The purpose of this study was to determine the effective factors of people choosing outdoor recreation areas, which is belonging to local government in Elazig Province Center, for feel comfortable in social, cultural and physiological aspects where they can evaluate their free time and benefit from different purposes according to different variables. The sample group of the study consisted of 232 persons, 106 male and 126 female, selected randomly using recreational areas of local governance in Elazig province center. The data were obtained by participation preference factors for use of recreation area survey which consist 24 questions and 5 sub-dimensions that developed by Gümüs H. and Alay Özgül S. (2017) with face to face survey application method. The data obtained from the study were analyzed using the SPSS 22 packet program. The normality test has been done so that analyzes can be done correctly. According to this, Kruskal-Wallis was used in multiple groups in the analysis of data which not normal distribution and Mann Whitney-U Test was applied to determine the group which the difference occurred. In the analysis of normal distribution data, ANOVA in multiple groups and independent samples t test in binary groups were applied. Significance level was accepted as p<0.05. There was a statistically significant difference between participants who are married and have children, who perform sports 3-4 days a week and who state their health status as good and good and sport diversity, personnel and activity sub-dimensions of the scale (p<0.05). There was no statistically significant difference between the private vehicle ownership variable and participation preference for recreation areas scale (p>0.05). It was determined that, for participants who married and with children, it is effective that there is playground for children in the recreational areas, the individuals who are good and very good health status are influenced by the sport diversity, activity and personnel situation in choosing these areas, private vehicle ownership is not that important for choosing these areas.