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tv   BBC World News Outside Source  PBS  January 2, 2020 5:00pm-5:30pm PST

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narrator: funding for this presentation is made possible by... man: babbel, a language learning app that teaches real life conversations and uses speech recognition technology. daily 10 to 15 minute lessons are voiced by native speakers and they are at babel. b-a-b-b-e-l.com. narrator: funding was also provided by. the freeman foundation. te by judy and blum-kovler foundation. pursuing solions for amera's neglected needs. and by contributions to this pbs station from viewers like you, thank you. woman: and now, bbc world news.
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ch : welcome to outside source. austlia's prime minister is being heckled for his response to the fire crisis. >> you are not welcome. anchor: h v wasisiting a town where bushfires have killed people and destroyed many homes. a state of emergency has been declared in new south wales where the crisis is threatening h worsen ithe coming days. turkish parliament passed a bill authorizing deployment of troops tlibya. e protesters havashed in paris over emmanuel macron's pension reforms. and interpohas issued a red alert for carlos cohen, facing charges in japan, but he has fled to lebanon.
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hi those of you wa in the u.k. on bbc news, we ching elsewh bbc world news, and watching for the first time on pbs in the united states, a warm welcome to outside source. what is ppening in australia e unprecedented. the bushfires hlled 18 people, killed close to half a billion animals. they are over twice as bigam as thon forest fires and they are exerting extreme political pressure on the prime minister. earlier he was heckled in new southales. there, two people have died in many homes have been lost. the guardian has compared its main street before and after the s. k residents wanted to tto the prime minister. >> you are out.
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[beep] >> what about the people who have nowhere to live? anchor: another ang resident wants to talk about more support for the rural fmers. >> i willak only your hand if you give more funding. people have lost their homes. we need more help. anchor: theree is ime minister shaking a woman's hand and then walking away as she continued to talk about e help her community needs. he then encountered a firefighter who was equally on enthused at the idea of shaking his hand. after these encounters, scott morrison said he wasn't surprised that people are feeling very raw, and certainly this crisis is bringing pressure
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on many australians. here are some recent pictures from victoria. you can see the scale of not just the fires, but the volume of smoke. many of these are so big, they are forming their own weather events, which can generate lightning and spark more fis. these pictures released by firefighters in new south wales sh us the extreme contions in which these men and women are working. these pictures from a small town in new south wales. the devastation is all but complete. thousands austrians have decided they need to leave the areas affected. conditions are predicted to worsen over the weekend with high temperatures an strong winds. new south wales has dec sred a weeklote of emergency. at is partly because of the calculatio that the threat level is likely to increase. another way of viewing the scale
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of this is this satellite image which shows the volume of smoke. or you can look at the crisis in terms of figures. the amazon bushfires of last year burned 900,000 hectares. the california wildfires of 2018, 800,00hectares. in just new south wal, re than 4 million hectares have been burnt in the last six months. that has brought devastating hun cost and devastating environmentacost. ologists are estimating 480 million anils hav been killed by these fires. koalas have been terribl affected 8000 estimated to have died. that is around one third of the kabbalah population in new south wales. let's hear more from australians who have been caught up in the story. >>e the fireball just c through, if the house, and we n and all the embers and
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everything were hitting us. we were there for about an hour before we got rescued. >> it is very frightening. i would like to thank everybody. >> think someone has dropped a bomb on us, basically. that is what iteels like. >> move north in the direction of sidney and you will come to a town in new south wales. reporter: the extent of the damage that this hug fire has caused here is all around. homes have been ravaged. the earth is scorche still smoldering, still hot. three people died in this small community alone. this is one of the coastal towns where tourists have been given 48 hours to evacuate. many ofhem have been trying to get out. the conditionsround us are still quite hazardous. residents are still in shock at
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what happened to tadir town. some left when the fires hit. others stayed to defend their homes. >> it was jumping from house to house. did we sort of cheat it? we survived. it is pretty traumatic. anchor:es that is oneent. this image was photographed in his town. it has been featured on many ld andpages around the w was taken by a photojournalist. he tweeted, my last d decade felt like the apocalypse. i haven't seen anything like this. fire decimated the town. he's been speaking to the bbc. >> i came up the main street and this one house was on fire.
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there were lots of neighbors trying to put their house out, trying to remove garbage bins that were melting, trying to hit their own properties with hoses. there are times when i've wondered, should i hold back? but it is important to be there and to see the things as they happen. this imageen is probably test to that. it gives an idea of just how serious this crisis is for australians. anchor: there is the map. go south and you get to a coastal town in victoria. people there have had to take shelr on the beach. incredibly, this image was taken during the daytime. you may have seen this image of a boy steering his family to safety. dozens of homes have already been destroyed in this town. it is also becoming hard to get
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help to the people wh are there's only one road that gets you in and out and it is cut off. thousands of people are trapped. e australian navy is starting to work on getting people out. >> we had the opportunity tay to potentially move about 500 people. the interesting thing at the moment, some people may not want to leave. they may want to stay until such time as they may be able to get ouby road. that could be a number of weeks. anchor: meteorologists will always tell y it is impossible to link a specific weather event with climate change. they are also reticent when talking about temperatures in australia across the lastur ce warmer and warmer and warmer and particul increases in the last 25 years. these temperature incred es are connec climate change,
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which is caused by human activity. there have been record temperatures throughout these weeks. nssome austral argue the fires are a moment of reckoning. bridget is a journalist with guardian australia. she says maybehe fires will be australia's sandy hook for the climate. if they don't create a climate policy after this, they probably never will. the idea, if this doesn't shift the debateg, perhaps noth will. the government so far has yet to move an inch on its climate policies. the prime minister might argue he doesn't need to. he says he's acknowledged the link between reducing emissions and reducing t risk of bushfi seasons like this one. they s that they were the ravings of some woke capital city greenie
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and he's still the deputy prime minister. the prime minister argues that a is keeping its side of the bargain on climate change. >> what w wel do is ensure that our policies remain sensibleth tha don't move towards either extreme, and staw focused t australians need for a vibrant and viable economy as wl as a vibrant and sustainable environment. right ishe balance what australia has always been able to achieve. but right now the focus is to fight these fires and get people to safety. anchor: the prime ministert s talking ablance. australia is the world's third-largest exporter of fossil fuels. irussia, sarabia, one and two. australia third. rtthe majority of those ex are coal. in 20, australiaor ed $42 billion worth of coal.
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fossil fuere the biggest contributor to global warming. they also create lots of jobs. around 50,000 workers in australia connect to the fossil fuel industry and around 60% of australia's sectricity co from coal-fired power stations. last yr, a new coal mine was approved. the way australians areei calculating emissions is also being challenged more broadly. this is part of the paris climatchange agreement. the woman who created the paris acco, a former french government minister, has said that if the australians are continuing to count as they do, there are extreme pressures on daustralia ts approach to this issue. now, the hottest temperatures on record in australia, unprecedented bushfires. you might think this was a guarantee lead story in the australian media. but here we have the australian newspaper owned by rupert
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murdoch known to lean to the right politically. itsou main picture is horse racing. its main story is about a yet to be confirmed proposal to restrict alcohol sales. the bushfires are positioned here. on the day after australia's highest temperatures on record, the australian led with asia's coal hunger to lift exports. more evidence that these fires are profoundly political in australia. the conclusions people draw about what is causing these bushfires will impact how changlians view climate how they view the fossil fuel industry, how they want their economy to be structured. that is why the media, politicians, and people are all paying close attention' heres more on that point from our correspondent for the sydney morning herald based here in
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london. reporter: australia is well used to busires, but this intensity, this degree, australia has not seen before. so while people are is not to do with climate change, australia has always been this country of droughts and fires and floods, that is true, but scientists have always said this is what would happen. those things would become more intense, more extreme. now they are saying there homes are lost and in many instanc, lives are gone. scott morrison has dealt with this extremely badly. he was overseas on holiday. there were lives lost. he was forced to come back. i think he resented that. now he's trying to say to his supporters, this isn't climate
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change. the moment he accepts that this is climateahange, he's i vulnerable position. anchor: now let's talk about turkey. its parliament has approved sending troops to lib to offer further support to the internationally recognized government there. the conflict in libya is between forces in tripoli who are loyal to a national government. that is led by a known ally of turkey. on the oths that, in the east of libya, you havece f led by a general who is allied to afe completely dnt government which isn't recognized internationally. already, turkey agreed to provide military assistance and wasetting access to libyan waters in the mediterranean. today turkey's parliament approved sending troops. here's barbara in turkey on that. reporter: there is no details
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about what exactly this deployment will mean,ut it is a broad authorization to deploy troops. nothing about the scale, nothing about a date. the vice president here said that what they were trying to do was send a message to the renegade general. we don't have any details about how the deployment will happen. there are turkish commercial concerns. the bill also talks about the general having threaned private investments, workers, and turkish shipping interest. that is something the parliament wants to be seen to be ing mething about. anchor: libya plays host to a oader geopolitical game. the forces in e east are supported by russia, ar saudi ia, and by egypt. turkey is now fully aligned with the other side of that equation. here's barbara again. reporter: there is a proxy war in libyaen and turkey has
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supporting the official t government ipoli. ges biggest rivals have been supporting the ins commander who has been laying siege to tripoli for the past month. kefor tto authorize sending troops risks escalating that oxy war. what president erdogan has said is that he's responding to a request from an ally for this military assistance. he has said that turkey is supporting a legitimate government and those thatllre supportingitimate attackers should stop doing so, and he saidt is necessary for regional stability. anchor: interpol making a request for t arrest of carlos osn. he was facing serious charges in japan, but he's fled and arriveb inon. anchor: the main political
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parties in northern ireland expressed the hope of an agreement to restore government can be reached in the coming days. if there is no deal, there will be an early election. hleading politiciane been meeting representatives from the british and irish governments. plains whypondent there has been gridlock. reporter: just to remind people the unique situation of government in northern ireland requir a mandatory coalition between unionist and nationalist. why this fell apart was that the deputy prime minister pulled out of the executive. one of the tngs that has been talked about today is sustainability. the dep were talking about that anthey have accused -- of holding people to ransom over this and want to make sure the executive can't be collapsed so easily again.
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anchor: we are here in the bbc news room. nca state of emergehas been declared in the australian state of new south wales. this is the area worst affected by bushfires. here are some of the mai stories from bbc world service. a frequenter heat wave has pushed temperatures more than 20 degrees above seasonal average in norway. 19 degrees celsius was measured in the west of the country. that is norway'sme war january day since records began. dauters and her handed themselves over to police in germany over a fire that killed animals at a zoo. the fire was caused by sky lanterns that ey bought online without knowing they were matudios has confirmed a illegal. movie will feature its first transgender. superhe
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more on that ats. bbc.com/n while we turn to france next, the strike against pension refo breaker.come a record it is into its 29th day and has outlasted the rail strike. it will surpass the length of the famous general strikes of may 1968. here are some of the latest ctures. starting off in paris, there ha been clashes with police in the opera district. chstmas performances were canceled. on wednesday, the opera house staged a free concert outside the bastille opera o in suppo the protesters. elsewhere in paris, we've seen tear being used byolice. outside of these capital, t are pictures from a total refinery in the west ofwhrance e more people have been
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expressing their support and opposition to these reforms. so far president macron has not backed down. he said these reforms are needed to sustain the economy. here's a summary of what he's proposing. the government wants to remove pension schemes and put in p sce a uverstem for all workers. unions argue these reforpl will make phave to work longer and they will get less generous pensions when they retire. pensions would no longer be based on a final salary calculation. they would use career averages and workers would have to accumulate aumber of points in order to start taking the pension. en there's the issue of the retirement age, which would begin at 62 if these reforms come in. lothat would still br than almost other e.u. countries. we know the french spend a lot on pensions. france is third in europe with
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italy and greece above. ne recently commiss gornment report found that under the existing system, the pension deficit could be as high as 17 billion by 2025. >> there is a complicated discussion, whether what they call the pivotingge is 62 or 64, but it is certain that even today you get less as a pension monthly if you retire before 64. it is the changing to points system that assumes you will have a complete career years or 42 years. this is a vision like the 1970's or 1980's, working for a company and you worked for that company, then you left them. that doesn't exist anymore.
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e complicated careers. they have moments of unemployment. the whole idea of a career in a single company doing the same thing all your life doesn't exist anymore. and thother problem ithat in francedy, everybo is very happy with today's rate of employment, and it was structurally 10%or decades -- after 50, if you get fired from a company, it is extremely difficult to find a job. french companies do not li hiring what they callenior lots of people are looking at a moment when they are out of a job, which happens more and more often, and they are looking to two more years thatre extremely difficult because they will not get hired again. anchor: let's talk about cars ghosn, facing serious charges in
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japan, but he skipped bail and arrived in lebanon. we know he was under hou arrest in japan, awaiting trial for corruption. we know he took a private jet from osaka, and then arrived in isnbul in the early hours of monday morning. owe a know he arrived in beirut on new year's eve. he has a deep connection with babanon. his parents are se. while he was born in brazil, he spent some of his childhood in beirut. you will even find him on a lebanese stamp. japan doesn't have an extradition treaty with lebanon. mr. ghosn is popular in japan. he was considered a hero. his life story was serialized in the japanese comic. his unexpected departure has led to multiple investigations already.
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thesetu are pics of japanese officials at his former house in tokyo, looking to find lots of information and items which are relevanto their investigations. in turkey, they are carrying out a number of arrests. four pilots are among a group of people authorities are looking at. there has been suggestion that his family may have been involved. he said all such speculation is and of course at this stage, it is impossible for the bbc or other news organizations to know the veracity of that stement. afp in beirut telling us the justice ministry received an interpol red notice. that is a request to comply. ihere's lebeirut. reporter: we managed to have an answer from the minister of
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justice regarding the arrest warrant by the interpol. they said they have received it today and they are going to do all do diligence of legal investigation into the case and they will take action in accordance to the finding of their investigation. however, they willever extradite him or return to japan because heis is something will not do for him. anchor: there this half hour of outside source. i expecte will getn ore informatout that journey from japan to istanbul tot bei in the coming days and weeks. if you want more background information on any stories on the program, you can get that through bbc news at. narrator: funding for this presentation is made possible by... man: bbel, an online program developed by language specialists teaching spanish, french and more.
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narrator: fundin was als. the freeman foundation. by judy and peter blum-k.ler foundati pursuing solutions for america's neglecd needs. and by contributions om to this pbs station viewers like you, thank you. be more, pbs.
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narrator: funding for this presentation is made possible by... man: babbel, a language learning app that teaches real life conversations and uses speech recognition technology. y 10 to 15 minute lessons are voiced by native speakers d they are at babel. b-a-b-b-e-l.com. narrator: funding the freeman foundation. by judy and peter blum-kovler foundation. or pursuing solutions america's neglected needs. and by contributions to this pbs station om viewer woman: and now, bbc wod news.

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