tv The Day Deutsche Welle May 28, 2020 12:02am-12:31am CEST
today from a launch pad in florida a space x. falcon rocket was scheduled to take private business to the stars making good on a c.e.o.'s promise to his shareholders well that promise that dream has been delayed due to bad weather the launch now scheduled for next saturday on this side of the atlantic today a 750000000000 euro promise to stop an economy in freefall and astronomical sum to take the european union out of its deepest recession ever for budget spending this guy me truly be the women i'm bridge off in berlin this is the day. today we face our very defining moment. what started with
a virus so small you know i still don't see it has become an economic crisis so big . that you simply cannot be seen and vicious why the commission is today proposing a new recovery instrument called the next generation. worth 750000000000 euro. also coming up the harsh reality on the ground in the united states a 100000 coronavirus deaths and one president who said that would never happen. and i think will be substantially hopefully below 100 number and one is too many no say one is too many is a horrible thing that happened to our country. and to our viewers on p.b.s. in the united states and all around the world welcome we begin the day with what was supposed to be a giant leap for private enterprise as the world's eyes were all focused on cape
canaveral florida this hour where some bad weather got in the way of history for today at least it's a bold undertaking for the 1st time it's hoped that the privately made spacecraft will eventually take astronauts into space nasa and commercial business married in a mission like never before that was the plan today joining me tonight to give us an insider's take on what we were hoping to see today is keith cowing he used to work at nasa he helped design hardware that would eventually become part of the international space station he is editor of nasa watch which is the go to web site for specialists and laymen ally he is in washington d.c. tonight keith good to have you back on the show. we were talking about space x. and nasa looking out with the weather today but that did not happen in the end did
it. well it's the nature of how they do these launches now this rocket has what's called a new cities launch window which means when it's your time to go you go if you're not ready for any reason you don't go to the flip side is that they can just turn around within the version or period of time and try again so you get flexibility that goes with the fact that it's either now or never what if this had been a space shuttle launch for example would we have that flexibility if they had said the weather is too bad today we have to delay. i have been to more space shuttle launch attempts than i have been to launches so that's the major difference is that space x. now has a set up that they sometimes they've actually had a board in the pad there when fixed a couple things and takes it a matter of minutes but today you do to the nature of where the space station is and where florida is they had to go the weather didn't cooperate they couldn't go ok well less than let's focus on this coming saturday and let's let's assume the weather is going to cooperate what what will be different about those final moments
before liftoff on saturday compared to other launches i mean we're talking about things being substantially different just before liftoff well you know those people on board so that changes the whole dynamic. for the station as the they were already fueled when the crew going on board now they're actually fueling the spacecraft while the astronauts are on board which is a bit of a departure but way back early in our species 3 we did that with the atlas rockets you also sort of note that the way that space x. does things it's a lot sexier smoother will more will produced you know it's going on the graphics on the screen that show you things and so it's different for this human spaceflight the nasa ones in that it seems to be a little more made for t.v. a guess is the way they do it but it's all safe it also works well just a different approach yeah i mean you bring up
a good point i'm just i know in the last 24 hours i've heard many people talking about the astronauts spacesuits and how do you how fashionable they look and how modern something out of a i guess star trek if you will but i've heard the word cool used many times and you didn't always hear that with the space shuttle launch is it's this maybe the the image re-ignition a rebirth that nasa has been hoping for for a very long time. yeah and why not make a as a elon musk and others have said you've got a 21st century spaceship why not make it look cool what you would you deliberately make it look ugly and you know why not the suits still work well but why not give something that kids could look at and say it's really cool i'd like to wear that suit i'd like to be an astronaut so sure why not make it except as exciting as you could possibly make it here in the future let's make it look like the future yeah i mean in the aesthetics are really good i have to give them that i warning though if
if there is a problem in the future and you know god forbid there be a disaster i can imagine the people saying this is what you get when you allow private enterprise to do what nasa should have been doing what would you say that well you know this is theoretical but we've every person who's lost her life on a space mission has lost her life on the government space mission so i mean i don't want to get into the us versus them sort of thing but you know every rockets it's ever been built for nasa has been both built by a company the only difference is that now nasa has relegated some of the design aspects to the company say you know those 23 years where you could do this come back to us was my ideas will pick this but we'll let you operate it much in the way that you operate in your limeade you don't get on an airplane and they start talking to the pilot about how he's going to hit the switches that's what nasa would used to do now it's like mt we want to go to the space station give us a right yeah you give us valuable insights there we certainly appreciate it and
again as we said at the beginning of the show the watch has been rescheduled for this coming saturday and we hope the weather cooperates then keith cowing joining us tonight from washington keith thank you i think it. while many look to the skies today others many bowed their heads today to remember and to mourn spain held a minute of silence for the victims of code 19 the disease has taken more than 27000 lives in spain making it the country with the 5th highest death toll in the world spain's king philippe led the nation today as it began 10 days of mourning over the lines lost and the human price paid in the coronavirus and.
spaniards are not alone in their grief the corona virus has devastated many communities across europe asia and the americas a pandemic that has created a public health crisis but it doesn't stop there the lock downs and the shutdowns imposed 3 months ago may have saved countless lives but local and national economies were forced into an artificial coma and we have discovered that it is easier to paralyze an economy that is to put that economy back on its feet the european union is now facing its most severe recession in its history the use economy could shrink by more than 10 percent this year some countries such as italy will contract even more today the european commission president or so if underlying presented a 750000000000 euro rescue plan most of that money 500000000000 is earmarked as direct aid and it will not have to be paid back he. spoke with or so if
underline today after the proposal and the numbers were made public. madam president you have the big member states france and germany on your side for your recovery fund how are you going to convince the smaller member states particularly in the north that this is the right plan to go forward i spoke to every head of state of government during the last weeks and it is important that we should keep in mind every member state is affected by the economic crisis so it's in our common interest that we rapidly come out of the crisis and that we invest in our european priorities and for that next generation e.u. the recovery fund is important. but with money that's memory mainly where friendship ends so what's your message to those who have been critical or skeptical of the idea to hand out grounds i think during the crisis we saw how easy the the single market can be heavily hampered and damaged when for example the different
economies shut down. so the opposite is necessary for our single market that we open up again and that we can recover fast and that we have the integration of the single market repaired rapidly. no member state is able to do that on on its own they are all integrated and dependent on each other which is good because it increased the living standards in the prosperity of all member states and therefore it's in our common interest to get the economy back on its feet we need for that grants because the european budget consists of grants but there will also be a share of loans now you have a number of ideas how to get the money back mission trading or digital tax but to put it mildly these are ideas that haven't been exactly popular with member states . the fact that we have an unprecedented situation and that the commission is
raising money at the market that has to be indeed paid back over a long period. increases the awareness that it is a good solution to pay that money partly back to new own resources now it's a matter of negotiations with the different member states but i think as we have in a completely new situation it is worse to go new ways. of there speaking with yourself and a lion and as you saw there respecting social distancing german chancellor angela merkel was one of the 1st european leaders to respond to the e.u. rescue plan today take a listen becomes will have forced the commission has made a proposal and i'm not surprised that it is not identical with the one germany and france of mate is of course this proposal contains elements of both what was discussed between germany and france as well as elements of the guarantees and loans that were mentioned by 4 other countries. and now we start negotiating it's
the $400.00 you know there are some tough negotiations ahead much of the drive the push to move europe's economies forward it will have to come from germany with just a little over a year left in office chancellor are going marable could soon be looking at her toughest ever to do list here's the w.'s chief political editor macculloch of. yes and in fact we saw the german chancellor vent into previous to territory herself crossing that red line of wanting to allow the european union to take on debt to fund to give out free money to a certain degree so it looks like the german chancellor may have switched camps to those southern states that want more support out of brussels with no strings attached attached but this is a clear indication of her upcoming role heading the german e.u.
presidency where she wants to leave some more room for negotiation once the individual heads of states trying to get this ready for parliament to approve a ground master plan so one thing is for so what we heard today is not the final version of what the leaders will push for in the end. while europe maps out its coronavirus recovery plan depend to make it still in its early stages in africa with some health experts warning of a worst case scenario because african countries are not equipped with enough hospital beds or testing facilities most have already taken some action however closing their borders and issuing strict social distancing measures kenya has imposed a nighttime curfew with anyone found outside so using a restroom quarantine but what about the thousands of homeless people with nowhere
to go. to mommy reports. every day at around 1 pm at least 14 men and boys gather here in kenya capital nairobi all of them homeless including 19 year old brian don't take you and they're all here for lunch delivered daily by a nonprofit working in the city called home less of nairobi. despite a covert 1000 outbreak most of them have no masks and my lunch is over the hurdle for some banter before leaving in different directions in this reality social distancing and staying home and not realistic options. to model does not exist doesn't exist or doesn't exist so blah blah blah all those things and lots of it it's there and even if it comes and hits one of them and they die. the kids they're used to people dying. to. death was the catalyst to brian's life on
the streets he never met his father and when his mother died he left home on the back of a cargo truck which brought him to the city since then this has been his life walking greeting and wishing. i asked him how if i told the covert 1000 pandemic has affected his life. with money tell me don't come near me. are you concerned about the virus. but we just press on that. brian is one out of an estimated 20000 people living on the streets in kenya. but each night the country's curfew comes into effect. the homeless seem to disappear. they retreat into these dark corners hidden from police officers and p.s.
. we meet a mother with her 6 month old baby when you see we doing to our god is the only one keeping us alive she says because even if we are afraid of the virus it's not like we can stay indoors only as a libra nuber brian considers himself lucky to have a roof over his head the organization that provides lunch has rented 2 rooms in the slum for the boys. brian sleeps in this corner and beyond me as he calls his group of friends from the streets take whatever spaces left. it's better than on the streets i'm free from when i was out there nothing to cover myself but. something. with no prospect of dinner the boys take the chance to show us a river where they wash. it said daring undertaking. somehow death feels like it's always right around the corner here. it's no wonder that the
next morning when we meet brian he's having a cocktail of blue and jet fuel for breakfast the blue keeps the hunger. and the jet fuel keeps reality at bay. and so another day begins as the last one ended walking. meeting. wishing. to know where the coronavirus been able to spread and kill as easily as in the united states the u.s. replaced italy as the pandemics epicenter back in april this week the us crossing yet another grim threshold the number of people in the us who have died from the virus has now hit 100000 mark u.s. president donald trump has been criticized for reacting too slowly to the pandemic some models suggest that if trump had acted only one week earlier the death toll
would now be less than 50000 i'll speak with one of the u.s. is leading epidemiologists in a moment about the lessons learned in the chances squandered but 1st this report. taking the new normal to a new level. churches are closed in the new york borough of queens but that didn't stop these catholic priests from tending to their flock outside. many are in need of solace kovac 19 has exacted a devastating toll in new york nearly a quarter of all deaths in the us so far have been recorded in the state that's nearly 25000 people more than 8 times the number killed on 911 it didn't need to be this way says veteran scholar noam chomsky he blames donald trump for the catastrophe there's no leadership it's a chaotic. grizzled city the word hurls is in the hands of the
sociopathic megalomania coups interested in nothing but whose own or. not surprisingly chunks seen him playing golf on sunday is a different take on the situation he insists the country's out of the woods and says it's time to move on and open up. all 50 states have begun lifting the lockdowns the relief of many especially during the holiday weekend. each state is easing restrictions at its own pace but concerns are growing that some governors of pushing to open up too quickly because of the need to rescue the economy this is fueling fears of a 2nd wave of infections. you know i'm glad the show will because you know more credit you're going to be scum a big week in st paul way too many people we can afford it. usually the people
should mind swear that regular normal car and you can i mean those are people you don't want that. many in the u.s. may be happy to be getting back to normal but the virus has not gone away and experts fear this could translate into more infections and more deaths. on joints not by one of the leading epidemiologists in the u.s. jennifer horney is the sounding director of the epidemiology program at the university of delaware in new work it's good to have you back on the show jennifer i mean if i go back 3 months in time the beginning of march i think the number of confirmed dead 19 deaths in the u.s. was around 53 months later we're at a 100 sal's i mean how the hell could that happen in such a short amount of time how do you explain that. so i began my public health career in the wake of the september 11th and subsequent anthrax attack
attacks and this placed a large amount of attention on building our capacity to respond to public health emergencies but since the 2008 recession the budget cuts that have left public health understaffed and underfunded mean that we started the fight against at the end it with a deficit of 250000 public health workers in the u.s. i think the other major reason for the failure of the public health care science has been the sidelining of the centers for disease control and prevention these initial missteps with regard to test of element and their initial contradiction to federal officials he said the virus was contained in february but then on the outside of our national response even though they've enjoyed high levels of traps from the american public and passed americans it's you speak there to the politicization of soluble that we've seen in the united states that we've seen that the c.d.c. we've also seen that with face masks for example that we've got the u.s. president tweeting making fun of joe biden for where you go facemask what do
you think of the politicization of facemasks right now what does that say about public health in the u.s. . well i think the 1st thing is that there is no place for the politicization of the wearing of face masks in defense of this there was a study that just came out this week that shows. that there are many in consistencies across nations even across medians and that the guidance for its wearing face masks has been changing rapidly and so to a certain extent it's hard for people to know what they should do but we are reaching a point in the science where we understand a lot about the highest risk for transmission of code but you're associated with close in or contact with an infected symptomatic person and so the most important thing that you can do if you're sick or having symptoms is to stay home in isolation if possible but since we know that up to half the cases are asymptomatic
we should wear a mask and wear and close contact with others who are interacting with their indoors and i think the good news is the data has been fairly consistent that asymptomatic cases can spread infection but they tend to be milder and require less hospitalization you know we don't know every one situation ever coming in contact and it's a small individual price to pay for protection so it's a good point to me there was a report i think earlier today that many of the. body tests being all for it in the united states are just not working how do you explain that i think i've read maybe a 50 percent of the tests that are out there now on the market can't be trusted. you know so i think there's a tremendous pressure because organizations know that reliable and repeated anybody testing is hard any strategy to only reopen our economy our schools our
universities and we still have far too many questions whether the assets available have a high enough sensitivity incessant the city to reliably identify those in fact and more recently concerns of the race in the u.s. about the results from diagnostic and by testing combined in ways that make the percent positivity of the test lower and this is a benchmark that many states are using as part of their strategy. general let me ask you you have seen the coronavirus responses around the world when you put them all together what would be your prescription for international best practices if we had to go through this pandemic again so i'm not sure there's a one size fits all approach but some countries have certainly had greater success in their public health or science in mid march south korea and the u.s. at the same number of code that it's about 90 in south korea continues to have
success the aggressive use of contact are you seeing in technologies like cell phone surveillance and much of this has to do with except ability of tradeoffs between individual and community that if this must give it also has to do with the type of pervasive inequalities in the us system that mean that many wouldn't want essential workers lack access to health insurance and health care so it seems that in response to that no matter that capital you need access to whether that financial or social scientists make their i mean full access we're having a hard time. jennifer warning from the director of the epidemiology program at the university of delaware been for we appreciate you taking the time to talk with us tonight we appreciate your insights thank you stay safe and and. the day is always done the conversation continues online join us on twitter at d w news you can follow me at brit golf t.v. and remember whatever happens between now and then tomorrow is another day to see
on your. next d.w. . nor did and what do they dream of at night getting. as cleaners they see the face of horror. their job censoring for the social media industry. in manila there are thousands of so-called content monitors day for day they scream terrifying images from online class. warms. up 220000 times a day. a risky job for starvation wage. the strain is enormous.
the cleaners or sworn to secrecy they are not allowed to talk about their work. and no one asks help me or to bring. a group. i need to stop or something won't. do social networks have any social responsibility at all. the cleaners social media shadow industry starts to names on t.w. . hello and welcome to focus on europe we're living in a time when staying at home is the new normal but we want to start today's show by looking at those who don't have a place to call home refugees millions of them are stranded in turkey and their