tv Deadly Greed - The Ivory Trade Deutsche Welle July 13, 2020 3:15am-4:01am CEST
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these gentle giants are some of the last of the economy and elephants with tusks this lauch have become bred only a handful remain in africa they protected but they're not safe from punches to feed an insatiable demand for rivalry. the sharp decline in africa's elephant populations is being compounded by human encroaching on their habitat projections say for people moving south of the sahara by centuries and. move. this report traces the significance of ivory from prehistoric times to the present from the stone age counts in germany to the savannahs of africa to china and to russia where the siberian permafrost contains tusks from an extinct species that could help solve them. africa's elephants.
the earliest known artifacts made from woolly mammoth ivory ran earth in the mountains of southwestern germany in 2017 the site of their excavation was added to the list of unesco world heritage sites under the designation caves an ice age out in the swabian euro. the perforated rock form cheering the earth's middle life iraq is brittle with extensive caves out billy ancestors to come residency at the beginning of the paleolithic age some 40000 years ago the limestone caves of the whole of fells
hardly unique archaeological treasures they date back to the time when homo sapiens set out to copy of europe. and eclipse connaught has been conducting research here for decades he heads the department of illy prehistory and quaternary ecology at the university of tubing and. all of those all of l's and other excavation site in our region have been incredibly well preserved a lot of we've found bones in ivory and players and bone 2 wars there 40000 years old but look almost as if they were carved yesterday. apart from artifacts musical instruments and jewelry almost 80000 stone tools have been found here.
this is a nice sort of sign thing by schnitzler it's not like an ivory carving can be done quickly on the contrary it takes many hours life shifts it's different to a pencil drawing where there's room for error and here every line you see was deliberately carts and if there's a navel people triangle the delicate fingers slits all are intentional and by no means coincidental says absolutely this is all kind of out so far. to go to the symbols were widespread in europe around 30000 years ago but the one of those famous is much older dated back to more than 40000 years ago. this isn't evidence the mammoths were hunted instead it's played out early ancestors harvested ivory from already dead animals. things haven't changed all too much today. sergei go around like this from russia he's the
biggest importer of mammoth ivory in europe making him a modern day entrepreneur who source of income stems from primordial times unlike african ivory to sell of mammoth tusks is totally legal. there's another new customs regulation that's just incredible. now the form also asks you to confirm the mammoth ivory is not cat fur or cat hair cuts in the heart of hyundai. it takes time to cut through all the red tape. that's if. it's late in the evening now and we're finally picking up a mammoth task here at the frankfurt airport cargo terminal. cargo which i am in no time for a few crafts will come in which of everything i have to open the crates here. 17 prehistoric tasks prepares for sale by his russian friend nikolai.
i made a ban on commercial trade in african elephant ivory the business with this ice age substitute is booming. and doesn't just audience of stores tasks in the back have all been completely restored stabilized under vacuum and then stabilized again in the pressure chamber. and then polished by hand fake to perfection and poorly at. the international trade in ivory was banned in 1909 since then it's illegal to south african i freely across national borders but little has changed every year around 30000 elephants are killed for ivory in africa poaching is a profitable business. on the black market i kilos fictious up to $500.00. daniel stiles is an american
conservationist based in kenya he has spent years researching the transfer science and smuggling routes really glad free and he descent of all goods in africa i transported over land. the controls apache corruption is commonplace between 2007 and last year 28 team. it looks like there has been something like. 5000. 131778 kilograms of ivory going out of africa at $200.00 a kilo that's over a $1000000000.00. stone says the assumption that banning on fish sales will stop punching is based on until a simplistic western view point which is an animal rights audiology he calls it a new 14 approach that threatens elephants more than
a legal trade would. it is generally a western paradigm you might call it is that elephants have intrinsic value and because of that that they should not be used commercially the policies that emanate from that actually look very much like neo colonial policies it's outsiders dictating to african africans how they're supposed to manage their elephants and other wildlife. in april 26th in kenya burned 106 tons of confiscated elephant tusks and rhinoceros phones following a campaign funded by international donations it was the biggest ever stop pile of ivory critics say the campaign lined the pockets of the ruling elite and that destroying large quantities of such a brick commodity loses its value encouraging more poaching they call it a wife's a precious resources that you could use in
a legal history that would take pressure off of elephants having to provide illegal ivory more. sustainable solutions are needed to protect elephants in the wilderness they live in the on. world war. german businessman wilfried past has a reputation for getting things done he's a passionate conservationist but the approach he advocates is controversial by setting cape town he feels a strong connection decent doctors homeland africa minor past your my passion for the african wilderness dates back to 1965 and my 1st photographic safari with some light hunting in the okavango delta. that's when it all started dot com to us here the only 990 s. he stumbled on
a tract of land in the salvati valley in southern symbolically. convinced that he and fellow an associate had recommended it to me he said you have always dreamt of building a big animal reserve someday with misbehaving in 50. so we've polluted zimbabwe one morning and had a look and it was love at 1st sight like sango is the largest private reserve in symbolically it's partly funded from trophy hunting a controversial practice that he insists prevents poaching. as it's an income when we europeans sit in our conference rooms or in front of the t.v. sets and make ourselves out to be the great protectors rhino it's a nature conservation in africa but it's the same time for bit people down here to earn the money they offered us to pursue those goals in their own way. it smacks of neocolonialism. and it's arrogant to those at the top think they can dictate what's good for nature conservation to those on the ground right invested in nashua. in
a sense to get around it is also a nature conservationist because it mammoth aubrey's used instead of elephant i free then a few elephants have to die in africa to speak against each other by having the documents that show the mammoth ivory was imported into germany and i am afraid to transport it within the european union utopia show me on buffy justify being today were heading to paris to a gallery slash interior design shop find a job in. the shop in the city center boasts an eclectic collection of expensive decorative objects the pristinely restored tusks of a woolly mammoth fit right in. the fold but the real profits from the trade in mammoth tasks don't come from luxury stalls. he went out to a classic trade fair in nuremberg centers around hunting shooting sports and security it's here that surrogate meets his key customers nice make is i didn't cry
vince who work with fossil ivory. i love working with artists and i'm fascinated by what they do. with mammoth ivory and the ways they use it. i also find it fascinating that this material still exists on earth today and that it is so all those people really value that the nation that they have ensured see. every piece of burma $53.00 is unique it's crafted into handles the hand forged knives made of damascus steel. most of the world's mammoth ivory comes from russia. moscow is the center of the international trade. center guy go around the needs to refresh his supplies you follow god we're on our way to see probably go he's one of the biggest mammoth
ivory traders in russia if not the world and. this store leads to his collection of crystal wright treasures to mammoth skeletons both complete and restored to perfection. hundreds of tusks apart up on the floor and on the shelves. their market value is determined by the intactness their length and diameter and the state of the material so whether it's cracked and wet or dry the color of the bark is also important. this is influenced by minerals such as blue i know more dissolved in the permafrost sore and deposited over the course of thousands of years in the animal. than this a very few valium into if it takes a combination of a whole lot of factors to achieve this blue color which is why blue mammoth bark is the most valuable on the market a marked. the tasks are harvested from the permafrost in the most remote parts of
siberia north of the arctic circle where climate change is playing out in dramatic ways temperatures have been rising fields who. in the ice to fool this reveals the remains of woolly mammoths and releases their tusks post of which i found around river banks. a few fair minded fish amid the constant movement of the permafrost as it expands and contracts with fluctuating temperatures the buried mammoth pieces and tasks are pushed along a path of least resistance and the path of least resistance is a river which is why you find so many mammoth parts at the river. and flows but that doesn't mean all the mammoths died there stored in there. when it comes to salvaging the treasures preserved in the time drive time is of the essence once the ice flows in the primeval tusks are exposed to air they quickly disintegrate into
worthless fragments experts believe more than one $100000000.00 mammoths could be still hidden in the permafrost if only a fraction of the tasks is preserved it could satisfy demand for ivory from china the world's biggest ivory consumer for years to come. will mean. a 2nd ivory warehouse is located some 40 kilometers outside moscow. the fragments of all shapes and sizes the stores here they might look worthless but they can be crafted into a precious commodity it takes an expert on right to tell which pieces have potential nicholai one of russia's best ivory graves help select the viable fragments. of.
the pieces assaulted by whites. the purchase price is around $300.00 per kilo. more you. the tasks true glory is still concealed beneath the $200.00. but it only takes a few minutes work with an angle grinder and buff wheel to lay their potential bear the volume of the mammoth ivory market is hard to estimate it could be as much as 80 tons per he world wide each of surrogate the rounds ivory pieces is clearly identified by photographs catalogue numbers and corresponding certificates while imports into the european union are documented it's unclear how much mammoth ivory is secretly shipped into china from russia. frankfurt is the 1st airport in viewer to employ sniffer dogs to the detection of
illegal ivory. cost of dogs trying to d.j. keller has been trying to police animals for more than 20 years. why did this dog is trained to sniff out your techniques besides if he doesn't find anything in the world we always let him find a suitcase that's pretty planted with material so he feels he's done a good job. public relations director kristin mistrusts is often shocked by what passengers bring back from their travels. this is where we keep confiscated evidence snake wine is a typical souvenir or chameleon wine. this was an empty and hairy armadillo thanks to. the exhibits in this chamber of horrors a just the tip of a huge iceberg. here my dad has come and it's hard to believe but this is an era of an african elephant. this tusk of
a smaller specimen on this planet. and a femur of an african elephant. in 2017 nearly 13 and a half 1000 violations of the endangered species act one registered in frankfurt on line. ivory objects frequently pass undetected through luck each screening indeed x. ray machines are no match for german shepherd neal is now as. there are no smuggled goods in this sort of luggage but she makes a b. line for a plant suitcase. why do use of dogs trying to detect endangered species it international airports and seaports could help curb the illegal ivory trade significantly. so greg around it has no problem getting through customs his documents are all in a what are. you. and me i'm ok. you're right.
it was. a portion of his shipment is destined for a card my our alias richie. richie only works with the finest material. he is a master of scrimshaw an ancient technique of working with ivory. innuit an 18th century while as with the 1st to decorate bones and wild teeth with this method which in my is credited with reviving scrimshaw his popularity in europe it was here to his folks and me what i'm doing here is one of the oldest lines of work in the world. believe me or when i'm working with this material i feel a magical connection to the mammoth that lives of tens of thousands of years ago thanking us for any pieces for sharing anything and i think that's not so on like
how the hunters and shamans felt back when they were engraving and carving pieces for their rituals come here to keep. cards tablas of mammoth ivory using the finest of needles and pricks similar to a tattoo it's worked it requires patience devotion and perseverance up to 7. 100 dots applies to inside one square millimeter up finally the engraving is died we think it's your fault i often sit here at the microscope for 10 hours or longer work with staring at an enlargement of a couple of square centimeters i really become one with the task my mind kind of melts into the whole structure of it's for its glance it's all in something like in the save. the endangered species act bans any use of african ivory mammoth ivory is the perfect substitute even in great it can be easily distinguished from african i've read through its characteristic passion of course shrink the lines.
into it it must see it here that you see these cross-hatching you only get those in fossilized mammoth material what. that means it can't be mistaken for elephant ivory 40000 years lie between richie myers work and stone age ivory figurines but the material used for both has maintained its appeal. to greed for ivory has driven africa's elephants into retreat. even the solve a valley in southern sudan is void of elephants they have been forced to make by for a giant cattle farm. it's here on 600 square kilometers of land that really parts lives his wild life trains i mean over to the west from the hill we're standing on for the land runs about another 45 kilometers upstream. and over to the east it continues on for 27 kilometers all the
way over to the saab a river but some sandwiches also still on the property and as i did. from the moment he sort of hilly parts could sense this train's potential he was eager to return it to its natural state he rolled up his sleeve. eaves found international investors and spent a significant amount of his own fortune on the project. wild animals of all with disappeared from the terrain when village pups took it over he consulted biologists david goosen an experienced park ranger and relocated a variety of animals from neighboring mozambique to his reserve he says his is a sustainable operation because it benefits local communities revenues from eco to resume in hunting finance as parts named his game reserve.
he would also like to sell his stockpile of ivory harvested from elephants that died of natural causes and beliefs he should be allowed to sell it. became a fact with about 400000 animals elephants are not really an endangered species although i too find the population decline from a 1000000 240-0000 elephants hard to bear. but you have to differentiate where it happened and why it happened it doesn't go home for example he stopped sustainable use in 1937 when it had over 160000 elephants 6 titles 12 years later only 17000 were left in the senate means 90 percent were wiped out in 12 years because the animals had not only lost their value to the local population but were also threatening their meager agricultural yields that's wrong and completely different to our situation. within the space of 20 years pops to achieve something few before
he managed a revival of the wilderness somehow today is home to numerous packs of extremely rare african wild dogs thousands of antelopes. nearly 100 lions. and about $900.00 elephants. the success is impressive but it is both a blessing and a curse and the animal problem we face in the world this human and just because we're trying to put animals into certain areas animals know when they're all impacting on the environment and that's a natural instinct. but now there's no way to move because all these big world in a serious are surrounded by people and the animals if play moves they get killed and if they stay like 3 too much on the wall than us and so it's
a vicious circle that we've got to try and manage. inside phones to areas wildlife management is essential this is true of nature reserves elephants are the crowning glory of this wilderness they're wonderful unless you have too many of them. this vast area has enough space for 200 maybe 300 elephants drown it ill if i have 602900 at any given time and the. $3.00 to $600.00 too many that soon feel and they wreak incredible damage has she been that tall maupin the trees have been snapped like matchsticks the ground become so rodent hardened that nothing grows on it and whole swathes of land resemble a lunar landscape. 90 percent of the trees some of which are a 1000 years old have suffered massive damage to preserve the ecosystem parts says the number of elephants needs to be regulated. you're happy to get
a meal and we were granted permission to cull these elephants and mixed it not as trophies ansari house to it it just call them. that's something i really don't want to do. we're negotiating to relocate 400 elephants to 2 other parks and zimbabwe. and i hope we can reduce numbers that way so hold up when you come. apart already relocated $100.00 elephants to neighboring national parks and $26.00 jane. sango success in reviving animal populations is based on a concept that shunned by most animal welfare organizations it combines wildlife management and sustainable tourism and hunting. but local communities have embraced the approach which is hardly surprising given that sango directly or indirectly feeds some 30150 in the surrounding villages.
elephants once rhymed much of the planet but over the last 2 centuries african savanna elephants have been decimated by the destruction of their habitat for farmland and the greed for ivory in europe america and asia. their numbers have declined from an estimated 20000000 to around 350000 elephants today. the result of a trend that's continued since europe's colonial exploitation of africa.
today the remnants of the once mighty herd survive only an isolated population south of the sahara. there is probably more ivory and art collections in asia and europe than the reason elephants still alive in the wild. back are still in the old what forest is home to the german ivory museum in the late 19th century more than $800.00 tons of african ivory were shipped to europe every year. at a behringer is the scientific director of the museum with prize exhibits date back to the ivory of the 19th century. yet this object is very special to to raise. i my 1st it's a fine depiction of a key motive for airbags in the odin belt like naming a hunting saloon a jag and 2nd you can clearly recognize the structure of the elephant tusk elephant
or science. by the 19th century machines could produce even very intricate objects the museum an airbag house is one of the world's oldest functioning lives this was used to serially produced ivory pieces through the industrial revolution ivory objects became mass produced but not all the museums exhibits come from europe. appen here and this is a ball that contains 23 more balls inside i mean i'll bite it when these were called chinese savannah's and lo made in china from the middle of the 18th century for export to your us part now i hope i can defeat admission. one city in particular is famous for this ivory city as. one show. 2 2 with 12000000 inhabitants this metropolis in southern china is one of the
people's republic smegma cities. the chinese call the region at the factory of the world. ivory carving has a long tradition here its roots go back to start a new years. one show is world famous for its delicate spheres which are turned in cafes from sagar free up to $45.00 finding chiseled wafer thin layers rotate freely around each other artisans he is specialized in a labyrinth carvings figurative millet shoes and scenes depicting rural life. true masterpieces of far eastern craftsmanship.
the world was booming while jones she has been keeping tabs on the city's illegal trade in wild animal products for over 5 years. the last time around here maybe last years there is a lot of my most ivory here in this market like the whole forest member i we hear but like one year's leave her now and they're gone. like why not here also it looks at 1st glance but in the winding alleys of the old town more shops sell ivory on closer inspection doubts arise as to whether this is legal mammoth ivory. some of the tasks are to watch and smooth and the traders a conspicuously cautious filming is not welcome here using a hidden camera we managed to shoot high resolution video of the cross section of the tusk that has just been unpacked
a later analysis shows it is african ivory. demand remains strong despite the trade ban china's burgeoning middle class can afford status symbols once reserved for the ladies including ivory. but many consumers don't know that elephants are killed for their tasks. symbiote was capital harare is one of the main hubs of the ivory business in africa . daniel styles has carried out extensive research on the international trade. he believes the assumption that international trade been stopped poaching is a widespread misconception and one that animal will final deny stations use to their advantage. they take donations from the public
through very emotive. public relations type campaigning but some claim that the old theory or motive is that they want money and they create a crisis to get it i think it's something to look into because it's been going on for 40 years now and yet we have 40 years of failure. we have 40 years of losing habitat 40 years of losing numbers of wildlife except in southern africa where they have consumptive use why are all these n.g.o.s campaigning for the model that failed. fine ivory inside african countries like here in zimbabwe is still legal they don't need becomes illegal when ivory is song across borders. the only difficulty is the easy buyer will explode if i order from zimbabwe so you find we still have cars was still standing but now for them to get the busiest that tool
for the sestina the livelihood is becoming a challenge. they are doing. the orthodox way or for exporting ivory. horowitz home to some 10000 chinese citizens on front carvings frequently used in power when the knock each with chinese tourists and workers smuggling is the common way to get ivory out of the country. to the main places that but by far the most raw ivory out of africa was hong kong in japan. in the 1980 s. they knew this ban was coming because it was all the ngos were up in arms about it . so they started stop. pyrite that cause massive poaching which ensures loved. one thing fed the other the approaching band led to more poaching which led to more pressure from animal rights groups and
in 1909 international governments signed up to a trade ban on ivory after that hong kong and japan flooded the market with stop out artery all of the anti-trade people say look what happens when you have a bam it's wonderful prices drop poaching drops that's why we want our bad. but i free reserves in asia have synced window and poaching is on the rise again in theory tried in ivory is currently not possible but there appears to be little concern about bans the profits a to entice in. china with more than one b. going to people there's a huge market for ivory. hong kong is the heart for illegal ivory trade in asia colony dawson is british and is looted for 30 years he's the founder of the local organization elephant foundation and stripy opposes all i free try to live states you die when society is full of its violence and play the right
to consumption the vibrate at that time it was estimated that the ivory stockers should rot out in all kong in 2000 the fall yet we find this in 2019. nearly as much ivory still grabs stocks are illegally replenished with goods shipped into hong kong's port this is the territories container terminal a gateway for all kinds of goods including smuggled ivory it has the capacity to handle 18000000 containers per year a volume of goods that's impossible to monitor trade in ivory was banned within china's national borders in 2018 but in hong. an autonomous special administrative region the regulation doesn't take effect until 2021 every shop place sells library is meant to display problem that it's licensed so i vary and i can't see
a license in the window here says it can survive or i'm just going the way here. hold together but largely shop the shops are full of ivory. a lot there are no media well 2 of these. government licenses that have been issued to try to since the 989 banks allow them to sell elephant ivory they have acquired before that tight but only with in hong kong some shop owners only have stocks of mammoth ivory at least officially. i have mostly now only model the top used to sell a lot of ivory because it's a real people need to leave my father lower i love to come out so that's how we are . we are poor here so. most a still selling african ivory. in
the window well how much is that $120000.00 with which nationality is buying or ivory. what i live overseas now and. it's simply not true that elephant i'm afraid is sold only to residents of hong kong traders pretend to be complying with the laws but secretly continue peddling elephant ivory is the success that ensures town really just a sham. of the very much of the belief that the killing will only stop when the buying does so the demand has got to. the 70 percent of people we speak with don't know an elephant dies to get its ivory and the minute they fully understand that they want nothing to do with the ip trade or so. spreading awareness is key to fighting the ivory trade colony tolson
hopes education children can help. we go to schools in hong kong because we're very aware that children get very excited about this we also feel that many children don't have a preconceived idea of what they're thinking so they come in with an open mind open mind for discussion and we know they go home they talk to their parents about this and we know this has an effect on the way parents think. mammoth ivory is a substitute for which no living animal has to die. could a regulated trade uncertified ivory reduce the poaching pressure on africa's elephants. critics of the ivory trade ban say a western style approach to conservation has harmed wildlife in africa ignoring traditional practices for animal management for appropriate to the values of local cultures and imposing to kanye and punishments of punching that to date have
yielded little to no success. there are many n.g.o.s out there who are really really good and they work with us whether that's save the rhinos in australia it's . in kenya it's our you see and in kenya it's world wildlife fund there are lots of good guys but you know there are also enough bad guys and the bad guys to me to find a so who are against sustainable use which is the funding model for 75 percent of all areas in southern africa south africa south and africa. others vigorously defend the ban on ivory is new indispensable weapon in the fight to save elephants. we have seen in the past massive declines in elephant populations we saw poaching of up to 96 elephants a day a couple years ago because of the ramp of the ivory trade and the involvement of
organized criminal networks we have to keep the ivory trade closed there is no way that the elephants of west africa central africa or east africa would survive if we allowed out more ivory trade even legal trade from healthy populations in southern africa. but it's a fact that bands have not succeeded in reducing punching so what is the solution. i went to the last conference in johannesburg. on the ground floor we had all those . animal right tristram whatever it is i went to every single one of them i've got too many lives lost i've got to meet the elephants no answer i have a drought whatever you want us to stop the income from sustainable use for hunting launches. for conservation a struggle to find the right strategies to protect the elephants the animals numbers continue to decline fairly pap says his experience on the ground has shown
that in the face of rapid habitat loss elephants will only survive if conservation pays for itself and brings economic benefits to the local population. it's a complicated situation with no quick fix millennia old traditions like those in china do not change overnight and the ivory mafia won't give up its profits voluntarily. mammoth ivory could be part of the solution there are enough supplies for the time being and many chinese consumers ultimately don't care where their ivory comes from. but as long as there are a vested interest in explosion wildlife for financial gain africa's elephants face an uncertain future. it's high time for a paradigm shift in wildlife conservation bans along and not enough
a unified sustainable approach is needed to ensure that these are not the twilight years of african elephants. india. how can a country's economy grow in harmony with its people and violent when there are doing worse than look at the bigger picture india a country that faces many challenges and whose people are striving to create a sustainable future clever projects from europe and india equal to the. next on t.w. . good shape. with most of our parties are
literate that's about it all that gets ripped off many talks of. the consumption of alcohol the 1st conflict in it sounds. fun causing fatty liver and cirrhosis so how can you pretend to make for. a good show. in 30 spondee w. . are they friends so long to be with you that she was crazy or got bored which it wasn't really a bullfighter my goodness in his new mission or are they and i mean. the solution to sealing a border she wished you could go with them is usually what he's going to go skittish if i get bored so i just don't know trump and funding your pollutant were
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