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tv   BBC World News America  PBS  September 4, 2019 5:30pm-6:00pm PDT

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woman: this is "bbc world news america." is made possible by... the freeman foundation; by judy and pedar blum-kovler foon, pursuing solutions for america's neglected needs; and by contributions to this pbs st from viewers like you. thank you. jane: this is "bbc world news ica." reporting from washington, i am jane o'brien.
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dramatic scenes in the british parliament. boris johnson sufffes two major s. first, mps back a bill that will prevent a no-deal brexit, and then deny his call for a general election. >> ayes to the right, 298. nos to the left, 56.8. jane: the big question now, wha comenext? both sides are digging in with the brexit deadline loominue rescare underway in the bahamas, where hurricane doriani has destroyed whole communities. survivors say nothing is left. and greenland's melting ice sheet has implications for all of us. u have a special report on the major changes ahead. jane: for those watching on pbs and around the globe, welcome to "world news america."
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there have been unprecedented scenes in the british parliament tonight. prime minister boris johnson h lost control of the house of commons, and his brexit strategy has been blocked by mps, including rebels from his own party. they have avssed a bill that gevents britain from leav the european union without a deal at the d of october. in response, mr. johnson called for an early general election. he needed two thirds of house of commons votes to push through his motion, but he failed to get them. lauruenssberg starts our coverage. laura: are wokthrough the g glass now? ththprime minister is demanding a aw parliament over there election, yet he says he doesn't want one. the other parties say they do, but may yet stand in his way. it will be settled until the commons closes the dooon the possibility that goes johnsoso could take us out of the eu next month without a deal. >> have you lost control, prime
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olminister? laura: brexit and any cost. >> order. imquestion to the minister. laura: if first just of shouting in prime minister's questions could be his last. prime min. johnson: can he confirmed that he will on other people of this country to decide on what he is giving up in tir name with a general election on october 15? or is he -- there is only one chlorinated chicken i see in this house and he is all that bench. mr. corbyn: he isbsolutely desperate to avoid scrutiny. laura: the righposte, read his lips. mr.by c after questions for me we have not had an answer to any of them. laura: that might entertain some, but boris johnson is a leader who repels as well as
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attracts. a d labour anding an apology that never came for a te aroversial column he w year ago >> those of us who have had to such as taliban are coming from bongo bon land, we can appreciate full well the pain felt by muslim women when they are described as looking like bank robbers. laura: the tory benches still on mute while the applause went on and on. ing crowded into the v lobbie disbelieving the idea ofng put theresa may's plan to pass by mistake. >> nos to the left, 299. laura: they were successful at this stage, voting to prevent of the eu in october is no deal is in place. now it's up to the house of
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lords, preparing to bear down to talk and talk until it is done, racing against the deadline before parliament shuts next week.a group of anti-no-deal mpd by the man who was chancellor a feweeksrc ago, even mahing themselves to the lord's tonight to make sure they do their business. the chances of this bloc failing peeping at the age of the lords seems slim. the main battle inside might on be outside, if or more likelyhw a general election is calle wtever you want. this the first official request. prime min. johnson: they must now be an election on tuesday, the 1f october. and i invite the righlehonorable gen to respond to decide which of us goes as pr that crucia counsel. laura: labourom's is not yet not until the anti-no-de plan
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becomes law. mr. corbyn: i look forward to the day hisy government and pa they have heaped on this country are turfed out of office. it is a cynical movement from a cynical prime minister. >> extent article 50 for the purposes of having a general election and bring it on. >> once no-deal has been blocked, mps across this house on the opposition benches should come together to bveng down his ment. laura: this parliament is crumbling in front of us, but not ready to choose to end itself yet. >> i do think the prime minister with of the greest respect has e tremendous guilt and keeping a straight face whilst he is being so dingenuous. >> if the right honorable gentleman who leads the labor party right now genuinely believes in democracy, put up or shut up.
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laura: when it came, the decision was against number 10. labor abstained. 298.es to the right, nos to the lef 56. laura: confident in the bunke it is not no for good. it's no, not yet. jane: laura kuenssberg reporting. ebr more on the drama surrounding thise i'm joined by ed luce, u.s. editor for "financial times." hnere on earth does boris n go from here? ed: he is in anique situation, ich is that he said he will not extendrticle 50. he will not request an extension. parliament has mandated him, assuming the house of lords is it filibustered. jane: the delay to implementing brexit. ed:xaly. he had promised upon
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becoming prime minister that do or die, he would takeritain out of europe by october 31. he is now mandated by parliament not to. he is in office, in downing street, but not in power. he is powerless to do anything. he is prime minister and he cannoto anything. he wants to call an election, but he can't. he just lost tt vote to call an election as well. we are incompletely uncharted territory. will he go to the queen and say, "let's call an election," bluff his way unconstitutionally through the situation? the queen has never before turned down a prime minister's advice. what does the queen do? she knows it is against the law. the thw is madby parliament. we are already inre mad hatr's tea party territory, but it could get madder. jane: why don't the longer party
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-- lor party want a general election? ed: jeremy corbyn is not that dissimilar to boris johnson. he does not commend thwhole party for the jeremy corbyn has great self belief anat he can wi electio and he wants one, but he only wants one after the extension to article 50, the delay of brexit from made into law. afterch w he said he would be happy to vote for general election. it is unclear whether he could command all hi troops, either. if the could, he would want that general election to be after october 31, after the extension has gone through. jane: how likely is this extension to take place? llare we sooking at a no-deal brexit at the prettied up of october -- at the end of octor? note, i think this will becoe, law. i think there will be an extension until january 31, and i think in between october1
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and january 31, there will be a general election. jane: we have just sn 21 tory mps stand up to their own leader, rebel against him very publicly, including very senior members. can you imagine anything like this happening here in america? ed: not at e moment. to date there has only been one elected republican ingr cs who stood up to donald trump, to the president, and that is just a amash, former republican congressman from michigan. trump said "you will be primaried," which is the equivalent of having the whip wi trump is in a much more powerful position vis-à-vis his party then boris johnson is. it is quite hard to imagine 21 republicans standing up to trump by saying, for example, we will vote for iweeachment. that said, the same was said
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about nixon in 1974, and at the last minute there were droves of republicans. jane: trump has also praised boris johnson, saying that he has got this. who in reality in the u.k. s parliamentking any decisions? c an decisions be made? ed:: the bizarre thing is therea ma boris johnson's predecessor, tried three times to get her agreement through parliament. it was given all the other alternatives -- no-deal v brexit thed agast. having another referendum would remain being an option they voted againsvo wparliament knot it is like, but there is no consensus on what it does -- knkns what it doesn' 't le, but there is no consensus on what it does like. the one hope is that parliament seeks exhausting itself and not finding a majomaty on anything that they throw their hands and say let's put it back to the people again.
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jane: how likely is that? ed: not that like stress the silver lining. jane: ed luce, thank you very much indeed for joining me. ed: thank you. jane: rescues are searching for survivors in the bahamas after hurricane dorian used widespread devastation. at least seven people are known to have been killed, and there are fears that the number will the island nation were left decimated. from there, our correspo aleem maqbool reports. aleem: with the hurricane finally moving off the bahamas afr many terrifying days, we have been able to survey the devastation for the first time. wmassive storm surgld have overwhelmed this entire area. the airport won't be accessible four days. we have heard about the record-breaking strength of hurricane dorian as it came through the bahamas for days
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now. but to see theac ion the ground is staggering -- groups -- roofs just lifted up andro slammed to thed, buildings all but destroyed, and having flown over the abaco islands of the bahamas, i can tell you there is mile upon mile thatst looks ike this scene. we can o although it is windy, it is now at least safe to take to the air. there are parts of the island chain where t hurricane has just moved off where it is still not safe to do that. there are real concerns particularly aboutoss ofife, cause the hurricane lingered there so long. oth it finally being safe take to the skies over some parts of the bahamas, many are trying to get away,y reaill shocked. >> all the windows and ereverything, hing just bust through. rewe just and tried to run. the same thing happen. hewe went in bathroom, and we
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erput some mattress us, just start crying. aleem: the international space station captured dramatic images n of hurricane doriaswirling in the ocean close to florida. but it is the northern bahamas that has borne the bruntf the storm's ire, and where in the coming days humanitarian needs aleem maqbool, bbc nassau in the bahamas. jane: hurricane dorian continues north of the east coast. t.the carolinas e bracing for a direct hit. i'm joined by gary odonoghue, who is in hilton head, south carolina. you are obviously starting to feel the effects of hurricane right no how bad is it? gary: these are really just the outer bands, as they call them, the advanced guard, if you like,
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of the hurricane. rithe hne winds extend 60 miles from the center of the tropical force winds even further than that. his is what we are getting is a precursor to the main event. we're expecng it to come ume the coast and threaten places like charleston where we .ll be later the real risks will not be so much the winds, because they are for fallen in terms of the streng. it will be the the water. storm surge, the amount of rain. e will be six to 12 inch of 1 rain in the south carolina and north carolina area. the other key figure is that the storm surge is expected to be 10 to 12 feet. if that occurs around any of the high tides can iguble me flooding in downtown. -- that will mean flooding ies downtown chan. charleston is vulnerable to
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that. the mayor said he wants charleston to be a ghost town tonight no one anywhere to be seen. jane: a lot of that area is low-lying and they had been through this type of weather before. how can they prepare for something like stormurge? ga: well, they had en preparing. th i-26 which runs in land from charleston towards columbia, that has been running one way since monday. they stopped that this afternoon. they were ordered evacuations, evacuations for 800,000 sou carolinians.not all love obeyede orders. llthere's not all ave obeyed those orders. many have practice from times go by. hurrican florence last year dumped an awful lot of water on arston and parts of south carolina. they are used to it, but each storm is different and it brings differenten chas and surgeon the charleston a surouth
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brolina and the border with north carolina acing itself for the morning surge tomorrow morning and then a high time first thing tomorrow afternoon. jane: gary o'donoghue, thank you for being there for us, live from hilton head in south carolina. ok, let's have a quick look at some of the day's other news. the italian prime minister has unve ed his new cabinet, uniting two rival parties in a coalition that is expected to roimprove ties with the eupeanh anunion and have a softer on immigration. membs of the fofe star movement and the democratic party have been given senior positions. the new government will be sworn in on thursday, ending a nearly month-long crisis. members of the crew of aee seven british-registered oil tanker that was seized in thet of hormuz in july. a foreign ministry spokesperson told state television the sailors from latvia,ussia, and india, would be sent back to their home countries for humanitarian reasons. the ship's owne the
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remaining crew will stay onboard to operate the vessel. hindsight is always 20-20, butme mes we simply turn a blind eye to the likely consequences of our decisions. but a new book, "the ptimist's telescope,"ays our desire for instant gratification is part of the problem, and we could do better if we change the way we think longer-term goals. for more, i spoke with the author. givee some examples of the things that we do with this notion that "oh,will be ok the end." >> well, one of th examples we are facing right n is looking i at how people respond to disaster predictions. our ability todict the future in terms of scientific predictions and forecast of hurricanes for example, has gotten vastly better over the st 50 years. but if you look at how people behave even when faced with these kinds of forecasts, they often are failing to imagine that the harm of the disasters could actually befall them.
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they are under preparing, often doing little more than buying bottled water, even if they have the resources to do that. en we get scientific predictions, we often have a erd time inhabiting a fut that is unprecedented in a fast -- pt experience or is not vivid or colorful enough to maagine. wene that a shark attack, as unlikely as that might be, or envision winning the lottery, as unlikely as that might b but trying to imagine inexorable sea level rise is really difficult. jane: ok, thosare sins of omission. what about twh things we do, by likese ibing antibiotics when we know that builds upp antibiic-resistant diseases? bina: part of the culture of antibiotics, if you thu k about the history of it, these came war widespread use of wor ii. they solved a vast nber of illnesses and made it safer to the culture of medicine is still
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adapting to the fact that there are widespread negative consequences to overprescribing antibiotics,ncluding superbugs. but what you find when you look at the exales of how this has been manipulated in various doctors' practices and in the service system, greathealth experiment waswh run years ago e they gave doctors report cards showing them that they had bead overprescribing relative to their peers. theyook the worst 20% of doctors pre pribing antibiotics. ey found that giving them letters from high-profile figures in the u.k. and indicating they were d poorer than peers haan effect and spirit lot of overprescribing and saved a lot of money for the system and probably fought ofsuperbugs. what this tell us is this is not some inevitable problem in human psychology. it is something that can be affected by psychology change and organizational change and institutional change. jane: who is going to inx it? is it to be the next
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generation? bina: it is a t much to put it all on the next generation. we are all responsible, those who are alive today. i don't think there has been a generation alive that has higher stakes than ours because of the knowledge we have, whether it is the ha-life of nuclear waste or emissions in the atmospheree that contribute to climate change. our generation ofus it to the re to be responsle long-term m inkers and ancestors. one of the things we need to do is use some of the techniques s that i have outlined in this book to aid our imagination of the future and remove the sort of measuremes of immediate success that distract us from the long-term effects of our actions. ifou look at capital markets and the way that corporations are being driven by the quarter, that is actually a choice, t an inevitability. there are companies that have s suctured themselves that move beyond measures. evelyn from their example. jane: thank you very much indeed for joining me.
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bi: thanks so much for having me, jane. jane: scientists researching the huge greenland ice sheet says ev summer's melting has been some of the moste on of oceans around the globe. they say climate change is accelerating the rate of melting, and that would increasingly threaeon millions ofe living in coastal cities and low-lying areas. twr science editor david shukman has the second ospecial reports from greenland. david: the sea around us is choked with icebergs there are so many, our boat struggles to get any further. more and more, chunks like this are breaking off the greenland ice sheet, and each one adds more water to thsea. eventually this ice will melt and raise the level of the ocean , only by a tiny fraction. but in the decadeshead, more ice here will melt, with potentially catastrophic
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implications right around the world. for low-lying countries like bangladesh, even a small rise in sea level could pose a real danger. if the melting accelerates,a flord many other placesd will be severely affected during the course of the century. but in the worst-case scenario, parts of eastern england and dozens of cities aund the world could actually go under, unless new defenses are built for them. for the people of greenland, the flow of ice is increasing.a it iectacular sight, and a sign of a warmer climate that would be helpful.pfpe allypeor farmers. we find these cattle grazing on the short beside the icebergs. but these young greenlanders say th are worried that the mo the ice here melts, the more flooding there will be in other parts of the world. >> it is very beuse we have no ntrol, you know?
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atand it is a lot of. >> if this continues, it will some day cover a whole country. david: so what can be done? well, a new forest might help. the scientists who study eenland's ice hope these treess will soak up the carbon from their flights. >> i was criticized online for having a high carbon footprint, and i thought, ok, that is legitimate, but i can do something about it. i was aware of people planthng trees in sreentind. i got involved and we started to make it happen. david:lanting trees won't stop more ice breaking into the ocean. ly action on a global scale could make any serious difference. in the meantime, the meltingre heeans seas everywhere are bound to rise. david shukman, bbc news, inan greenl jane: rinder of the global conseqnces of claim it change.
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f reminderr top story, then. members of parliament voted to reject boris johnson's plan for an early general election. this comes after the prime mini house of commons and members blocked a no-deal brexit is the prime minister has not agreed on a plan with you ahead off the radline. octo 31all eyes will be on his next move. what that might be isn't clear. we could have something from him tomoow. we will bring you all the details as they come. you can find me on that story and all the day' on our website, and to see what we are working on at any time, do check us out on twitter. i'm jane o'brien. thanks for watching "bbc world news america." announcer: funding for this presentation is made possib by... the freeman foundation; by judy and pe blum-kovler foundation,
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pursuing solutions for america's glected needs; and by contributions to thin from viewers like you. thank you. to make sure facts and the truth are driving conversation. "washington week" is an island of civil discourse mein a chaotic media envirnt. on fridat, we gather the best reporters in the nation to unpack what's really happening and have a cononrsation that's not about point of view but about informing the american people. "nouncer: "washington wee friday nights only on pbs.
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captioning sponsored by newshour productions, llcll c >> woodruff: good evening, i'm judy woodruff. on the newshour tonight, "complete devastation"-- hurricane dorian carves aic catastroath through theic bahama islands and now threatens tstorm surges from flori the carolinas. n then, blocking brexit-- british lawmakers confront the prime minister, complicating plans to break from the european union. plus, farming the flames-- as the amazon forests burn at au record eaking pace, how agriculture is fueling the firee that threaten thglobe. >> the amazon plays a centralor role in g carbon so it's crucial maintaining the amazon for the stabilization of thecl ate globally. >> woodruff: all that and more on tonight's pbs newshour.

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