A series of parametric investigations are described which determine the effect of various fluid charges on the performance of a 0.635-cm-diam spiral-artery, liquid-trap diode in both the forward and reverse modes. Specific parameters such as forward- and reverse-mode conductances, shutdown times and energies, and recovery to forward-model operation, are evaluated for ethane as a working fluid in the temperature range 170 K to 220 K. Results indicate that the heat pipe will not reliably start up in the forward mode. However, startup can be initiated when preceded by a diode reversal. Also included are data which show the susceptibility of the diode to fluid charge and tilt. The optimum fluid charge was found to be 2.67 g and transport capability at this charge was in excess of 1200 W-cm at 200 K. The diode in the reverse mode exhibited a rapid shutdown (within 9 min) with a shutdown energy of 1150 J (0.32 Wh).