tv Doc Film Deutsche Welle January 17, 2020 6:15am-7:01am CET
this is the news from berlin up next the documentary pioneers of the skies nonstop over the atlantic and don't forget you can get all the latest news and information around the clock on our website d.w. dot com i'm told me a lot of bull and that's it for me thanks for joining. me this time to take one step further and face the. time to search the you know find the translator. took over compound interest and contact the world it's time for t.w. . coming up ahead of.
me. ever since the 1st 88 his sword through the air daredevil pundits set their sights on crossing the atlantic ocean nonstop. the smom people they were conquerors of long distances they fought against wind and weather they were in complete control of airplane technology they were true heroes . on the wish to share his. without today's navigational aids they flew into the unknown battling the forces of nature and their own exhaustion weather conditions on the atlantic or a horrific story sometimes because as everybody knows even today the atlantic is in . unpredictables.
several high nearing aviators lost their lives attempting to cross the atlantic ocean by plane. new york city that was the destination of countless migrants and adventurous. for centuries it was only possible to reach america by ship. until 100 years ago when the age of transatlantic flight and modern travel and. the pioneers of the skies began competing for the aviation equivalent of the blue ribbon and they piloted this low loud propeller airplanes by sight to reach new york sensational flights which especially in those early days of open single engine
planes could easily be face or. was probably the most famous chance atlantic a.t.'s it was the american charles lindbergh. on may the 20th $927.00 lindbergh took off from long island and his motto paying the spirits of st louis. 33 and a half hours later he landed in paris and made a v.h.s. in history as the 1st person to make a solo nonstop flights across the atlantic ocean. but even with lindbergh there was a big crowd cheering on his takeoff from new york and a huge audience waiting for him when he landed many hours later in paris in part i know you see him mention many of involve. america's celebrated lindbergh as a national hero. on his return hundreds of thousands grease of him like
a celebrity. president calvin coolidge presented him with the 1st ever distinguished flying cross the highest us award in aviation. pictures of the event was seen across the world. one had. several cameras present and the footage was shown in the news reels. and the media coverage of the event in the 1920 s. created such a lasting impression that it's still etched in the public memory. but was not the 1st to come to the atlantic by plane. british men had managed the journey 8 years earlier their time hearing achievement was largely forgotten. 1919 just one year after the end of world war one many former military flyers were unemployed they had survived air battles and dropped bombs now they tried to make
ends meet in civil aviation. they presented their skills and set record after record. german military pilots could not compete because the treaty of versailles prohibited them from flying. transatlantic nonstop flights had never been achieved. but ever since the british newspaper the daily mail had announced a prize of 10000 pounds for making the journey a race to fly across the atlantic was underway. that was an incredibly high some back then. so of course many of the let's call them war dogs were delighted to compete in that arena he says felt.
in the spring of $919.00 a small group of dad. gathered at an airfield in newfoundland they were going to attempt. to fly to europe. an american newspaper called them suicidal. it was going to. say the ones who 1st made the leap across the atlantic right delist and adventurers like to just take a look at the planes from that time if. these were cloth covered wooden boxes with engines that generally didn't last more than 40 analysts before they had to be replaced. but the risk of engine failure during a flight over the atlantic was exorbitantly high. and that sense of the word suicidal was actually quite fitting which was a good reason. to have these adventurous seasoned british military pilots. be. the 1st ones and they're the real heroes today they're somewhere in the shadows
and not in the spotlight. they're in brown to englishman the they've got a largely unchanged old english bomber vickers vinnie which they modified in particular they modified it to be able to take much more fuel for the distance. than him for the. plan to fly the more than 3000 kilometer long journey through the rain and snow in an open unprotected cockpit that was because pilots back then believed that you had to be able to see what was going on outside an experienced pilot needed to feel the wind he needed to smell whether the engines were working he perceived the flight situation through his own senses. experienced. but they had little sense of what lay ahead of them over the water. no one before them had flown that far. in the early afternoon of june the 14th
919 the 2 british pilots decided to take advantage of the good weather for their take off. their plane was overloaded with fuel and struggle to ascend. one exhaust pipe tore off during takeoff let made the plane so loud that the 2 could only communicate in writing. this is how. they flew over the water. this is a grand excursion fog nothing but for. some stars around to. care for a sound of. brown scribbled that message has planted kanika on a piece of paper. they had offered problems with rain and snow. the cockpit on their aircraft was an open cockpit
field rain water they were told and they actually lost out the children who were tumbling towards the ocean. just before colliding with the water alcott finally managed to regain control of the plane i could already clearly see the foam on the waves as navigator brown would lay so right. more than once the fuel gauge disappeared under snow and ice during the flight. brown had to climb up onto the wings to clear them. after 16 and a half hours the flight the irish coast finally came into sight they flew inland close to the village of clifton they saw a meadow and decided to land there but the meadow turned out to be a bark landing. became
a crash landing but they have made it. at land take prize one british victory and brown are heroes the london times herald the success. london is celebrated in the streets king george the 5th 98 alcoholic and brown beyond the british isles their pioneering journey was hardly mentioned and before long almost entirely forgotten. on had an alcoholic and brown had the problem of radio and television access that was still completely underdeveloped i myself would be convinced of being human in so if someone in canada decided to fly to europe the time it took for that message to reach europe caused a problem on this one so they took off from an area with relatively few people from st john's on the canadian island of newfoundland and the place where they landed in
ireland was also remote and. all your friends when the people from the nearest airfield arrived they asked what are you doing here. they had no idea that these were the 1st to conquer the north atlantic not atlantic but. just 3 weeks later on july the 6th 919 and airship crossed the atlantic for the 1st time. this rare footage shows the arrival of the british are 34 in new york the lighter than air craft was largely based on the germans their plan. to journey to new york took 108 alice just over 4 days and nights it was the 1st flights from east to west against the prevailing wind direction. 3 days after learning. the and
$34.00 set off back to europe with a tail wind blowing west to east the return trip took only $75.00 alice just over 3 days. but the majestic airships could no longer keep pace with the new age in which speed was everything within 10 years commercial airplane travel within europe had become almost commonplace. the german airline dartrey love tons are offered flights from munich to what was then the pression city of clinics back and also to madrid and copenhagen. life was becoming increasingly fast paced and distances were effectively shrinking . in the burnin district of temple hall of
a new airport with modern check in counters was opened. but flying across the atlantic from east to west against the wind that remained to dream and until the end of the $920.00 s. that is when the story of that 1st transatlantic journey began in temple it was pioneered by live turns as night flight director in temple hall of helmand could. clear it was a highly decorated world war one military pilots he chose a very special plane for his attempt the young curse w $33.00 a single engine all metal aircraft. it was more weatherproof and reliable than the cloth covered wooden planes. this was a custom made model built especially for the chance atlantic flight. there was no door so pilots had to enter through a hatch. additional
fuel tanks were installed in the wings airbags were added intended to keep the plane afloat in case of emergency landing on board. the engine had 50 horsepower more than the standard model the additional tanks held some 2000 leases of fuel and yes it wasn't clear whether this would be enough. calculating the precise amount of fuel needed for a manually controlled visual flight was impossible especially if the plane were to encounter atlanta extols. locust $14927.00 the 1st attempt to cross the atlantic westward failed to w. $33.00 the braman and the euro per ran into bad weather and had to turn back. the europa crashed and only the brave men managed to return. but coup was undeterred together with his partner evan fleet going to have high heaven who know if it from
braman he began searching for sponsors because what they needed above all was funding. from unified the press office a german shipping company not the actual lloyd made it his mission to secure it. continue for a while and for only a very close or committed and determined person their god sequence he couldn't fly because the result of but he did want to know truthfully by accident his health was very poor he was blind in one eye and needed a monocle to see with the other plus he had a war injury and he'd have a lot of stomach surgery and all he was an ailing person i think his amends but his enthusiasm and his vision of crossing the atlantic were stronger than the obstacles the aca it's the hiddenness and had he gathered up all the private assets he still had and invested them in this flight is no fluke in this year that. leaves
us we hear he said fine ah cancel my life insurance policy he put up 80000 marks and said i'll buy the plane. but then i want to fly in it to. irish mike to meet flea. and huna ferry boat the braman from aircraft designer who has with this plane they wanted to attempt the journey again in spring 928 but it was risky several pilots had lost their lives trying to make the east west crossing and more and more people were saying that single engine planes were completely unsuitable for the route because of that one intern failed your luck was over. it without there was a smear campaign saying that this was a mad endeavor. that it was impossible to cross the atlantic from europe to america nonstop by plane when so many what is sheer so the pressure on them was rising mel
and mel. left turns out threatening to fire her if he attempted the flight german authorities also wanted to stop him. so coup decided to do it clandestinely . in the early morning of march 26th 928 the braman set off from tampa hove. had officially scheduled a test flight to decile it's become for those crew when it became clear that curl intended to attempt the flight anyway the aviation officials were ordered to confiscate the plane and. that current overflew the test flight was a ruse the real target was ireland wake her and from whom if it wanted to make a stopover before crossing the atlantic. island is the western most tip of europe which is why most of the asian pioneers
chose it as their destination or departure point. 'd not far from the capital dublin. lize bell donald the main base of the irish air force. girl landed on the airfield in march $928.00 hoping for support. hall of on his own failed coming through. for the force leg of the transatlantic flight. to the government here and got permission to use piled on a lot of the city ready. the irish air corps and bell donald was led by another passionate pilots commandant james fitzmaurice 'd. 'd 'd 'd the irish man also dreamed of conquering the atlantic by plane and like he had already attempted the journey once before despite not sharing a language the 3 aviators got along immediately gets morris he was commanding officer and belt on here to tell him i was able to use the resources of the station
troops to take the ground to put the railway sleepers in to put the seal on the aircraft of if you are the food you know get the weather forecasts are back honest or so are the resources of the military aviation station were poured into action boy fitzmaurice for this for 8 years beforehand. but the weather wasn't playing along. in early april $928.00 it rained for several days in a row. the airfield had grants landing fields which became so soggy that it was impossible to take off in a plane overloaded with fuel. curve proposed taking fitzmaurice on the flight. the irishman was delighted he saw it as an opportunity to make up for his failed 1st attempt.
curry was also happy. with experienced pilots on board as well. they would be able to take turns steering the long flight. april 12th 928 at last it was telling. at 5 12 am the engine was started the pilots let it warm up for a quarter of an hour it was running quietly and evenly could describe the scene the rescue vehicles are already in position if they take off aerials they'll take us out of the rubble. at 5 30 am the command was given to remove the chocks the plane began to roll its takeoff weight was more than 3 and a half tons it only slowly accelerated.
the plane lumbered into the air and jolted downwards. but then it was the last and flying towards america. once they'd crossed ireland the atlantic appeared with a litel screeching in the distance. before long we were flying over bare red cliffs and the atlantic was beneath us it was almost as if it felt respect for the silver bird flying over it. it was only a gentle swirl and gently rippled waves to the south there was a steamer at 1st and the last one of the flight. but before long dark clouds appeared on the iranians and. respectable just like. the weather turned bad and they only had
a compass with them and they came into such strong winds that he began to think they'd have to turn around. lou for you know for the see. behind that the massive dark cloud was piling up. game horribly cold. so the head winds pushing against them all the time pushing them off course they had to navigate through storms very bad weather going all the storms to navigate by the stars coming down to the sea level to see what way the wind was affecting the waves and the spray to get wind direction and then having to go back to get the medium so everything everything was stacked against them between whether or not the gauge and communication. the wind grab the plane and hold it was the way the wings trembled at times the aircraft seemed on
the verge of bursting apart so one stage i think you're about 12 hours into the flight and fitzmorris how do you open the cockpit stand on the seat get down into the on to the floor to feel around because there was fluid there that in the words engine oil are our fuel he came back or locked the cockpit down wrote a note and said we have a problem. engine damage at this stage would have meant certain death as the men well knew and the plane that got off course in the storm. but when morning dawned they saw they were flying over ice and snow over land was this labrador in canada beneath them how much longer will the engine hold out they changed course to fly south east in search for some sign of civilization then they spotted a light when they lowered your altitude you realize that this was their hopes on green the oil and so they flew around a circle around the oil and until they found
a flat area which turned out to be a frozen lake if you put the aircraft. i want a pair for tree point loudly. the landing gear broke into the ice and was damaged but it made it they were in north america after $36.00 and a half hours in the air. only later when they realized that they could even if made it to new york. when we measured the fuel that was in the aircraft after they landed they read lawyers that they had flown twice the distance if they had gone straight on to new york but flown toy stuffed distance with all the zig zagging when they measured the fuel they had been paid marginal fuel the carry on. in new york the 3 transatlantic aviators were given a rousing reception a confetti parade on 5th avenue that supplants everything seen before. over 2000000
people lined the streets to cheer them. on the site the birthplace the speaker it really shows how tremendously excited people were about this is chief mount and not just officials but the general population of this well. in new york hammond cooper was reunited with his wife elizabeth who had always supported her husband and feared for his safety. if they moved to florida and try to imagine explaining to your wife your find somewhere to go and that you don't know whether you'll be coming back but her mark kirk was so enthusiastic and so focused on the market his wife said ok and afterwards she sent a telegram he called repeatedly and she wrote i remember your paper. they would give braman 3 in america everywhere the irishman and the 2 germans went to the u.s. they were celebrated as heroes in chicago and st louis they were made honorary
citizens their pioneering deed became a symbol of peace and international and a standing. 10 years before the bremen slowly and britain and germany were at war and already in perth the british empire was at war with germany so i'm sure that coal and fitzmorris recognized this and this is a moment in history. braman 3 will also congratulated by charles lindbergh who had successfully says his own record by flying the same routes in the opposite direction the previous year. in washington they were received by president coolidge who presented coup from him in a fit and fitzmaurice with the distinguished flying cross they were the 1st non americans to receive this award. and braman germany their reception was as momentous as the one in america helen
could lay so we called the event a tremendous impression this reception made brothers the uplifting certainty that we had become tools for building bridges from country to country from continent to continent. at the end of june there was a reception in berlin where it had all begun. now that we are running out but we sat out here in silence to do his resound are doing a tremendous welcome c are huge enthusiasm in the nations of this world well. look what we got it wrong and that you aren't on the. run. from the bottom of my heart dr thank you all for the welcome you have given us here. after all such a small leap over the water. had to be taken. but.
there was. the pioneers of aviation were men. and if you would surround the world courageous female pilots were also conquering the air. in germany there were $21.00 women flying at the beginning of the $930.00 s. societies in the west was still largely conservative and patriarchal despite the raucous image of the previous decade most female aviators started out as aerobatic pilots performing at flying shows to cheering audiences some later set their sights on new records. they had very special careers they are highly energetic individuals who you might say were obsessive about their vision. they managed to get themselves to the same level as their male colleagues they were fanatical about
flying and took on challenges where it wasn't clear whether they could make it like top level athletes the ones which didn't suffer as. they were heroines in the public eye at that time. and place. many female pilots had male role models. for the gym and. it was him uncouth although she didn't utter lies him. and he. had looked like a hero then i would have gone home and figured alright that's the way it is. but he was stuck in a bit close to the image of an ordinary citizen. so i thought to myself my god if you can do it then maybe i can. relax morning i went straight to the president of the aero club who said. my dear child settle down and marry
a nice man and i'm sure you don't have the money to buy yourself a plane so. only buying one became world famous for her long distance flights in 1982 she became the 1st female pilot to circumnavigate the earth covering 31000 flight kilometers she did not shy away from being a woman in a male domain. nor did the american pilots i mean it's probably the most famous female pilots in the world became the 1st woman to successfully fly nonstop from america to europe so. bad weather forced her to make an emergency landing in london derry in northern island on may 20th 932 but she too had conquered the atlantic she became an idol for young american women. and fought for equality and respect she was the 1st woman to receive the distinguished
flying cross presented to her by president hoover. and media earhart was not only brave she also encouraged other female pilots saying if women are passionate about flying not only as a sport but as an everyday means of transportation then aviation will advance all by itself. in 1937 earhart tried to become the 1st person to circumnavigate the earth along the quayside. she took off from new guinea on july 2nd on one of the last legs of her journey. her destination was howland island in the central pacific but she and her navigator never arrived. officially amelia earhart's was lost at sea research to determine exactly what happened to her is still ongoing but so far her disappearance remains
a mystery. another pioneering aviation it was darrell markham from britain. she crossed the atlantic in september 936 in the difficult erikson flying against the wind from england to america. before taking off in london she said these words to the assembled press. pack their letters. if there is good luck. barrel mark him her bad luck but survived her fuel line froze over the atlantic and she almost crashed miraculously she was able to reach nova scotia where she crash landed the plane's nose got stuck in a people. fortunately markham was only slightly injured. she feared the crash. disqualify her record attempt but it didn't. occur plain brought
her to new york the next day where her arrival was celebrated. family members set. their own mark and was a professional pilot in east africa crossed the african bush accompanied safari and flew mail after she retired from her pilot career she withdrew from the public eye and wrote books her memoir west with the night became a bestseller. aviation raechel it's usually brought fame to those who set them they also paved the way for commercial aviation mail planes with the 1st to regularly fly between europe and america flying saves time time is money and there was profit to be made from flying mail bags and stock market nice. 934. and temple of the dog. the major hub for transport to
north america and even further to rio de janeiro. a plane would leave berlin with a nightmare in the evening wind toward spain later the mail was loaded on to see planes and bathurst. from the start of the next day they would fly across the atlantic and by the following morning my mail would be in brazil 24 hours after it had left berlin if you want to. see a plane such as the dorney i. used for the air mail service at 1st they couldn't manage a nonstop transatlantic flight and had to be refueled in mid-ocean. supply ships were positioned for this purpose and the pilots would locate them with the help of radio.
it might seem like a lot of effort for mail but it was one that paid off most of it was business mail . and it served as a test run for another development. mind leak that dammit this laid the foundations for the development of passenger air travel. having this air mail route to south america where many germans lived was a good way to test long haul flights from. the goal of transporting paying passengers in flying boats across the atlantic seemed within reach. in the mid 930 s. one of the most important landing sites with a fixed wing seaplanes was built on the west coast of ireland 4 winds on the banks of the river shannon. a perfectly protective water area acted as a natural runway for larger aircraft at the end of the 1930 s.
fines became the 1st hub of the burgeoning transatlantic passenger traffic. so we were in the middle of the atlantic so you left from new york you went to newfoundland you had to come here you were issued in all of that and in africa are 2 porch so in that sense this became the center between western east. in the summer of 939 long range flying boats like the boeing 314 clipper used by the american pan am and british b.o.h. . began regularly transporting passengers between the old and the new world. never before had travelling between europe and america been so fast but it was very expensive. if you were just passenger max 202223 passengers crossing the atlantic so that
they had the utmost comfort they had better if they wished it was better in the flight they were on dress and their shoes would be taken by the stewards polished their jackets pressed back of the morning and thought of the borders of the highest standard fresh food prepared on board by 2 stewards in the galley so you'd have shrimp cocktail and could that's the kind of level because it was a long journey i mean sometimes you could be 13 or 14 hours between newfoundland and 4 pending on the weather. luxury voyages across the atlantic in sea planes a mere 10 years after coup from unified and fitzmorris is pioneering flight. in germany meanwhile the focus was no longer on flying boat instead engineers were working nonstop flights from berlin to new york the nazi regime invested money in
developing new planes. it's massive. now imagine airplanes capable of carrying more passengers and more cargo and of being able to fly the long distances reliably. on such playing was the focus of with f w 200 a 4 engine propeller aircraft in the summer of 938 s. manufacturer attempted to set a record. passenger seats were replaced by extra fuel tanks and on august 10th the plane took off from the west of berlin without the public noticing. its destination was new york captain his copilot. radio operator vita corba flight engineer paula dia back there. crew wanted to attempt the nonstop journey and they modified playing.
so you got the plane had actually been designed only for continental flights but there are always been a vision of using it for long haul flights and the trip across the atlantic showcased this vision because. 25 hours after takeoff the fog of bush f w $200.00 reached new york an airplane with a swastika flying over floyd bennett field in the american metropolis. it was a perfectly states propaganda move. a direct flight between berlin and new york seemed to solidify the connection and the german atlantic tiniest was celebrated as heroes.
but soon after world war 2 eradicated civil aviation. that learns that flights during the 2nd world war once again everything's were carrying bombs instead of passengers and yes i think if you prefer the real professionalization of transatlantic flights took place amazingly during the 2nd world war for a lot of sort of a quick stop. war planes built in the u.s. and canada flew over the atlantic to be used in battle in europe. i don't feel it's between 194119458 total of 37000 aircraft were brought by air from the us to europe that's about 20 flights a day this is sponsored. wall a brutal driver of modernization.
germany made 950 s. after the 2nd world war the allies did not allow lufthansa to fly until 955. meanwhile atlanta flights had become almost commonplace but they were still lengthy it was all about you as if you do not like if we take a look at the 1st flights over the atlantic starting from here in hamburg if your plane would leave here in the evening at 7 pm infused with. first flew within germany either to descend or for frankfurt where more passengers could board the position it would seem starting from. next the plane continued to ireland where it had to make another stop even at this time planes could not make it across the atlantic without refueling and engine maintenance. at. around 10 pm the plane was finally ready to begin its transatlantic flights.
this leg of the journey took around 10. passengers would land in new york some 13 hours after boarding and flights were exorbitantly expensive for the whole group not to york and the flight from hamburg to new york in economy class would cost 2600 $50.00 marks before and at that time average employees are in between $2300.00 marks a month meaning we're talking about spending an entire year's salary on one flight so. today the journey across the atlantic takes 6 to 8 hours and flights are affordable in fact aviation has become such a mess to nominate that it's a problem the pioneers we need now are those who can make flying as climate neutral as possible something that daredevil pilots of a century ago could hardly have imagined.
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of. this is deja vu news live from berlin germany's diplomatic efforts in libya yield a potential breakthrough rebel commander khalifa hoft are says he will attend a berlin conference this weekend and has committed in principle to a cease fire but he said that before as libya a central transit countries for refugees remains locked in conflict also coming up . 100 lawmakers of the u.s. senate are sworn in to act as jurors in the impeachment trial of president donald trump as the for.