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tv   PBS News Hour Weekend  PBS  October 20, 2019 5:30pm-6:00pm PDT

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captioning sponsored by wnet >> stewart: on this edition for sundayoctober 20: a presidential reversal on the 2020 g7. high stakes elections for canada's prime minister. and, part two of our look at ice detention in louisiana. next on pbs newshour weekend >> pbs newshour weekend is made possible by: bernard and irene schwartz. sue and edgar wachenheim iii. the cheryl and philip milstein family. the j.p.b. foundation. rosalind p. walter, in memory of georgo'neil. barbara hope zuckerberg. corporate funding is provided by mutual of america, designing customized individual and group retirement products. that's why we're your
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retiremente'ompany. additional support has been provided by: public broadcasting, a private corporation funded by the american people.d contributions to your pbs station from viewers like you. thank you. io from the tisch wnet stat lincoln center in new york, alison swart. >> stewart: good evening. thanks for joining us. in a rare reversal, president trump tweeted late last night that next year's g7 summit will not be held at the trump national doral golf resort in miami, something his asadministration announced thursday would happen in june 2020. in his tweets, mr. tru continued to praise the trump organization-owned resort and said, "i thought i was doing something very good for our country." c actief of staff mick mulvaney acknowledged this morning that t president kne the heavily-criticized decision
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tose doral "looked lousy." >> he was honestly surprised at the level of pushback. at the end of the day, he still considers himself to be in the hospitality business and he saw an opportunity to take the biggest leaders from around the worl and he wanted to put on the absolute best show, best visit that he possibly could, and he was very comfortable doing that at doral. >> stewart: in a trio of tweets, mr. trump said the search for a new site for the june 2020 summit will begin immediately and include "the possibility of camp david."fg innistan today, secretary of defense mark esper said all u.s. troops leaving syria will be deployed to western iraq to conduct operations against the islamic state. on hisirst visit to secretary, esper met withg afghanistan's president and told reporters the number of u.s. troops stationed there can beto reduced 8,600 from about 14,000 without hurting the fight against terrorism. he stressed that such withdrawal would only happen if there is a negotiated peace agreement with the taliban. and in related news, house
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speaker nancy pelosi led a bipartisan group of lawmakers on yesterday to discuss then situation in syria with king abllah ii. the ten-member congressional maintaining regional stability, in the middle east and international counter-terrorism efforts. there was fighting yesterd in northern syria despite the u.s. brokered ceasefire between turkish and kurdish forces.s kurdish leady civilians are now leaving and medical and relief groups are being allowed in. u.s. troops were seen leaving the region in convoys today. joining us now from beir, lebanon via skype is associated press reporter sarah el deeb. i understand you've been speaking with kurdish leaders. >> well, the biggest development today was thathey actually withdrew their fighters from the town that was at the center of the standoff in the last few days. kurdish fighters and civilians have left the town. so now we're expecting turkish
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military and turkish factions to move in. with an aide to presidentken erdogan in anticipation of dogan's meeting with vladimir putin on tuesday. what d he signal they'll discuss? >> as the u.s. decided tot basically e turkish eaeration take place, the kurdish fightersed out to russia and the syrian government for protection. so, in the middle of the turkish offensive we've seen government forces take position on the border, least in one town, with the idea that tply would be reacing the americans and providing some kinof cover for the kurdish fighters in that area. but now we have turkey tling russia that it cannot accept this situation. turkey'srive or logic behind the operation is that it wants to drive out the kurdish fighters from the border. but it also wants to resettle
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syrian refugees in that stretch of land. and the planation that we got was that the syrian refugees who are now in turkey would not want to go back to an area that is ntrolled by the syrian government. >> stewart: and i do wanna let our viewers know that you are currently ineirut, lebanon. and there's a second wave of anti-government protest, a second wave this month. what sparked the protest this weekend? >> the spark was really a tax that they wanted to impose on whatsapp on the use of the atsapp and a voice, a voice messaging and calls through onatsapp. but it was just straw that broke the back it seems. there's so many taxes that have been imposed and thery's very indebted. so over the last few weeks we've had several protests over new export and import taxes, new cud to government benefits pensions, and so on. so i think when there was a propos tax on whatsapp, people, um, just rose up.
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and this is one of the biggest waves of protests we've seen in this country in years. >> stewart: sarah, there have been some reports that prime minister hariri mighstep down. how likely is something like that? >> he never said he would ep down. he said he's giving 72 hours for his partners in the government to come up with a creative solution. he's also backed by the west. so, i think him stepping out of the scene is not an sy matter, even though there's so much popular pressure for everyone who's currently in power to go. tomorrow he is-- the 72 hours and tomorrow that's liken less than 24 hours. from the turnout today on the stres of beirut and other cities i don't see this is gonna disappear in one day. i think this time peopleay if we go back home without majorge ch then we'd lose the momentum, and we cannot get that level of popular mobilization again. >> stewart: sarah el deeb from the associated press. thank you souch for sharing your reporting. >> thank you for having me.
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>> stewart: in chile, student- led protests turned deadly this weekend, even after prident sebastián piñera suspended theke subway fare hat sparked the protests. said three people rom aicials fire at a vandalized supermarket. chile's president declared a state of emergencynd the military imposed a curfew and patrolled the country's capital for the first time since augusto itary dictatorship ended in 1990. police arrested more tha300 people. and in hong kong, protests turned violent again today. police used tear gas and a water cannon after demonstrators at an unauthorized pro-democracy rally barricaded streetsnd set fires. police also detonated a suspected bomb. for the latest on the situation on the ground in syria, visit www.pbs.org/newshour. >> stewart: canadians go to theo s tomorrow in a national election that could return prime minister justin trudeau and his
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liberal party power for another four-year term. but the race is close. while in office, he has succeeded making a new trade deal with the u.s., among other accomplishmes, but he's also faced some scandals as of late which have turned the tide on. his popularity newshour weekend special correspondent benedict moran has our story. >> reporter: teresa kruze is a conservative party candidate running for parliament in canada's upcoming federal election. s today,'s out canvassing on a message of change. >> going door-to-door key. because that's where we'reo really going able to engage with people, and to tell them there is an alternative to justin trudeau and terals, and what our platform is. >> reporter: kruze is a candidate in vaughan, on the 'stskirts of toronto, cana biggest city. ly, 338 seats in the lower house of parliament are up for grabs, but this areas n particularbattleground. liberals currently hold the majority, but in ections past, the region has ping-ponged between parties. p
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kruze mising residents of this neighborhood the conservatives can make life mo affordable. >> we want to lower your personal taxes, which will be nice, that'll put more money back into your pockets at the tsd of the month. of the carbon tax.ng to get rid >> reporter: this morng, she has found a supporter. >> do you, how is your family leaning, do you think you might be voting conservative? >> reporte kruze's opponent in vaughan is incumbent francescorb a. he was elected in 2015 on a wave of liberal support. >> come stai! tutto bene? >> reporter: today, he's visiting an italian community center.ak italiansup the largest base of immigrants here. it's a community sorbara calls his own. but despite his being a familiar face, polls show the race between sorbara and teresa kruze is a toss-up. so he is out campaigning, too. raise e old age securityng to pension. >> reporte the race is close e part because sorbara, l many liberal candidates, is campaigning for re-election inme parliant down ticket from the increasingly unpopular prime
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minister, and leaderf the liberal party, justin trudeau. that sometimes makes it difficult to convincme canadians to stay on his side. t >> anybody butdeau! >> ( laughs ) th's okay. >> reporter: because of trudeau, this election season, liberalsnt across the coury are embattled. four years ago, justin trudeau led his liberal party to overwhelming victory on a platform of middle class tax cuts, infrastructure investment, and support for the poor. >> it's time for a change in this country, my friends, a real change. >> reporter: when he took office inof015 after nearly a decad conservative leadership, he called himself a feminist and appointed an ethnically diverse and nder-balanced cabinet. under his leadership canada accepted tens of thousands ofes refuge. his economic policies helped lift hundreds of thousands of canadians out of poverty. and in order to fight climate change, he passed a counaxy-wide carbon but he faced questions about hii commitment tting climate change when his government
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bought the transmountain ivpipeline project from a e company, which would triple exports of crude oil out of trudeau has also been accused of ethics violations after hes pressured rmer attorney general to cut a deal with a company facing corruption charges. this caused trudeau's poll numbers to plummet says nonpartisan pollster shachi kurl. >> we saw a politician with so much popularity, personal appeal, and political capital that it seemed like he could do no wrong taking care of tha over a way of the last four years this prime minister has been on a bit of a spending spree when it comes to political capital, and now the credit cards are maxed out, and he is in the fight for his political life >> reporter: four weeks ago, embarrassing images of trudeau in black face appear online, some taken when he was a teenager. others when he was older. he has apologized. >> this is something that i deeplyeply regret. >> reporter: the apology hasn'to
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stopped his maonent from making the most of his vulnerability. >> he said he would be different, but as the last four years have shown, justin trudeau is not as advertised.>> eporter: conservative party leader andrew scheer is running to replace trudeau as prime minier. >> it is such a pleasure for me to be here. >> reporter: he is pledging to balance thbudget, in part by reducing spending on infrastructure, and cutting foreign aid by 25%. he's also promising tax benefits.>> e are going to lower the first income tax bracket. we're going to bri back the public transit tax credit. leave benefits tax free, ladies and gentlemen. >> reporter: liberals say theser osals would raise canada's national debt, and scheer's pro-oil policies would beat devag for the environment. and they point to scheer's ownab political ities. canada's "globe and mail" newspaper revealed that scheer had never told the public heia holds both canand american citizenship, which scheers critics pounced on as ence of his untrustworthiness.
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meanwhile, trudeau has pledged to plant two billion trees within tenears to absorb carbon emissions. but at a llleral party ra a protestor decried trudeau's purchase of the transmountain pipeline project,m scing in french, "you are not the solution, you are the problem." >> you are a climate criminal! climate criminal! >> reporter: and at the first national debate in october, a progressive on trudeau's left emergeas a dynamic candidate. jagmeet singh of the new democratic party hadn't be lling well nationally, b after a lively performance at the first debate, his approval ratings jumped. >> mr. trudeau, i know that you saa lot of nice things. and you've been saying a lot of great things on the stage today. but the problem is that you said a lot of these things in 2015.t and you made iund like you would make climate a big iority. but the reality is you did all these things, you bought a pipeline. what's it going to take for you to follow through on these commitments? 'cause your words are not goodre enough any >> reporter: trying to capture some of the dissatisfied progressive vote, he has promised to launch a universal pharmacare pla sure no one has to pay for
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prescription drugs out of pocket.d he appears to be having an effect. polls suggest that smaller parties like his won't get enough seats in parliament to form a government, but they may control the balance of power if trudeau or scheer can't win an outright majority. meanwhile, candidates from trudeau's liberal party, like francesco sorbara, hope voters appreciate the ways in which the prime minister and his party have governed. >> i look at our record extraordinarily prsiressive. compate. measure after measure that is benefiting canada today, and for the future. no government is pthfect and i k you know i'd be the first to raise my hand. no individual is perfect. voters forgive the of thepe party's leader. >> stewart: as we ed last migrants currently detained in the united states by immigratio
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stoms enforcement, upward of 8,000 are held in prisons and jails in louisiana. in the last of our two-part report about the rapid expansion of ice detention in louisiana, we will hear from local sheriff whose jail holds federal detainees. newshour weekend special correspondent joanne elgart jennings reported the story in cooperation with the "new orleans advocate" and i.t.v.s. >> reporter: jackson parish is typical northern louisiana. rural, quiet, conservative, and close-knit.yp alsoal are shuttered stores, a symptom of a stagnanth economy anstruggle to employ people. one reliable employer has been the jackson parish correctional center. the jail is operated by lasalle correcons, a local private prison company, but it's managed and under the jurisdiction of the sheriff's department. andy brown was elected sheriff
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of jackson parish in 2003. >> one of the things that i facef when i took over, we had l hat was built in 1936. the conditions were horrible and i knew i had to close that jail and try to come up with something that would benefit our parish. to lasalle correct reached out >> after many meetings, many discussions, a lot of negotiation, we agreed that dlasalle would come here build this facility. >> reporter: they built a jail with capacity to hold 600 inmates and later more than double that. the population of jackson parish is about 15,000. so why does a parish your sizel need a j big? >> well, it cessarily did not need a jail this size, but in our negotiations with lasalle management, i wanted a parish jail and one thing that i have to tell you this prison did not cost the taxpaye any money. lasalle management come in andth buil.
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and, you know, they're going to build it oale to where it fits their needs, not necessarily mine. th're in the business of making money. i'm not necessarily in the business of making money.in i'he business of making sure this operates right and it carries on like it's supposed to. >> reporter: historically, louisiana has been known as america's incarceration capital. overcrowding in its prisons has led the state to rely on localg sheriffs, work partnership with for-profit companies. together, they've built large facilities to house more than half of the state's prisoners. >> the way that we pay local sheriffs is on a per diem paid per head, per day, for each individu that they house.t >> reporter: katie schwartzmann is legal director for the american civil liberti union in louisiana. >> well, that incentivizes economically incarcerating the most people that you can and saving as much money as you can
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on things likeervices and basic provisions. >> reporter: the arrangement has provided a boost to economically depressed rural communities p while increasifits for the private companies. but in 2017, louisiana enacted prison reforms that led to a dramatic decrease in the number of state prisoners behind bars. now, many of the cells are beind y ice. the agency pays the jacksonhe parishff's department $74 a day for each migrant detaineee that's about times what the state pays to house someone convicted of a crime though the $74 does cover some addeice requirements, including translators and additional healthcare providers, it's been a windfall here. >> theer diem comes to the sheriff's office and i turn around and cut lasalle nagement a check. then lasalle management pays me. they reimburse me for all the benefits for all the salaries of all these employs. plus i make some money off of
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fees and such. >> reporter: and when you say you make money that you're ablea to finance youenforcement operation through, through this? or what do you mean? >> i have about a $5illion budget at my sheriff's office. and this year we will probably profit $750,000 from the jail. >> reporter: and brown says there are other economic benefits. >> i've been able to create over 200 jobs and it's very meaningful in our parish. pay, but they get health the benefits. shd so i'm proud of that fact. >> reporter: whaiff brown sees as a boon to the community troubles the a.c.l.u.'s katie schwartzmann. >> our local sheriffs have figured out that they can make more money on housing icean detainees hey can on housing, um, convicted louisiana prisoners.
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>> reporter: so there's some people profiting off of incarcerating people. what do you say to people who say that? >> reporter: i've got mixed emotions about that. i do understand why somebody woulsay that. and, you know, again i'm not in it for therofit. i'm in it to better the area where i live. >> reporter: ice says its arrangement with louisiana .benefits federal taxpaye bryan cox is acting press >> the average cosetention in ice cusdy is around $126 a day. the average in louisiana is about $65 a day. >> reporter: and cox says there's a reason ice contractsal with lheriffs and prison companies. >> if ice were to build and operate a twork of detentionic facilities, e would have to staff those facilities, build those facilities. the cost to the taxpayer would be signifint. with a contract arrangement that allows ice to bring on more beds
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as needed, reduce beds as needed. >> reporter: on the day weja visited son parish correctional center, 972 beds were occupied by ice detainees.e et three who each entered the u.s. at legal ports of entry and requested asylum. all are gay men from central america. t they sayy were persecuted by gangs, often violently, and met with indifference by the police. 23-year-old sergio gomez is from el salvador.at >> ( tran ): i've had a lot of problems with the gangs because of my sexual preference' >> reporter:been in ice detention for nine months, which he says is especially trying as a gay man. >> ( translated ): it's real hard to be locked up in a dorm with 100 men. we don't have pracy. we all take showers together. we're ashamed and embarrassed. >> reporter: the a.c.l.u.'s katie schwartzmann says that what concerns her about using d jails ain migrants awaiting asylum hearings is that they're being treated as criminals. >> immigration detainees are
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civil detainee they're not accused of any crime, um, they don't have a right to a lawyer in the way that somebody on the criminal side is because it's treated as a vil infraction. now you have those civil detainee folks being housed inex tht same conditions of confinement that historically we've housed people who are convicted of criminanses in louisiana. >> reporter: i raised that concern with sheriff brown. >> and i understand that and, um, i still think that we're a nation of laws and we've got to, we've got to protect our borders. we've got to sure our borders. i don't know that a wall is the answer, and i hate to say this, but incarceration may be. >> reporter: whatever the case, incarceration will continue to c fuel tnomies of towns like sheriff >> reporter: you wather be in jail here than go back home? >> ( translated ): i'd prefer tr be locked up than return back to my country.
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>> this i psunday.hour weekend, >> stewart: secret defense mark esper was in afghanistan today meeting with government leaders. the taliban still holds power in many regions of the country itro coed from 1996 to 2001. extremist religious grouphear relentlessly attacked and destroyed objects and monuments important to other cultures and religions. now, experts at afghanistan's national museum are restoring pieces from the country's buddhist history. newshour weekend's megan thompson has the story. >> reporter: 18 years after afghanistan's national museum reopened following taliban rule, the progress and restoration efforts are visible everywhere. >> ( translated ): they came with a number of people and opened the door of the national museum of afghanistan and they started breaking the antiques. >> reporter: conservators areno putting the pieces back together-- reassembling buddhist relics dating back to the third
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century. >> it's more than 1,000 years at we had buddhism in afghanistan, it is artistic work, from that period, that is actually showing a very, very important part of that history. >> reporter: using archived photos, 3d imaging aheir knowledge, the museum's experts are piecing together thousands of stucco shards to slow restore statues of the buddha. it's only some of what can be saved after the taliban used explosives to permanently erase monuments like these two giant buddhas. >> restoration of our tiquities and our cultur heritage, whether it is movable object in museums or immovable monuments and the sites we are having all around afghanistan are very important for me and >> reporter: curators say they worry their work could come under attack again if th taliban take control of kabul. for now, the doors are open and the painstaking work continues.
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>> stewart: finally, tonight... happy birthday to newshour! ♪ ♪rt >> steon this day in 1975, pbs debuted "the robert macneil report."me the has changed a few times, along with the logos and the music. ♪ ♪ s but here we arll growing at 44. that's all for this edof pbs newshour weekend. i'm alison stewart. thanks for watchingh have a good captio sponsored by wnet captioned by media access group at wgbh access.wgbh.org >> pbs newshour weekend is made possible by: bernard and ire schwartz.
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sue and edgar wachenheim iii. the cheryl and philimimilstein . the j.p.b. foundation. rosalind p. walter, in memory of george o'neil. barbara hope zuckerberg. corporate funding is providedof by mutuamerica, designing customized individual and group retirement products. that's why we're your retirement company. additional support has been provided by: and by the corporation for rterporation funded by the american people. and by contributions to your pbs station fromiewers like you. thank you. be more. pbs.
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