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tv   Desert Living  Deutsche Welle  July 29, 2022 8:15pm-9:01pm CEST

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that leads to full blown illness. that means blocking the virus with this kind of vaccine might also help break infection chains. the concept isn't a novel one. nasal vaccines for influenza have been around for a couple of decades now. there have been a few problems with them over the years, but for lots of people, especially younger recipients, they have one major advantage. the boost to immunity doesn't involved getting jabbed with a needle. a mix and documentary series looks a gangs that traffic children. i'm ben fizzle and phil gail will have your news next out. ah, his goal is establishing an older she duping president of the global power china. any criticism of his regime? isn't it in the bud piece? part of a whole system which believes his time has come with china's president. she ging
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painting starts july 30th on d. w. ah aah. 12 year old lun suffers from heart disease. despite that, she's forced to work illegally in the gym and kept berlin. her stories spunk, a major criminal investigation and trial. the author of this documentary has gained access to case files. young land is just one of many have fallen victim to human traffic is ah ah
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ah ah then shall we begin. actually give a shit our and jay and his gang had links to the vietnamese human trafficking mafia . they transported hundreds of vietnamese nationals from lithuania to been in via rosul oxycodone, parking ga gov. i renewed. i would never strike one of them. germany. i'm afraid it might kill them more. well, their chinese poly 40 to 50 kilos tops apology the procedure to maximize
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6. which of yours will of all those we transported are there were just a few that were heavier hours other than the rest were so skinny, especially the boys. there weren't many girls who are justin, doesn't bottles, wilson rough international. there's not enough awareness in germany about human smuggling, especially when it comes to trafficking from viet nam year on year. we see an increase the number of vietnamese it on paper often have been to hand as extensive on kind of so, but i describe it as modern day slavery. hi, marcus fall is with the german federal police. he's in charge of fighting, organized crime in central germany,
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an expert in human trafficking. he's been trying for years to crack the vietnamese organized crime networks. doesn't enough that these networks operate on a very hierarchical basis when they are highly professional and cooperate in other forms of organized crime or criminal activities. all nicotine the traffic has have been smuggling, vietnamese national st. poland, for years thousands have been brought to germany along this race and polish customs officers rarely uncovered these smuggling operations most make it through that. including many young people and children. children such as 12 year old land, she was smuggled over the polish border into germany in august 2015 1000000000 authorities never investigated where she was held in poland or for how long
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we come here this building right here to try to call her. this is where they were initially hell, g. gotcha. of all the bus parked here and then came a text we're here. yes. a messenger. yes. or one of my drivers would arrive is reco share of am. i wake up and after a few minutes they came out. this entrance here, i don't think of physical genital plano, how many would you losing her? it was always different ball game show 257 of the girls, women 2, would you young wardrobes of ours? you know, wasn't back only mostly young with them. it's hard to tell whether they're older, young, about united mortgage, only a started in the to me did you know they were a lot of miners among the smuggler vietnamese or i don't know. it's hard to tell korea they're so small and frail in ashburn, so small marble and black buckets, i mean the hair, otherwise they're yellow ever blue. june
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is one of many smuggled in by on j. o. he was brought from lithuania to warsaw where he went underground and feel calmer when i'm drawing something else that have me come. john lives in constant fear of the human traffickers in viet nam. he lived with his grandmother, his parents, a dead. and then his grandmother died to he eat out and living collecting muscles, snails, driftwood,
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and plastic bottles. only when my in way we normally sell it to a r t. i was 15, ma'am. a man came to me and asked if i'd like to have a job and make a lot of money. oh, it was a short conversation with him and he spoke very pleasantly and friendly hong i was just a kid. well, i didn't know anything boy shall fall. no, i did what he told me, then uncle, that they didn't explain what kind of work and for how long as you know, the only that i'd be moving to germany though i am noting south in this and dalia knew it the human smuggling route from vietnam to poland, like most of his compatriots, john travelled across russia to the baltic nations and then to poland. along the way, he was held in abandoned warehouses, sometimes locked in for weeks at
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a time. sure isn't sure exactly where i shall have his and am home the beetle was on during those times. i couldn't go outside. he latania nowhere. churchill. dolly ne, thank god. it was only the whole day in those warehouses that billing late morning, noon afternoon and night. in my new my hour i heard from others that we were in russia lake, a young lea. i asked the vietnamese there if i could go outside. he said, no, don't go outside, i own own get. now he told me that another guy tried to escape. one was shot in the leg. ah, hello. i didn't ask any more questions amy and didn't dare even to think about it anymore. it fronted and from there, for from, with way near. we brought them here. i mean, we were there at the time we put them in the buses will talk to her,
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but i will tell you that you get lunch cuz how many can you fit inside those kinds of buses? also if you go into it depends with one of my men was apprehended. would you see at 12 of them though i had no idea of the one i sure we had agreed on 8, but they gave him 12. you need valesh. ah, that 40000 vietnamese live in the polish capitol. it's one of the biggest communities in eastern europe. whistle is a thriving hub for human trafficking between viet man and western europe. we also, for example, we brought 20 to 30 people here to this house. here were directly to the trading center or to this temple here from the we drove them,
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but they came here to pray. human. and when did they go from here? okay, so this was yourself, the law of chicago, france, for instance, or berlin. laura, let's go to dinner. as june was being transported to germany, the driver lost control of the minivan just before the border. there was serious injuries in the accident. the driver and all on board are arrested, including 8 minus boys and girls. it was the start of a major investigation by polish authorities. june was a star witness and gave comprehensive testimony. ah, a. i'm still afraid ursa. the guy next to me shit. his head against something on there was blood all over his face. mom, it still frightens me another, so the human traffic,
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a cell phones were confiscated and the data analyzed, including gps data authorities, were able to piece together the smuggling brutes. while over $100.00 smuggling operations were carried out within 8 months, using 3 vehicles and j was the lead driver, a vietnamese national, living in warsaw contacted angie and his 2 accomplices to transport illegals to germany. in minivans, the polish smugglers received about $500.00 euros per person. 12 year old lan made it to berlin. she lived in a high rise in the marsan district, with the vietnamese man who she described to authorities as her father, an intentional deceit. her actual parents remain in viet nam
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a few days later, another vietnamese girl arrived here, also claiming that the man was her father. german federal police apprehended the 15 year old on the polish german border. it's a problem. federal authorities are increasingly confronted with cases involving the smuggling of young vietnamese boys and girls have increased dramatically over the past few years. those who are apprehended and up at emergency facilities near the border like this one in iceland hood that with sauces in emergency child protection services near the border, tell us that most of the children who were brought here quickly disappear. busy busy busy busy ah, no one was willing to speak to us officially,
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but one caseworker described the situation under the condition that he remain anonymous. as a dearest police problem has been recognized for a long time, was flores or his mother's bring them to germany. and the few that are apprehended brought to austin to rent an erect soon and more often than not. they disappear from this facility after one or 2 hours, like i spoken to the food things into your sign, which too was proceed. and then you have you listened. and from this we have to file a missing persons report by the police unexplored. so, but most of the time, nothing happens. unfortunately for german child goes missing, there's a massive effort to locate them, but nothing gets done when it's a young vietnamese and christian associate annex. but the question is, how many vietnamese young people have gone under the radar in germany? where are they and what happens to them? we researched those questions the months, making hundreds of inquiries. what we discovered is
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a state of absolute chaos among the responsible agencies. conflicting answers, contradictory statistics. one thing is sure, hundreds are unaccounted for with most of those thought to be in berlin. and the numbers have been growing for years. but on go to why aren't police looking for them? is the search for missing illegals only becomes active when certain criteria are met. for instance, if there's the possibility that someone's in danger, it was. and that metric doesn't apply to young vietnamese and bite him. but usually this danger doesn't apply when it comes to the missing vietnamese young people who've been smuggled in probably a furnished so 1000000000 criminal authorities see no danger. and at the same time, vietnamese children are disappearing all over europe. in france, belgium and the netherlands. we now mean they are as
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usual, kirsty alena ne, launch a goal will perform a him this year. 67 young vietnamese disappeared from high security facilities like this one in the netherlands. journalist santa telling an uncovered the story. she's been investigating the facial refugee minus in europe for years. we were looking for a story that won't reveal and what kind of problems there were. and to show that there was really a problem we started to look into that sheltered at was most protected. we have 2 of them in the netherlands, one in the north, and one in the south, both at secret locations telling and is the 1st journalist in the netherlands to investigate these secret facilities. i got loads of internal documents so i could learn a lot from that. they place and night watch in front of the building. they locked
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the windows, but what they see is that the children still nice from the kitchen to break open the windows. they spray perfume on the fire alarm, which makes the door goes open. and vehicles were already waiting outside these high security facilities. and what you could see is that it looks like they disappear voluntarily because they go away by themselves. but the pressure on them is so high because they have to pay depths. today's traffic earth in depth reporting at least a wave of outrage in the netherlands. the government reacted by launching a wide ranging investigation who biagspraya is telling his boss, he was surprised at the results of the investigation almost from within. the last i gave the bottom line of the report was that many, many vietnamese minors had simply disappeared. yeah, it's really been more than our own research on covered as you to be precise and
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fully 97 percent of those registered as minors in the netherlands have disappeared without a trace. i get the all because they are minors. they should receive special protection in the netherlands, isn't alice pool? as was one. it's the same story in germany. the disappearance of young vietnamese is precisely planned and executed as a sign. so as he looks as if these miners have very precise instructions that they had here to see this and i know who to contact and where they have to go. was there a meeting points and things like that or some of them are picked up directly outside our facilities with from all tools alabama when you were in berlin her yes. yes. albany where exactly how strauser or something like that or vice your number 128 and from that i know for sure. you know what was it some kind of house? what was their club houses for vietnamese clubs. exactly. and there was
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a tram line on the street from where we drove inside the 1st gate that i still remember with lamar on thormeyer, arthur, vertical your bright trams. we entered through a gate after driving past an old house on the 1st restaurant on the left, and there should be a yellow, a vietnamese restaurant thought of the are full of historical. that's where we let them out. tom with us, i want and that's where they were picked up the computer at the 1st restaurant right. ah, lines supposed father is one of those who made the pickups. berlin police had him and his accomplices under surveillance and were monitoring their communications. in fact, 1000000000 and polish authorities were investigating the same smuggling ring. but
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they went sharing their findings. there was no co operation whatsoever, despite the fact that the missing points for traffic is, were an open secret. senior management at the detention facilities confirmed that they would cases if human trafficking, once police were informed security, the facilities was increased. but he's a 3 call yet, louise human track making runs through these hubs. he says horse they have safe houses where basic needs are taken care of or fire a safe house as a usually rented apartments, mostly larger apartments, their sublet, through people who belong to the smuggling network, or through 3rd parties who apparently have nothing to do with the illegal activity here, and these apartments are used as cover for human trafficking. good. ah, none. and her alleged sister lived at one of these safe houses. her proportion father also brought other trafficking victims. from the dawn, sean sent her to the apartment,
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whither were held captive. sometimes they were kept for weeks until smuggling payments were completed. often up to 5 people lived here at the same time. ah, yes, murphy, luke hadn't been movie even right here in berlin. we investigated cases where smugglers put people in the safe houses and, and they were only allowed to leave once the smuggling fee and was paid off. the familiar are usually it was the family back in vietnam who paid one preslar because there were cases where payments weren't kept up with. and that's when the abuse started as a means of pressuring the family to pay the remaining balance. the license to retention etzky is with ex pat, a world wide network of organizations who advocate for children's rights. a pat has sponsored the most comprehensive study to date of trade with lead amazed miners in
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europe. investigators say smugglers charged between $5.00 and $20000.00 to transport people from viet nam to germany. that's far more than most families can afford 1st, it's almost a 1000. the money has to come from somewhere and the smugglers demand payment. no that yes. and then they have to work it off before they are exploited and forced to work. that's what happens happen. and who do they work for it? for the traffic as he was me when they have to work off their debts. this is, this dependent relationship doesn't end once the debt is lean settled in most often it continues because the victims find themselves trapped in a kind of downward spiral muffins. how do we actually define human trafficking? and how does that differ from smuggling yorkie maureen sykowski is the
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leading expert in the study of human trafficking in germany. he's a professor at martin lou, 2 university in hollow, written beg, menstrual humblest horseman choice and human trafficking is usually connected to smuggling. but the term implies forced exploitation liaison contorted, illegal smuggling is defined as transporting people into a country illegally, the hours for it on to see the goal of human trafficking is exploitation order. people are sold or recruited without any saying where they'll end up boy to they aren't asked. good because it's a done deal by law. i'm for. they are treated as objects around be mean not as people with right jennifer soon with language from those who are recruited in viet nam, victimized long before they reach germany, like g o u. where do they work? she or they work as taylors. she'll reactor, they so close or like here,
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for example, whole trucks full of clothes and they, so them all of his girl illegally. they're all illegal singular. you should, they've crossed the border, illegally level. so that means they're sewing illegally to pay off the cancer your forward from here. oh, at this spot in 2017 polish authorities fried vietnamese slave laborers from a sewing factory. among them with children and minus partial profile until they worked off their debts. it doesn't matter where they are in poland, germany, france, or elsewhere sponsored hampshire to the river oxygen. they have to work off their debts in nuclear. it's logical to ocean resolve or forward. so they sit down and get to work today. charlotte and min southern vaux or can't take it any more, you know, things get physical staggering that their little region. sort of the good of yeah.
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to hold you, go and question the smuggling mafia attracts its victims with much sweeter visions of upright people. i mean the do, the daughter of vietnamese refugees was born in the us. she moved to handle a years ago to lead the fight against human traffickers and their brutal methods of much of the mafia is recruitment is done via social media. so social media, i promise you the world and wonderful salaries and also the ability to bring your families over again. and what do such office look like, files that this is an advertisement of work to work in finland. and you're being promised monthly salary, between 18022500 euros, which is $50.00 to $60000000.00 in i'm done per month. it's only by 8 hours working
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per day as 6 days a week. the employer will pay for all the meals, insurance, personal income taxes have you also found hosts mentioned in germany as the destination country? that only they for sure those lofty promises meet with harsh reality. here at berlin's battenberg train station. though she had heart problems, lann was forced to sell cigarettes. her boss was the human traffic of that city authorities believed was her father. in response to questions, the berlin agency responsible for education and families, confirmed many young vietnamese have been arrested on charges of a legal trade in cigarettes. in summer 2019 berlin. law enforcement also confirmed the existence of criminal gangs who smuggle children and one is to chimney for exploitation.
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the 1st news accounts made headlines across europe. the interior committee of berlin's house of representatives named a chief investigative for organized crime. but he assured the public that no schumann trafficking was taking place in the gym and capitol the criterion for as far as we're concerned in the criteria for human trafficking in the context of smuggling aren't fulfilled in most cases, efforts, de indigo. those who put their trust in smuggling networks know beforehand that they will naturally have to earn some money. does he have not money that might not be available before the smuggling began? since i want to begin their shows and they know that the smuggling network will give them opportunities to work lucky to earn money, which in turn is returned to the smuggling ranks of which often both it may seem like exploitation confused, but it doesn't have to be void of her so i am, muscle vanish ah lans. a legend sister was 15
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years old and worked as a manager of the $300.00 euros a month. i. the number of vietnamese run now studios has grown exponentially over the past few years. it's a lucrative side hustle of the human traffic. is illegal employment exploitation in she main working conditions going incidents of illicit labor a being reported in many german cities including dormant keyson essence and monster . more and more often, when police and customs officials raid nails studios, they find undocumented vietnamese nationals, including numerous minors. for instance, in the town of fulda, in the state of hessen, the armed is on some control in august. i'm certain that our nail studio raids only
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uncovered the tip of the iceberg. these are selective raids versus flesh. we believe that miners are being forced to work in nail studios all across germany, jewels comb, alonzo now investigations and interrogations. point to a central point of reference in berlin. date for door from there with somebody in the means. laborers are sent throughout germany to work in nail studios and in august of joe's of always kept eyeing visits. but in great britain as well. the number of vietnamese run nails studios is growing rapidly. and he to police writes, often turn up undocumented miners. many don't even know where they are or how they got they how did you leave it? how did you get here? what about the trip? and you need to know when i was brought here from vietnam in trucks. i don't know
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how many countries we drove through or how many times we changed vehicles. the next one, wilson dependent, held captive, exploited by schuman traffic his year on year. we said increase in the number of de abbas, and i will be expected to work incredibly long hours. hello, autopay and a forced to do it as well. the british government ordered the comprehensive inquiry in hopes of gaining insight into the vietnamese human trafficking network. the investigation was led by debbie beetle that the children's rights organization ex pat the results released in 2019 showed that many of the victims were brought to britain via germany. this chaskin vietnamese people has been identified age kind of really the last 10 years
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. and what we need to really look at is that money has been made, you know, these traffic is making quite huge amounts of money. you know, and really we need to be making sure that we are preventing this from happening. the victims of being supported vaughn will, people are being supported and that these people are prosecuted for crimes or they've committed so great britain handles this problem much differently than germany. in such cases, nail studio owners can be convicted of crimes related to human trafficking. oh, that's possible because of the modern slavery act voted into law by the british parliament in 2015. the bill be now read the 3rd time that here is that opinion say, ah, of the country. no. the eyes have it. the eyes harbor,
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speak of the injustice to resume than interior minister champion the legislation as an effective way to combat human trafficking. and then one slave react was in a really good step in the u. k. to try and tackle the issue of i'm human trafficking and we have seen it and bring in and for their support for police and kind of made it simpler for them to be at the prosecutions of trafficking him on slavery. the national crime agency in london, britain's lead agency in the fight against organized crime and human trafficking. rather, richardson leads a special unit dedicated to combating human trafficking. he coordinates all investigations currently underway. nationwide allow victims of slavery a forced into commonality. and what was preventing those victims coming false?
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law enforcement was fear of being prosecuted themselves. and so the new legislation includes a provision for those crimes that have been committed forcibly. and so that encourages victims to come forward much more readily than they would have done previously. standardized criteria for human trafficking, centralized registration victims. with these guidelines in place, the scope of the problem is becoming more clear. the numbers are rising, especially among the domains. nearly $900.00, a documented each year. girls and boys, half of them under 18 many of them are apprehended in a legal cannabis farms like this one. children working is virtual slaves for the drug cartels. there is a significant number of kind of his firms that are run by vietnamese organizations
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. so we, we recognize that often is, you know, young man, you know, from age 15, generally a co coerced into tendon and growing plants to working conditions in canada, farms incredibly dangerous their pray, henderson, hovel, conditions say they are often in one of them. a sleeping on the floor where there be bought takeaways or food either daily basis. so a few days at a time and they have, they're surrounded by ponce, i'm at the smell is quite strong. there's lots of chemicals on that. be watching those plans. there be lights on them or the times again. you know almost like tortuous conditions where they don't know when his day or night. ah, my name is han, i'm 15 years old. born in a small village we were very poor. ah,
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this video was released by it in an effort to make the british public aware of what it calls modern day slavery, forced upon vietnamese children. one day a man came and said he had worked for me abroad and that i could send money back home with. it was like a dream come true. but when we arrived in great britain, he brought us into a big apartment in a city. we were told to look after the plans, he said we owed him money and that if we tried to run away, he'd kill us. it had also launched campaigns like this one to inform the british press about this growing problem. in the meantime, british authorities have taken a hard line against human traffickers in stark contrast to germany. currently, when we look at modern slavery investigations, there's
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a total of approximately 1900 investigations on off those, you know, several 100 will be specifically targeting criminal exploitation, which includes, you know, kind of his farms that kind of money by vietnamese victims of tough. but gemini and polish officials have also been covered, illegal cannabis farms run by vietnamese along with the mostly young workers house to care for the crops. ah, medical picky drugs, medical marijuana and methamphetamines and smuggling and smuggling. and it's the same people who docile. yes, they're one in the same. yeah. not to summer. and where does the product end up
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door, lynn? but lena, ah, one of the suspects is lance purported father. he allegedly picks up smuggled people in mosul along with chris to make the sale in the gym capital. oh, johns. and whether it's the sale of drugs or the production of narcotics i, these are among the lines of trade declined by the vietnamese organized crime syndicates went on and smuggling serves the purpose here, as well as harsh as it sounds. they are a continuing supply of human resources like mon, the organized criminal gangs bring the mean for use in their other spheres of activity from dotted line simply and armitage. button finance open a case of human trafficking 100 as a classic case of human trafficking. the british embassy and berlin,
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january 2020 a workshop sponsored by the u. s. based to pacific link foundation. deed fung spearheads this international charity. on this day, he's making clear the dimensions of human trafficking of vietnamese to europe. british belgian and german investigators are in attendance. great britain success in combating the smugglers is a central fame. but sebastian, out on of berlin's criminal justice agency, thinks it's unwise for countries to compare strategies. he does. every nation has different legal definitions of smuggling and human craft cancelled. and that means we have to be very careful as it almost want in this context. when can we can't simply compare the justice systems of other european countries with each other. none of her life in 2005 germany signalled its support for an international law that codified a definition of human trafficking. it was sponsored by the european council. kevin
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holland was a chief inspector for scotland yard. and britain's 1st independent anti slavery commissioner. now he's in charge of monitoring observance of the european council's human trafficking convention. every country definition should come from the counselor, you're a convention, and i know they're all differences technically. and there were differences in psalm interpretations, but ultimately the definition created by the counselor of your convention. i mean to national instruments. clearly lays out what a crime he is, and that's what country will be assessed on. highland believes jim and he hasn't yet lived up to its commitments. he adds the european council report of 2019 clearly highlights the weak points. there is not a national process, but supporting victims also the positive duty to investigate crimes. so there is a proactive investigation that should happen. i also think there are, you know,
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areas that are missing like an independent rapid toro commissioner, someone to look at the stitch you ation across germany. and you know, then that consistency. oh, monitoring over a period of years, germany's lexa desecai response to the problem plays directly into the hands of the human traffickers. in berlin, stung swan santa land was forced to work as a messenger transporting thousands of euros for the criminal gangs. said the quoted sister worked as a waitress. the exploitation of vietnamese mine is continues to take place before our very eyes. and yet berlin authorities are skeptical as to whether the young victims trudy are under age. an offense her from anger flows, a large number of the vietnamese that we take into custody claim that they are under 18 ot, senior colleague in reality, it's a different story,
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was does view in our experience when we've come to the conclusion that the large majority of smuggled vietnamese, who said they are miners was aren't actually under age like i was given position as me, me know you extend october 2019 on the outskirts of london. these victims would definitely minus boys and girls in a smuggling operation going wrong. fishing 9 people died of 60 ation in the back of a truck all with vietnamese one of the victims. it was the 17 year old boy. his friend had just turned 18 when he died. 12 days before, both of them disappeared from a facility in the netherlands. they were in germany before embarking on the journey that cost them their lives. the young lady lived in this house for a few months because once they were brought here, after police pulled them out of the back of a truck or touch, the truck was from germany. land and the people found in this truck were loaded into it near cologne. and the f one code in these industrial english dig. shortly
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before she died, one of the victims wrote a note to her mother back home. ah, me this is somebody dying. and yet there was no blaming the network. no blaming anybody who sold her that ticket. know thing things like, i wish i didn't do this in the end there were just, i'm sorry, this is i'm not making it so much that the weapon
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shame. well, it's the cultural weapon that they wield very a deathly right. and they keep people and that bondage they are able to make sure that people shut up and never tell the neighbors about the treacherous journey that they've been on to day. june leaves illegally in warsaw. a polish court sentenced on j to 3 years. and 6 months in prison on charges connected to human trafficking. awe. lans fate is unclear, reported father was arrested in berlin on smuggling charges and sentenced to 3 years in prison. the term human trafficking is nowhere to be found in his court
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house. the official records, the 2019 shows that there were only 7 cases of human trafficking of vietnamese in germany. ah hm. oh gosh, naturally without moving the environment and with the sophisticated design a t t has been focusing on green and affordable housing in to whether the harsh desert climate,
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a eco africa in 30 minutes on d. w. ah, i thought it's a journey across the entire continent with a variety of cod. so what on this, so we focus on the move and shake is visionaries and made when binding the meaning of modern africa is actually starting august. the 5th on d w one ah
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ah ah, this is the w news live from berlin, ukraine's president. the landscape says he's country is ready to help ease the world's food crisis. ships loaded with previously blockaded grain are ready to set, sail from black sea ports as elsewhere, dozens of ukrainian prisoners, a pool killed in a missile strike. also on the.

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