The reentry flow field and thermal environment around the straight wing shuttle orbiter vehicle were determined. Both rarefied and continuum flow fields and associated heating rates on various configurations representative of the orbiter at high angle of attack were calculated. Rarefied flow fields and heating rates were computed by the Monte Carlo direct simulation technique for altitudes above 82.3 km. Continuum inviscid flow fields were calculated by 2-D unsteady and 3-D steady finite difference/artificial viscosity methods and also by a 2-D shock layer analysis technique. Viscous flow fields and heating rates in the continuum regime were computed by a boundary layer integral matrix method for laminar flow and by an aerodynamic surface heating technique for turbulent flow. Shapes considered in the study included flat plates (representing the underside of the orbiter fuselage or the wing MAC), orbiter fuselage cross sections, orbiter wing airfoils, and 3-D orbiter configurations, all at high angle of attack (40 - 60 deg). The theoretical results showed good agreement with measured pressure and heat transfer data.