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tv   Desert Living  Deutsche Welle  July 29, 2022 3:15am-4:01am CEST

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allay the series will follow the tar, gary, and dynasty as there are many kings and queens both good and evil rule over the 7 kingdoms. yours can expect to see bloodshed, battles and betrayals. and of course, lendy of dragons makers hope the prequel will win over fans. and critics were not impressed by the finale of the original serious amends all from us for now were headlines for you at the top of the hour. thank you so much for your company in a
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new aah! 12 year old lun suffers from heart disease. despite that, she's forced to work illegally in the gym and kept berlin. her story sparked a major criminal investigation and trial. the author of this documentary has gained access to case files. young land is just one of many have fallen victim to human traffic is ah
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mm ah, then shall we begin. actually get his baton unchained, his gang had links to the vietnamese human trafficking mafia. they transported hundreds of vietnamese nationals from lithuania to been in via russell of chicago, picking a drug of a renewed i would never strike one of them. jones, i'm afraid it might kill them more. well, their chinese, my 40 to 50 kilos tops bother you. the procedure to maximize
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sticks, which of yours all of all those we transported or there were just a few that were heavier hours other than the rest were so skinny, especially the boys. there weren't many girls who are different than bottles of marble. wilson, but international . there's not enough awareness in germany about human smuggling, especially when it comes to trafficking from viet nam year on year we see an increase. the number of vietnamese on paper often have been to have and as extensive montana. so, but i describe it as modern day slavery. hi, marcus fall is with the german federal police. he's in charge of fighting,
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organized crime in central germany, an expert in human trafficking. he's been trying for years to crack the vietnamese organized crime networks. does the doesn't, doesn't he not snack these networks, operate on a very hierarchical basis when they are highly professional and cooperate in other forms of organized crime or criminal activities, all nicotine? the traffic us have been smuggling vietnamese national st. poland for years. thousands have been brought to germany along this race and polish customs officers rarely uncovered these smuggling operations most make it through thought, including many young people and children children such as 12 year old lamb. she was smuggled over the polish border into germany in august 2015 1000000000 authorities never investigated where she was held in poland or for how long
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we come here this building right here to try to call her this is where they were initially held till g. gotcha. of all the bus parked here and then came a text we're here. yes. a messenger. yes. or one of my drivers would arrive. he's reco cheryl graham moves wake up and after a few minutes they came out. this entrance here on another phone like a physical genital panel, how many would you losing? it was always different ball game 2257, and the girls women 2, would you, young ward, you said was, you know, roger back only mostly young with them. it's hard to tell whether they're old or young about dr. mortgage, only a started in the to me. did you know they were a lot of miners among the smuggler vietnamese, or i don't know. it's hard to tell korea they're so small and frail in ashburn. so small marble and black,
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i mean the hair. otherwise they're yellow. probably john is one of many smuggled in by on j. o. he was brought from new the way near to warsaw where he went underground. and feel calmer when i'm throwing something at this. i have me calmer. john lives in constant fear of the human traffickers in viet nam. he lived with his grandmother, his parents, a dead. and then his grandmother died to he eat out a living,
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collecting muscles, snails, driftwood, and plastic bottles. volley. we're in my in way, we normally sell it to a young t. i was 15 man, a man came to me and asked if i'd like to have a job and make a lot of money. oh, it was a short conversation with him and he spoke very pleasantly and friendly hung. why was just a kid? well, i didn't owe anything, boy shall fall more so i did what he told me, then uncle, that they didn't explain what kind of work and for how long as you know, only that i'd be moving to germany though i am noting so up in the san dalia and do it the human smuggling route from viet nam to poland. like most of his compatriots, john travelled across russia to the baltic nations and then to poland. along the
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way, he was held in abandoned warehouses, sometimes locked in for weeks at a time. john isn't sure exactly where i don't want his and am home the beetle was um, during those times i couldn't go outside. i don't get nowhere. churchill, dolly. nay, dick others on now the whole day in those warehouses. knowing late morning noon, afternoon and night in my new my hour i heard from others that we were in russia lake, a young lea. i asked the vietnamese there if i could go outside. he said, no, don't go outside, i own own, get not madame. he told me that another guy tried to escape. one was shot in the leg. ah, hello. i didn't ask any more questions, dana. and didn't dare even to think about it any more, either phantom and from there with her, from lithuania, we brought them here. i mean,
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we were there at the time we put them in the buses, will tucker, but i will tell you that you get lunch cuz how many can you fit inside those kinds of buses? also if you go into it depends with one of my men was apprehended. would you see at 12 of them though? i had no idea of the one. i'm sure we had agreed on 8, but they gave him 12. you need valesh. ah, that 40000 vietnamese live in the polish capital. it's one of the biggest communities in eastern europe. whistle is a thriving hub, the human trafficking between viet man and western europe. we don't know, for example, we brought 20 to 30 people here to this house here were directly to the trading
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center or to this temple here from the we drove them, but they came here to pray human. and where did they go from here? of those for yourself, the law of chicago, france, for instance, or berlin. let's go to dinner. as june was being transported to germany, the driver lost control of the minivan just before the border. there was serious injuries in the accident. the driver and all on board are arrested, including 8 minus boys and girls. it was the start of a major investigation by polish authorities. june was a star witness and a comprehensive testimony. ah, a. i'm still afraid ursa a guy next to me, hit his head against something, and there was blood all over his face. all mom, it still frightens me,
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another fish, human traffic, a cell phones were confiscated and the data analyzed, including gps data authorities, were able to piece together the smuggling brutes. while over $100.00 smuggling operations were carried out within 8 months, using 3 vehicles. angie was the lead driver, a vietnamese national, living in warsaw, contacted angie and his 2 accomplices to transport illegals to germany. in minivans . the polish smugglers received about $500.00 euros per person. 12 year old land made it to berlin. she lived in a high rise in the marsan district, with the vietnamese man who she described to authorities as her father, an intentional deceit. her actual parents remain in viet nam
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a few days later, another vietnamese girl arrived here, also claiming that the man was her father. german federal police apprehended the 15 year old on the polish german border. it's a problem. federal authorities are increasingly confronted with cases involving the smuggling of young vietnamese boys and girls have increased dramatically over the past few years. those who are apprehended end up in emergency facilities near the border like this one in iceland hood and that with sources in emergency child protection services near the border, tell us that most of the children who are brought here quickly disappear. ah
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. busy no one was willing to speak to was officially, but one case where could described the situation under the condition that he remain anonymous. of deals, publicity problem has been recognized for a long time. which flores are his muggles, bring them to germany, and the few that are apprehended and brought to austin, to rent an erect soon and more often than not. they disappear from this facility after one or 2 hours, like i suppose, you can get food things into your sign. wisdom was proceed. and then you have you listened. and from if we have to file a missing persons report by the police unexplored. so, but most of the time, nothing happens. unfortunately, if a german child goes missing, there's a massive effort to locate them, but nothing gets done when it's a young vietnamese and christian has hit annex. but the question is, how many vietnamese young people have gone under the radar in germany? where are they and what happens to them?
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we researched those questions the months, making hundreds of inquiries. what we discovered is a state of absolute chaos among the responsible agencies. conflicting answers, contradictory statistics. one thing is sure, hundreds are unaccounted for with most of those thought to be in berlin. and the numbers have been growing for years. but on go to why aren't police looking for them? is the search for missing illegals only becomes active when certain criteria are met. for instance, if there is the possibility that someone's in danger, it was. and that metric doesn't apply to young vietnamese and bite him. but usually this danger doesn't apply when it comes to the missing vietnamese. young people who've been smuggled in probably furnished so 1000000000 criminal authorities see no danger. and at the same time, vietnamese children are disappearing all over europe. in france,
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belgium and the netherlands mainly are as you who kirsty alena ne latesha goldman would owe from him the share in the 67 young vietnamese disappeared from high security facilities like this one in the netherlands, journalists santa telling an uncovered the story. she's been investigating the facial refugee minus in europe for years. we were looking for a story that won't reveal and what kind of problems there were. and to show that there was really a problem we started to look into that sheltered at was most protected. we have 2 of them in the netherlands, one in the north, and one in the south, both at secret locations telling and is the 1st journalist in the netherlands to investigate these secret facilities. i
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got loads of internal documents so i could learn a lot from that. they place and night watch in front of the building. they locked the windows, but what they see is that the children still nice from the kitchen to break open the windows. they spray perfume on the fire alarm, which makes the door and goes open. and vehicles were already waiting outside these high security facilities. and what you could see is that it looks like they disappear voluntarily because they go away by themselves. but the pressure on them is so high because they have to pay depths. today's traffic girth, in depth reporting, at least a wave of outrage in the netherlands. the government reacted by launching a wide ranging investigation who biagspraya is telling his boss. he was surprised at the results of the investigation almost from within and viewed us. i gave the bottom line of the report was that many,
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many vietnamese minors have simply disappeared. it's really been more than our own research uncovered as you to be precise and fully 97 percent of those registered as minors in the netherlands have disappeared without a trace. i good the all because they are miners. they should receive special protection in the netherlands and others. paula's was one. it's the same story in germany. the disappearance of young vietnamese is precisely planned and executed as a sign. so as he looks as if these miners have very precise instructions that they adhere to this and they know who to contact and where they have to go, was there a meeting points and things like that, or some of them are picked up directly outside our facilities will it on all tools? alabama when you were in berlin her yes, yes. albany where exactly how strauser or something like that of i show number 128 and from that i know for sure. so what was it, some kind of house, what was their club houses for vietnamese clubs. exactly. and there was
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a tram line on the street from where we drove inside the 1st gate that i still remember with a lot of i'm from fire or for medical, you're bright trans. so that we entered through a gate after driving past an old house or the 1st restaurant on the left. and there should be a yellow, a vietnamese restaurant to dorothy are full of studying for that's where we let them out. darma with a vowel. and that's where they were picked up the computer at the 1st restaurant right? ah, lines. suppose it father is one of those who made the pickups. berlin, police had him and his accomplices under surveillance, and were monitoring their communications. in
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fact, berlin and polish authorities were investigating the same smuggling ring, but they weren't sharing their findings. there was no co operation whatsoever, despite the fact that the missing points for traffic is, were an open secret. senior management at the detention facilities confirmed that there were cases of human trafficking. once policeman formed security, the facilities was increased. what is a take or yet louise human trafficking runs through these hubs the safe house. they have safe houses where basic needs are taken care of or fire a safe houses are usually rented. apartments, mostly larger apartments, their sublet, through people who belong to the smuggling network, or through 3rd parties who apparently have nothing to do with the illegal activity here. and these apartments are used as cover for human trafficking. good. ah, none. and her alleged sister lived at one of these safe houses. their proportion
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father also brought other trafficking victims from the dang. sean sent her to the apartment whither were held captive. sometimes they were kept for weeks until smuggling payments were completed. often up to 5 people lived here at the same time . ah, yes, miss hillock hadn't been movie or even right here in berlin. we investigated cases where smugglers put people in the safe houses and, and they were only allowed to leave once the smuggling fee and was paid off. the familiar are usually it was the family back in vietnam who paid one past slogged us . there were cases where payments weren't kept up with, and that's when the abuse started as a means of pressuring the family to pay the remaining balance. the license to retention etzky is with ex pat, a world wide network of organizations who advocate for children's rights. a pat has
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sponsored the most comprehensive study to date of trade with vietnamese minus in europe. investigated se smugglers charged between $5.00 and $20000.00 to transport people from viet nam to germany. that's far more than most families can afford. france. it's almost a 1000. the money has to come from somewhere and the smugglers demand payment no thumbs it yes. and then they have to work it off before they are exploited and forced to work that's. that's what happens. and who do they work for it for the traffic as it was before they have to work off their debts. this is, this dependent relationship doesn't end once the debt has been settled and most often it continues because the victims find themselves trapped in a kind of downward spiral muffins. how do we actually define human trafficking? and how does that differ from smuggling?
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your cameron zukowski is the leading expert in the study of human trafficking in germany. he's a professor at martin lou, 2 university in ha, written bag metro, humble as horseman, troy. some human trafficking is usually connected to smuggling, but the term implies forced exploitation. noisome contorted, illegal smuggling is defined as transporting people into a country illegally. the out for it on to see the goal of human trafficking is exploitation order. people are sold or recruited without any say in where they'll end up with a to they aren't asked would because it's a done deal by law and 4. they are treated as objects around the mean, not as people with right in a person, middle englishman. those who are recruited in viet nam, a, victimized long before they reached germany,
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like do you, where do they work? she or they work as taylors who we are here. they so close or like here, for example, whole trucks full of clothes and they, so them all of his go illegally. they're all illegal singular garden, you say they've crossed the border illegally for but like so that means they're sewing illegally to pay on their dads every or forward from here. oh, at this spot in 2017 polish authorities fried vietnamese slave laborers from a sewing factory among them with children and minus partial profile until they worked off their debts. it doesn't matter where they are in poland, germany, france, or elsewhere sponsored hampshire to their new river oxygen. they have to work off their debts in nuclear, it's logical of the ocean resolved for forward. so they sit down and get to work today, charlotte ship and when southern galks or can't take it any more things get physical
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started use of their little region 14 to get a hold you go and question. the smuggling mafia attracts its victims with much sweeter visions of upright people. i mean, we do. the daughter of vietnamese refugees was born in the us. she moved to handle a years ago to lead the fight against human traffickers, and they, brutal methods of much of the mafia is recruitment is done via social media. so social media, i promise you the world and wonderful salaries and also the ability to bring your families over again. and what do such office look like, files that this is an advertisement of work to work in finland and you are being promised monthly salary, between 182500 euros,
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which is 50 to 60000000 vietnam down per month. it's only about 8 hours working per day, 6 days a week, the employer will pay for all the meals, insurance, personal income taxes, have you also found? mentioned in germany as a destination country. definitely for sure. those lofty promises meet with harsh reality here at berlin's battenberg train station. though she had heart problems, lab was forced to sell cigarettes. hey, boss, was the human traffic of that city authorities believed was her father in response to questions, the berlin agency responsible for education and families, confirmed many young vietnamese have been arrested on charges of a legal tried in cigarettes in summer 2019 berlin. law enforcement also confirmed the existence of criminal gangs who smuggled children and mine is to gemini for exploitation.
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the 1st news accounts made headlines across europe. the interior committee of berlin's house of representatives named a chief investigative organized crime. but he assured the public that no human trafficking was taking place in the gym and capital d criterion. for as far as we're concerned in the criteria for human trafficking in the context of smuggling aren't fulfilled in most cases, efforts, de indigo. those who put their trust in smuggling networks know beforehand that they will naturally have to earn some money. does he have not money that might not be available before the smuggling began? it since i've been to begin nationalism, they know that the smuggling network will give them opportunities to work to earn money, which in turn is returned to the smuggling rang. it's of which huffman but it may seem like exploitation some feast,
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but it doesn't have to be void to her. so i am. must albany sch ah lans. a legend sister was 15 years old and worked as a man, a curious for $300.00 euros a month. i, the number of vietnamese run now studios has grown exponentially over the past few years. it's a lucrative side hustle of the human traffic, his illegal employment exploitation, inhumane working conditions. going incidents of illicit labor being reported in many german cities. including dormant, keyson essence and wooster. more and more often, when police and customs officials ride nail studios, they find undocumented vietnamese nationals including numerous minors. for instance, in the town of fulda, in the state of hessen, beyond this,
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johnson concluded in august, i am certain that our nail studio raids only uncovered the tip of the iceberg. these are selective raids versus flesh. we believe that miners are being forced to work in nail studios all across germany, jewels comb, alonzo now investigations and interrogations. point to a central point of reference in berlin. date for door from there with somebody in the means. laborers are sent throughout germany to work in nail studios and in august of joe's, of ours, of dying assets. be in great britain as well. the number of vietnamese run nail studios is growing rapidly . and he to police writes, often turn up undocumented miners. when he don't even know where they are or how they got they how did you leave it?
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how did you get here? what about the trip changing the to them? when i was brought here from vietnam in trucks. i don't know how many countries we drove through or how many times we changed vehicles in exxon, wilson dependent, held captive, exploited by schuman traffic his year on year we said increase in the number of de abbas, and i will be expected to work incredibly long hours hello autopay and a forced to do it as well. the british government ordered the comprehensive inquiry in hopes of gaining insight into the vietnamese human trafficking network. the investigation was led by debbie beetle, the children's rights organization act, pat. the results released in 2019 showed that many of the victims were brought to britain via germany. chaskin vietnamese,
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people has been identified age kind of really the last 10 years. and what we need to really look at is the amount of money has been made. you know, these traffic is making quite huge amounts of money, you know, and really we need to be making sure that we are preventing it from happening. the victims of being supported vaughn will, people are being supported and that these people are prosecuted for crimes or they've committed so great britain handles this the much differently than germany. in such cases, nail studio owners can be convicted of crimes related to human trafficking. oh, that's possible because if the modern slavery act voted into law by the british parliament in 2015, the bill be now read the 3rd time. whether is that opinion say, ah, of the country?
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no. the eyes have it. the eyes, hundreds speak of the injustice to resume than interior minister champion the legislation as an effective way to combat human trafficking. and then one slave react was a really good step in the u. k. to try and tackle the issue of i'm human trafficking and we have seen it and bring in and for their support for police and kind of made it simpler for them to be after prosecutions of trafficking him on slavery. the national crime agency in london, britain's lead agency in the fight against organized crime and human trafficking. robert richardson that leads a special unit dedicated to combating human trafficking. he coordinates all investigations currently underway nationwide allow victims of slavery a forced into commonality. and what was preventing those victims coming false?
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law enforcement was fear of been prosecuted themselves. and so the new legislation close a provision for those crimes that have been committed forcibly. and so that encourages victims to come forward much more readily than they would have done previously. standardized criteria, fish, human trafficking, centralized registration victims. with these guidelines in place, the scope of the problem is becoming more clear. the numbers are rising, especially among vietnamese, nearly $900.00, a documented each year. girls and boys, half of them under 18 many of them are apprehended in a legal cannabis farms like this one. children working as virtual slaves for the drug cartels. there is
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a significant number of kind of his farms. ha, a run by vietnamese organizations. so we, we recognize that often is, you know, young men, you know, from age 50, generally a coat coerced into a tendon and growing plants to working conditions in congress. fobs incredibly dangerous their prey. her anderson hover conditions say they are often in one room and seeping on the floor where there be bought takeaways or food either a daily basis. so a few days at a time. and they have their surrounded by pants. i'm at the smell is quite strong. there's lots of chemicals on that. be watching those plans. there be lights on them or the times again. you know almost like tortuous conditions where they don't know when he's day or night. ah, my name is han, i'm 15 years old. born in a small village, we were very poor. ah,
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this video was released by it in an effort to make the british public aware of what it calls modern day slavery, forced upon vietnamese children. one day a man came and said he had worked for me abroad and that i could send money back home with me. it was like a dream come true. but when we arrived in great britain, he brought us into a big apartment in a city. we were told to look after the plants, he said we owed him money and that if we tried to run away, he'd kill us. it had also launched campaigns like this one to inform the british press about this growing problem. in the meantime, british authorities have taken a hard line against human traffickers in stock contrast to germany. currently,
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when we look at modern slavery investigations, there's a total of approximately 1900 investigations. and of those, you know, several 100 will be specifically targeting criminal exploitation, which includes, you know, kind of as a kind of meant by vietnamese victims of traffic be gemini, polish officials have also been covered, illegal cannabis farms run by vietnamese along with the mostly young workers house to care for the crops. ah, medical picky drugs, medical marijuana and methamphetamines, i mean, and smuggling and smuggling, and it's the same people who do those sound. yes, there one in the same. yeah. not the summer. and where does the product end up the
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door? lin, marine ah, one of these suspects is lance purported father. he allegedly picks up smuggled people in mosul along with chris to make the sale in the gym capital. oh, it's beyond. and whether it's the sale of drugs or the production of narcotics i, these are among the lines of trade declined by the vietnamese organizing crime syndicates went on and smuggling serves the purpose here, as well as harsh as it sounds. they are a continuing supply of human resources like mom, the organized criminal gangs bring the mean for use in their other spheres of activity from not his mind simply dominated by finance, open a case of human trafficking on it as
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a classic case of human trafficking. the british embassy in berlin, january 2020 a workshop sponsored by the us based pacific link foundation. deep fung spearheads this international charity. on this day, he's making clear the dimensions of human trafficking of vietnamese to europe. british belgian and german investigate his own attendance. great britain. success in combating the smugglers is the central theme. bot sebastian, now down of berlin's criminal justice agency, thinks it's unwise for countries to compare strategies. it has every nation has different legal definitions of smuggling and human trafficking. and that means we have to be very careful as it was one in this context. when can, we can't simply compare the justice systems of other european countries with each other and of regulation. in 2005 germany signalled its support for an international law that codified
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a definition of human trafficking. it was sponsored by the european council. kevin holland was a chief inspector for scotland yard. and britain's 1st independent anti slavery commissioner. now he's in charge of monitoring observance of the european councils . human trafficking convention. every countries definition should come from the council. you're a convention and i know they're all differences technically. and there were differences in psalm interpretation. ultimately, the definition created by the counsel your convention and the international instruments clearly lays our crime is and that's what country will be assessed on. highland bleeds germany hasn't yet lived up to its commitments. he adds the european council report of 2019 clearly highlights the weak points. there is not a national process, but supporting victims rule. so the positive charity to investigate crimes. so
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there is a proactive investigation that should happen. i also think there are, you know, areas that are missing like an independent rapid toro commissioner, someone to look at the stitch you ation across germany. and you know, then that consistency oh, monitoring over a period of years. germany's lexical response to the problem plays directly into the hands of the human traffickers. in berlin, stone, john santa land was forced to work as a messenger transporting thousands of euros for the criminal gangs. hipaa put a system work as a waitress. the exploitation of vietnamese mine is continues to take place before our very eyes and yet bill and authorities are skeptical as to whether the young victims trudy are under age. i'm a fan, so from your 1st a large number of the vietnamese that we take into custody claim that they are
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under 18 oxy neely. in reality, it's a different story was, does view in our experience, when we've come to the conclusion that the large majority of smuggled vietnamese, who said they are miners, was, aren't actually under age was always given position as me know, you extend october 2019 on the outskirts of london, these victims were definitely minus boys and girls in smuggling operation gone wrong. 39 people died of 60 ation in the back of a truck all with vietnamese one of the victims. it was the 17 year old boy. his friend had just turned 18 when he died. 12 days before, both of them disappeared from a facility in the netherlands. they were in germany before embarking on the journey, the cost them their lives. the hum, yoga they lived in this house for a few months was once where they were brought here after police pulled them out of the back of a truck or todd is a truck was from germany. island and the people found in this truck were loaded
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into it near cologne. and i live on cone and is industrial. i understand. shortly before she died, one of the victims wrote a note to her mother back home. ah this is somebody dying. and yet there was no blaming the network. no, blaming anybody who salt that ticket. no saying things i, i wish i didn't do this in the end, it was just, i'm sorry, this is,
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i'm not making it so that the weapon, the shame. well, it's the cultural weapon that they wield very deathly right. and they keep people in that bondage. they are able to make sure that people shut up and never tell the neighbors about the treacherous journey that they've been on to day chew. leaves illegally in war school. a polish court sentenced on j to 3 years and 6 months in prison on charges connected to human trafficking. ah, lance fate is unclear. hey, purported father was arrested in berlin on smuggling charges and sentenced to 3
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years in prison. but the term human trafficking is no way to be found in his court . false the official records, the 2019 showed that there were only 7 cases of human trafficking of vietnamese in germany. ah hm. mm hm. or a legal fields, a legal wells, legal nature, conservation in southern spain, foreigners of digging up water from
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a unesco nature reserve, a basso full scarce resources in which the authorities are partly to blame. focus on europe. in 30 minutes on d. w is the end of the pandemic in site. we show what it could look like. will return to normal and revisit those who are finding it difficult with successes and in a weekly coven 19 special eaten 90 minutes on d. w. o. is establishing an order?
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she ging, president of the global power china, is part of a whole system which believes his time has come. he relies on an authoritarian system of total surveillance on economic expansion without scruples and again and again, she provokes and threatens with military aggression. the chinese president believes that his way is for superior than that of western democracy. china's president, she jing ping starts july 30th on d, w. ah, does this d w news? and these are our top stories. chinese leader is teaching paying an u. s. president joe biden have talked for the 1st time in months in a call dominated by tensions over taiwan. beijing was.

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