In the Republic of Ireland, geography is recognized as an important subject for children to learn and all pupils take it throughout their primary school years. The current curriculum, the Primary School Curriculum-Geography, follows a tradition of innovative, child-centered geography curricula in Ireland. This article outlines the history of geography as a primary school subject in the Republic of Ireland to put current practices in schools into their historical context. It draws on all available research, curricula, reports and resources in primary geography to consider a variety of issues, including national policies and funding for primary geography as well those relating to teaching and learning in schools. Finally possible futures for primary geography in primary schools are considered.