces in the end 2 trucks went up in flames none of the breached but as well as i. am. i. free world powers are each pursuing their own names in venezuela the united states russia and china.
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yeah. yeah. yeah sure. if you go to that. and it is. like syria and ukraine venezuela has a global strategic significance the united states and russia are jockeying for influence without russian intervention my daughter's regime would likely have collapsed. china has maintained its economic and trade ties to venezuela hoping to
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gain access to the country's vast natural resources. venezuela has become a bargaining chip in a global game. and a number of countries are hoping to solve the crisis to that advantage. i spoke to . i went to china. i spoke with president rouhani of iran with president carter flicker of algeria so the gulf states i understand. i attended opec meetings for 12 years that i met minister and i am me and all the oil ministers my. little fracking the head but i knew it wasn't just fracking in the united states for the deadly confrontation between the gulf monarchies around you know. between the gulf states and russia. there was a fracture of the unity of all big states. if you look at the deficit has overtaken libya and syria and the geopolitical terrain has shifted africa and north africa
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and the mediterranean and oil is a key factor. yeah. the geo political terrain is shifting and in this new cold war new countries are becoming a battleground for competing interests. i don't know the citizens of those countries are being left to fend for themselves millions of people will continue to find themselves displaced forced to flee for their survival. i know. now let's see. if i had the really was. that not at the moment how the no one here in the ukraine they're going anywhere. near any. you know you can i would ask him all the time not us and the need for me. if we're
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. safe where. they. have yourself with the council and. this is how it is every day so my man actually never wants to talk to me. i think avoiding me is her way of telling me she misses me. she tells me i'm tired i'm sleeping my grandma has told me to clean my room. i ask her when did she send you away to clean your room you know yesterday yes bye bye i'm very busy how's the mail she's always looking for an excuse not to talk to me. and when she wants to it's too late over here it says
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a kid with this. history is a bit stoned hourly maybe come to take a skiing region in the world new slopes instead of pristine nature and an annoying mountain peak just blasted away. because dimmers wanted so bad the bottom line. is that really true. how much tourism chemi outspan.
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keep going to minutes w. . eco india. how can a country's economy grow in harmony with its people and empires met. when there are do worse look at the bigger picture. india a country that faces many challenges sometimes people are striving to create a sustainable future. clever projects from europe and again. eco india on t.w. . here i am going to get. the closest place to helms missed them. evening world. nice news and keeping. their own story. is
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a. big one starts january 27th on d w. this is d w news live from berlin more extreme weather will be part of our future australia's bushfires are just one result of the warmest decade ever recorded in a major new study all it's saying that the carbon dioxide released by those fires is making global conditions even worse also coming out the. speaker of the house nancy pelosi signs articles of impeachment against president they were then
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delivered to the senate for the trial will take place only the 3rd such trial in american history.

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