tv BBC World News America PBS April 19, 2012 2:30pm-3:00pm PDT
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>> this is "bbc world news america." syria is not honoring the cease- fire. that is what -- that is the un's chief's assessment. i talked with acid, women in pakistan are being scarred for life in a disturbing practice. breathing new life into stonehenge. >> they wanted something to save britain. what is more british than at stonehenge?
>> welcome to our viewers on pbs in america and around the globe. the world should push for tough comprehensive sanctions against bashar al-assad's government to force them to comply with the u.n. cease-fire. that is the call from hillary clinton today. the request comes as the u.n. secretary general confirmed the facts on the ground, saying that syria is not honoring the cease- fire. he is still pushing for more of u.n. monitors. harcourt's stock -- our correspondent has just returned. >> syria agreed to kofi annan's peace plan. in a pattern of broken promises, they then unleashed a whirl wind of destruction. as the soldiers rolled into -- the story of what has happened is down this road is worse than
many other areas. it is not unique. in towns and villages, people were not just single out, they were collected. many paid the ultimate price for having the audacity to call for change. this remains a dangerous place. rebel fighters offer a thin veil of protection. it was a chance to see firsthand what has happened here. many people were crushed when their homes were shelled. even the school playground was not safe. the sanctuary, not even for children. not when the tanks rolled can. this is what they faced. on april 3, the army attacked, filled by activists on the ground. -- fell by activist on the ground. helicopters attacked, too.
for today's, the army shelled, burned, and killed. even after the cease-fire was supposed to happen. this man was here that day, he helped collect the bodies. a grotesque scene in a place of worship. >> this place was full of dead bodies. it was terrible. some cannot be identified. they're innocent people. >> there are two mass graves. at nine years old, she has already learned to save -- to say a prayer for the dead. her father is buried here. we believe 57 people were killed in just two days. it does not end here. the cease-fire may have reduced
violence, but has not stopped. for the victims, their families, these are atrocities that cannot be forgiven or forgotten. >> in response to events inside syria, the foreign minister warned that a failure to initiate the plan would be catastrophic. here in washington, leon panetta reiterated that the u.s. -- >> our approach must keep options on the table. while recognizing the limitations of military force. we must be prepared to take whatever action is required. >> for more on what those options might be, i am joined from new york by former state department adviser. richard, when you listen to the
defense secretary, interpret what he is sent for us. is the u.s. starting to think that it will have to get involved? >> there is not a lot devon busy as them. the reason that -- a lot of enthusiasm. it is hard to design and operation where the likely benefits would outweigh the likely cost. the united states has to think hard about potential crisis in both north korea as well as iran. a highly discretionary intervention in syria is not something leon panetta or barack obama are hankering for right now. >> you have suggested that bashar al-assad is not somebody that is going to cave. he will not go by a forceful sanctions, and there will have to be something else, isn't there? >> either that or he may be there for quite some time. as the first debt, i thought the
defense secretary had it right. -- as the first step, i thought the defense secretary had a right. you have to create a serious political opposition that will start talking publicly about why there is a future for syria in which all people, why they have reasons to -- that would be an inclusive syria, but not would be a replica of what you saw in iraq. the united states is giving some humanitarian and communications helps. others are giving arms. it is premature to think about a libyan style type of intervention. it would be extraordinarily costly and it is not clear to me what the end result would be. >> the other issue was the prospect of some sort of regional spillover. we're already starting to see that with the refugees and skirmishes along the turkish border. how concerned are you?
>> it is a real concern and is a legitimate concern. the two analogies that come to mind are iraq and lebanon. you have all sorts of divisions within the country. you have outsiders to have a stake in what happens. as bad as things are inside, there is a possibility for things getting worse outside. that is why you do not want to take options off the table, fair enough. you want to look at humanitarian help. it is very hard to dislodge a tirade that has a real base of support if he is willing to kill his own people, unless you're willing to go in there and go to war. and do what the world is not doing in libya. and sit there for quite awhile and build up a new state. that is a large undertaking for people to contemplate. i just came back from the region. a lot of people are unhappy with what is going on in syria, i did
not notice an awful lot of volunteers ready to get involved. >> that is exactly right. thank you very much. across the syrian border, there has been a series of deadly blast across the country, killing more than 35 people. baghdad, at least five separate bomb attacks targeted shiite neighborhoods. there also explosions in several other cities. imagine having acid thrown in your face by your husband or your son-in-law. the pain and this figuration are simply unimaginable. that happens to pakistan -- two women in pakistan -- to women in pakistan. this report contains distressing images. >> she has been scarred for life. burns on 15% of for body.
like many other pakistani women, for has been pastor in acid. she was too proud of her beauty, he said. " i feel pain at what i was and what i have become. all the colors have gone from my life. i feel like i am a living corpse. >> she is one of the newest arrivals in the burns unit of this dilapidated hospital. the doctors tried to relieve pain. but cannot ease her despair. >> i cannot say anything about the future. maybe i will not be alive.
i will try to get back to how i was. i have to work to build the future. if i cannot, i will do what one or two other girls have done. they killed themselves. >> here is how she looked 13 years ago, before i said was long in her face. performer has been to was acquitted of the crime -- performer husband was acquitted of the crime. she endured almost 48 surgeries before committing suicide last month. >> in this hospital, there are one or two new cases every week.
the laws here have been tightened. offenders can be sentenced to between 14 and life imprisonment. campaigners said most of these women never get justice. this former mp says most attackers still gets off scot- free. >> it is the easiest way to punish a woman. if the woman does not want to agree with what the man wants to do, you can just throw acid and destroy life in one second. that is all it takes. even if you get caught, you pay the police off and get away with it. >> back in the burns unit, another victim has just arrived. the fabric of for clothing eaten away by the acid. she says her son-in-law did this after a family dispute. he is now in custody. the government admits it needs
to do more for women like her. implementing the new law is a major challenge. doctors told us many victims are forced to return to their tormentors because of social pressure or money problems. a few bugs away, perch -- a few beds away, her children come to visit. be good, she says. pray mommy gets well cent. for their sake, she will try to keep going. her husband is still at large. >> trying to live after a terrible attack. in india, the successful test of a powerful new missile is being celebrated today as a major milestone. it is capable of carrying nuclear warheads and includes --
and could strike china's two biggest cities. he might have expected some criticism of india. the international response was remarkably mild. >> 3, 2, 1 -- now. >> left off for the missile. lift off for the missile, named after the indian god of fire. the prime minister hailing it as a national triumph. >> a game changer missile which brings india and to the big boys club. >> television channels have been celebrating the successful test. >> india hopes will turn out to be a weapon of peace, not war.
>> most believe the missile is targeted at china. india says the policy is only about deterrence, but it needs to show it is credible. >> if we did not have a missile of this capability, the 1998 initiative would remain incomplete. >> china is playing down india's missile test. its forests -- foreign ministry spokesman as saying the country should be partners, not competitors. it is only days since north korea tried and failed to test its own long-range missile. promoting criticism in the west. the u.s. and its allies will not be protesting over india's missile, though.
>> a quick look at other news. european union officials reported to have reached the outlines of an agreement of suspending the u.s. sanctions against burma. the measures would end a travel ban on government officials. the ban on exports would be lifted, but an arms embargo would remain. heavy rain is continuing to cause havoc in colombia. security forces have been deployed across the fields and forests are around the capital as the bogota river threatens to burst its banks. 19 people have died and more than 60,000 have been affected by floods and mudslides. the fourth day of anders breivik's trial, extraordinary details are coming out. he told the court that he originally came to be had a former prime minister and kill every member of the current norwegian government. our european correspondent is in oslo and filed this report.
>> there was no clenched fist salute from anders breivik. his lawyer asked him not to. what there was was a day of the most disturbing testimony yet. he said he spent an entire year, 16 hours a day, playing a warfare strategy game online. this helped him in act, in his mind, the attacks he was planning. on the date of those attacks, he said it woke up thinking, today is the day i will die. i was not keen on dying, but that is the way it was. setting up a vehicle bomb, he set out -- i acted instinctively. it killed eight. he wanted at least 12 dead. the aim was to get attention, media coverage. the attacks were devastating. they are still repairing the
damage in central oslo. for everyone in court today, his testimony was especially chilling and difficult to listen to. he was cold and calculating and it appears there is absolutely no doubt in his mind that what he did on july 22 was absolutely morally acceptable. he plans to kill everyone on the island, more than 500. to cut off the head of the former norwegian prime minister, who was due to be there. is it the right thing that he has this forum to express his views? >> it is important to remember that this is a court case. this is about him and his right to say why he did what he did. even though it is so hard to. for some many people. >> tomorrow, his lawyers say there is worse to come.
>> very complicated court of justice. you are watching "bbc world news america." going to extremes in france, days before voters go to the polls, the presidential candidate on the far right and left are the ones starring passion. -- stirring passion. meetings between president and their constituents are common, but when one woman -- approached ahmadinejad, it provided an unusual moment. the president was touring the streets last week. are tehran correspondent has the story. >> it runs president ahmadinejad has always made a point of this approach ability. he wants -- even he may be surprised by what happened here on a recent tour of the southern city.
a crowd surrounds his car. many reach for his hand and tried to give him envelopes, perhaps containing appeals for help. the called manages to stop the motorcade. -- the crowd manages to stop the motorcade. one woman in black decides to take the chance. wait a second, this is the moment, she shouts. then she clambers onto the car she shakes off the presidential bodyguard. and makes a point to the crowd, and to turn straight to ahmadinejad. the video does not pick up whether she is criticizing him or asking for his help. ahmadinejad appears to tell her to go find someone. she makes another point, and then she gets up. and walks away. some believe for actions
demonstrate that iranians are increasingly willing to demonstrate their frustrations would ahmadinejad's administration. others will see it differently. what better way for the present to show off his connection then by holding a spontaneous constituency meeting on the roof of his car. >> in three days, france will the first round of its presidential elections. right now, nicolas sarkozy is fighting for his political life. the latest polls show him trailing francois hollande. the far left and far-right candidates are also showing strong support. they do have one thing in common, they are focusing their campaigns on the country's economy. from paris, we have this report.
>> in france, the far right and far left are performing strongly. this is the far right, thousands of flag-waving supporters packed in a paris convention hall to hear their leader. she is currently attracting up to 17% in the polls with a message attacking immigration and what she calls stupid eu bureaucrats. >> we now see the reality of the european dream. disillusionment, wrapped lives, european dream has become a nightmare. >> she says she has cleaned up the party is racist image, distancing herself from her father. he questioned the holocaust. she brings this crowd to its feet when she attacks immigration, international finance, globalization, and brussels.
she calls on her supporters to shout their rage and say yes to france. she is the most popular leader among 18 to 24-year-olds. on a beach in our side, at 100,000 people gathered to hear the leader of the far left. a one time -- he has called for a citizens' uprising. he has seen his poll ratings go up 15%. he rejects the culture of austerity in braced by brussels. we are writing a new page in the history of the left, he tells the crowd. what are the key ideals he stands for? >> redistribution of wealth.
we want tax is to apply 100% over 350,000 euros a year. >> in the first round of the election on sunday, the far left on the far right could get more than 30% of the vote. what they have both done is to tap into the air anger with the economic crisis. >> the left and right in france. to stonehenge, like you have never seen it before. the prehistoric monument is one of the world's most famous sites. today, a bouncy castle and a replica of it was unveiled in glasgow. it was commissioned for the london olympics. our courts correspondent -- our arts correspondent was there to have a balance. >> there is a new arrival on the skyline.
it is an artwork by a prize- winning artist. the real stonehenge is 5000 years old and a sacred site. this replica is called sacrilege. after its unveiling, it will head to london. what is all this about? what is more british than stonehenge? >> it is about having a sense of humor. a wry smile. olympics or lacks a sense of humor. a british monument by the british inventors of the bouncy castle.
some local or workers arrive -- art workers arrived. >> is this art? >> [laughter] >> an inflatable stonehenge in your backyard. history, humor, britain and its olympic year. >> that has just shot straight to the top of my christmas wish list. keep up with us any time at our website. thank you for watching. do tune in tomorrow.
>> make sense of international news at bbc.com/news. >> funding was made possible by -- the freeman foundation of new york, stowe, vermont, and honolulu, newman's own foundation, union bank, and shell. >> this is kim, about to feel one of his favorite sensations. moreell, we're developing efficient fuels in countries like malaysia that can help us get the most from our energy resources. let's use energy more efficiently. let's go.