This is a report on the continuation of our experimental investigations (Saddoughi 1994) of 'on-demand' vortex generators. Conventional vortex generators as found on aircraft wings are mainly for suppression of separation during the off-design conditions. In cruise they perform no useful function and exert a significant drag penalty. Therefore, replacement of fixed rectangular or delta-wing generators by devices that could be activated when needed would be of interest. Also in our previous report, we described one example of an 'on-demand' device, which was developed by Jacobson & Reynolds (1995) at Stanford University, suitable for manufacture by micro-electro-mechanical technology. This device consists of a surface cavity elongated in the stream direction and covered with a lid cantilevered at the upstream end. The lid, which is a metal sheet with a sheet of piezoelectric ceramic bonded to it, lies flush with the boundary. On application of a voltage the ceramic expands or contracts; however, adequate amplitude can be obtained only by running at the cantilever resonance frequency and applying amplitude modulation: for 2.5 mm x 20 mm cantilevered lids, they obtained maximum tip displacements of the order of 100 pm. Thus fluid is expelled from the cavity through the gap around the lid on the downstroke. They used an asymmetrical gap configuration and found that periodic emerging jets on the narrow side induced periodic longitudinal vorticity into the boundary layer. Their device was used to modify the inner layer of the boundary layer for skin-friction reduction. The same method could be implemented for the replacement of the conventional vortex generators; however, to promote mixing and suppress separation we needed to deposit longitudinal vortices into the outer layer of the boundary layer, which required a larger vortex generator than the device built by Jacobson & Reynolds. Our vortex generator was built with a mechanically-driven cantilevered lid with an adjustable frequency. The device was made about ten times the size of Jacobson & Reynolds', the shape or size of the cavity and lid (28 mm x 250 mm) could be easily changed. The cavity depth, the cantilever-tip displacement, and the maximum lid frequency were 20 mm, 10 mm, and 60 Hz respectively. Our vortex generator was mounted on a turntable so that its yaw angle could be changed. Finally, tests over a range of ratios of vortex generator size to boundary-layer thickness could be carried out simply by changing the streamwise location of the device.