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tv   BBC World News America  PBS  October 14, 2019 5:30pm-6:00pm PDT

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woman: tmas is "bbc world news erica." is me possible by... the freeman foundation; by judy and peter um-kovr foundation, pursuing solutions for america'neglected need f and by contributions this pbs station from viewers liku. thank you. laura: this is "bbc worlnews americer" reporting from washington, i am laura trevelyan.
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syrian goverent forces are on the move towards the border witu rkey.he risking yet andangerous confrontatio queen elizabeth lays out the porncies of britain's gont in a speech full of pomp and pageantry.g loomer everything is brexit. plus, a search for a half-sister azing story of neighbors found out they were family. >> be kind to your neighbor, because you never know, it could be your sister you have been looking for. laura: for those watching on pbs d around the globe, welcome "world news america." the civil war in syria could be entering a new and dangerous phase, with government forces on the move to help kurursh fighters under attack from turkey. it comes as u.s. troops are withdrawn and the kurds have
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turned to syria'snt presi assad for help. from the turkey-syria border, orla guerin starts our covage. orla: rolling in to a heom's we troops of the assad regime. handed a victory without firing a shot. riving today in a strategic town, look who is back. the kurds say they had to do a deal w washington left them alone too face a turkish invasion. the choice, they say, was compromise or genocide. further along the key highway, another town also back in assad's hands. loyalists resurfacing. tu"i've kept this pic hidden
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for years, waiting for this day ," he says. for others syrians, this term is a painful blow. we met abu and his family on the turkish side of the border. he planned to go home once kurdish militia were gone. not now. i as shocked when they told me the regime is now in control. we were happy en the turkish army went in. we were hoping to go back and live happily in our ville. no one can go back with th t regire. mohammed wants to medicine in the u.k. he cannot see a future in his meland. >> i think this idea is impossible because i think the syrian wars endless. orla: does that make you feel sad? >> i'm feeling sad for my country, my people.
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but what i can do for them? orla: this is the latest phase in the endless war. turkey continuing to pound northern syria.dr here, e strike. allegey targeting a kurdish ammunition supply. t e work with the precision of a jeweler," presiddogan claimed today. but the civilian death toll is growing. just across the border in a syrian town, rebels backed by turkey have raised the flags. in less than a week, president erdogan has created a dangerous new reality. northeastern syria is now a battleground. the balance of power is shifting. american troops are pulling out. syrian troops are moving in. the turkish leader is unrepentant. what of islamic state pr honers beingeld by the kurds?
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turkey claims it found an empty prison. prit is accusing thef kur setting i.s. detainees free to create chaos. turkey has opened the ouor to a dangs escalation. there are fears the situation could move rapid control. orla guerin, bbc news, on the turkey-syr border. laura: our middle east editor jeremy bowen is near the iraqi border with syria and he joined agus brief tim you have covered the middle east for years. how cocoequential has this past syria's war?een in shaping jeremy: it has been re consequential. seven days, the whape ofy, over e war map of syria has changed, changed enormously. and it start with the decision by president trump to announce
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abruptly that he was going to pull u.s. troops oh of syria, whs taken as a green light by the turks to do what they had been planning to do for some years. so it is ironic now that mr. sanctions -- in fact doing it,ng impoanctions oiothe turks for what they have done. laura: anda:here you are, what is the reaction to the fact that the kurds areni t to syrian government forces to protect them at this moment? jeremy: i have been speaking to syrian kurds who were involved in their struggle, and they have said they basically didn't have a choice, that their numbeone enemy, they said, of all kurds are the turks, and wn they we coming in, and they are a
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powerful nato army, they need some help. they look uth towards damascus. the deal was brokered by president assad's backers the russians.s and the k've spoken to say to the russians will ensure that there are safeguards vis-à-vis at the regime can do in the areas it is moving into and when -- what it cannot do in terms of setting up its own secret police networks and so on. again, the problem with the analysis by the kurds is that when asked, they will admit they cannotrust the assad regime in damascus to do what it says it might do.a: laeremy bowen, thanks for joining us. as jeremy justed menti tonight president trump says he will be issuing an executive order authorizing sanctions on turkish officials for the offensivea. into sy for more, i spoke to a fellow at ther for a new american security. the president is announcing
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these sanctions, also that he ip going more tariffs on turkish steel. is this going to have any effect on president erdogan? >> it seems like that will not whave any effect t is unfolding on the ground. turkey must cross.his statementy would be coming soon. i ink he is hoping that the threat of the sanctions will perhaps curtail turkey's actions, but i don't think president erdogan is making the lculus. laura: the u.s. defense secretary says he is going to made up and ialso saying that it doesn't seem that -- it does seem that i.s. under seven release. isn't this wwat critics have ed would happen? >> exactly. administration's actions over to too little, too late.dded the chaos on the ground could lead to theme rence oisis. laura: the president said that
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it is threatening regional secucuty, , t what would president erdogan had said to him on thehone call that the offensive was going to do? >> i wish i had been in on that infamous phone call. i don't know what the president thought was going to happen. i think he is acting on his impulse from all the way from december 2018 when he decided to get out syria now. ura: the president is also tweeting, "let syria and assad protect the kurds." how big a shift is that in u.s. pocy? >> it is aig shift. this recalibration munns that thed stateand its allies have ceded any influence over laura: the saudi ador to the u.k. said today thathe turkish incursion into sia is a disaster for the region. that is pretty outspoken for anc stu.s. ally. >> it is. region as a whole, especially if isis reconstitutes, but also with the flow of refugees. israel and jordan are also u.ses alhat are very concerned
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about thesescalations. laura: president putin is ins saudi arabia. 'at does this do to russis position in the middle east? it is not necessarily all good for russia. >> no, and we will see about the will and capacity of russia to acacin northern syria to protect the kurds and what message that will send. k all of this dod of shootho u.s. credibility in the front, and now russia could become a greater partner of our allies. laura: what does it do to nato? turkey is a key mber. >> there is so analysishat said that the president withdrew these troops because he did not want to get into a direct confrontation with a nato ally. i think that the fact that turkey and the united stbles were notto reach any sort of deal about safe zones or protection of the kurds is concerning about the nato alliance moving forward. laura: thank you for joining us. outoday queen elizabeth was in paiament laying out the government's policies on everything from crime to the environment.
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hanging over it all was the unfinished matter of brexit. given the prime minister does not have a majority in parliament, many of the bills may not become law. if mps reject the speech, there will be renewed calls for ection. from westminster, laura kuenssberg reports. laura k.: plenty of pomp, but very bizarre circutances. the band playing for the monarch's arriva the queen and the crown here to announce the government's plans. they are a wish list at the very be, goinghrough the traditional motions. happen, if his first promise is not kept. queen elizabeth: my government's ioty has always been to secure the united kingdom's departure from the european union on the 31st of octob.
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laura k.: that is a huge if, and the doubts over brexit dwarf the government's other ambitions. queen elizabeth: new laws will be taken forward tontmple the national health service's long-term plan in england. laura k.: whether that is more funding for the health service, point system for immigration, or longer criminal sentences. queen elizabeth: mgovernment is committed to addressing public confidence in theening criminal justice system. new sentencing laws will seeth the most serious offenders spend nger in custody to y ofect better the sever the crimes. laura k.: this unlikelpair are not inclined to agree on any of that, whatever smalltalk boris to make. failing jeremy corbyn's answer was unkely to be "sure, no problem." this government has no majority,
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the prime minister wants a better outcome than his predecessor, theresa may, boris johnson wants an early election. mr. corbyn: the program is a propaganda exercise that the government cannot disguisgu this government has failed on they are barely beginning to undo the dam de of a decade of cuts to our public services. d the prime minister promiat this queen's speech would dazzle us. on closer inspection, it is nothing mo than fools gold. >> prime minister! prime min. johnson: as weto preparet brexit done by october 31, we are setting out our vision of an open, global, free trading united kingdom, a high-wage, low-tax economy, the best place to invest, the best place to start a business, the best place to start a family and send your kids to school, and without being chauvinistic or disrespectful to anywhere else
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in the world. in iortant respects, this country is the greatest place to li. laura k.: cheered at the end, by his own side, but this prime in the hands of diplomats and, negotiators in brussels, waiting, waiting, and waiting.in ter the eu said no, no, and no again to the prime minister's proposals, there is at least an ish maybe to a deal. >> a deal is possible and is possible this month. may even be possible this week. but we are not there yet. laura k.: whether or not there a deal matters more than anything said in parliament today. it is just about possible to see how it could happen this week, but there is a lot of secrecy about exactly how. one cabinet d nister s are still in the middle of the forest, and even if there is an agreement, it would have to get through the comments. -- commons.
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>> there is no form of brexit that will be good for our country. and the liberal democrats will continue to fight to stop brexit. >> d dl or no deal, the prime minister is riding scotland d the u.k. into economic catastrophe, risking jobs, livelihoods, and deliverg eight race to the bottom on fundamental rights. >> i do think that the sooner we are able to implement that part of the referendum, the better. laura k.: but a wish for sooner rather than later does not mean much yet. in modern political life, even ntaditions take on a diffe style. laura kuenberg, bbc news, westminster. laura t.: a brief time ago i spoke with amanda sloat, a former state department official who is a senior fellowthe brookings institution. she joined us from london. thanks so much for being with us. you were there in parliament for all the pageantry.
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w much was brexit looming large over the proceedings? amanda: brexit was very much in the background, inouuding the eu flags that were fluttering ittside. as a bit of a surreal feeling to it, with the queen inside setting out the' governm's new legislative agenda, at the same ti that in brussels, discussions were going on with the eu officials about the future of brexit. two very different debates happening at the same time ine k. laura: it looks like the british and irish prime ministers want an agreement. can that get over the technical details? amanda: that is the big question. i have been speaking with a lot of people in london today, and that is the one thing that people hav said consistently, that boris johnson and the eu clearly both want to reach a deal.t ere are two hdles. the first is whether or not boris johnson and the eu can reach an agreement on what a
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revised deal wou look like. the question is whether boris second johnson can get the deal through parliament. at this point, both of those things remaiunclear. laura: what ishe mood in britain more than three years into the brexit psyca as the deadline approaches? amanda: people are exhausted. a lot of the officials i spoke to said they want things to be donet this stage. even people that were supportive of the u.k. staying in the european union are tired. as you say, it has been three years.g this is consum much of the political bandwidth in london, and people areeally just ready for this to be finished one way or the other. laura: that key meeting with eu that?pes high for amanda: this is absolutely the big week in brexit. with the queen's speech today, have boririjohnson heading over to meet eu leaders on thursday.ay the initial plan hadeen to lock down a deal a week before. people now say that they could lock down a deal by wednesday
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night, and some suggest this could go beyond that. theris questions about wheth or not parliament is going to sit on saturday, which of course is the deadline that parliament had sefor the government to ask for an extension if there was no deal by then. weill see what happens in brusselsn thursday. depending on that, we will see what parliament deciays on satu laura: amanda sloat in london, thanks for being with us. amanda: thank you. laura: you are watching "bbc world news america." still to come, imagine finding yourlo lon sister next-door. incredible story over the neighbors who found out they were so much more. in spain, the supreme court has handed out long prison sentences to nine catalan separatist
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politicians for their role in a failed attempt to decl independence in 2017. the news sparked protests an clashes with police throughout the region. focatalonia'er leader carles puigdemont outrage.ruling is an damian grammaticas has this report. damian: inside barcelona airport today, anger directed at spain and symbols of its authority. in the airport for court, clashes. the spark, sentences handed over by the supreme court to years in jail for sedition for the leaders who staged thefe rendum and failed ago, which left many catalansrs incensed. >> this is supposed to be a democracy. we just voted. we did dothing wrong but vote. damian: tempers are beginning to flare again. it has been raining all afternoon.
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it would soak the protesters and police and everyone else. but still, they refused to leave, and have caused enormous disruption. dozens and dozens of flights canceled or delayed. with access blocked, protesters and passengers had to walk miles just to get to the art. g ain's prime minister insi there was nothindemocratic about prosecuting independence leaders. >> i a democracy like spain, nobody's subject to trials forhi or her ideas or politics, but rather, for criminal conduct as provided by the law. damian: the question tonight is whether the prosecutions will ifle catalan hopes or fueled the drive for secession. damian grammaticasrcbbc news, baona. laura: in a look at other news
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from around the wld, tensf thousands of rescuers have been deployed acrosswoapan after the t storm to hit the country in decades. soar,ar typhoon hagibis has killed 40 people, and andnd another 16 are missing. 36 of japan's hi district were by high winds and torrential rain, triggegeng landslides and catastrophic flooding. a political outsider has gottent a landslory tunisia to become the country's next presidt. as an independent candidate, the former law professor has vowed to address the country's economic and social probms. people have been celebrating in ecuador after the gernment agreed to reinstate feel suidies following 12 days of mass protest by indit nous people tought the country to a standstill. in return, leaders of the indigenous movement said ty will end demonstrations will the agreement was reached after talks brokered by thenited nations and the catholic church.
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now to the story of how a woman searching for her missing half sister found her very close to home. it turns out her neighbor was more than just the person next door. dawn ilary and wisconsin, living on the same street was oy the beginning. >> my name is hillary harris. i was adopted when i was an infant. i n.ew up in elmwood, wiscon i met my husband in 2008. we bought this house here in eau claire in october 2011. i found out i was pregnant. that is when i went through the adoption agency and found all my information about working from birth mom and birth dad. i found out that i had other siblings, but i cannot find the half sister. her name was dawn johnson. we didn't even realize the house had a shared driveway. in 2017, the new neighbor move in, and i don't know, i didn'dnt even introduwa myself.
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like, ugh, whatever. >> my name is dawn johnsns. i was raised in wisconsin in a small town. i did not know who my biological father was until i was 18. we moved to eau claire. we did look at 20-plus houses.me >> my husband ver and said "i met neighbors." i was like, cool. what is her name? dawn. what are the chances? a big truck pulled in our driveway and there was a big red banner wrapped around and it said "johnson." and i'm like, oh, my god, that is dawn johnson. i was stressing about it, my husband was getting stressed out. he was like, "you need to ask her." she has curly hair, and ilyave naturally wavy hair. >> i had a set of eyes on me
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that i could feel going up and downy body. >> we said goodbye, and walked inside and my husband like, at the heck, you didn't ask her! i couldn't, i was too scared. i never wanted to ruin anyone's life. or be a surprise where they didn't want anything to do with me. i pull out my father's obituary. >> the phone lights up and it t says, "hs is hillary, your next-door neighbor. is your last name johnson?" sure does that's >> who is your dad? passed away in 2010. >> oh, my gosh, it is her, dawn johnson! >> i said, you and me have the samead, don't we, and sh said , "yeah, i am your s>>ter." oly crap, now what? now what is our dynamic going to be like? >> the next day i ended up biological father, because she has never met him and brought
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s and a card and said, welcome, sis, i'm glad to meet you. were very fortunate that -- we had a very good experience -- >> good connection. >> be kind to your neighbor, cause you never know, it could be your sister you have been looking for. laura: hillary and dawn find r famiht next door, and luckily, ty getn very well. of all of the day's news on our website. plus, to see what we're working on at y time, check us out on facebook. i am laura trevelyan. thank you for wanehing "world ws america." announcer: funding for this presentation is made possib by. the freeman foundation; by judy and peter blum-kovleovfoundation, pursuing solutions fd america's negleceds;
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contributions to this pbs station from viewers like you. thank you. ...is just up here. that's where... man: she took me out to those weapons.
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♪ judy: on the newshour tonight, shifting alliances. in the wake of president trump's controversial order to withdraw u.s. troops from northern syria, the kurds seeking new support our midst of fears of a resurgent islamic state. as the impeament inquiry in e congress pushes on, a few holdout democrats in the house facing fierce tensions back home all they way the choice. and ronan farrow on his new book -- "catch and kill." and how news organitations handle >> and industry after industry, these patterns of misconduct and coverups exist.

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