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tv   DW News  PBS  November 27, 2017 6:00pm-6:31pm PST

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♪ >> this is "dw news," live from berlin. morning from indonesia of a major arcana corruption that could be in an -- imminent. authorities have raised the alert to the highest level and ordered tens of thousands to leave the area immediately. tens of thousands of to -- thousands of tourists are stranded. and a replay of the past, could be a chance for the future? social democrats are being urged a chancellor angela merkel to rejoin a coalition, saying that the country and europe cannot
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wait much longer. also on the show, pope francis beginning a difficult trip to me and mark. he has been advised to avoid using the word range of -- rahinja. will it labor how -- lay bare the limits of papal power? tying the knot, prince harry and his american girlfriend, meghan markle, announcing that they are getting married early next year. ♪ >> i'm brent goff. it's good to have you with us. indonesia is warning that a volcano off the tourist island of bali may be about to blow. the government has ordered the evacuation of 100,000 people from the area and has close the island's international airport.
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it has been rumbling since last august and is now spewing out smoke and streams of love up. -- lava. >> for the second time in three months, bali is on high alert. >> there's a high possibility that a bigger irruption could happen. >> authorities have extended the exclusion zone two areas within a 10 kilometer radius of mount argonne bosque radar -- mount argonne's crater. 100,000 residents have been ordered to leave their homes and go to evacuation centers. >> we are so afraid after seeing the huge, black smoke rising from the volcano. for those of us who live in the danger zone, we decided to leave.
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>> airports have been forced to close, leaving thousands of tourists and business travelers, stranded. >> i check to the internet 15 minutes ago and everything was scheduled. now i'm standing here and everything is closed. i got the information very late. >> we've gotten no information. the gates have been closed indefinitely. we don't know what the plan is. most likely staying overnight. >> the country's geological agency says the volcano is now spewing lava, indicating that a major irruption could be imminent. brent: for more on this we are joined by david heil, a volcanologist -- david pile, a volcanologist from oxford university. we know that the volcano isn't getting lava and plumes of smoke. does that mean that a large irruption is inevitable?
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david: with a volcano like this, where we only have one observed irruption that we know about from the 1963 irruption, is very difficult to tell. the last irruption in 1963 was before the era of monitoring techniques. scientists will be trying to learn what they can. it started like this with clouds of ash, explosions that went on for some weeks that went on and then accelerated into something rather larger. it's wait and watch. brent: what signs do you look for when you look at the accuracy as to whether a volcano is about to a rough. it's possible for a volcano to
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erupt with no warning signs at all, right? david: that's right. and i think with agung, we have had quite a lot of warning with earthquakes. they have built to a peak and are almost certainly caused by movement and molten rock. now that the irruption is starting we are seeing clouds of ash erupting out of the volcano. we have a barometer of what's going on just inside. scientists on the ground will be tried to keep an eye on how much gas, carbon, and sulfur is coming out. we are trying to get a sense of how big the explosions are, which they can tell from some of the shaking on the instruments. and of course they will have satellite instruments to keep an eye on what's going on, both day and night. in a way we are in the point where there might be an increase in earthquakes before the irruption gets larger or there might be a decrease. the scientists on the ground will be keep an eye on all of these things.
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brent: what do you see as the biggest danger posed by this volcano? the actual irruption itself or what would come after that? the law flows or even possible tsunamis created by it? -- lava flows or even possible tsunamis created by it? david: authorities have been given plenty of indication of what might happen during the current irruption. that is why so many people are being moved out of their communities and there is an exclusion radius of 10 to 12 kilometers around the volcano. the threat right now is from these muddy ash flows. mixing with the rainwater, cold water flows. it will be quite damaging, cutting off roads. once you have evacuated out of those regions, the next things to worry about, if it
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accelerates, hot avalanches of pyroclastic material off the sides of the volcano. but the communities are being evacuated to what is believed to be a safe distance. that safe distance is based on what was observed during previous eruptions. hopefully the impact on lives will be at least minimized through the evacuation. brent: david joining us from oxford university with this story of what is being called an imminent volcanic irruption in indonesia tonight. thank you very much. david: thank you. brent: here in germany, we have been here before. angela merkel wants to start talks on forging a new government with the social democrats. spd is the party that has shared
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power with the conservatives in a grand coalition. as recently as last few weeks, martin schultz had ruled out any role in the new government at he is now signaling there may be a reason to talk. >> angela merkel wants to make another go of it. her conservative party has decided that coalition talks with democrats and the greens have collapsed to try to build a stable government with the social democrats. all the parties may be asking themselves what is important for the people. with the capacity to act on a european scale in foreign policy and when it comes to solving problems. her new wish is another grand coalition with the social democrats. the spd party chairman is a bit more careful as he approaches these negotiations. it might work out, but it might
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not. anything could happen. it is possible that germany ends up with a constellation of governing partners that have never before worked together in a coalition. we should not be afraid of this. this could mean tolerating a minority coalition or a grand coalition. it's up to the president to explore the options of how the government building process will continue. the next step is for all three of them to meet. this will happen on thursday in bellevue castle and after that the parties to continue talks without the president. >> if the meeting with the german president doesn't turn into a scene of stress and argument, i would say it would be a good idea to hold these talks. >> angela merkel wants to enter the negotiations wholeheartedly and without preconditions. >> we know that there are
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important points that we think are significant when it comes to the question -- can germany master the future? but we also know that these talks always demand compromises. >> finding common ground will not be easy. one problem off the bat is that the youth branch of the social democrats categorically rejects a coalition with angela merkel. she is also not well liked by the base, and they are the ones have to make the final decision. david: -- brent: they are already having some trust issues because of something that happened in brussels today. do tell. >> it has started already, brent. there was a controversial vote on weed killer in brussels, causing some of that interparty controversy we have been seeing as well. european union countries round of extending their license after
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germany surprisingly voted in favor despite the environmental concerns. germany's social democratic environment minister accused the conservatives of going against her wishes, saying that germany should have abstained. member states have been arguing about the weed killer for months. >> protesters were out early in brussels, demonstrating the tug-of-war between complete eating interests fighting for the future of the controversial weed killer in europe. but it was approved for another five years. critics maintain that the chemicals dangerous. >> overall, like a measure -- major scientific and medical issue, it may seem there is no end -- no evidence on the impact on the environment but we are growing to see a huge body of independent evidence linking it with cancer. >> the world health organization says there is evidence that life a safe -- life a set -- that it
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is carcinogenic. though other authorities call it inconclusive. it has been used in the production of food worldwide for so long now that few in the agricultural business can imagine life without it. critics maintain that there are other chemicals that have the same benefits with fewer drawbacks. the only thing that most people can agree on is that it is the active ingredient in the monsanto roundup products and that the brand is one of the key sources of revenue for the u.s. company. >> let's bring in our correspondent from brussels now. this story has been going on for years. you have been covering it during that time. did this fresh license come as a surprise? >> we always knew that there was a slight majority for prog g
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-- four pror pro glyphosate. the majority of member states all advocated the glyphosate case. the swing vote coming from germany was a surprise. the conservatives were pro-glyphosate and the social democrats were against. obviously the conservatives wanted to use this kind of window of opportunity to get this deal done, to keep glyphosate on the market and kind of overrule the social democrats and send a clear message to the german industry in the context that the chemical giant is about to strike a deal with monsanto that uses glyphosate. it would be a huge market for
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the location in germany. obviously, the conservatives in the active government were keen not to miss the opportunity. >> as you point out, germany voting in favor, may bring france against. can we expect president macron to accept this defeat? >> he has a clear position on glyphosate. they wanted really a ban on glyphosate and he has already announced that they will try to get it down to three years. by the way, in legal terms, this is totally possible. national member states can restrict its use if they want to only for their member state. so, there is indeed, this was the core of the deadlock that we had for two years with france against it. always obliged to abstain with no clear position in berlin, but now the fact that germany kind
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of made this qualified majority possible, it shows that france had not enough power, finally, to get act from the european markets. >> briefly, farmers and chemical companies are only seeing this as a partial victory. why is that? >> the best case scenario for farmers would have been 15 years more of glyphosate. it would have been the best case scenario that meant a solid expectation, a solid legislation interns of supply chains for sellers across the european market. a transition in order to get that research done for another weed killer. >> catherine martin's in brussels, thank you. the founder of schleicher has been let off like -- lightly,
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but not his children. the german court sentenced the 73-year-old tycoon to a two-year suspended sentence for embezzlement. his children received two-year prison terms. >> the brand is well new -- well-known across europe. operating 14,000 stores in 13 european countries. the portrait of the self-made german multimillionaire hung in every branch of what was once one of the biggest family dynasties in germany. a court has given the businessman a suspended prison sentence of two years. his children will go straight behind bars for three years. it comes down to the money. once it became clear that his company would go bankrupt, he moved around 16 million euros in the company. money that the court says
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belonged to creditors. what some of the money went to a logistics company belonging to the children. anton schleicher got a lighter sentence. that is because his fraud didn't amount to as much financial damage as his children. their fraud caused damages worth 6.1 million euros inter -- in total. they were given harder sentences. the bankruptcy rocked germany because 25,000 low skilled workers were left without jobs. as investment declined, only desperate customers would shop there. >> back over to brent for more on a papal visit to a troubled region. brent: pope francis has left with the powerful army chief of me and mark --less than 1% of mr identifies as catholic. francis is making the first ever
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papal visit there to encourage growth in this small community. he is expected to encourage growth with leaders to highlight the rohingya refugee crisis. hundreds of thousands of this refugee minority face persecution and violence. many hope that the visit will highlight the plight. >> papal souvenirs are on sale in front of the cathedral. this is the pope's first visit to myanmar. christians are a minority here, just like the muslim rohingya. it is a sensitive topic that threatens to overshadow the visit. >> we have so many conflicts in this country. i hope that the pope brings peace and strength for the christian minority. >> he shouldn't bring up the rohingya issue, it would anger the buddhist majority here. they don't want him to get involved.
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>> think it's ok if he just makes a general references situation and that everyone should have equal rights. >> many catholics are afraid of being discriminated against. here they refer to the muslim minority as bengali or illegal immigrants from bangladesh. even mentioning the word as the pope often has is considered taboo. >> we have requested him not to express this word. in this time of his visit, something of consequence might happen. >> last week they signed an agreement saying that the rohingya refugees would soon be repatriated. the details of the agreement however remain unclear. some say that the agreement is too vague. >> it will involve the involvement of other countries
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to grant them their citizenship and that they will not be subject to persecution. >> the question remains, how political can the pope the in my and marr much moral authority can he show without offending the deeply buddhist population of the country? brent: we will be talking about that a little bit later on in the day. syrian government forces have intensified their push to take the last government stronghold near damascus. the area has been under siege by government forces since 2012. the united nations says the area is already suffering acute food shortages. early results from honduras's presidential elections shows a lead for the leftist challenger. with just half of the votes counted, he has a five point edge over the incumbent president. the final result is expected to
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be closed. both candidates have already declared victory. cubans have been voting in local elections designed to begin the process of choosing a successor to president castro. he says he will step down in february. the next president will be the first person outside the castro family to leave cuba in 60 years . christmas markets opening across germany today with increased security. concrete barriers have been erected around the market that was the scene of a terrorist attack last december when a militant throw a truck into the crowd, killing 12 people. armed police will also be present at christmas markets this year. prince harry and his american girlfriend, meghan markle, have confirmed months of speculation in announcing that they will marry next year. harry is fifth in line. meghan markle is an american
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actress best known for her role in the u.s. drama "suits." harry told reporters that it was love at first sight. >> after weeks of speculation, the secret is out. the prince and his fiancee posing for social media. >> congratulations. how are you feeling? >> the couple began their relationship and 2016, but kept it under wraps for months. she is a 36-year-old american actress best known for her role in the tv ama, "suits." the royal family has given their brought -their blessg and embraced her, a mixed race divorcee who attended a catholic school. for many it is proof of how much the monarchy has modernized. in the 1950's, queen elizabeth's
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sister, margaret, had to give up her true love because he was a divorcee. two decades earlier, king edward abdicated his throne for a twice divorced american. royal watchers say that the attitude towards americans and the divorced has changed radically. >> she's african-american, divorced. peopleook him and remember perhaps princess margaret and the sad, her sad life. >> unlike the royals before them, they have found a less rocky road to happiness. the pair are expected to tie the knot sometime next spring. brent: the couple have just given their first interviewed together. the first question, how did harry pop the question? >> it happened a few weeks ago, earlier this month, here at our cottage.
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standard, typical night for us. >> cozy night, just roasting chicken. trying to roast a chicken. just an amazing surprise. it was so sweet and natural and very romantic. he got on one knee. >> of course. >> was it an instant yes? >> yes. i could barely let him finish. >> she could let me finish. i was like -- can i give you the ring and she was like -- yes, the ring. it was a nice moment, just the two of us. i think i managed to catch her by surprise as well. >> this is how long after you first met? >> a year and a half? a little bit more? >> for most people that would be quite a whirlwind. is that how it has felt the you? >> i don't think i would call it a whirlwind in terms of our relationship. there have obviously been layers
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attached to help public it has become. after we had a good five or six months with just privacy, which was amazing. but no, i think we were able to really have so much time just to connect and we never went longer without -- longer than two weeks without seeing each other even though we were doing the long-distance relationship. we made it work. >> how did you first meet? >> we were introduced by a mutual friend. >> we should protect her privacy. >> yes. but it was literally, it was through her. we met once, than twice, back to back, two dates in london last july, beginning of july. it was i think three or four weeks later that i persuaded her to come join me in botswana. we camped out with each other under the stars.
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it was absolutely fantastic. then we were really by ourselves. which was crucial to me to make sure that we had a chance to get to know each other. >> the friend who introduced to you, was she trying to set you up? >> definitely. it was a blind date for sure. it so interesting, we talk about it now, even then, because i am from the states, you don't grow up with the same understanding of the royal family. while i now understand very clearly that there is a global interest there, i didn't know much about him. the only thing i asked her when she said she wanted to set us up was -- is a nice? because if he wasn't kind, it wouldn't seem like it would make sense. we went and met for edge rank and i think very quickly after that we said -- what are we doing tomorrow question that we should meet again. >> that it was like, right, diaries. we need to get out the diaries
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to figure out how to make this work. she was working, i was off to africa for a month. we said where's the gap? the gap happened to be in the perfect place. brent: the royal lovebirds. reminder of the top stories we are following. fears that this volcano is about to blow in bali. 40,000 people have been evacuated to safety and the airport on the indonesian island has been closed, causing travel chaos. after a short break i will be back to take you through the day. [captioning performed by the national captioning institute, which is responsible for its caption content and accuracy. visit]
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reyes: in peru, forced sterilization is still leaving a dark shadow in its victims' lives. will their voices one day be heard? i'm elaine reyes in washington, d.c., and this is "americas now." first up, thousands of women in the 1990s coerced into sterilization in peru. a program to control population and reduce poverty, it was supervised by both doctors and the government. [woman speaking spanish] woman: everyone in the community looks down on us. they think we're corrupted and allowed this to happen. man: ...forcibly sterilized. reyes: correspondent dan collyns reports from lima on what is being done to assist victims today. and then children born into mexico's prison system. they live with their mothers in cne


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