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tv   BBC World News America  PBS  July 17, 2020 5:30pm-6:01pm PDT

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the freeman foundation. by judy and peter pursuing solutions for amera's neglecteneeds. and by contributions to this pbs station om viewers like you. thank you. anchor: this is bbc world new reporting from new york city, i'm laura trevelyan. the u.s. coronavirus outbreak sets a n m record withore than 70,000 new cases in the last day alone. >> the united statesf america has been hit very severely by this. you just need to look at the laura: puerto rico,9 covid theas latest dister after hurricanes and earthquakes. we speak to the islands top health official. and the coronavirus saliva test
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goes on trial in the u.k. could this be the way to track and control the pandemic? ♪ laura: to all of youatching on pbs and around the globe, welcome to world news america. u.s. coronavirus outbreak has attered another record, 70,000 infections in a sing day. the biggest daily figure in america since the crisis began. there is still no naonal strategy on how to slow the spread of the virus. governors and mayors disagreeing icover wearing masks in pund whether schools should reopen. here's our north america editor. reporter: when donald trump arrived in atlanta earlier this week and descended the steps of air force one, he was arguably breaking the law. the democratic mayor of georgia's biggest city made it mandatory to wear a mask to halt
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the spread of coronavirus and he wasn't. now the pro-trump stateno gov himself seemingly unsure whether it should be off or on is sui the atlanta city mayor over forcing people to wear a face covering. >> mayorottoms' mask mandate cannot be enforced. hertt decision to s businesses and undermine economic growth is devastating. bai refuse to si as disastrous policies threaten the lives and livelihoods . our citizens reporter: georgia, like nearlyer all states in a, has seen a big surge in new cases. the mayor says sh is following the science and is incredulous by the action taken by the governor. >> when you are are reckless asr the goveas been, when you disregard science as the governor has done, certainly people are suffering and people are dying in our state. reporter: into this debate, the administration's top infectious diseases expert. >> i would urge the leaders, the
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local political and other leers in states and cities and towns, to be as forceful as ssible in getting your citizens rate to wear masks. ♪er repo but, donald trump at a white house event last night did not discuss the coronavirus. in fact, he seemed to want to talk about anything other than that top. >> dishwashers, you didn't have any water. the people that do the dishes,u press it and it goes again. reporter: there were all matters of other topics too. unable to get out the rallies, the white house is being used increasingly as a backdrop for his reelection campaig in the debate over masks, donald trump has beenilmed wearing one, but what he hasn't done is gone the extra step and tell americans they have to wear a facial covering if they can't maintain social distance. a lot of health experts believe that until he does, tn america's coronavirus nightmare just goes on.
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laura: for more on what the u.s. can be doing to control the viexploding number of coros cases, dr. lena weighing joins us now. an emergcy official who wa baltimore's health commissioner. thank you for joining us. the u.s. shatters yet another record with more tcon 70,000 new navirus infections. what is your reaction? >> this is deeply concerning. we a seeing twice the number of infections now everyay then we did at the worst back in april. back in april when there was one epicenter, we are seeing 39 states that have seen an uptick in the number of infections. it is not jt the number of infections. it is now translating two hospitalizations and two deaths with 10g states shatter records for the number of deaths due to covid-19 this week. i really worry because we are
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talking about sound policies like how do we get schools back in the fall? but unless we can control the surge now, there's not going to be a chance for us to resume our normal activities an soon. laura: so, what should we be doing? would it make a difference of every single state in america, instead of just half of them currently, mandated that we wear masks? >> it would make a difference. we know at everyone merry masks will reduce the rate of transmissionve by up to times. that does make a difference. i strongly believe we need a federal law, not just piecemeal, state-by-state, region by region but federal law for universal that is not enoughis point but in some of the states undergoing the most rapidurge, they need some form of shelter-in-place lockdown again and i kmew that is ext difficult and for many it wil feel like we
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were back at where march but that is the truth. that is where we are. at this point, weeethose aggressive measures in order for us to prevent the spread tt at this point is explosive and expert in. -- exponential. laura: the measures you are talking about, what do you fe we could see here later this summer in the u.s.? >> we are seeing piecemeal approaches. we are seeing governors and mayors attem to do one thing at a time. they are shutting down, fornd example,r bars or they are closing big sporting events or nightclubs. they are doing so -- i understand they don't want to shut down everything once again but we have no evidence that shutting things down one by one is going to be effective. what we saw last time during the initialn shutd was that the early aggressive measures, the total lockdown measures were incremental in savg lives. i feel like we are going to look back at this time is lost opportunity to implement those
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bold measures that could have really made a dierence. plur of course, here in new york, we saw a ce shutdown. since june 1, the number of deaths here has dropped by 64%. can you wall yourself off from the rest of america? no, you cannot. iha know that new yorker suffered so much and havgiven up so much and should be rightly celebrated for the work they have done thus far. but, there should be a cautionary tale coming from all over thent c, including california which initially did very well. tonow that this is a virus that knows no boundaries, this is a virus that is extremely contagious. when reopening sakura, when the tyvirus is given opportuo spread, it will. every state should be on guard right now. people should be doing practicing social distancing,ue mass wearing andg, ramp test
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contact tracing and other core capabilities. laura: thank you smuch for joining us tonight. as the virus spreads in america, we want to look at what is happening in the territory of puerto rico. devastated by hurricane mari since then, the island has gone through economic upheaval and now the pandemic. we are joined by the secretary of health in puerto rico. thank you for joining us, secretary. your gernor was one of the first in the nation to issue a stay-at-home order. why do you think you are now seeing an increase in coronarus cases? >> we went through a different stage of reopening the economy and it was pretty successful. one of the things weave seen is the younger population, which increased dramatically in the positive number, perceive themselves as getting infected.
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laura: that sounds much like here where people started going to bars but your health care system was putnder so much pressure during hurricane maria. how is it doing now with coronaviru sorry, we have lost secretary gonzales from puerto rico. thank you for your patience. during the pandemi testing for coronavirus has been a hot topic. are nasal swabs or saliva tests more effective? nearly 10,000 people in southampton, england are having their saliva tested once a week to monitor the spread of the virus. our h medical correspondentas more for us on this sry. >> take the lidff. >> never has testing for coronavirus been so simple. >> lean your head forwards so get soiva on the front of your mouth and then spit. >> jane, a nurse, and her three teenage children a part of
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a trial in southampton involving weekly testing of saliva. it's a alternative to noseb nd throat ssts which many find unpleasant. >> thewab test is quite invasive especially if you are not feeling well. it could really trigger a cough having something in the back of your throat. it is much easier to do. >> most people with coronavirus have no symptoms on the day they ar tested. so regular survival -- saliva sampling could be a way of detecting cases earlier. after months of homeschooling and lockdown, it might allow a return to normal life. >> helped get over with and get the pandemic done with and it could change liv. >> i the four-week trial is successful, the whole of orsouthampton,e than a quarter of a million people could be offered weekly so lively -- saliva tested in a bid to prevent infections from spreading.
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>> it seems like people have become positive in their saliva before they become positive in the rest of their breathi, respiratory tract. seeking to pick up this early spread, ts may be the way rward. >> if the trial in southhampton goes well, saliva testing i coud plincreasingly important role in controlling the coronavirus epidemic. weekly testing could be done in schools, care homes or in hotspot areas to try to prevent outbreaks from getting out of control. ranot advantage of saliva sampling is speed. it takes just 20 minutes for this laboratory to get a result compared to ours forb test. the key remaining questione is whether liva test is accurate enough to be rolled out widely. sven potentially nationwide way of trying to end the epidemic altogether.
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>> this saliva test has got potential to be done at a ver large-scale in multiple locations and at speed. the sort of settings that it could be done in could almost like a drive-through. you take the sample, you run the test and you have a resu. this could revolutionize the way you actually carry out a do surveillance. >> could then this be the way forward for us all to have regular testing like jane and family, and perhaps a means ofng allowis to abandon social distancing? bbc news. tests work.s hope those saliva we are joined by the secretary of health for puerto rico. we lost him earlier. thank you for rejoining us. you were telling us it is young d people behe spike of cases on puerto rico. pihow are your hospitals with this surge? >> we have an increase in
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hospital beds. the total amount of people admitted to the hospital was around 5% total admissions be the hospital's rate is in the range of 50% to 55% of the total amount of beds available. sewe hav an increase of about 150 patients to closeheo 300 withinast week. likewise, we have increofed in the us see you and ventilators but still below 20 or 40 cases. we have about 13 cases in intensivand about no more than 20 cases using ventilators. i think onef the things that has happened is we have the antiviral and we also had blood banks with antibodies and the use of steroids here p fbably three r months ago when people were saying it is not needed. we h number in hospitals but it
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doesn't account for the total number of hospitalizations related to wh's happened in puerto rico. laura: you are a psychiatrist by training. whats the impact on people on the island? icgoing through the pandn top of everything else you have endured. the hurricane, earthquakes, political unrest. >> as you can see, one of the things that happens when you have four months of people in out, suddenly you open the doors and there's a need for this unrest to reach out and socialize and go out and things. basically, i do believe the mobility related to the fact people were four months atome had a lot to deal with stress, sadness as well as many other emotions that we have around this time. pipoverty, as i lly say, is the worst case scenario for the country.
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when we have people under the circumstanceskn with the ability of income, you can see people need the outlet. probably increase the chances for people to be close to each otr and get infected and that is the reason we have seen an increase in positives. we had about 1% of positivesf the total sampling and now it is in the range of 5.5%. laura: puerto ricoas a very vexed relationship with the federal government in waarington. you getting all of the aid and assistance you have en promised? oh, i'm sorry. we have lost secretary gonza lez who is telling us about the situation on the island where re going through so muc in other news from around the rld, this agreement cour justice ruth bader ginsburg says she is being treated for a recurrence of cancer, this time on her liver.
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the 87-year-old hur had cancer times and other health concer. she is undergoing chemotherapy but says she can still do herwo on the supreme court. if she were to leave her position, it would give president trump a chance to name a third member of thsupreme court. e u.s. defense secretary has effectively banned displays of the confederate battle flag on u.s. bases around the world. in a memo, mark esp said flags flown by the military must accord with the imperatives of treating what he calopd all of our with dignity and respect, and rejecting divisive symbols. president trump siding with those who want the symbols ofac the confedto remain in place. large aas of central and southern china are experiencin their worst flooding in decades. at least 15 million people have been evacuated. the city of wuhan, the epicenter of the first majorutbreak of the coronavirus, has been affect. china sees flooding every year but this is far worse than usual. the chinese government has
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canceled hundreds of flights into and out of the capital following the discovery of six coronavirus cases in the city. authorities e imposing widespread restrictions on people's movements. arou half of the population made up of ethnic uighurs who complain o t oppression ruling communist party. you are watching bbc world news america. still to come on tonight's program, thousands of miles from moscow, protests again president putin after a governor is charged with murder. the leaders of the 27 eu untries met face-to-face that in brussels for the first time since the paemic again. gavin lee has more is what is at stake in this summit. gavi there are many complications in this summit. the size of the recovery fund at the back of it.
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ndthe coronavirus ic. the budget, the next seven years of funding. all of the european countries means leaders have to put more money into the coffers, more from their pockets but getting into that building behind me. it is the first time leaders have set around the table together. ey came in 50 shades of different masks and colors and sizes. when they did sit down togeth i, the first time they've had people in a room. about 30 or so. usually these rooms have about 500 people inhem, angela merkelo choosing t here on her birthday. the import out this collective fund t get the economy back going again. ♪ laa:ge lrotest are expected this weekend in the far east of russia in support of local governor who was arrested on murder crges and fled to
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moscow. the city has seen a week of unprecedted presentations against president putin. steve rosenberg traveled 4000 miles east of moscow to find o't what's going on. steve: it is the largest display of discontent they have seen in modern times. the protests have continued all week. russians taking to the streets to show solidarity with the governor they had elected. this is what happened to him. he was arrested by policend flown in from moscow.th e popular local governor has been charged with involveme in 5ultiple murders dating back 1 years. he's behind bars now in the capital. in the russian far east, many believe this is about the kremlin trying to sink a potential rival. and it is fuing suspicion of
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moscow. the governor -- the city is closer to china then it is to the russian capital. moscow is more than 6000 kilometers away. it is not just the distance which is big but so is the sense of resentment here towards the kremlin. they are not calling for a revolution. all the protesters want is for the governor to be given a fair trial in the city. tr>> we are jusng to show moscow that he is our man and he has to be here. even if he dn't which we don't think. he has to be here. steve: the city's mayor told us the protest should stop. >> im against the protest because they are illegal. also, today we had 80 five new cases of coronavirus in thean cy where do you find coronavirus? in large cwds. steve: but feelings are running
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high. the supporters have vowed to continue theemonstrations. unsanctioned protests like this one are normally viewed by those in power here as a legal and have been broken updated what's interesting is so far, local police have been keeping their distance. a perhaps that the authorities understand the strength of feeling rkd don't want to s more anger. g,steve rosenbbc news. laura: regional tensions in russia. we have been covering the story of tom moore, the 100-year-old world war ii veteran who raised millions for national health service in britain. today, tom moo wasgh kd by the queen at windsor castle. he saiddi it was an outst day. our correspondent sarah came.ell has mor sarah: for sucan inspiring
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alindividuit seemed appropriate that he should be giving a uniquely special investiture. this was the first face-to-face engagement with a member of the public the queen had taken part beneath brilliant blue skies and adhering to socially distant guidelines, sh used the sword which belonged to her father george vi to knight captain sir thomas more. >> to me, the queen - to meet the queen was more than anything i could expect. never did i imagine that i would be so close the queen and have such a kind message from her. that was really outstanding. it was tsaly outstanding. rah: can you ask be?ine the mess what did she say? >> no. sarah: that is between you and her majesty? >> that is between the queen and
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i. i am reay honored this should ppen and i am thrilled that it did happen. i think everyone whoheubscribed tounds. i really appreciate and thank you all very much. sarah: it all started with a family ck llenge to w0 lengths of the garden to mark his upcoming 100th birthday. his journey cap to the world. the original target was to raise 1000 pounds for nhs charities. the final amount topped 32 million. ofe, his family, including his daughter and grandchildren were he to support him and joined him as her majesty expressed her thanks further fundraising efforts. >> her majesty was truly interested to see us as a mily. to know that she is interested in what we have achieved together, it is memorable and we will never forget it. >> i cnot believe we are
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actually here. when we visit now, i am speechless. sarah: this was a ceremony involving two people. one aged 94, thether 100 years old. both can be said to have helped keep people's spirits up during thdarkest of days. news,campbell, bbc windsor castle. laura: our congrats to sirom. i wonder what the queen said to him. finally before we go tonight, the civil rights leader reverend kendall vivian died today at the age of 95. he was a close friend to martin luther king jr. and marched alongside himn selma and birmingham. he organized a sit ins and boycotts across the southern u.s. during the civil rightsme mo of the 1960's. in 2013, he was awarded the presidential medal of freedom, the country's highest civilian honor, by president obama. tonight, we remember this
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important figure in the struggle for black equality here in the united states. i'm laura trevelyan. thank you so much for watching "bbc world news america." weekend and take care. ♪ naator: funding for this presentation of this program is provided language specialists teaching spanish, french and more. raymond james. the freeman foundation. by judy and peter blum kovler foundation; pursuing solutions for america's neglected needs. and by contributions to this pbs station from viewers like you. thank you.
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girl: we are the curious. ♪ woman 1: wow! man 1: the adventurous. man 2: oh! daniel tiger: grrr! woman 2: those venturing out for the first time. all: blast off! [rocket explosion]n ma and those who have never lost our sense of wonder. n 4: whoa! man 5: are you seeing this? ♪ [quacking] vo: we are the hungry. cookie monster: cookie! man 6: t strong. muhammad ali: i must be the greatest! ♪ vo: the yful.ro bo: a happy little cloud ♪ man 3: we believe there is always more we can uncover. girl: moree can explore. woman 3: we believe... man 6: ...in the capacity for goodness. vo: and the potential for greatness. ♪ man 7: the torch has been passed to a new generation of americans. man 1: pbs. man 3: pbs. girl: pbs. ♪
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amna: good evening. on the newshour tonight, covid infections continue to hit new highs in the u.s. while deaths also spike. judy woodruff speaks the -- wit dr. anthonfauci. then policing protesttss. federal ag in unmarked cars detained demonstrators as part of therump administration response to protests in portland, oregon. where the spi infrom arizona hospitalizations threatens to overwhelm the state health care system. >> it is really hard to watch people be out and a and exhibiting dangerous behaviors htowing that there was a good chance that i me seeing them in my emergency depen

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