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tv   Doc Film  Deutsche Welle  January 20, 2020 10:15am-11:00am CET

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i am showing kindness man or he's missing. you're watching g.w. news we'll have more news for you at the top of the next hour coming up next we have a one on one interview with pakistan's prime minister. say to do that in well you get all the latest news and information relative talk at our web site at v.w. dot com i'm terry martin thanks for england's. it's all happening good job it is coming. surely news from africa the world cup your links to exceptional stories and discussions can you and will constitute abuse after coming program tonight from one jenny from one uses easy to our website deputed called smash africa join us on facebook t.w. africa.
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ever since the 1st 88 has soared through the air day devil time that set the sights on crossing the atlantic ocean nonstop. the small and they were conquerors of long distances they fought against wind and weather they were in complete control of airplane technology if they were true heroes on that wish to share it. without today's navigational aids they flew into the unknown battling the forces of nature and their own exhaustion weather conditions in the atlantic or a horrific story sometimes because as everybody knows even today the atlantic is is. actually i say unpredictable.
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several pioneering aviators lost their lives attempting to cross the atlantic ocean by plane. in. new york a city that was the destination of countless migrants and adventurous. for centuries it was only possible to reach america by ship. until 100 years ago when the age of transatlantic flight and modern travel and. the money is of the sky began competing for the aviation equivalent of the blue ribbon and they piloted this slowdown propeller airplanes by sight to reach new york sensational flights
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which especially in those early days of open single engine planes could easily be facing. was probably the most famous transatlantic a.t.'s it was the american charles lindbergh. on may the 20th $927.00 lindbergh took off from long island in his motto paying the status of st louis. 33 and a half hours later he landed in paris and made a vs in history as the 1st person to make a solo nonstop flights across the atlantic ocean. but even with lindbergh there was a big crowd cheering on his takeoff from new york and a huge audience waiting for him when he landed many hours later in paris in polly's well i know you see him mention many of involve the. america's celebrated lindbergh as a national hero. on his return hundreds of thousands crease of him like
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a celebrity. president calvin coolidge presented him with the 1st ever distinguished flying cross the highest u.s. award in aviation. pictures of the event was seen across the world. manhattan. there were cameras present and the footage was shown in the news reels in the media coverage of the event in the 1920 s. created such a lasting impression that it still etched in the public memory. was not the 1st to come to the atlantic by plane to british men had managed the journey 8 years earlier their time hearing achievement was largely forgotten. 1919 just one year after the end of world war one many former military flyers were unemployed they had survived and dropped bombs now they try to make ends meet in
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civil aviation. they presented their skills and set record after record. german military pilots could not compete because the treaty of versailles prohibited them from flying. a transatlantic nonstop flights had never been achieved. but ever since the british newspaper the daily mail had announced a price of $10000.00 pounds for making the journey a race to fly across the atlantic was underway. that was an incredibly high some back then. so of course many of the let's call them war dogs were delighted to compete in that arena he says felt.
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in the spring of $919.00 a small group of dead flying is gathered at an airfield in newfoundland they were going to attempt. to fly to europe. and america newspaper called them suicidal. for the most you say the ones who 1st made the leap across the atlantic right delist and adventurers like to just take a look at the planes from that time. these were cloth covered wooden boxes with engines that generally didn't more than 40 hours before they had to be replaced. the risk of engine failure during a flight over the atlantic was exorbitantly high. and that sense of the word suicidal was actually quite fitting which was a good reason. to have these adventurous seasoned british military pilots.
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the 1st ones and they're the real heroes today they're somewhere in the shadows and not in the spotlight. there are 2 englishman the they've got a largely unchanged old english bomber vickers vinnie which they modified in particular they modified it to be able to take much more fuel for the distance. it's been in for. the more than 3000 kilometer long journey through rain and snow in an open unprotected cockpit. that was because pilots back then believed that you had to be able to see what was going on outside an experienced pilot needed to feel the wind he needed to smell whether the engines were working he perceived the flight situation through his own senses. experienced. but they had little sense of what lay ahead of them over the water. no one before them had flown that far. in the early afternoon of june the 14th
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919 the 2 british pilots decided to take advantage of the good weather for their take off. their plane was overloaded with fuel and struggled to ascend. one exhaust pipe tore off during takeoff leg made the plane so loud that the 2 could only communicate in writing. this is how for now as they flew over the water. this is a grand excursion far nothing but fuck no ships or stars or. care for a sandwich brown scribbled that message to his pilot colleague on a piece of paper. they had often problems with rain and. the cockpit on their aircraft. cockpit field
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rain water they went in. and they actually lost out the children who were tumbling toward the ocean. just before colliding with the water alcott finally managed to regain control of the plane i could already clearly see the foam on the waves as navigator brown would later write. more than once the fuel gauge disappeared under snow and ice during the flight. brown had to climb up onto the wings to clear them. after 16 and a half hours the flight the irish coast finally came into sight they flew inland close to the village of clifton they saw a meadow and decided to land there but the meadow turned out to be a bog landing the. came
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a crash landing but they had maintained. atlantic prions one british victory and brown our hero the london times herald it their success. london is celebrated in the streets king george the 5th knighted alcott and brown bus beyond the british isles their pioneering journey was hardly mentioned and before long almost entirely forgotten. on had an alcoholic in brown had the problem of radio and television access that was still completely underdeveloped on myself within the confines of indium and in so if someone in canada decided to fly to europe the time it took for that message to reach europe caused a problem on this one so they took off from an area with relatively few people from st john's on the canadian island of newfoundland and the place where they landed in
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ireland was also remote when london done in your learned all your friends when the people from the nearest airfield arrived they asked what are you doing here that's they had no idea that these were the 1st to conquer the north atlantic not atlantic but you know. just 3 weeks later on july the 6th 919 and a ship crossed the atlantic for the 1st time. this rare footage shows the arrival of the british are 34 in new york the lighter than air craft was largely based on the germans and. the journey to new york took 108 alice just over 4 days and nights it was the 1st flights from east to west against the prevailing wind direction. 3 days out to learning. the our $34.00 set off back to
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europe with a tail wind blowing west to east the return trip took only 75 hours just over 3 days. but the majestic airships could no longer keep pace with the new age in which speed was everything within 10 years commercial airplane travel within europe had become almost commonplace. the german airline dartrey love tons are offered flights from munich to what was then the pression city of clinics back and also to madrid and copenhagen. life was becoming increasingly fast paced and distances were effectively shrinking . in the berlin district of temple hall for
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a new airport with modern check in counters was opened. by flying across the atlantic from east to west against the wind that remained a dream and until the end of the 1920 s. that is when the story of that 1st transatlantic journey began in temple it was pioneered by live turns as night flight director in temple hall of helmand could. clear it was a highly decorated world war one military pilots he chose a very special plane for his attempt the young curse w $33.00 a single engine all metal aircraft. it was more weatherproof and reliable than the cloth covered wooden plane this clears was a custom made model built especially for the chance atlantic flight. there was no door so pilots had to enter through a hatch in. additional
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fuel tanks were installed in the wings airbags were added intended to keep the plane afloat in case of emergency landing on board. the engine had 50 horsepower more than the standard model the additional tanks held some 2000 pieces of fuel and yet it wasn't clear whether this would be enough. calculating the precise amount of fuel needed for a manually controlled visual flight was impossible especially if the plane were to encounter atlantis storms. ogust 14927 the 1st attempt to cross the atlantic west with failed to w 33 the braman and the road her ran into bad weather and had to turn back. the europa crashed and only the brain managed to return. but coup was undeterred together with his partner 11 feet good to have high heaven who know if it from
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braman he began searching for sponsors because what they needed above all was funding. from uniphase the press office a german shipping company not our show lloyd made it his mission to secure it. so we knew for one prominent bird was a committed and determined person your god sealants he couldn't fly because the result of but he did want to or to know truthfully. his health was very poor he was blind in one eye and needed a monocle to see with the other one or plus he had a war injury and he'd have a lot of stomach surgery and all he was an ailing person i think had a man's but his enthusiasm and his vision of crossing the atlantic were stronger than the obstacles. it's the hidden and had he gathered up all the private assets he still had and invested them in this flight had been a fluke in the mists year that. leaves us here he said fine ah cancel my life
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insurance asacol he put up 80000 marks and said i'll buy the plane. but then i want to fly in it to. a remote image. and unify both the brim and from aircraft designer who got younkers with this plane they wanted to attempt the journey again in spring 928 but it was risky several pilots had lost their lives trying to make the east west crossing and more and more people were saying that single engine planes were completely unsuitable for the route because of that one engine failed your luck was over. it without there was a smear campaign saying that this was a mad endeavor. that it was impossible to cross the atlantic from europe to america nonstop by plane. what is she years so the pressure on them was rising meowing to
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melt. turns out threaten to fire her if you attempted the flight to manila thor's he's also wanted to stop him. so crew decided to do it clandestinely . in the early morning of march 26th 928 the braman set off from tampa home. had officially scheduled a test flight to decile its become for those crew when it became clear that curly intended to attempt the flight anyway the aviation officials were ordered to confiscate the plane and. that current overflew the test flight was a ruse the real target was ireland with her and from whom if it wanted to make a stopover before crossing the atlantic. island is the western most tip of europe which is why most of us from pioneers
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chose it as their destination or departure point. not far from the capital dublin. lize del donald the main base of the irish air force. colonel landed on the airfield in march 928 hoping for support was. call of on his own sales coming through donald for the force leg of the transatlantic flight route to the government here and got permission to use donald arthur the city 'd. the irish air corps in bel donal was led by another passionate pilots commandant james fitzmaurice 'd. the irishman also dreamed of conquering the atlantic by plane and likely to get already attempted the journey once before. despite not sharing a language the 3 aviators got along immediately fitzmaurice he was commanding officer and bowed on ahead of time was able to use the resources of the station
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troops to dig the ground to put the regulation reapers in to put the fuel on the aircraft of if you are the food you know get the weather forecasts are back on a store saw the results of a military aviation station where pour into action if it's mars for days for just beforehand. but the weather wasn't playing along. in early april $928.00 it rained for several days in a row. the airfield had grass landing fields which became so soggy that it was impossible to take off in a plane overloaded with field. curves proposed taking fitzmaurice on the flight. the irishman was delighted he saw it as an opportunity to make up for his failed 1st attempt.
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curry was also happy. with experienced pilots on board as well. they would be able to take turns steering the long flight. april 12th 928 at last it was toiling. at 5 12 am the engine was started the pilots let it warm up for a quarter of an hour it was running quietly and evenly could describe the scene the rescue vehicles are already in position if they take off aerials they'll take us out of the rubble. at 5 30 am the command was given to remove the chocks the plane began to roll its takeoff weight was more than 3 and a half tons it only slowed accelerated.
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the plane lumbered into the air and jolted downwards. but then it was a loft and flying towards america. once they'd crossed ireland the atlantic appeared with a lighthouse greasing in the distance. before long we were flying over bare red cliffs and the atlantic was beneath us it was almost as if it felt respect for the silver bird flying over it. there was only a gentle swirl and gently rippled waves to the south there was a steamer at 1st and last one of the flight. but before long dark clouds appeared on the iranians and. respectable additionally. the weather turned bad and they only had
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a compass with them and they came into such strong winds that he began to think they'd have to turn around. lou for grief to be over the see. behind that the massive dark cloud was piling up . it became horribly cold. so the heavy winds pushing against them all the time pushing them off course they have navigated through storms very bad weather throughout the storms to navigate british tires coming down to sea level to see what way the winds are affecting the way it's under spray to get wind direction and then having to go back to get the medium so everything they were doing was stacked against them between whether or not to gauge from communication. the wind grab the plane and hold it towards the waves the wings trembled at times the aircraft seemed on the verge of
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bursting apart so i one stage i think you were able 12 hours into the floyd. how to open the cockpit stand on the seat get there on into the on to the floor to feel around because there was fluid there that in the words engine oil are our fuel he came back or locked the cockpit down wrote a note and said we have a problem. engine damage at this stage would have meant certain death as the men well knew and the plane that kind of course in the storm. but when morning dawned they saw they were flying over ice and snow over land was this labrador in canada beneath them how much longer will the engine hold out they changed course to fly south east in search for some sign of civilization then they spotted a light when they lowered the altitude they realize that this was their hopes on green the oil and they spent flury owner circle around the oil and until they found
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a flock area which turned out to be a frozen lake if we put the aircraft. what a perfect 3 point landing. the landing gear broke into the ice and was damaged us they've made it they were in north america after $36.00 and a half hours in the air. only later would they realize that they could even if made it to new york. when we measured the fuel that was in the aircraft after they landed they read lawyers that they had flown twice the distance if they have gone straight on to new york they'd flown toys dustiest and were all the zig zagging when they measured the fuel they had paid marginal fuel to carry on. in new york the 3 transatlantic audiences were given a rousing reception a confetti parade on 5th avenue that's a past everything seen before. over 2000000 people lined the streets to cheer them
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. just like the booklet this because it really shows how tremendously excited people were about this is chief meant and not just officials but the general population of this well. in new york hammond cooper was reunited with his wife elizabeth who had always supported her husband and feared for his safety. if they moved before them so try to imagine explaining to your wife or your find somewhere to go and that you don't know whether you'll be coming back but her mark kirk was so enthusiastic and so focused on the for good his wife said ok in the head and afterwards she sent a telegram he called repeatedly and she wrote i remember your paper. they would give braman 3 in america everywhere the irishman and the 2 germans went in the u.s. they were celebrated as heroes in chicago and st louis they were made on rare
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citizens they pioneering deed became a symbol of peace and international understanding. 10 years before the bremen slowly and britain and germany were at war and already been paired the british empire was at war with germany then too so i'm sure that cole and fitzmorris recognized this and this is a moment in history. braman 3 were also congratulated by charles lindbergh who had successfully set his own record by flying the same routes in the opposite direction the previous year. in washington they were received by president coolidge who presented coup for him in effect and fitzmorris with the distinguished flying cross they were the 1st non americans to receive this award. in braman germany their reception was as momentous as the one in america hellman
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could lay so we called the event a tremendous impression this reception made brought us the uplifting certainty that we had become tools for building bridges from country to country from continent to continent. at the end of june there was a reception in berlin where it had all begun. that we are running on what we set out here in silence to do it has resulted in a tremendous welcome a huge enthusiasm in the nations of this world. you know what we got it wrong i'm out here and on the. run. from the bottom of my heart i thank you all for the welcome you have given us here . after all are such a small leap over the water. scared to be taken.
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down one on our. the pioneers of aviation were men. at airfields around the world courageous female pilots were also conquering the air. in germany there were $21.00 women flying at the beginning of the $930.00 s. societies in the west was still largely conservative and patriarchal despite the raucous image of the previous decade most female aviators started out as aerobatic pilots performing at flying shows to cheering audiences some later set their sights on new records. from guns they had a very special careers functions they are highly energetic individuals who you might say were obsessive about their vision. they managed to get themselves to the same level as their male colleagues they were fanatical about flying and took on
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challenges where it wasn't clear whether they could make it like top level athletes still suffer as. they were heroines in the public eye at that time. and. many female pilots had male role models. for the chairman. it was hamman coo although she didn't utter lies him. because he had looked like a hero then i would have gone home and figured alright that's the way it is. but he was stuck in a bit clumsy the image of an ordinary citizen. so i thought to myself my god if he can do it then maybe i can. relax morning i went straight to the president of the aero club who said. my dear child settle down and marry
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a nice man and i'm sure you don't have the money to buy yourself a plane so. only buying one became world famous for her long distance flights in 1982 she became the 1st female pilot to circumnavigate the earth covering 31000 flight calamitous she did not shy away from being a woman in a male domain. nor did the american pilot i mean. probably the most famous female pilots in the world became the 1st woman to successfully fly nonstop from america to europe so to. bad weather forced her to make an emergency landing in london derry in northern island on may 20th 932 but she too had conquered the atlantic she became an idol for young american women. and for for equality and respect she was the 1st woman to receive the distinguished
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flying cross presented to her by president hoover. and media earhart was not only brave she also encouraged other female pilots saying if women are passionate about flying not only as a sport but as an everyday means of transportation then aviation will advance all by itself. in 1987 earhart tried to become the 1st person to circumnavigate the earth along the quayside. she took off from new guinea on july 2nd on one of the last legs of her journey. her destination was howland island in the central pacific but she and her navigator never arrived. officially amelia earhart's was lost at sea research to determine exactly what happened to her is still ongoing but so far her disappearance remains
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a mystery. another pioneering aviation it was there all markham from britain. she crossed the atlantic in september 936 in the difficult flying against the wind from england to america. before taking off in london she said these words to the assembled press. like sarah palin. right there at the. barrel mark him her bad luck but survived her feline froze over the atlantic and she almost crashed miraculously she was able to reach nova scotia where she crash landed the plane's nose got stuck and people. fortunately markham was only slightly injured. she feared the crowd. would disqualify her record attempt but it didn't. because
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plane brought her to new york the next day where her arrival was celebrated. not that. there will mark him was a professional pilot in east africa cross the african bush accompanied safaris and flew mail after she retired from her pilot career she withdrew from the public eye and wrote books her memoir west with the night became a bestseller. aviation raechel it's usually brought fame to those who set them they also paved the way for commercial aviation mail planes with the 1st to regularly fly between europe and america flying saves time time is money and there was profit to be made from flying mail bags and stock market nice. 911 and temples the door turns up
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a major hub for mail transport to north america and even further to rio de janeiro . for the. plane would leave berlin with the night mail in the evening flying toward spain later the mail was loaded on to see planes in bathurst pulled. from the mall to store the next day they would fly across the atlantic and by the following morning my mail would be in brazil 24 hours after it had left berlin if you. see planes such as the don't e i j were used for the animal service at 1st they couldn't manage a nonstop transatlantic flight and had to be refueled in mid ocean supply ships were positioned for this purpose and the pilots would locate them with the help of radio.
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it might seem like a lot of effort for mail but it was one that paid off most of it was business. and it served as a test run for another development. mind leaked dammit this laid the foundations for the development of passenger air travel. having this air mail route to south america where many germans lived was a good way to test long haul flights from. the goal of transporting paying passengers in flying boats across the atlantic seemed within reach. in the mid 930 s. one of the most important landing sites with a fixed wing seaplanes was built on the west coast of ireland finds on the banks of the river shannon. a perfectly protected water area acted as a natural runway for large aircraft at the end of the 1930 s.
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finds became the 1st hub of the burgeoning transatlantic passenger traffic. so we were in the middle of the atlantic so you left from new york you went to newfoundland you had to come here your issues and all of that and then continue to africa to porch so in that sense this became the center between western east. in the summer of 939 long range flying boats like the boeing 314 clipper used by the american pan am and british be a way. began regularly transporting passengers between the old and the new world. never before had traveling between europe and america been so fast but it was very expensive. if you were just passenger maximum 202223 passengers crossing the atlantic so that
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they had the utmost comfort they had been if they wished it was better in the flight they were on dress and their shoes would be taken by the stewards polished their jackets pressed back of the morning. board resolved the highest standard fresh food prepared on board by 2 stewards in the galley so you have. that's the kind of level because it was a long journey i mean sometimes you could be 13 or 14 hours between newfoundland influenced pending on the weather. luxury voyages across the atlantic in sea planes a mere 10 years after coup from unified and fitzmorris as pioneering flight. in germany meanwhile the focus was no longer on flying boats instead engineers were working nonstop flights from berlin to new york the nazi regime invested money in
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developing new planes. it's massive. now imagine airplanes capable of carrying more passengers and more cargo and of being able to fly the long distances reliably. on such a plane was the focus of with f w 200 a 4 engine propeller aircraft in the summer of 938 its manufacture attempted to set a record. passenger seats were replaced by extra fuel tanks and all this 10th the plane took off from the west of berlin without the public noticing. its destination was new york captain i've had his copilot. radio operator vita corba flight engineer polar dia back there. crew wanted to attempt the nonstop journey and they modify plane.
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the plane had actually been designed only for continental flights but there are always been a vision of using it for long haul flights and the trip across the atlantic showcased this vision. 25 hours after takeoff the fucker foot f.w. $200.00 reached new york an airplane with a swastika flying over floyd bennett field in the american metropolis. it was a perfectly states propaganda move. a direct flight between berlin and new york it seemed to solidify the connection and the german atlantic pioneers was celebrated as heroes.
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but soon after world war 2 eradicated civil aviation. at learned 6 flights during the 2nd world war once again airplanes were carrying bombs instead of passengers and yes i'm sure proof is no real professionalization of transatlantic flights took place amazingly during the 2nd world war a lot of sort of. more planes built in the us and canada flew over the atlantic to be used in basle in europe. that's what i look for between 194119058 total of 37000 aircraft were brought by air from the us to europe that's about 20 flights a day was a target for the sponsor. war a brutal driver of modernization.
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germany met 950 s. after the 2nd world war the allies did not allow lufthansa to fly until 955. meanwhile atlanta flights had become almost commonplace. but there was still lengthy it will be as if you do not like if we take a look at the 1st flights over the atlantic starting from here in hamburg the plane would leave here in the evening at 7 pm in 1st britons with its 1st flew within germany either to dissolute or for frankfurt where more passengers could board position with some starting point in. next the plane continued to ireland where it had to make another stop even at this time planes could not make it across the atlantic without refueling and engine maintenance. and around 10 pm the plane was finally ready to begin its transatlantic flight.
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this leg of the journey took around 10. passengers would land in new york some 13 hours after boarding and flights were exorbitantly expensive their food for the who could not do your cooking the flight from hamburg to new york an economy class cost 2006 $150.00 marks before and at that time average employees are in between $2300.00 marks a month meaning we're talking about spending an entire year's salary on one flight . today the journey across the atlantic takes 6 to 8 alice and flights are affordable in fact aviation has become such a mess phenomenon that it's a problem the pioneers we need now are those who can make flying as climate neutral as possible something the dead pilots of a century ago could hardly have imagined. odd
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. that an exclusive interview with imran khan. aka stands prime minister speaks with d.w. editor in chief or even a school that's what's khan's perspective on the kashmir crisis. what does he hope results from the peace negotiations in afghanistan why has he remained silent about the plight of the weekers in china and what our interview with iran contra. in 90 minutes on d w was to. be in the army of climate change.
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because most of. the. instant. one deals to the head of their future. cut. g.w. dot com traffic undergoes surgery just for the making of a. clear cut answer. can i am back at. 6 closest place to hell i'm just a long evening in boston. nice news and keeping. i wanted our story nikos a. must. give up starts january 27th on d w. mahmoud more. good
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good. good good. good good. good. the boat. this news coming to you live from bahrain pressure for peace in libya one leader is at a major summit here in berlin say the cold on zimbabwe to the country but is that enough to a lasting cease fire on the ground what's on the program.

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