OGO D observations of OI (6300A) emissions reveal a global pattern in the equatorial airglow undetected from the ground-based observations. The post sunset emission rate of OI is generally asymmetrical with respect to the geomagnetic equator and shows no apparent correlation with the ultraviolet airglow (OI 1304 and 1356A) and F region electron density measured simultaneously from the same spacecraft. Both the ultraviolet airglow and the ion density measured in the altitude region of 450 km follow similar latitudinal variations and exhibit properties of the equatorial ionospheric anomaly. The asymmetry in OI emission can be attributed to the asymmetry in the height of the F 2 maximum inferred from the height of the maximum emission. From correlative studies of the airglow and the ionospheric measurements, the mechanisms for the ultraviolet and the 6300A emission are discussed in terms of the processes involving radiative and dissociative recombinations. A relationship between molecular oxygen density and the integrated OI emission rate is derived and the feasibility of using this relationship for estimating O2 density is discussed.