Effects of experimental imprecision on the stress intensity factors calculated for various practical specimen types are shown. A general form equation for the stress intensity factor is presented and a general error equation is derived. The expected error in the stress intensity factor is given in terms of the precision levels of the basic experimental measurements and derivatives of the stress intensity calibration factor. Nine common fracture specimen types are considered, and the sensitivity of the various types to experimental error is illustrated. Some implications for fracture toughness testing and crack growth rate testing are discussed and methods of analysis are proposed to compensate for the effects of experimental error.