Development work on an arrangement using ailerons and spoilers for lateral control was carried out by the Vought-Sikorsky Aircraft Division of the United Aircraft Corporation on a small commercial airplane in flight and on an airfoil in a wind tunnel. Spoiler hinge moments were reduced by aerodynamic balance. The arrangement was then built into an experimental airplane and further improvements were adopted as the result of flight and tunnel tests. The use of ailerons for lateral control with flaps up, spoilers with flaps full down, and gradual transition as the flaps are lowered was found to provide lateral control under the flight conditions for which they were best suited. The ailerons were of short span, permitting the use of long-span flaps, and were drooped to a relatively large angle when the flaps were deflected. A high maximum lift coefficient was thus attained. With large control deflections in the intermediate flap-angle range and spoiler effectiveness near neutral improved by "ventilating" the spoiler, the lateral control was satisfactory for the experimental airplane and was a definite improvement over that of a conventional control arrangement.