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tv   Doc Film  Deutsche Welle  January 18, 2020 4:15pm-5:00pm CET

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the 2024 olympics is expected to come later this year in december. and an update of the top story we're following for you health officials fear a deadly virus could spread some central china where it's caused an ammonia outbreak 2 people have lost their lives countries across asia as well as you were asked are now screening those for arriving from the affected area. you are watching ditto for news up next discover the story of the 1st transect. ever since the 1st 88 has soared through the air. time that set their sights on crossing the atlantic ocean nonstop. the smom people they were conquerors of long distances they fought against wind and weather
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they were in complete control of airplane technology if they were true heroes. on the beach to hear it. without today's navigational aids they flew into the battle of the forces of nature and their own exhaustion weather conditions in the atlantic or a horrific story sometimes because as everybody knows even today the atlantic is in is actually i say unpredictable. several kind hearing a.t.f. has lost their lives attempting to cross the atlantic ocean by plane. in new york city that was the destination. of countless migrants and adventurous.
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for centuries it was only possible to reach america by ship. until 100 years ago when the age of transatlantic flight and modern travel with. the pioneers of the sky began competing for the aviation equivalent of the blue ribbon and they piloted this low down propeller airplanes by sight to reach new york sensational flights which especially in those early days of open single engine planes could easily be facing. probably the most famous transatlantic aviator was the american charles lindbergh. on may the 20th $927.00 lindbergh took off from long island in his monoplane the spirit of st louis. 33 and a half hours later he landed in paris and made a b.s.
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in history as the 1st person to make a solo nonstop flights across the atlantic ocean. but in the arctic with lindbergh there was a big crowd cheering on his takeoff from new york and a huge audience waiting for him when he landed many hours later in paris in policies i know you see him mention many. america's celebrated lindbergh as a national hero on his return hundreds of thousands grease of him like a celebrity. president calvin coolidge presented him with the 1st ever distinguished flying cross the highest u.s. award in aviation. pictures of the event was seen across the world. one had. there were cameras present and the footage was shown in the news reels it in the media coverage of the event in the 1920 s. created such a lasting impression. but it's still etched into public memory. but
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lynn was not the 1st to conquer the atlantic by plane to british men had managed the journey 8 years earlier their pioneering achievement was largely forgotten. $919.00 just one year after the end of world war one many former military flyers were unemployed they had survived air battles and dropped bombs now they tried to make ends meet in civil aviation. they presented their skills and set record after record. german military pilots could not compete because the treaty of versailles prohibited them from flying. transatlantic nonstop flights had never been achieved. but ever since the british newspaper the daily mail had announced
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a prize of 10000 pounds for making the journey a race to fly across the atlantic was underway. that was an incredibly high some back then. so of course many of the let's call them war dogs were delighted to compete in that arena he says felt. in the spring of $919.00 a small group of daredevil flying is gathered at an airfield in central owns newfoundland they were going to attempt the impossible to fly to europe. and america newspaper called them suicidal. and that's what i say the ones who 1st made the leap across the atlantic right delist and adventurers just take a look at the planes from that time if you. also. these were cloth covered wooden
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boxes with engines that generally didn't last more than 40 allis before they had to be replaced just. reeks of the risk of engine failure during a flight over the atlantic was exorbitantly high. in that sense of the word suicidal was actually quite fitting which was a good reason. to have these adventurous seasoned british military pilots. the 1st ones and they're the real heroes today they're somewhere in the shadows and not in the spotlight on their own to englishman the they got a largely unchanged old english bomber vickers vinnie which they modified in particular they modified it to be able to take much more fuel for the distance. for the. men plan to fly the more than 3000 kilometer long journey through rain and snow in an open unprotected cockpit that was because pilots back then believed that
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you had to be able to see what was going on outside an experienced pilot needed to feel the wind he needed to smell whether the engines were working he perceived the flight situation through his own senses. and the ground were experienced. but they had little sense of what lay ahead of them over the water. no one before them had flown that far out over the open ocean. in the early afternoon of june the 14th 919 the 2 british pilots decided to take advantage of the good weather before they take off. their plane was overloaded with feel and struggle to ascend. one exhaust pipe tore off during takeoff let make a plane so that the 2 could only communicate. this is home for lewis
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they flew over the water. this is a grand excursion for nothing but fog no ships or stars or any. care for a sandwich brown scribbled that message to his pilot colleague on a piece of paper. they had often problems with rain and snow. the cockpit on their aircraft was an open cockpit field rain water they went into a snow day old and they actually lost out the children who were tumbling toward the ocean. just before colliding with the water alcott finally managed to regain control of the plane i could already clearly see the foam on the waves as navigator brown would lay so right. more than once the fuel gauge disappeared under snow and ice during the flight. brown had to climb up onto the
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wings to clear them. after 16 and a half hours the flight the irish coast finally came into sight they flew inland close to the village of clifton they saw a meadow and decided to land but the meadow turned out to be a bog the landing became a crash landing but they had made. atlantica prize one british air victory our cock and brown our heroes the london times herald the success. london is celebrated in the streets king george the 5th night of alcoholic and brown bus beyond the british isles their pioneering journey was hardly. mentioned and before long almost
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entirely forgotten. by all 100 al cock and brown had the problem of radio and television access that was still completely underdeveloped on myself because of indium and in so if someone in canada decided to fly to europe the time it took for that messages to reach europe caused a problem on this one so they took off from an area with relatively few people from st john's on the canadian island of newfoundland and the place where they landed in ireland was also remote in london. all your friends when the people from the nearest airfield arrived they asked what are you doing here that's they had no idea that these were the 1st to conquer the north atlantic not atlantic but you know while i'm. just 3 weeks later underlined the 6919 and airship crossed the atlantic for the 1st
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time. this rare footage shows the arrival of the british are 34 in new york the lighter than air craft was largely based on the germans and. their journey to new york took 108 alice just over 4 days and nights it was the 1st flights from east to west against the prevailing wind direction. 3 days out tonight ending the and $34.00 set off back to europe with a tail wind blowing west to east the return trip took only $75.00 alice just over 3 days. but the majestic ships could no longer keep pace with the new age in which speed was everything within 10 years commercial airplane travel within europe had become almost commonplace.
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the german airline daughtry love tons are offered flights from munich to what was them the pression city of clinics belak and also to madrid and copenhagen life was becoming increasingly fast paced and distance says we're effectively shrinking in the burn in district of temple whole of a new airports with modern check encounters was opened bats flying across the atlantic from east to west against the wind that remain to dream until the end of the 920 is that is when the story of that 1st chance atlantic journey began in temple of it was pioneered by lived hands us night flight direct n. temple whole of ham uncouth curve was
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a highly decorated world war one military pilots heaters a very special plane for his attempt the young curse w. $33.00 a single engine all mess all aircraft it was mall where the proof and reliable than the cloth covered wooden playings clears was a custom a model built especially for the chance atlantic flight they was no tall so pilots had to enter through a hatch in in in additional field hands were installed in the wings airbags where added intended to keep the plane a floats in case of emergency landing on water the engine had 50 horsepower more than the standard model the additional tanks held some 2000 leases a fuel and yes it wasn't here whether this would be anough calculating the precise amount of fuel needed for a manually visual flight was impossible especially if the plane were to encounter
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atlantis storms. just 14927 the 1st attempt to cross the atlantic west with failed to w 33 is the braman and the europa ran into bad weather and had to turn back. the europa crashed and only the braman managed to return. but who was undeterred together with his partner. high heaven who know if it from braman he began searching for sponsors because what they needed above all was funding. from uniphase the press office a german shipping company nor lloyd made it his mission to secure it. continue for a while foreign affairs was a committed and determined person there got siegel and she couldn't fly because of his health but he did want to order the true feeling by accident his health was
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very poor he was blind in one eye and needed a monocle to see with the other one or plus he had a war injury and he'd have a lot of stomach surgery and all he was an ailing person i think head of an age but his enthusiasm and his vision of crossing the atlantic were stronger than the obstacles the aca it's the indian as he gathered up all the private assets he still had and invested them in this flight in his new fluke in the mists year that. leaves us here he said fine ah cancel my life insurance asif calls and he put up 80000 marks and said oh by the plane. but then i want to fly in it to. every image . and unified board the braman from aircraft designer who go. with this plane they wanted to attempt the journey again in spring 928 but it was risky several pilots had lost their lives trying to make
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the east west crossing and more and more people were saying that single engine planes were completely unsuitable for the route because of that one engine failed your luck was over. it without there was a smear campaign saying that this was a mad endeavor. that it was impossible to cross the atlantic from europe to america nonstop by plane. what is she years so the pressure on them was rising mel and mel. ringback 'd left turns or threaten to fire her if you attempted the flight to manila thor's he's also wanted to stop him. so kurt decided to do it clandestinely . in the early morning of march 26th 928 the broom and set off from tampa home. had officially scheduled a test flight to decile become for the crew when it became clear that curly
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intended to attempt the flight anyway the aviation officials were ordered to confiscate the plane and. but kurt over flew the test flight was a ruse the real target was ireland where current and for whom if it wanted to make a stopover before crossing the atlantic. island is the western most tip of europe which is why most of the asian pioneers chose it as their destination or departure point. 'd not far from the capital dublin. lize del donald the main base of the irish air force. colonel landed on the airfield in march $928.00 hoping for supporters. call up on his own failed combing through donald for the force leg of the transatlantic flight. to the government here and got permission to use donald
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arthur simply. 'd the irish air corps in bell donald was led by another passionate pilots commandant james fitzmaurice 'd. 'd 'd the irish men also dreamed of conquering the atlantic by plane and like he had already attempted the journey once before. despite not sharing a language the 3 aviators got along immediately gets morris he was commanding officer and bow down ahead of time was able to use the resources of the station troops to dig the ground to put the railway sleepers in to put the fuel on the aircraft of the field of the field you know get the weather forecasts are back on a stall saw the resources of a military aviation station were poured into action boy fitzmaurice 4 days for just before. but the weather wasn't playing along. in early april 1928 it rained for several days in
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a row. the airfield had grass landing fields which became so soggy that it was impossible to take off in a plane overloaded with few. curves proposed taking fitzmaurice on the flight. the irishman was delighted he saw it as an opportunity to make up for his failed 1st attempt. curry was also happy. with the experienced pilots on board as well. they would be able to take turns steering the long flight. april 12th 928 at last it was telling. at 5 12 am the engine was started the pilots left warm up for a quarter of an hour it was running quietly and evenly could describe the scene the
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rescue vehicles are already in position here for takeoff aerials they'll take us out of the rubble. at 5 30 am the command was given to remove the chocks the plane began to roll its takeoff weight was more than 3 and a half tons it only slowed accelerated. the plane lumbered into the air and jolted downwards. but then it was a loft and flying towards america. once they'd crossed ireland the atlantic appeared with a lighthouse greasing in the distance. before long we
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were flying over bare red cliffs and the atlantic was beneath us it was almost as if it felt respect for the silver bird flying over it. there was only a gentle swirl and gently rippled waves to the south there was a steamer at 1st and the last one of the flight. but before long dark clouds appeared on the iranians and. respectable additionally or. the weather turned bad and they only had a compass with them and they came into such strong winds that he began to think they'd have to turn around. blue from over the sea. behind that demand a sort of dark cloud was piling up. it became horribly cold. so the heavy winds pushing against them all the time pushing them off course they
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had to navigate through storms very bad weather going all the storms to navigate by the stars coming down to the sea level to see what way the wind was affecting the waves and the spray to get wind direction and then having to go back to get the medium so everything they were doing was stacked against them between whether or not engage in communication. the wind grabbed the plane and hold it to wards the waves the wings trembled at times the aircraft seemed on the verge of bursting the part so i want stage i think you were able 12 hours into the floyd fitzmaurice how to open the cockpit stand on the seat get down into the on to the floor to feel around work because there was fluid there that in the words engine oil are our fuel he came back or locked the cockpit down wrote a note and said you have a problem. engine damage at this stage would have meant certain death as the men
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well knew and the plane that got off course in the storm. but when morning dawned they saw they were flying over ice and snow over land was this labrador in canada beneath them how much longer with the engine hold out they changed course to fly south east and search for some sign of civilization then they spotted a light when they lowered the outfit she would be released at this was a hoax on green the oil and so the they flew around or circle around the oil and until they found a flat area which turned out to be a frozen lake if they put the aircraft. a perfect 3.9 in. the landing gear broke into the ice and was damaged but they've made it they were in north america after $36.00 and a half allison the. only later when they realized that they could even if made it to new york. when we measured the
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fuel that was in the aircraft after they landed they read lawyers that they had flown twice the distance if they had gone straight on to new york they'd flown poise that distance with all the zig zagging when we measured the fuel they had and they had marginal feels the carry on. in new york the 3 transatlantic aviators were given a rousing reception a confetti parade on 5th avenue that's a past everything seemed be full. over 2000000 people lined the streets to cheer them. on the site the birthplace the speaker it really shows how tremendously excited people were about this is chief match and not just officials but the general population of this well. in new york hammond cooper was reunited with his wife elizabeth who had always supported her husband and feared 1st safety. if they moved to florence or try to imagine explaining to your wife or your find
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somewhere to go and that you don't know whether you'll be coming back but her mark kirk was so enthusiastic and so focused on the fork that his wife said ok in the head and afterwards she sent a telegram he called her pater and she wrote i remember your paper. they would give braman 3 in america every where the irishman and the 2 germans went in the u.s. they were celebrated as heroes in chicago and st louis they were made honorary citizens there pioneering deed became a symbol of peace and international and the standing. 10 years before the bremen slate and britain and germany were at war and already been part of the british empire it was at war with germany so i'm sure that cole and fitzmorris recognized this and this is a moment in history. the braman 3 were also congratulated by charles lindbergh who had successfully set his own record by flying the same routes in the opposite
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direction the previous year. in washington they were received by president clearly here presented from him in a fit and fitzmorris with a distinguished flying cross they were the 1st non americans to receive this award . in braman germany their reception was as momentous as the one in america helen could lay still recall the event the tremendous impression this reception read rado's the uplifting certainty that we had become tools for building bridges from country to country from continent to continent. at the end of june there was a reception in berlin where it had all begun. but we're not running out of what we sat out here in silence to do has resulted in
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a tremendous welcome but huge enthusiasm in the nations of this world what. was required wrong i'm not here and on the. run. from the bottom of my hard drive thank you all for the welcome you have given us here. that after all are such a small leap over the water that. had to be taken. there was. the pioneers of aviation where men. at airfields around the world courageous female pilots were also conquering the air. in germany there were $21.00 women flying at the beginning of the $930.00 s. societies in the west was still largely conservative and patriarchal despite the
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raucous image of the previous decade most female aviators started out as aerobatic pilots performing at flying shows to cheering audiences some later set their sights on new records. they had a very special careers they are highly energetic individuals who you might say were obsessive about their vision. they managed to get themselves to the same level as their male colleagues they were fanatical about flying and took on challenges where it wasn't clear whether they could make it like top level athletes still suffer as . they were heroines in the public eye at that time. and. many female pilots had male role models. for the 2 men. it was hamman could although she didn't utter lies him. because
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he had looked like a hero then i would have gone home and figured all right that's the way it is. but he was stuck in a bit clumsy the image of an ordinary citizen. so i thought to myself my god if he can do it then maybe i can make next morning i went straight to the president of the aero club who said. my dear child settle down and marry a nice man and i'm sure you don't have the money to buy yourself a plane so. any buying one became world famous for her long distance flights in 1982 she became the 1st female pilot to circumnavigate the earth covering 31000 flight calamitous she did not shy away from being a woman in a male domain. nor did the american pilot amelia earhart
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probably the most famous female pilots in the world became the 1st woman to successfully fly nonstop from america to europe so. bad weather forced her to make an emergency landing in london derry in northern island on may 20th 932 but she too had conquered the atlantic she became an idol for young american women. and for for equality and respect she was the 1st woman to receive the distinguished flying cross presented to her by president hoover. and media earhart was not only brave she also encouraged other female pilots saying if women are passionate about flying not only as a sport but as an everyday means of transportation then aviation will advance all by itself. in 1987 ever try to become the 1st person to
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circumnavigate the earth along the quayside she took off from new guinea on july 2nd on one of the last legs of her journey. her destination was howland island in the central pacific but she and her navigator never arrived. officially amelia earhart's was lost at sea research to determine exactly what happened to her still ongoing but so far her disappearance remains a mystery. another pioneering aviation it was barrel markham from britain. she crossed the atlantic in september 936 in the difficult flying against the wind from england to america. before taking off in london she said these words to the assembled press. pack there. right there at the. barrel mark
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him had bad luck but survived her feline froze over the atlantic and she almost crashed miraculously she was able to reach nova scotia wishy crash landed the plane's nose got stuck in a people. fortunately markham was only slightly injured. she feared the crash. disqualify her record attempt but it didn't. occur plain brought her to new york the next day where her arrival was celebrated. like mad at. their own mark and was a professional pilot in east africa crossed the african bush accompanied safari and flew mail after she retired from her pilot career she withdrew from the public eye and wrote books. with the night became
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a best seller. aviation records usually brought fame to those who set them they also paved the way for commercial aviation mail planes with the 1st to regularly fly between europe and america flying saves time time is money and there was profit to be made from flying mail bags and stock market nice. 911 and temples. a major hub for transport to north america and even further to rio de janeiro. a plane would leave berlin with a nightmare when the evening wind toward spain later the mail was loaded on to see planes and bathurst. atlantics from the start of the next day they would fly across the atlantic and by the following morning my mail would be in brazil 24 hours after it had left berlin.
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seaplane such as the. used for the a mail service at 1st they couldn't manage a nonstop transatlantic flight and had to be refueled in mid ocean. supply ships were positioned for this purpose and the pilots would locate them with the help of radio. it might seem like a lot of effort for mail but it was one that paid off most of it was business. and it served as a test run for another development. mind leaked dammit this laid the foundations for the development of passenger air travel. having this air mail route to south america where many germans lived was a good way to test long haul flights from. the
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goal of transporting paying passengers flying boats across the atlantic seemed within reach. in the mid 930 s. one of the most important landing sites with a fixed wing seaplanes was built on the west coast of ireland 4 on the banks of the river shannon. a perfectly protected water area acted as a natural runway for larger aircraft at the end of the $930.00 s. finds became the 1st hub of the burgeoning transatlantic passenger traffic. so we were in the middle of the atlantic so you left from new york you went to newfoundland you had to come here you were issued in all of that and then continued to africa porch so in that sense this became the center between western east. in the summer of 939 long range flying boats like the boeing 314 clipper used by
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the american pan am and british b. away c. airlines began regularly transporting passengers between the old and the new world . never before had travelling between europe and america been so fast but it was very expensive. if you were just passenger maximum 202223 passengers crossing the atlantic so that they had the utmost comfort they had been if they wished it was better in the flight they were on dress and their shoes would be taken by the stewards polished their jackets pressed all the back of the morning and thought of the borders of the highest standard fresh food prepared on board by 2 stewards in the galley so you have. that's the kind of lever because it was an armed journey i mean sometimes you
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could be 13 or 14 hours between movement depending on the weather. luxury voyages across the atlantic in seaplanes a mere 10 years after coup fun unified and fitzmorris is pioneering flight. in germany meanwhile the focus was no longer on flying boats instead engineers were working on nonstop flights from berlin to new york the nazi regime invested money in developing new planes. it's massive. now imagine airplanes capable of carrying more passengers and more cargo and of being able to fly the long distances reliably. on such plane was the focus of with f.w. 200 a 4 engine propeller aircraft in the summer of 938 its manufacture attempted to
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set a record. passenger seats were replaced by extra fuel tanks and an august 10th the plane took off from the west of berlin without the public noticing. its destination was new york captain i've had his copilot. radio operator vita corba flight engineer pollo dia back there. crew wanted to attempt the nonstop journey and they modify plane. so you got the plane had actually been designed only for continental flights but there are always been a vision of using it for a long haul flights and the trip across the atlantic showcased this vision so when . 25 hours after takeoff the fuck of f w $200.00 reached new york an airplane with a swastika flying over floyd bennett field in the american metropolis.
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it was a perfectly states propaganda move. a direct flight between berlin and new york seemed to solidify the connection and the german atlantic pioneers was celebrated as heroes. but soon after world war 2 eradicated civil aviation. atlanta flights during the 2nd world war once again airplanes were carrying bombs instead of passengers and yes i'm sure proof is the real professionalization of transatlantic flights took place amazingly during the 2nd world war a lot of sort of. war planes built in the us and canada flew over the atlantic to be used in basle in europe. i don't
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filter between 194119458 total of 37000 aircraft were brought by air from the us to europe that's about 20 flights a day as a target for. war a brutal drive of modernization. germany made 950 s. after the 2nd world war the allies did not allow lufthansa to fly until 955. meanwhile atlanta flights had become almost commonplace but they were still lengthy it was about you if you do not like if we take a look at the 1st flights over the atlantic starting from here and hamburg the plane would leave here in the evening at 7 pm infused with france it 1st flew
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within germany either to dissolute or for frankfurt where more passengers could board because as you could see starting from. next the plane continued to ireland where it had to make another stop even at this time planes could not make it across the atlantic without refueling and engine maintenance. around 10 pm the plane was finally ready to begin its transatlantic flight. this leg of the journey took around 10 ellis. passengers would land in new york some 13 hours after boarding and flights were exorbitantly expensive before for the hub not to york and the flight from hamburg to new york in economy class would cost 2600 $50.00 marks for it at that time average employees are in between $2300.00 marks a month meaning we're talking about spending an entire year's salary on one flight
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. today the journey across the atlantic takes 6 to 8 hours and flights are affordable in fact aviation has become such a master naaman and that it's a problem the pioneers we need now are those who can make flying as climate neutral as possible something the dead able pilots of a century ago could hardly have imagined. an illinois. man in. the. world.
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into the conflict zone with tim sebastian. china's recent celebrations for a 70th anniversary weren't quite the public relations triumph it was supposed to be mark guest this week here in london is a victim gao how does he justify china's catalogue of human rights abuses and the continuing pressure on hong kong conflicts over. 30 minutes on the double. order of war. to futurism. to do it yourself network. for your next you tube channel subscribers don't miss out. here i am going to get. the closest place to hallam's just in standing key an. entrance to the
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camp. all trains keamy and walk into the whirlpool you. nice news and we can do more the unfortunate. mom. elephant all story. because a. must. january 27th on. the line from berlin a deadly. wrong 2 people have already died in a pneumonia outbreak caused by the virus now countries across asia as well as the
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u.s. are screening those from the affected area also on the program. in libya protesters take to the streets from both sides of the country's brutal civil war that's ahead of a major peace summit here on sunday. and this could be.

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