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tv   DW News  PBS  November 9, 2017 6:00pm-6:31pm PST

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from berlin. lebanon come at the center of a crisis in the middle of a -- in the middle east. saudi arabia is telling its citizens to leave lebanon immediately. are we seeing the preview of a military conflict? also, coming up >> many decades and millions of victims. anchor: a stark warning from the u.n. about yemen after a saudi-led alliance tightens its blockade on the war-ravaged country. and pop, pageantry and a newfound partnership. president chump and the chinese president tell their -- tout
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their relationship. plus the nurse you may be germany's most prolific killer. nils is already serving a life sentence and is now accused of killing more than 100 patients. ♪ anchor: it is good to have you with us. tonight, kuwait and saudi arabia are telling their citizens in lebanon to leave the country immediately, and they are urging others not to travel there. this comes amid a deepening crisis in the region, with lebanon caught up in a conflict between saudi arabia and iran. >> saudi state-run television, announcing the country is ordering its citizens out of lebanon. neighboring kuwait quickly followed suit. it was a reaction to political turmoil in lebanon and comes
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amid a deepening, regional crisis. lebanon is caught up in a wider conflict between saudi arabia and regional rival, i ran. the lebanese prime minister is currently inside saudi arabia, from where he announced his shock resignation last weekend. members of hariri's political party say saudi arabia is holding him hostage and are demanding his return. >> the return of our national leader, prime minister hariri is necessary to recover respect for lebanon's internal and external balance, in the full framework for respect of lebanon's legitimacy and our constitution. >> hariri took office last year as the head of a coalition grouping most lebanon parties and occluding the iran-backed militant group hezbollah. now, they accuse riyadh of
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trying to wreck the deal as part of its power play against iran. french president emmanuelle macron has announced an emergency visit to saudi arabia. he is set to discuss the regional crisis as it continues to widen. anchor: we want to go now to adnan in dusseldorf, and he is a middle east advisor to the german parliament. let's talk about the former prime minister of lebanon, mr. hariri. do you see him as a pond of saudi arabia and a conflict between saudi arabia and iran? >> well, potentially, as he is a dual national saudi-lebanese, he could easily be played out. so he is in and inconvenient or
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uncomfortable position, to be now potentially used him as you say, as a pond. but there are a lot of question marks today. we size plane returning to lebanon without him -- we saw his plane returning to lebanon without him. anchor: it seems this crisis has spiked very quickly. what do you think is behind all of this? what is the catalyst for this rising tensions -- for this rise in tensions? >> we have the interconnectivity of regional developments, on the one hand, and the interconnectivity between the messy politics and foreign affairs and saudi arabia. we have this very ambitious crown prince who is trying to consolidate his power. and through a series of measures he is adopting at home, he needs to prove a strong hand at foreign policy, and is entering
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some adventures. yemen is one example and now we see lebanon. and we see developments in iran and syria which have not played out in favor of saudi arabia. so these can be drivers. anchor: what we are hearing from the saudi's, is that the iranians are backing has to lie has below played a role in yemen helping the hutthi rebels, especially with the missile launched over the weekend. >> i think the reins on the one hand reject those claims. at the same time, ha hezbollah, there are signs of good relations between hezbollah and the hutthis. but the reason that the hutthis attacked saudi arabia has more
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to do with its connection to yemen then iran. anchor: middle east analyst at dnan, joining us from the german city of dusseldorf tonight. thank you. now to one of the countries that is caught up in this proxy conflict, yemen. the united nation says 7 million yemenis could face starvation if food aid is not allowed into the country. the warning comes after the saudi led coalition that backs the government tightened its air, land and sea blockade around yemen after a missile was launched from yemen toward riyadh. the u.n. says of the blockade is not lifted, yemen will face the largest famine that the world has seen in half a century. >> conditions for yemenis have been dire for months.
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now, they're getting even worse. the united nations says more than one third of the population has barely any access to food supplies. the u.n. emergency relief coordinator appealed to the international community. >> it won't be like the famine which cost 250,000 people there lies in somalia -- their lives in somalia in 2007. there will be millions of victims. >> there is almost no access to clean water and collar up rakes have become commonplace cholera -- clean water and cholera outbreaks have become commonplace. on monday the country closed entry points to the country, allegedly to prevent weapons from being smuggled to the rebels. the border closures are in retribution for this missile attack on saudi soil, seen here on saudi television.
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the u.n. and 15 eight organizations have called on the coalition to end the blockade and allow the delivery of desperately-needed emergency supplies. anchor: pearson of the other stories making headlines around the world. syrian troops and allied forces have taken control of the town, the so-called islamic state last major stronghold in the country. this footage released by the syrian military is set to show soldiers close to the town you the border with iraq. the syrian army says it is now fighting the last remaining pockets of fighters and the country's eastern desert. france has ordered a ban on cigarette sales inside the vatican. the pontiff did not want to support and unhealthy practice. cigarettes are currently sold at the vatican at a discount to staff and pensioners. the ban takes effect next year. and western russia at least three people have been killed and several others wounded,
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after a nine story apartment building partially collapsed. officials believe the class was triggered -- officials believe the collapse was triggered by a natural-gas explosion. the death toll is expected to rise. president donald trump is wrapping up his visit to china. he met with his chinese counterpart, president you she's in pain,zhi zin ping. it seems to have softened mr. trump's issues on the grade -- on the trade crisis and the north korean peninsula. >> trumps granddaughter, singing a song. it was shown to an audience on the second day of the u.s. president's visit. it's another way of saluting the friendship when washington and beijing. trump already congratulated the
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chinese president and his great political victory before arriving in beijing. the chinese president praised the two countries' long-standing bilateral relations. 45 years ago richard nixon visited china, unlocking the door to relationships between the united states and china. since then, several generations of leaders have made historic progress in u.s.-chinese relations. earlier on thursday the two countries signed commercial deals worth more than $250 billion. and even when speaking of the trade deficit the u.s. currently has with china, trump lavished his counterpart with praise and blamed his predecessors for the problem. >> the relationship with us trade is a very one-sided and unfair one. but i don't blame china. who can blame one country of taking advantage from heaven --
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have for taking -- for taking advantage of another country for the benefit of its citizens. i do give china great credit. but in actuality i blame past administrations for allowing this out-of-control trade deficit to take place and to grow. >> on another thorny issue, the crisis on the korean peninsula, trump also took a much softer tone. when north korea launched its latest ballistic missile in september, president trump threatened to cut off ties with all countries that do business with north korea. that includes beijing, which accounts for 90% of pyongyang's trade. this time president trump said changes will happen if president xi works on it. the visit has so far been a friendly one but it is an clear they will make real progress on the most pressing issues. anchor: i seem to recall there was a trade deficit between
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china and the u.s.. we didn't hear much about that during this visit. here's more on the u.s.-china trade relationship. >> plenty to say about it. the u.s. president and his chinese counterpart, announcing bilateral deals worth $250 billion, during a heavily choreographed visit. the two leaders made a show of getting on well but they are really just papering over the cracks. in the past donald trump repeatedly accused beijing of unfair trade practices and threatened to china -- threatened china with tariffs. last year the u.s. exported goods worth $160 billion to china. but because many american firms now manufacture there, the u.s. imported about four times that amount of goods. chinese foreign direct investment in the u.s. is $46 billion in 2016 but so far, as you can see, under trump that invest and has significantly dropped. in the past he has accused china of stealing american jobs and manipulating its currency.
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now he has softened his tone, though he reiterated his frustration at the trade and investment imbalances today. let's get reminder of how trump let china off the hook. >> the united states and china will have a more prosperous future if we can achieve a level economic playing field. right now, unfortunately, it is a very one-sided unfair one. but, but, i don't blame china. [applause] after all, who can blame a country for being able to take advantage of another country for the benefit of its citizens? i give china great credit. [applause] >> said trump, of course blaming his predecessors, there. elsewhere, cuba.
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tensions and 20 u.s. and cuba were thawing but now america is on a different course entirely. in the end, the sanctions will restrict united states citizens, to. -- citizens, to. it's never been easy for americans to travel to cuba since fidel castro to power in 1959. the country was only accessible through two companies. now, americans are banned from using a range of hotels and restaurants and businesses, a total of 180 companies that have been blacklisted. washington wants to prevent certain cuban companies from cashing in on the tourism boom. a lot of u.s. visitors say the new restrictions are wrong. >> i think we have to open up the united states to cuba. >> this guys acumen and he's in
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a guide -- this guy is a cuban and he is an excellent guy and he has really helped us understand what is going on in this country. that is important, especially to americans. >> cubans are also critical. >> everyone has family here, or in the u.s.. it makes no sense to complicate the normal things of the world, like this. last year, over half a million americans visited cuba, not least because of the warming of relations between the two countries. this comes after several decades when it was a most impossible for american citizens to travel to the communist-led country. >> the clock is ticking. eu ministers have failed to agree on a new five-year license for their controversial weedkiller, glyphosate. glyphosate is vital to the industrial farming methods that
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put everything from sugar to bread on the dining table. supporters say it is cheap and easy to use but critics say it is not 100% proven that it does not pose a health risk to humans. [chanting] >> this small group of protesters assembled outside the european commission had a message. they want the pesticide produced by the u.s. company monsanto banbned. eu member states have failed to reach the weedkiller's future. >> most of the members who voted supported our proposal. i think we are on a good track, here. >> renewing the weedkiller's
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license would have required 16 votes in favor. anti-geoeye phosphate campaigners are hailing it as a victory. >> they wanted 50 more years and they can't even get five, as we saw today. this is the seventh time the commission has tried to renew geoey glycphosate. and now it is up to the eu just seal the lid on this toxic chemical. >> in the case of another failure to reach a consensus, the commission could push through an extension, but it would prefer governments to make the call. anchor: and now to a horse story in germany that may be much darker than first reported. >> a former nurse is suspected of killing more than a hundred people, far more than previously thought. the suspect, nils h., as are
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reserving a life sentence for killing his patients. if he's convicted of these debts it would make him one of the nation's most prolific serial killers. >> the victims are in cemeteries throughout northern germany. investigators have established 19 murders at the hands of nils h. 41 samples have been taken from exhumed corpses. >> residues of drugs administered by the murder suspect were discovered and 16 samples. >> authorities believe nils h. killed at least 30 patients in his care. he is suspected of killing a further 68 patients in another town between 2003-2005. the nurse used five different types of medication. his motive was to make his victims hearts stop beating, so
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he could pose as a hero when he appeared to try to revive them. the victim's relatives say they are relieved the investigation is complete. >> we have all been affected and worked through our grief, but when these stories come along, like the announcement of investigation results, you can imagine what goes through our minds, myself included. we are all in close contact. the suffering never ends. >> but the 106 verified murders of just the two of the iceberg. many other killings could not be proven because the victim's corpses were cremated. >> this is a purely legal statistic, indicating what could be proved through investigations. the real number is more than twice as high. in one town more than 200 murders are suspected and this has been confirmed by experts. in another town, there are 50 or 60.
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but this can't be proved, for sure. >> then, there are the attempted murders, further evidence suggests that nils h. was able to resuscitate to out of three patients he dropped. this is also impossible to prove. absolute clarity in these cases will never be attainable. the suspect has confessed to 30 murders. he is doing court again early next year. anchor: this is a case that has rattled many people in germany. we want to pull in our correspondent, simon. people watching tonight will ask themselves, how could anybody in this country, how could in your skull that may patients without anybody noticing? >> the thing is, they did notice. the problem is, colleagues in the hospitals where this man worked just didn't say anything. and they were certainly suspicious about him. in one case he was caught preparing to inject one of the patients with a drug that had not been prescribed.
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and other people noticed deaths in the intensive care ward where he was working went up to 50% when he was on duty. there was something to notice, and people could have known. prosecutors are sign that if those responsible had acted properly, lives could certainly have been saved. and indeed there is already a trial underway against six employees of one clinic, for causing death by negligence. anchor: that's qn amazing story -- that's an amazing story in itself, right there. authorities say the suspect's motive was to pose as a hero after reviving the patient. was he successful at that? >> yes. as we said he has been convicted of tumors and two attempted murders. and in the trial for that, he said that he had brought about their cardiac arrests in at
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least 90 cases because he enjoyed, as he told the court, the feeling of being able to resuscitate people. so it seems as if he did get some kind of gratification from this, despite the suspicions that it raised. anchor: and these for the deaths that have arisen now, how the details, how did they arise? how did we find out about them? >> after that original trial, police went back and trolled through hundreds of medical records and they exhumed 134 bodies from 67 cemeteries. this has been huge investigation. and as one police chief said today, it goes beyond all imagining. this man, he is the worst serial killer in german postwar history. anchor: i hate to ask the question, but it is -- but is it possible more cases could,? >> there are several more cases
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where there is a suspicion of a link to him. police are going through that now. also some the kim's were buried in turkey, where x emissions have not taken place. so, there are probably more victims, as identities have yet to be revealed. anchor: simon, thank you very much. a day of joy, and a day of tragedy. today, november 9, is a date late and with historic highs and lows for germany. on this date in 1989 the berlin wall fell, leading to the reunification of east and west germany. on this date in 1918, after defeat in world war i, political leaders declared the country a republic, the why mark republic -- the weimar republic. here's the followed were scarred by inflation, street rattles and then hiller came to power.
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democracy was abolished. on november 9, 1930 eight, violence against jews broke out againscross the german reich. businesses and people were attacked with police standing by, and doing nothing. >> on the evening of november 9, 1938, synagogues in europe were set aflame. they burned in germany, austria, and in czechoslovakia. organized gangs of not seize and brown shirt thugs abused -- not azis and brown shirt thugs abused thousands. 7000 jewish shops were looted and destroyed. that night was the start of the biggest genocide in human history. anchor: despite efforts to confront its noazi past,
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anti-somatic attitudes still persist -- anti-semitic attitudes are still persist in germany. when eyes go student has taken a stand against bigotry. the student has been the subject of online threats and harassment, and therefore we are really using her first name. >> 15-year-old amelia is visiting the memorial to the murdered jews of europe and central berlin with her mother -- of europe in central berlin with her mother. she has seen hate speech and untianti-semit on the riseism. she said it started slowly. >> when people would come into the classroom people raise their arms in a nazi salute and sometimes they would shout highly hieil hitler.
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there was one picture of a cloud of smoke, and the caption said, jewish family portrait. and that wasn't the only one in the class. so i wrote that this guy should stop behaving like he is a nazi, and he wrote back that i should emigrate to poland if i didn't like it. he asked if i had inhaled too many dead jews. >> amelia reported her classmate for inciting hatred, crime in germany. she had to contend with classmates giving her strange looks. now the courage she demonstrated has been recognized by this ward of the friends of the holocaust memorial and berlin's jewish community. amelia said she didn't get support from teachers and classmates but she did have backing from her friends and families. she says in the future she will act much quicker against racism and anti-semitism.
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anchor: kuwait and lebanon have urge saudi arabia have urged their citizens to leave lebanon immediately. we will be back up this break.
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