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tv   The Politics of Climate Change  Deutsche Welle  May 25, 2022 7:30pm-8:01pm CEST

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you are all under threat lu pakistan's battle for water. next on d, w. these places in europe are smashing all the records. step into a bold adventure. it's the treasure map for modern globetrotters. discover some of you up to record breaking sites on your back. youtube and now also in book form ah, ah, the himalayan glaciers in pakistan, a melting away faster than ever. by the turn of the century, one 3rd of their ice sheet could have disappeared. the accumulated water will burst through like assumed army, the ongoing battle, the watering kashmir potentially
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a major flash point between india and pakistan is affecting the water needs of more than 2000000000 people in south asia. meanwhile, an increasing number of heat waves in mega cities. a driving up water consumption and coping with dwindling supplies has become a real struggle that i'm in here and for a bigger theft here. and the government is a part of this. of course. i don't think many bucks on is not about it is i can a giant tree planting action helped to save the melting glasses we want that we want to restore and being hacked is in pakistan with nearly 20000000 inhabitants in its metropolitan area. kara g is pakistan's
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largest city and the countries he cannot make center but in july 2015, the busy port city in the south was almost brought to a standstill as an extreme heat wave reeked havoc in its neighborhoods. with temperatures reaching 45 degrees celsius. more than a 1000 people died of dehydration and heat stroke. in karachi alone, hospitals were poorly equipped to handle the surge of heat stroke victims. the more get a busty shaheed hospital quickly of a field leading to bodies being buried in mass graves. the nightmare from 2015 still haunts karachi. locals
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in 2019 the subcontinent again experienced an extreme heat wave this time with average daily temperatures reaching 50 degrees celsius. the provincial government was supposed to declare a state of emergency but this time around the heat stroke would at a bassy shaheed hospital. so no debts among its patients though all of and, and i the low room mentally going to be confirming september the about the previous hate wave came suddenly people were not mentally prepared or ivy the orders next friday, after a good luck, the fallen off of that was the most important element, and the reason why the number of patients was so high and why too many people lost their lives. my mother was making their nestle them on their nest newly dismiss low
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in the years since we have had several heat waves in karachi. but because there was greater awareness about how to combat heat stroke, they went as many debts as reported in 2015 william laguna middle fisher need it for by today, the karachi administration is better equipped to deal with the problem on particularly hot days, mobile units with water sprinklers provide much needed cooling and play a vital role in averting fatalities. despite heats reaching 50 degrees. who this seems to be the new normal and international climate report places pakistan among the 10 countries most affected by the climate crisis?
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who in big cities like karachi, a lack of trees, paved roads and toll buildings increase the heat further. in addition, the population is growing immensely in unplanned and densely populated neighborhoods . garage eob the for track of, of example of popular shown explosion to small go from 50, which began mcgovern from friday and it has now been loud. just so popular. shouldn't you have more people you need more water, your more shrub. some vancoogerin, meanwhile, also mismanagement garage. you did not manage to prevent and swarm of courses
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with rising temperatures, the population of karachi is consuming more and more water. the city would need several 1000000000 late as every day to cover the needs of its residence. but the local authorities can only provide about half of what is needed a. ready so what does the karachi water board think about this problem? ready michigan, i met off ha, ha, ha, ha ha i, it's a distribution problem, but karachi is daily water need is nearly 5000000000 leaders can be the distribution process is affected by a bap ration would also by leakage and theft will come up with this reduces our output to only $1800000000.00 leaders a day use from dick is going to one. so we're left with only one 3rd of the available amount of fun. but the karachi water and sewage board is doing all it can to maintain the supply,
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which is good because water is scarce and difficult to access the black market flourishes. according to the cities authorities, 35 percent of water is lost before reaching the consumers. where does it go? may be koran cheese water thieves can provide some answers to that question. one of them has been persuaded to lead us to the scene of an ongoing criminal operation. the water thief takes us to a crowded slum and we film the encounter with a hidden camera. while filming the kingpin arrives and agrees to explain how the scheme behind the war says works. people let me divert the stolen water into an industrial area while you were to come from. we drilled
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a well here. you bought away as a boy, you're distributing well watering. go voting up on you figure. yes, the water is channeled through underground tunnels to a canal and there we have water storage tank. i think it from there, the water wholesalers distribute the water to the industrial sector. get up on the bigger that's normal. did a little over the normal low. another little ok, yes, we are also stealing the water from this neighborhood. the water supplied by the government to this neighborhood is being stolen and sold to the industry, but rather exactly will the water from the well is mixed with stolen government water and sold to the industries configuration we buy. good in it, compared to this neighborhood have watered money her. oh, the by not as much as it should know that he gonna do though. good because you're stealing a bill again. yes. advertising on here. that's the deal of money would take us already. attorney like 70 percent of water is diverted and 30 percent. i thought
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you would also let me said, wanna order was said, all the officials of the water board are complicit with money to be when the water is sold to the industry. they make money as have been that simple. as that simple, the water mafia makes a lot of money. ah, what now do you think or do you collect rent for this connection? yes, it is. go how much on monday between a $1150.00 vermont her with her motherland. autism and the local governments part of this, of course it gone with it isn't. how else would we be able to do this? we pay off the police and officials involved as that. so who gets a cut? the water board, elise, and who else? every department, including the chairman of the wood aboard in we're going to so he takes us to the place where he steals the water, which he then re sells that exorbitant prices while paying kickbacks to government officials was only one jumping demand mister
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blake and forgot the hint to where ever there's a gap between supply and demand, sugar, these things occur ishmael, whether it's wheat, can we sugar rice or other commodities hodge can it will only stop when we have enough water in karachi ticket, but i won't deny that there are corrupt people in every departmental good, you're gonna go with the higher department, gl theft corruption and decay limit access to water for millions of people. the losses to public funds run into the millions. the stolen water is diverted from the pool to the rich who can pay more for the scanner resource. a 2018 un report predicts that by 2050 some 5000000000 people will live in regions at risk of water scarcity. the u. n.
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projects that water shortages will displace hundreds of millions of people as early as 2030 temperatures in south asia, arising because of an increase in global greenhouse gas emissions. the heat is melting the himalayas ice cap because this area supplies water to large parts of the sub continent. it's also known as south asia water tower. the glaciers in northern pakistan's disputed kashmir region, a part of the largest ice sheet existing anywhere in the world outside the 2 poles . but these glaciers retreating at previously unknown speeds in gormet, a village in northern pakistan, the effects are already showing and according to a 2019 study, 36 percent of the regions glaciers could have melted away by the end of this century. clay c ologist said tara puffin researches the sheets of ice surrounding the himalayas. this was
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once the idea we cared. plenty of water frandisco flesh it because the glacier was much high yet and you went up to their lower loft, dis, marines. you can see here this moraine, it shows that they are the low l was much higher so that why to wise are that he charging these are edition. jen is the glacier that we had is sensitive to climate, the ex, according to the template, yet in the precipitation. when it's the heart, it melts salat. since 1988, the snow line in northern pakistan has receded by 1 point, one kilometers a decline that scientists had expected to play out over a 1000 year period has taken less than 30 years. and if global emissions remain at current levels, all of south asia ice could disappear. these glaciers are also
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important for these families where the living here who defend on these advocates little for their livelihoods. because you can see this, sir, it, this is witty and willis shed a deficit video less than on in these plane 80, as live as the glacier that people protect you say that it cuts yet. so it's not possible without the water from these glitches. mm. villages like this one, nestled far up on the hill side of the kara core, a mountains are at high risk lakes that form in the glaciers, often breach the ice causing flash floods that sweep away. everything in their palm shall cut ali is a community leader and local guide. at gould keen glacier, he tells us that pollution causes suit to gather on the white glaciers which then
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leads to the speeding up of the melting process. what he a blake go? what a g began brook come up or blake glaciers. there are only a few black glaciers and gill get walton. we got most are white lake, michigan, mcgrew, and there are just 6 or 7 black glacier and it was me. one of them to shoot is the go cannot, dickie, who goes to the snow is completely covered with mud or escape when the glacier movie just there goes, it brings mud and debris to the surface. but finally got there. but it's got a are you up up on a vera? yea, dying by is it buddha eyes j. we see here that all the ice around it melts and flows into this holes which is connected to the river further down. say it will get that out. the point when boulders block its way, austin, the collected water, comes rushing down like a title when you look jewish with a bunny hill,
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exotic of in june 2019 a glacial lake formed in the neighboring chas pair glacier, the government hastily constructed a concrete wool to prevent the water from overflowing the banks, but there was no stop the surge of water that eventually came rushing towards the village. however, in 50 years time, this region is expected to face mass water shortages when it's glassy has become too small to provide. the water needed 5 major rivers flow through pakistan. the induce jail. m. shannon ravi and saint luke all run across the plains of punjab. the rivers are formed by snow melt and run off water from the glaciers in the himalayas, and the kara corum,
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one of these glazier lies between india and pakistan in the southeast and kara, cora mountains. the see kitchen. the territory of the glacier is claimed by both countries. ah, these gigantic, i see mass has been disputed territory since the partition of the 2 countries in 1947. since the conflict cannot be settled diplomatically, both countries have truths on the glacier. pakistan and india have already spent billions of euros on this the highest militarized zone in the world, at some 6700 meters. the conflict continues down stream where the waters that flow from india to pakistan are
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a source of discord following the partition. india and pakistan were not able to agree on the use of water. but in 1960 narrow, then indian prime minister and pakistani president con, signed the induced water treaty in karachi. the treaty broke it by the world bank allows both countries to use the water of the induce river system, the 2 gun grooves because of historic problems. and i'm also dea, most military could never agree on john manage them. so it was considered very freakin partition from take miss pakistan retains the exclusive usage rights for the 3 western rivers induce jail em and chin up while india holds
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the rights to the 3 eastern rivers ravi bes and salute the ongoing conflict between the 2 nuclear powers over kashmir is yet another challenge to upholding the water treaty. since coming to power, indian prime minister modi's hindu nationalist party b j p, has further escalated the situation. mowdy wants to build dams that would block the flow of water into pakistan. once more, the induced river has become a flash point with the threat of nuclear war as a worst case scenario. because of pakistan's dry climate, about 90 percent of its agricultural relies on irrigation you're going to have marcus rodney refilling, riff lark. so when you receive less wardrobe, lambda supplier. so there is a potential source of conflicts and the 2nd redundant in his report,
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but you invented re general murder, specifically from india and pakistan and said that climate change is likely to put pressure on the end of 180. and we're just loved the 2 countries when fall almost for 2 years. ah, so far, india and pakistan have refrained from settling their dispute over water allocation through military means. but now the situation in the disputed region is once again on the verge of coiling over. most of pakistan's rivers flow through the indian administered part of kashmir in august of 2019 india took advantage of that fact by releasing enormous amounts of water from its dams into pakistani territory. this resulted in
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flooding in pakistan's, punjabi province submerging hundreds of acres of agricultural land. the pakistani government reacted with anger. seeing the discharge of water into the salute river, which flows from india into pakistan as a clear violation of the induce war to treaty. ah, a few years earlier former cricket star and former prime minister imran con, made headlines across the world with a novel idea. in 2014, his party launched the 1000000000 trace unami initiative as a counter measure to the consequences of the climate crisis in south asia. pakistan is one of the countries with the lowest tree cover in the region. the aim was to plant 1000000000 trees in the 1st 4 year period. and the government has promised to plant as many as 10000000000 by 2023. the
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hope is to increase the country's forested areas, which in turn will help in retaining rainwater and reduced the rise in temperature . so far, pakistan has recovered some 350000 hectares of forests and greenery. another of pakistan's, short term goals, is improving its water management with traditional farming methods. a high proportion of irrigation water is lost due to poor distribution that has farmers like a sheik bond gosh, taking the initiative in his lum abad. he's been introducing drip irrigation to pakistan's traditional agriculture to save that dime and o ward gotta save time and water and to give water to the plants it up to the standard
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requirements that require not less, not excessive, not a that's the basic philosophy you or scott if you use open field irrigation, you are bound to use excessive water. bonnie order for the delay that he had done with the water and fertilizer are too vital components. and those who are able to understand they use will be successful gum dia will be knox on pakistan is among the countries that will be hardest hit by global warming, making protection of resources, a big priority. they slid thus tallahassee, florida medical gotten married name, but i facilitate the in the past 10 years, the government has supported pharmacy or had a job if they have expenses of $65000.00 a year. the government covers 80 percent of it. they build that includes all drip irrigation i solar panels and greenhouses east lot the farmer has to pay the remaining 20 percent this way. pharmacy can save
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a lot of money and the country can save a lot of water laterally. that way he will bowl the other day. ah, by 2025, pakistan could become a country that can no longer meet its water needs. the storage capacity of the reservoirs is not sufficient for the growing population. and the flow of the rivers has decreased. better water use is therefore key and bringing economic, social and environmental benefits to the country. reforms are intended to make water use more efficient, improve delivery, and raise awareness among the population
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in law, whole people are also rising to the challenge. they want to pressure politicians and policy makers across the country to do more. people don't understand how bad it is that are just this year. they were floods an unexpected drains and been job that wiped out a substantial portion of the wheat wrong. that affected people's livelihoods, and for a country where a quarter of the population is out near the poverty line, a single event like that one dream is the difference between getting of a square mean a day or not. oh, a mad rough a alum brings the whole family alone to the climate demonstrations. 20 that he wants to raise awareness about the problem among the younger generation, a pakistan youth, a worried about their future and the effects of climate change. august
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on the on this we will go to the and it's, we're beginning to march in this country now and that's great. it's always been done. more than 45 cities and pakistan are participating. we want to show the world that the climate crisis concerns every day for me. ah i with around the world, thousands of actions are taking place. the climate strike of september 2019 was the largest global call to action, and pakistani responded loudly. although pakistan accounts for
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less than one percent of global c o 2 emissions, it's one of the country's most affected by the climate crisis. one step in the right direction will be to strengthen its foreign policy and effectively negotiate climate issues with its neighbors. ah, focused on march to solve its climate problems, has begun. ah ah ah, with
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a tragedy with a dreamy backdrop in the aborigines. since the 1st white settlers arrived 200 years ago, australia is indigenous people have been mad oppressed and persecuted
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history of mankind. more life starts may 28 on d, w. ah, this is d w. news live from by lend russia steps up it's offensive on ukraine's done. vast region plotted mid savanski accuses moscow, wanting to destroy everything in the region and health the courage of ukrainians resisting the invasion. also on the program. another u. s. community devastated by gun violence after a shoot.

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