The assessment of preschool is an important factor in determining how individual children are progressing, what teachers need to do to help them, and whether or not programs are working. Many research studies show that learning gaps formed in the early years can stay with children all their lives. The goal must be to avoid a gap all together, before it even sets in. Assessments must be fair: measuring what children know without distorting the true achievements of preschoolers from a variety of backgrounds. The best thing that can be done for children who are in our schools, particularly those that have yet to start, is to work on putting together a program in early childhood that will prepare them so that they will not fall behind.