When the HSR program began there was widespread belief that a simple and familiar turbojet-like engine coupled to an advanced technology mixer-ejector nozzle was the propulsion system of choice for achieving FAR 36-Stage 3 noise requirements. Our ability to quickly demonstrate a practical 20(+) dB suppression nozzle was confidently presumed by many. Our rate of progress towards that objective, however, has been somewhat humbling. At the moment we are reasonably confident of achieving about 15 dB suppression with a mixer-ejector nozzle designed for a high specific thrust turbojet-like cycle. Therefore, if we make no further suppression progress and conservatively assume no new operational procedures such as programmed lapse rate (PLR), then meeting the Stage 3 goal requires a large amount of engine and/or wing oversizing which is economically prohibitive. The scenario is further aggravated by the possibility of eventually needing to comply with even more stringent regulations (Stage 4). While this status may be somewhat disappointing to some, it must be remembered that the HSR program plan involves two generations of mixer-ejector nozzles beyond the current generation I nozzle designs. It is premature to conclude that we cannot design a practical 20(+) dB mixer-ejector nozzle. On the other hand, it is prudent to consider alternative solutions to the noise problem. Thus, we are investigating four other propulsion system concepts.