tv BBC World News America PBS April 18, 2012 4:00pm-4:30pm PDT
>> this is "bbc world news." doing damage control after disturbing the photographs published involving u.s. service members in afghanistan, apologies come from the top. >> that behavior that was depicted in those photos absolutely violates both our regulations and our core values. >> to be executed or acquited? anders breivik says that is the only choice of justice for his killing of 77 people in norway. the push is on to make one former army chaplain --
>> welcome to our viewers on pbs in america and around the globe. condemnation is coming from the highest levels over disturbing pictures of u.s. soldiers apparently posing with the body parts of afghan suicide bombers. the pictures were published in the los angeles times, despite warnings from the pentagon not to do so. it comes after a string of in paris in incidence and justice meetings were taking place as -- in nato headquarters. >> the photographs aren't graphic. american soldiers pose with the dead body of an afghan fighter. the incident took place two years ago. the obama administration has been swift to condemn. the defense secretary in brussels saying the actions depicted violated american rules and core values. >> this is war.
i know that war is ugly, and it is violent. i know that young people sometimes caught up in the moment make some very foolish decisions. i am not excusing that, i am not excusing that behavior, but neither do i want these images to bring further injuries to our people or to our relationship with the afghan people. >> the american military's reputation in afghanistan is on the line. in january, a video showed a range urinating on the dead bodies of afghan insurgents. in february, violence erupted when its was thrilled that koran had been burnt by accident. in march, a u.s. army sergeant was killing -- and charged with killing 17 afghan civilians. the administration says the strategy in afghanistan is
clear, the latest episode is ugly and embarrassing, but it is unlikely to change much. >> as the military deals with this latest setback on the ground in afghanistan, nato ministers maintained the war is still on track. hopes that the afghans will be able to take responsibility for securing their own country may be optimistic. >> the american military juggernaut is on the move. here in eastern afghanistan, this u.s. base has been torn down and returned to the desert. it is the biggest base to close the gap. soldiers done the job had to lay down their weapons, stop patrols. it means the soldiers. are less of a deterrent to the taliban and more distant from the afghan people. >> it is sad to see this go.
i am confident that we will be just as effective once this is gone. >> senior officers say this is a distraction. 70,000 vehicles, the base is too big to handover to the afghans. they do not have the ability to keep going. the battle is moving from the south of the country to the east. the fight is becoming harder. they have fewer soldiers. by october, a third of american forces will have gone home. 500 british soldiers will be on their heels. far from here on the front line, there is a greater problem facing this war. the relationship between president karzei and his nato allies is disintegrating. it is now characterized by
threats, insults, mistrust. the collapse in that partnership may be a greater threat to this mission. the and the taliban who roamed the hills behind me. a wariness has said in here. hope and ambition are on the wings. the soldiers remain focused on the fight in front of them. >> when i go back, the people i hang out with, they did not ask me about the war because they do not know. they might be shocked there is a war still going on. there is a disconnect back in the states. >> this mission it may now be at odds with itself. the war is being wound up before it has been one. nato troops have to do three things. battle the taliban, reduce their own numbers, and trained afghan as -- and train afghans.
>> for more on the u.s. mission in afghanistan, we spoke with the former u.s. army officer and senior fellow at the center for the new american security. thank you very much. we just heard about the challenges that remain in afghanistan. how damaging are those photographs to that mission? >> they are not as damaging as we might have thought. one of the things we have learned is that first off, in terms of the images, they are not likely to offend the afghans. most afghans will not see these. most afghans do not have electricity or access to the television or the internet. one of the things we discovered from the urination incident is that a lot of afghans do not care what happens to what we do or don't do it to the body of a suicide bomber. unlike the koran burning it
surprised us that the afghans were as angry as they were. it did not have an effect in the way the afghans treated the americans. >> they could damage the security of u.s. troops in afghanistan? >> i do not think -- he may be overestimating be a fact that it will have in afghanistan. it is really with the people in the united states and other western troop contributing nations. these types of incidents began to -- they have caused a lot of americans and others to ask, what's the fact is this for having? what psychological a facts? >> this sort of behavior has to be as old as war itself. isn't the bigger problem from the millet -- for the military social media? how do stop that from happening? >> psychologically, we should expect soldiers to have dark humor are around dead bodies.
if you are trying to do a retinal scan on a decapitated suicide bomber, goodness gracious, that is eight tall ask for a 19-year-old. you cross the line when you start to pose in front of the dead body, when you start to -- a certain level of dehumanization is to be expected. these are the types of things that have happened. that happened in the very first year of the war. the social media frustrates the pentagon. >> a big meeting going on in nato, situations disintegrating with the afghan government. is that going to get any better? >> relations to the united states and cars they have been downhill since 2008. -- president karzei has been downhill since 2008.
we have not had a good relationship of other u.s. officials. as the united states and other allies start to transition, there is a sense on behalf of the afghans that this united states is abandoning the afghan government. >> thank you very much. german and british ambassadors to the united nations have released a video urging syria's of first lady to help end the bloodshed in her country. the film appeals to purchase stock per husband, president bashar al-assad, and their supporters. the chief prosecutor for the international criminal courts has arrived in libya to discuss the fate of the son of gaddafi. the interim government in tripoli has refused to hand over mr. gaddafi.
in a nearby courtroom, anders breivik claimed the death penalty or a full acquittal where the only logical outcomes for his killing of 77 people. his statement came on the third day of this trial as he was questioned over its alleged links with other extremist. we have the latest from oslo. >> under tight security, they drove him to court this morning. at the country held its breath, waiting for more revelations. it is impossible to know what is going on behind the eyes of anders breivik, hard to see if the evil haunts him. whether he is the screams -- he hears the screams of those killed. he maintains that his attacks came after he joined the network of like-minded nationalist. the police doubt such a network exists. anders breivik insists he attended a meeting in the u.k.
under cross-examination today, he said anyone could do what i did. he spoke of nationalist training sessions that were to deal with everything from rhetorical strategy is to production of bombs. as the prosecution tried to expose israel involvement with other nationalists, he countered, saying, your purpose is to shed doubts on whether this network exists. at times, anders breivik up. irritating with a line of questioning. prosecutors do not believe that he is part of a wider network. as he sat in this chair, and he complained that he was being ridiculed. his answers were often contradictory and confusing. he posted this on the internet before his attacks. images from an organization he calls -- the kt met in london.
is this a fantasy? one sociologists have this to say. >> when you put on a uniform, he is no longer alone unsuccessful young man from the west end of oslo. he becomes a defender of the civilization of europe against the invading muslims. >> tomorrow, he is likely to answer questions about the bomb attack. he has told the court there are only too desirable outcomes to this trial. he should either be acquitted or sentenced to death. >> back here in the u.s., dick clark has died. he was 82. he was famous for hosting shows including open " american bandstand." he was known for his youthful appearance, leading some to describe them as america's
oldest teenager. for more on his life and career, we go to los angeles. >> he was a legend of american television. "american bandstand" will be his legacy. he hosted it for four decades. it was a show that paved the way for other shows, similar music shows. he was a pioneer in some many respects. he was also a mobile behind the scenes. he was very involved in the business side of television. he had his own production company. a lot of americans became very familiar with dick clark on new year's eve. he was a fixture of that show on abc television.
his own brand of optimism. he always had that useful feel about him. >> it is always very difficult trying to define what makes somebody great. what would you say was his magic? >> his magic was that he was eternally young. he was enthusiastic about everything. he had a massive stroke eight years ago and it severely affected his ability to speak. yet he battled on and he came back to television. it was clearly difficult for him and if he had not already won the hearts of americans, people certainly want to him through his enthusiasm and determination to keep going. >> thank you very much. still to come on tonight's program, tackling the food
crisis in chad. weevil's bid to the head of unicef. -- we will speak to the head of unicef. it was a trip which landed the king of spain into a heap of public criticism. there was an unprecedented act of broken attrition. he apologized for going on a hunting trip in africa about this country is in the grips of an economic crisis. during the jury to botswana, the kings fell and broke his hip. from madrid, will report on this incident. >> as spain's king recovered in hospital, animal rights protesters protested outside. he has received a barrage of criticism for hunting elephants in botswana. the story only came out because on the trip, he fell and
fractured his hip. now, before leading hospital, his first ever public apology. >> i am much better. i would like to thank all the medical team. i look forward to my duties and i am very sorry. i have made a mistake and it will not happen again. >> now that the king is home, he is hoping that scandal over his hunting triple died down. this is not the only recent episode facing spain's royal family. in february, the king's son-in- law appeared in court on charges of misusing millions of euros of public money. he denies the allegations, but the scandal has damaged the image of the spanish monarchy. in times gone by, publicly criticizing the royals was not the done thing. partly because of the kings by double when spain became a democracy. the king's hunting expedition
and the backlash show the times changed. the king felt he owed his people a public apology. >> for those living in africa as region, it is an annual battle to overcome the crippling effects of drought. while efforts are underway to provide aid to the region, it is expected that more than 15 million people, many of them children, will be affected this year alone. most one of the world's strickened places. the hunters season is starting again. it is a cycle that -- hunger season is starting again. it is a cycle that seems impossible to break. famine is never far away. the united nations says 15 million people are directly affected by the crisis.
the countries in this region spread across a vast area. weakened by success -- they do not have time to recover before disaster strikes again. according to unicef, 1 million children under the age of five will need help just to survive. the cost? an estimated $120 million. with rich countries tightened their belts, and who will pay? each country faces different challenges. niger, arms from libya float freely. threatening to further destabilize the nation. in chad, the ongoing drought had caused crop failures. extreme poverty has compounded the problem, pushing people to the edge of starvation. throughout the sahara, there is no one cause for disaster.
and aid agencies and governments are faced with the ongoing task of trying to break the cycle of crisis. >> to discuss what is happening in the region, i was joined by the unicef executive director. he has just returned from chad. he is in washington to will bring attention to the growing problems. thank you drama to joining us. what was the situation like? >> it is dire and it is about to get worse. many families have already -- we are on the brink of a real disaster throughout. >> when i looked on the unicef website, none of the pictures that you showed looked very shocking. why not? >> we try not to. i think it is related to one of the reasons why there is a lot of fatigue.
when you show those pictures, people tend to say, here we go again. african children, starving. we do not seem to be making headway. we try to show the children who are surviving and you can get better. i would like to emphasize one point, we tend to look at this as a question of charity and helping victims. in fact, these are families, children fighting desperately in situations that none of us have ever encountered. they deserve our support and admiration for their courageous struggle. >> is and that a risky strategy? strategy?hat a risky how will you make people and government cough up the money that you need if they do not believe or empathize with what is going on? >> people sympathize with -- and the thighs with children overcoming did -- and that with
children overcoming adversity. between 1,000,001.5 million children, three times as many as in somalia are facing severe malnutrition. >> one thing that has worked, a social media, apparently. how has that turned the situation around? >> besides -- we are using social media. we are using some of our ambassadors to tweet and use facebook. we're trying to use social media as well. >> thank you very much. good luck to you. to the heroic service of one u.s. army chaplain more than half a century ago. you've probably never heard of
them, but his actions during the korean war made him a hero and a saint. they say he should be canonized by the catholic church. >> ♪ >> he was a u.s. army chaplain. he came from a small kansas farming town, but he ended up on the front lines of the korean war. >> we had a tough time, and we are trapped. no food for two days, no water supply. put those words were some of the last he would never write. in the years since, many have called him a hero. in recent years, two groups have investigated his life.
there is the catholic church. >> to prove that he led a life of heroic virtue and sanctity, so that he can be named -- he can be named a saint. >> then there are the kansas lawmakers, petitioning the defense department to give him the medal of honor. could he has lived a life that is unique. i firmly believe that is deserving of this metal from the united states. >> a saint and a war hero. it is unprecedented. what did he do to deserve this? advocates say it began around the winter of 1950 -- 1915, his unit was surrounded, but the priest stayed behind with the wounded. even during earlier battles, he went beyond the chaplains normal duties and ran into the line of fire. >> we have reports from soldiers that talked about him coming to
them when they were under fire. he went out there when there was sniper fire. >> in that november, he ended up in a brutal prison camp. his strength wasted away, you still seem to be everywhere in the camp, stealing food for the sick, comforting the dying, savaging supplies for everyone but himself. survivors say that he did more than anyone to keep them alive. until he eventually died at the camp. he saved my life, wrote one fellow prisoner. he made me fight to stay alive when dying was so simple. it was easier to die than live in those days. ♪ >> i could not imagine him being that way because i figured he was a good priest.
>> news of his exploits overwhelmed his sister and mall. -- sister in law. >> for him to take punishment the way he did, i figured he was under god's care. >> his presence looms large in his hometown. there is the church where he served his first mass. a statue in his honor. will it also marked the birthplace of a catholic st. and a soldier awarded the highest of honors? >> the extraordinary life, bringing our show to the close. you confine constant updates on our website. -- you can find constant updates on our website. thank you for watching and tune in tomorrow.
>> make sense of international news at bbc.com/news. >> funding was made possible by -- the freeman foundation of new york, stowe, vermont, and honolulu, newman's own foundation, union bank, and shell. >> this is kim, about to feel one of his favorite sensations. at shell, we're developing more efficient fuels in countries like malaysia that can help us get the most from our energy resources. let's use energy more efficiently. let's go. >> "bbc world news america" was
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