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tv   Journal  PBS  April 17, 2012 6:30pm-7:00pm PDT

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♪ >> welcome to the "journal" irving on dw. i am ben fajzullin. >> and i am steve chaid. >> mass murder anders behring breivik shows no remorse in testimony before a court in oslo. as nationalization of the spanish oil control company. >> the german soccer league secures a new record deal for bundesliga television rights. ♪ >> on the second day of his trial in oslo, the norwegian mass murderer anders behring breivik has told the court he would do it again. he set off a car bomb in the
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center of the norwegian capital last july before going on a shooting spree at a youth camp organized by the governing labor party, killing 77 people and wounding many more. >> avoid of emotion, he told the court room i have carried out the most sophisticated and spectacular political attack committed in europe since the second world war. >> anders behring breivik's lawyers warn the shocking statements. on the second day of his trial, the man admitted to killing 77 people and said he still considers himself innocent. breivik claimed he acted in self-defense to protect his country from multi-cultural some. he added that he would do it again if given the chance. that testimony had been delayed by controversy that caused one of the five judges to be taken off the case. the late judge admitted to writing and internet comic the day after the massacre, calling
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for the perpetrator to receive the death penalty. that is despite the fact that norway does not have capital punishment. after the judge's removal came breivik's statement. for the survivors, a chilling reminder of last year's attacks. >> at the same time, it is good to see him in this position. very different from where he was. he cannot harm me anymore. that is good to see. >> breivik described the murders as the most spectacular operation by a nationalist militants this century. no cameras were allowed during the statement to prevent him from delivering his message to the public. breivik has five days to explain why he carried out the attacks. on the basis of his testimony, the court must decide if he is sane. if so, he faces 21 years in jail. if not, he faces a detention in a secure psychiatric facility.
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>> our correspondent is following the trial in oslo. breivik spoke for a full hour on the stand. did he bring any clarity? >> well, he brought as much clarity as it is possible to bring in explaining inexplicable actions. he was laying down his political ideology which he feels justified what he did. he sees himself as being at war with the ruling party here, with the whole of society as a it is organized. and his target was a legitimate. he even said they were not innocent, the youth were not innocent, and he was basically arguing they had it coming. very hard to stomach for anyone, but particularly for the many victims and families who are following the trial from the courtroom. >> help painful with it before so many norwegians having to listen to all of this?
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>> it is painful for anyone. this is a very small nation. only 5 million people here. it does not really seem like everybody that he was someone that was affected. people want to see this trial go on. they want to see justice done. but they also want to have it finished, and they want to move on and put this terrible chapter behind them. >> the maximum he could get a 21 years in jail. that does not sound like much. >> no, that is true. that is the maximum the law allows, but there is a provision in legislation here that says that anyone who is deemed to be a danger to society still can be kept indefinitely in prison. in theory, breivik can be kept for life in prison if the court finds he was criminally insane while he committed these facts. you would be locked up in a psychiatric ward, and that would
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be for life. >> thank you for the update. to egypt now, and the trial has opened into a deadly riot earlier this year. >> large group made up of officials and fans has been charged over the killings of supporters of a rival team. >> the 75 defendants proclaimed their innocence but most are charged with murder. in february, fans of the port said went on a rampage after a game against the team from cairo. at least 74 people died. nine police officers are also among the defendants, accused of failing to intervene. spain is threatening economic retaliation against argentina after the country's president christina kerschner moved to nationalize argentina's biggest oil company ypf. the problem is that the majority theypf is owned by a spanish oil firm.
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spain's industry minister has warned of consequences and retaliation in the coming days. >> newspapers in madrid choose sharp words for argentina. both the papers and spain's government pant proposals allowing the president of argentina to seize the controlling stake in the argentinian oil and gas company ypf. commentators said christina kerschner once the ypf foreign currency would reserves from oil sales abroad to reduce public debt. this would free up funds for her popular domestic programs. >> we are the only country in latin america, and it's a i practically the entire world, that does not manage its own natural resources. >> her supporters applauded the move, but the european commission president called it illegal and canceled this week's eu-argentine bilateral meeting in response. >> i am seriously disappointed
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about yesterday's announcement. we expect argentine authorities to uphold their international commitments and obligations. >> newspapers and argentina said the company would retain a 6.4% stake in ypf after nationalization. the company said it will seek $10 billion in compensation for the 51% is set to lose. >> for more on this growing controversy, our dw correspondent joins us from argentina. what prompted president christina qr richard r. to we nationalize ypf -- cristina kirschner to renationalize ypf? >> it has to do the shareholders and the significant decrease in the oil production. in 2010, argentina had to import more than pit -- $3 billion
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worth of oil. but analysts say these problems are caused by the politics of the argentine government. prices of fuel and oil are held down artificially by subsidies. on the other hand, prices are subject to a cap. such costs are exploding. >> the move has been popular in argentina, but many commentators say the move will have disastrous consequences for the country over the medium and long term. what do you think about that? >> that is right. the first consequence is a climate of uncertainty among foreigners in argentina. experts say this could lead to severe economic isolation of the country. even ypf could become a major problem for the government. repsol is claiming the compensation of $10 billion. so far, no one can say or the money should come from to finance the $25 billion of which
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ypf will need a year by year. another weak point would be the new management of ypf. >> thank you very much. >> german investors are feeling more confident now than at any time over the past two years. >> according to the center for european economic research. the index of business sentiment has arisen for the fifth month in a row. analysts and investors are optimistic about the german economy's prospects for the next six months. they do have long-term concerns over the debt crisis and global partners. european shares have enjoyed their biggest one-day rally since november, thanks to the positive report and bigger than expected demand at a spanish debt sale and an improved global growth outlook from the imf. here is our markets reporter. >> after losses, optimism took control again here on the
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frankfurt floor. this happened for several reasons. on the one hand, investor confidence in germany rose surprisingly. spain has been able to sell more bonds than expected, in an amount of more than 3 billion euros. last but not least, u.s. companies reported results that have been far better than expected. numbers coming from coca-cola and goldman sox gave a boost to shares and help to the dax turning. >> stefan wolff in frankfurt. checking up the market numbers for you on what was a surprising day. the dax doing wonders, up well over 2.5%. still below 7000. the euro stoxx 50 closing up even further, 2367. to new york, the dow jones is currently following suit, up 1.5%. over 13,000 points.
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the european trading in positive territory, $1.3142. back to that story we mentioned. the bank of spain has confirmed that the country fell back into recession in the first quarter of 2012. as we just heard, in another effort to save the country, the spanish government has sold off a massive chunk of short-term debt. >> however, interest rates were sharply higher to attract buyers, reflecting continuing investor concern over the country's finances. there is fear that spain's economic problems will reignite the eurozone debt crisis, and to make matters worse, the spanish king has not shown dedication to his country's fate. >> as spaniards over the country's worst economy in a generation, there king frolicked in botswana on an elephant hunt. the news broke after he returned to spain for his surgery. >> it is totally irresponsible, but he has always done whatever he wanted.
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>> this demonstrates the insensitivity of the king. in the middle of an economic crisis, he does elephant hunting. we are in trouble with argentina. there were times when we cannot sleep because of the concern about spain's youth unemployment problem. >> spanish joblessness is our lawler -- alarmingly high. almost half the people under 25 are out of work. debt reduction is the main goal. investors today snapped up one- year notes, albeit at interest rates nearly double those of cost offerings. thursday's sale of 10-year bonds is also looking stable. rates fell below the psychologically important 6% threshold by midday tuesday. >> soccer fans are being treated to a major champions league showdown this evening. byron universes' agree on a drill -- bayern munich against madrid.
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bayern is in the league. big sporting events mean big business. >> huge sums of money involved when it comes to tv viewing rights. now their rights to germany's bundesliga has been auctioned off for record amounts. >> starting next year, skyy will pay about 486 million euros to show bundesliga matches live. it will go to more platforms, including web and mobile tv. public tv stations ard and zdf will pay more than 120 million euros to show a match highlights later. >> the big winners are the clubs. there will have more liquidity. how they spend that liquidity is up to them. >> never before has so much money come in from tv rights. when at the league was established in 1963, the two public networks pay the equivalent of 330,000 euros.
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in the mid 1980's, commercial stations joined the bidding for tv rights and the prices soared. they are more than 10 times with the were 20 years ago. for next year, the broadcasting deals will be worth an average of 628 million euros each year. broadcasting rights for germany's bundesliga football matches will become the third most expensive in europe. coming in after italy, which sells a-games for 380 million euros. top earnings go to england, 965 million euros each year. them bundesliga's biggest earnings will continue to come from pay tv channel sky. the company expects germany's games to be a major draw for new subscribers in the coming years. >> a lot of money, but i did not know it was that much. more news after the break. >> including the latest hurdles in the middle east peace process. stay with us for more on that that. ♪
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♪ >> dw on the internet. transparent structures. wide-ranging services. coleen design. quality journalism in 30 languages. a multimedia platform for your global needs. visit us at >> what is so powerful that it can make you overcome your greatest fear, turn your brother into an enemy, and the wounds that scar long after the fighting is over? >> what is so potent it passes effortlessly from mother to child, from generation to generation? >> what clouds brilliant minds?
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>> makes bad ideas seem like good ones? >> it is hunger. >> it kills 25,000 people a day. >> help us fight hunger. >> the world food program. >> welcome back. the prime minister of the palestinian national authority pulled out of the meeting today with the israeli prime minister, benjamin netanyahu. >> it would have been the first such high-level meeting in nearly two years. >> but benjamin netanyahu did meet with the rest of the palestinian delegation but they brought a letter from president abbas outlining conditions for a return to peace talks. the israeli media has speculating whether the disagreement with abbas over the letter. for his part, netanyahu is expected to deliver an answer expressing his ideas for a return to peace talks. >> middle east peace remains elusive. there is a generation of palestinians growing up without a land they can call their own. >> we met a young educated
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palestinian man who talked about his hopes for the future. >> everywhere he goes in at ramallah, he sees his own company's posters. he came back from germany to his native palestine seven years ago. now he runs one of the largest advertising agencies in the west bank. but there's something missing, a country he can call his own. >> people have run out of hope. they just want to live normal lives, like everybody else in the world. >> for young creative slyke him who studied in germany, ramallah is full of possibilities. the city is cosmopolitan cityhip, but it is economically dependent on the international community, and it is at a political standstill. >> people are trying to bring the good things they have experienced abroad back here to develop ideas. but in the end, everything is under the control of the israeli
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occupation. our freedom of movement is restricted, and our economy is terrible. >> palestine as its own flag and national hymn that no national sovereignty. the younger generation has only experienced years of the negotiations with israel. the rest of the middle east expenses upheavals, but there's many skepticism on the streets of ramallah. >> i do not think negotiations achieve anything, especially when we are so weak. >> it makes no sense at all. everything that is happening here is a waste of time. but we cannot do anything about it, and we have to try to find a solution. >> palestinian youth is the name of a weekly talk show. topics range from smoking to israeli checkpoints. but one thing keeps recurring, the future of palestine. >> the palestinian authority has no answers, and no one can tell
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us what is going to happen next. i am is speaking for myself here and not as a radio presenter. when the people in charge do not know what is going to happen, then who knows? >> we are waiting for them to give us back our hope despite all orchestrations. we're waiting for a well thought out strategic plans instead of renton decision making. -- instead of random decision making. but there's nothing else to do but to buy their time. a seemingly endless middle east conflict. >> the new german president, jaochim gauck, wrapped up his first visit to brussels in his new capacity. >> to visit nato headquarters in brussels and met with eu leaders. he called for more european integration and said the union heads germany's full support. >> jaochim gauck's visit to brussels was the celebration of the european project at the
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headquarters of democratic europe. he received a warm welcome from the eu parliament's president. >> it is an honor and a joy for me personally. many thanks for this symbolic visit. >> jaochim gauck also met with the eu commission president who spoke about what europe means to people who grew up under non- democratic regimes. >> i was 18 years of age when democracy came to my country. i remember. i remember when it was not possible to read the books i wanted, to listen to radio, or to watch what i wanted. for my generation, europe is freedom. >> europe and freedom. for both of them, the concepts and hand-in-hand. >> it has been a long journey from eastern europe to europe. i am also deeply moved by
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president barack so's recollections of his youth in a different time -- president barraso's recollections. "tough times, europe needs to pull together. >> berlin's third annual youth summit on integration has come to an end with a lot of optimism in the air. 100 young people from across germany met over the past two days to discuss how to better help the children of immigrants feel they belong here. high on the agenda, making schools and workplaces more sensitive to the needs of students from different backgrounds. >> 100 students were asked to come up with ideas to help immigrants better integrate into german society, and their suggestions should be as concrete as possible. >> i am calling for an honest job of occasions so that migrants are not discriminated against based on their names. >> my name is felix.
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i am calling for enter-cultural awareness training for teachers. >> i am calling for germany to recognize that when citizens -- we are citizens of equal value and our religion, too. >> wednesday that suggested imams could help -- once stood as suggested imams it helps immigrants. germany's commissioner for immigrant immigration backed the call for increasing the visibility of minorities in the media. >> i think it is tremendously important for the media to affect the normality of everyday coexistence on the screen and the press. >> making a normal for people of different ethnicities to have the same chances. that is what these students want. once said she hopes someday the meeting would no longer be called the youth integration summit, but simply the youth summit. >> one of the students of their mentioned anonymous applications. searching for a job can be tough enough, but imagine having to
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include your age and a photograph on every application. that is how it is here in germany. >> but the federal anti- discrimination agency wants to change that. it has been running a pilot project with an honest job applications with positive results. stage here had already overcome the biggest hurdle. research shows that applications from older people, young mothers, and migrants are the first to be discarded. that is why germany is now following the example set by other countries like the u.s., sweden, and france in piloting anonymous applications. >> our analysis showed that it does not matter if you are a man, a woman, have immigrant parents or not. all applicants under the anonymous system have an equal chance of being invited to a job interview. >> the pilot project involved
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public sector bodies and businesses. it helped this woman get her job. >> i am in my mid 40's and have a young daughter, so i am not very interesting for many companies. my new employer did not care about that. there were only interested in my qualifications. >> but employer representatives say most businesses will not introduce the new system. they say german companies are already trying to get a mix of people in their work forces, and anonymous applications will not help. >> the only change we have seen is that it can lead to more bureaucracy and more work. >> the anonymous application looks set to remain the exception and not the rule in germany. >> development policy has never been a simple matter, but now it is getting even harder to determine who need financial aid the most. that is according to a new study by two leading relief organizations in germany. the study points out that industrial nations need to give more. it says berlin alone needs to
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raise its global development aid by two billion euros. >> for years, a development a demand the rich nations of northern europe or north america giving money to africa and asia. now the german aid organization says that model belongs firmly to the past. >> those days are over. emerging nations like china and india play a much larger role in the global economy now. they hold american government bonds. we see these countries is becoming important that were themselves receiving aid just a few years ago. >> the middle class is developing in these emerging economies. even so, the gap between haves and have nots remain enormous. >> a few years ago, it was quite different. >> the report says that india, brazil, and china must do more to help the port, and industrial nations have to make good on their promise to give a 0.7% of
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gnp to fight global poverty. >> no way, -- norway, the netherlands, denmark, they have managed to do that. unfortunately, germany landed in it 10th among 15 of the european oecd countries. >> but the german government says it has increased development aid for the third year in a row. that, despite europe's ongoing debt crisis. >> the space shuttle discovery has taken its final flight, but it was actually the passenger on another flight. >> discovery hitched a ride on an asset jumbo jet from florida to washington, d.c. the u.s. retired its space shuttles last year. it has begun working on a new generation of shuttles to carry astronauts even deeper into space. discovery will spend the rest of today's amazing visitors at the smithsonian air and space museum. that is all for now.
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but first, an update on a soccer. >> let's bring you up to speed in the final months of the first halfb firstayern still dominating -- bayern still dominating, up 1-0. >> keep watching dw. we have a lot more news and information coming up for you. >> we will see you again soon. do not forget to check out our website for more -- ♪ captioned by the national captioning institute ♪ ♪
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