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tv   DW News  PBS  November 1, 2017 6:00pm-6:30pm PDT

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host: this is dw news life from berlin. u.s. president donald trump caused the suspect an animal from the new york truck attacked and he says he will consider sending him to guantanamo. he also urges congress to tighten immigration laws in rid of the green card lottery for immigrants. also, where will he be tomorrow? catalonia's dismissed leader refuses to return to spain for questioning over his region's declaration of independence. ♪
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host: it is good to have you with us. les president donald trump responded to the new york truck attacked by calling for a crackdown on immigration. he specifically called for an end to the green card lottery scheme and says immigration should be based on merit in the future. pres. trump: this man that came in, or whatever you want to call him, brought in with him other people. he was the point of contact -- the primary point of contact -- and this is preliminarily, for 23 people that potentially came in with him and that is not acceptable. we want to get rid of chain migration, and we wanted to do that for a long time. i have been wanting to do that
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for a long time. we will ask congress to work on that immediately. host: that was the u.s. president there. police in the u.s. have named the man suspected of driving the truck. shhe is a 29-year-old from uzbekistan. he was shot yesterday by police and is currently being treated b and a nearby hospital. he drove along the hudson river, plowing into a bicycle path and continuing for several blocks before smashing into a school bus. authorities are describing it as a terror attack. joining us now from our washington studio is eric rosen of the brookings institute. he has worked for the u.s. state department on counterterrorism issues.
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it is good to have you on the program. what are your views on what we're hearing from the u.s. president in terms of changing immigration policy? he says what he wants to do now will help prevent future islamist related terror attacks in the u.s. is he right? guest: thank you. certainly, strong borders and tough vetting of individuals seeking to come to the united states is always appropriate, but i think we have to look at the facts here, which are he was a permanent legal resident who presum presumably when he was granted access to this country he was bedded rigorously in 2010 by immigration authorities. they, clearly, didn't find
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anything that would require him not to be admitted. clearly, this is a situation of radicalization at home in this country. it is domestic radicalization. too often, the president seems to focus on an international solution to a problem when it is really quite local. i think more resources need to be invested at home in understanding why these young people are becoming radicalized at home. what is it about their situation here that is causing or driving that, and why aren't there more defenses in place? why aren't communities better equipped to identify and intervene here? i have not talking about law-enforcement. i am talking about teachers, parents, religious figures, mental health professionals. clearly the information is coming out, this individual was showing signs of radicalization.
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people at his local mosque were getting concerned but were afraid to turn him in. perhaps if they could turn to someone other than the police initially, that would create incentives for individuals like this to come forward and try to steer people off the path toward violence. germany is well-equipped in this area, and the u.s. could learn a lot from that. host: kidney an example if you could as to what you -- give me an example if you could as to what germany is doing right to prevent domestic radicalization. guest: the whole notion of prevention. the whole notion of a social network -- a social services network in place in localities across germany is much more robust. it is much better funded and institutionalized than in the united states.
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in the united states, issues of violence and extremism are incredibly politicized, and it is all seen through a prism of national security issues. it makes communities were not part of the law enforcement community very reluctant to engage in any kind of early-stage prevention efforts. the u.s. government doesn't fund them, so there are no resources available to communities you want to do this. the opposite is the case in germany, where there is a long judicial of law enforcement working with communities, the federal government, and state governments investing in the radicalization efforts. there are nondisciplinary services that are available. they are available in the u.s. for suicide prevention and non-violence prevention that are not as politicized.
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the president that i know if he or has just decided to cut off funding for issues on cde. he is looking at a solution to a problem that is not the right solution. host: if you look at what happened after 9/11, for several years there were no islamic terrorist attacks in the united states. now, there have been several. the u.s. president intimated that this was a result of policies that the democrats approved. he also said they were from european policies because europeans are weak when it comes to vetting their own citizens. is there anything about that statement that europe has exported terror to america? guest: i have aware of any credibility there. i think the facts speak for themselves, which is that most
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of the terrorist attacks committed in europe recently were not committed by recent immigrants, but rather created -- committed by second-generation individuals. ." , again, the vast majority of terrorist incidents in the last few years have been from u.s. nationals, citizens, are permanent legal resident. he is focusing on the wrong solution to the problem. host: unfortunately, we're out of time. eric rosend from the brookings institute. thank you very much. guest: thank you. host: staying in the u.s., the children of undocumented immigrants, the so-called dreamers, are growing increasingly concerned aut their future.
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many came to the u.s. as babies or small children. president trump allowed a scheme that has been working andiving in the u.s. but that end in march. many fear they could now be deported. >> he arrives here at 13 -- arr ived here at 13. today, he is standing for all dreamers. >> he want to militarize the border and create his wall. and now he wants to use us, daca and the dream act appeal, as a bargain to build his wall. >> many of the dreamers feel that way. they say their situation is not being considered as it should be in congress. today, the undocumented mothers are also here to support our kids. >> i have suffered.
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i have to work 16 to 17 hours a day in this country in order to offer my son the opportunity to study, a house, a good life. nothing has been easy for us in this country. >> a u.s. congressman was also once an undocumented boy in the united states. now, he represents the state of new york in the house. he supports a congress that has been run by democrats and some republicans. >> is a bipartisan bill that has close to it 200 sponsors -- to sponsors. you need 218 to pass. we are close2 to passing this legislation. the only one getting in the middle of this is the president. >> president donald trump has released a list of conditions for agreeing on the dreamers to stay. pres. trump: we have to have a wall. if the wall will be obstructed
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when we need the funds, then we are not doing it. >> one of the conditions is the building of a wall on the u.s.- mexican border. the others deportation of undocumented immigrants. that means the dreamers' parents will be forced to go back. >> air in the atmosphere and derails the discussion. it sets us back. it does not help us. anytime you say we are going to allow these young people to stay but we will deport their parents, that is a nonstarter because we do not want to split them up. >> according to a u.s. media poll, 75% of americans support the daca program. if these young professionals are forced to leave the united states, the impact on the country's economy would be tremendous because the u.s. would lose billions of dollars in tax income over the next years. host: will he or won't he? tonight, many in spain our
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wondering where the ousted leader will be tomorrow. he refused to return to madrid, despite being subpoenaed by a spanish board. he says he does not believe he would receive a fair trial in spain, where he could face charges of rebellion and the in prison for the rest of his life. >> the banner shows activists. the message is clear, help catalonia save europe. what is happening in the region is start. the spanish government is arresting people connected to the catalonia independence movement and charging them with crimes. the ousted catalan president is hiding on brussels, saying he will only go to maturity and he is -- madrid if he is guaranteed a fair trial. >> i think he needs to show his face and set of running off to a foreign country. he should show his face.
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the people here are standing up for him, so he should come and show his face too. >> his lawyer says there is a high chance he would be arrested if he set foot in spain. >> he will not go to madrid. i have made an offer that he could be questioned here in belgium. it is possible. i do not know if he will do it, but it is possible. i had in the past to more cases where the suspect was being pushed into belgium. >> other ministers who also fled to belgium have returned to face the music. it is now a countdown to see what madrid will do in the case next.joining us from barcelona host -- host: joining us now from barcelona is a law professor. it is good to have you on the program. how is it possible to have him not returned to spain?
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if he has been subpoenaed by a spanish court and he says no, isn't he in contempt? guest: not exactly. a national court can issue a european arrest warrant in order to have him arrested in belgium and questioned by a belgian judge. the belgian judge has to decide if he delivers them to the national court of spain. host: let us say thursday morning comes and he is not in madrid to testify. he can still offer his from belgium and it the court will accept it and it will be valid testimony. guest: i do not think they will accept it because there is a
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rule about having him in jail. i will guess that the national court will not accept the request by his lawyer. host: he says he is for the snap elections for december and she could run for office at that time. if he does not return to spain, will he be able to run for the snap eleions in december? guest: yes. he has the right to run for those snap elections. everybody has the right to run for election except if he or she has been forgiven after being sentenced by a court to run for see in parliament. he will have the right to run for election. host: they will be interesting
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to see what happens tomorrow. thank you very much. we appreciate you helping us understand the legalities of this legal story. thank you. guest: thank you. host: you are watching dw news. still to come, the countdown to the winter olympics is on. the torch arrives in south korea 100 days before the games begin. ♪ our own game player is right here. u.s. lawmakers turning up the heat against facebook and company. >> they sure are. the u.s. intelligence committee has released a trough of ad space.they are investigating russian interference in the 2016 election. they have been testifying at back-to-back hearings. both the congress and senate, with facebook being the first to announce it had evidence of
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russian meddling in social media. lawmakers have slammed the companies for bringing in russian ads and manipulating the american voting process. even facebook says russia's influence was preventable -- reprehensible. >> this will situation is rather new, and we didn't have to deal with problems like that in the past. that is really the big question. should facebook have blocked those posts and should they have been aware of it? i do not believe there was a law or any rule that facebook broke at this point, but if they knew
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about it -- if there were warning signs -- then morally, facebook should have acted but they were not alone. there are companies like google and youtube channels, for example, and twitter, which have to deal with similar problematic situations. host: let me pick uphost let mee legalities of this. will we see stricter advertising rules for social media companies? >> what we will probably see -- that is the big question if we will see that or not. if there will be legal steps taken, how facebook and the like have to deal with those issues in the future. there was one senator actually saying he is hoping the companies will take the right steps so that the legal side
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does not have to step in, and we should not forget the new administration is not necessarily known for being very keen on brging up tighter regulation. this will certainly be discussed heavily in the weeks to come. host: i'm sure it will be. back to you in a moment. first of all, the federal reserve has kept interest rates steady. they are not betting on a third rate rise until next month. that is becoming ever more likely with the fed describing the economy as: supportes solid. it has been on track to lift borrowing costs again. what is the likelihood of a rate rise next month? >> we might see an interest rate increase in december. it is tough to really put a percentage but on it.
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it is likely, especially if the u.s. economy keeps improving, as we see right now. the labor market seems to be pretty strong. look at consumer confidence. we are at the highest level in about 17 years, especially with the holiday season coming up. that is a hint that probably consumers will keep spending. as we just saw gdp growing by a good 3% in the u.s. it is her likely we will see the next interest rate increase in december and maybe some more steps next year. host: thank you very much for your analysis from new york. venture janet yellen's -- fed chair janet yellen's announcement today has been overshadowed by who would replace her. a decision is expected from
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president donald trump on thursday. >> the head of the u.s. federal reserve is the most powerful central banker in the world. some past fed chairman have even achieved a high status. he opened the money floodgates and sent a feeding frenzy. there was unprecedented growth fueled by credit until the bubble burst in 2007. his successor, ben bernanke, had to do damage control. he kept monetary policy loose. the u.s. economy got used to extremely low interest rate. a rapid reversal would have cost shocks to the system. it was business as usual under his successor janet yellen. at least at first. now, she has opened the door to gradual increases in mid-stable growth in the u.s. the stronger intervention in the economy stands in contrast to
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the policies of the european central bank, which favors a lighter touch and a focus on inflation. the fed reacts to developments in the job market. yellen's term ends in february and this man may replacer, jerome powell -- may replace her, jerome powell. his nomination would signal continuity. another possible choice could be john taylor, but his chances are considered slim. analysts caution he may be too quick to tighten policy. janet yellen might still stay on. you're radically, she is allowed a second term. she was appointed by former president barack obama. u.s. presidents have tended to retain the chairs chosen by their predecessors. if donald trump decides to replace yellen, it would be a
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break of tradition. ♪ >> excitement is starting to build in south korea ahead of next year's winter games. the olympic torch arrived today from greece. the flame is set to tour the country on a 2000 kilometer journey for the opening ceremony in february. >> after a long journey from greece, the old the plane touched down. the prime minister let the cold drink with -- lit the cauldron. he crowned the moment with a message of peace. >> it hopes for the peace and prosperity of south korea and the world. >> the flame will now tour the country. a 13-year-old figure skater kicking off the relay.
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the venues are ready and organizers are promising a hasslefree experience. but the ongoing uncertainty surrounding nuclear armed north korea is overshadowing the spectacle. ticket sales have been poor with less than 32% sold no far. organizers are confident this could transcend political differences. >> i can say this with confidence because koreans are known to be late buyers. >host: more than 150 works of at collected by a german during the nazi era are going on display for the first time. the works were stolen mainly from jews and concealed by the collector's son.
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they were found by chance in 2012 a surprise visit from the tax collector. you can see them at an art museum in switzerland. >> the exhibition focuses on works that the noazis confiscated for sale abroad. he gave his collection to the burden of museum. after his death, they accepted a left one third of the works in germany so the providence could be researched. the story made headlines around the world. >> the focus of media attention wasn't looted art. it is tragic because with each case of looted art, there is terrible tragedy about someone who was murdered.
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>> the works have providence that has not yet been established. the lost ark foundation has identified this painting as belonging to a french jewish politician and resistance leader who was executed in nazi occupied france. it is the sixth works to be identified as looted from jewish owners. both exhibitions remain on show until march 2018. host: here's a reminder of the top story we are following for you. u.s. president donald trump responded to the new york truck attacked by calling for a change to immigration laws. he said he would consider having the suspect sent to guantanamo
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bay as an enemy combatant. don't forget, you can always get dw news on the go. download our app from google play or the apple store. that will give you information of news from around the world and push notifications for breaking news. you can also use the dw app to send us photos and videos when you see news happening. after a short break, i will be back to take you through the day. ♪
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(dramatic music) - [narrator] the european union is under severe strain. from the collateral damage of brexit to an influx of migrants and the eurozone debt crisis. the eu is facing an existential threat to the political and economic block. the possibility of individual nations choosing to leave the eu has only fueled the debate. will this crisis spark reform, making the eu stronger than ever? or does it signal the beginning of the breakup? the european union, next on great decisions. (triumphant music) - [man] great decisions is produced by the foreign policy association in association with thomson reuters, funding for great decisions is provided by price water house coopers llp.

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