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tv   [untitled]    November 14, 2012 1:30pm-2:00pm EST

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it's technology innovation all the latest developments from around russia we've got the future covered. in his secret laboratory to mccurdy was able to build the world's most sophisticated robot which all unfortunately doesn't give a darn about anything turns mission to teach creation why it should care about humans in the world this is why you should care watch only on the r.t. dot com.
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i don't welcome to business salty with me dmitri medvedev now and see austerity protests have rolled across europe on wednesday with spade and portugal leading the way well social unrest in these austerity stricken countries is nothing new this time these waves are synchronized and forced with workers going on strikes in several countries simultaneously now let's get the latest on this from
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a very cautious on the business does not so what are the main demands of those who hit the streets in several european capitals today well the aim of these protests protests is pretty simple to stop what many people people in these countries see as the suicidal policies let's take a look at some of their main demands in greece the scene of the most violent street protests the popular banner reads no to austerity here's the story greece asked for two hundred forty billion euro that's about three hundred billion dollars and rescue loans and it's now chasing the latest traunch of about thirty billion euro to pay off its debt and to support its banking system but to get that money to had to agree to wage and pension cuts and to tax hikes and it does seem though like no matter what they do and how much they tighten their belt things are only getting worse now the country's debt is set to rise to
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a whopping one hundred eighty nine percent of g.d.p. and many experts say the country is now facing the worst recession of any european nation in recent history well let's focus on spain i believe we're going to take a look at what's actually happening there right now let's take a look at live pictures now it's feeling the squeeze indeed just as much what one of the demands that we have to live pictures of course well absolutely of course the situation in spain is just as bad and national. flavor spain last year convince the international creditors to give it one hundred twenty billion euro or dollars i should say and rescue funds with its spending most of the money it gets on supporting its banking system so it's really no surprise that a lot of these street protesters were focusing on this very issue one of the most popular banners the red bank here has robbed us give us our money back now bank here is one of spain's a large banks that was
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a bailed out and nationalized earlier this year and it became the symbol of everything that's wrong with the system and with banks getting tough on their boards there's been a wave of the suicides in spain as people face eviction from their homes so it actually turns into a real tragedy for many people who are well in the secular portugal now one of the highest unemployment rates in europe is that the main focus of the protests are absolutely precisely and you're absolutely right for sure the portuguese protesters are basically focusing on this very issue on jobs and on salaries at the moment the country has an unemployment rate of about sixteen percent and is set to rise next year and those who still have their jobs actually risk not getting paid as the draft budget for two thousand and thirteen takes away the equivalent of a monthly wage for many workers so last year portugal asked for about ten billion
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dollars in rescue funds which is actually quite modest by other countries standards but it also had to agree to these austerity measures and they're really like killing the country's economy so obviously this hostility spilling into the street but still from the economic point of view i mean in these countries spending has been growing massively for years is it now time for tax hikes and just tightening the belt to for this to em. well from an economist point of view of course you're absolutely right but you see for the average folk they feel like it's the government's not themselves that were overspending for years so now they feel like they're paying for something that they didn't do and they also feel like these austerity measures are really squeezing their families it's killing their family budget so it does become and is turning into a very personal story all right and justice sonia talking about these protests as you saw there thousands of people taking to the streets in spain and portugal to
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protest against austerity and sasha thank you very much. all right a second of what's happening on the markets first before we get to europe the u.s. markets are continuing their rather long decline already down one percent as retail sales drop point three percent in october they were hurt by hurricanes and also headlines all over shouting the economy is heading towards a fiscal cliff in the beginning of next year and therefore investors are choosing to be played safe so far over in europe indeed markets were trampled today by that stampede of protests across much of spade and portugal coupled with strikes all across europe london dipped one percent with oil and gas from suffering the most despite a recovery in oil prices now when it comes to the euro actually that was so the graphic in the previous on the european markets was a bit wrong as opposed to point down now when it comes to the euro it's a stronger to the dollar this hour because investors are focusing on these tax
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hikes and basically spending cuts which the u.s. is due to the first second and third of january meanwhile the russian ruble and mix against about. and for the russian mob kids it's very hard to do for them to get back on their feet after a big drop on tuesday indices are still below the opening values for this year now . finally it's take a look at the next topic we've got for you thousands of years after paving the silk road both europe and asia want to revive the familiar trade link but this time on rail tracks now it seems to become an alternative to currency trade routes between the continents that explains. we are in kazakhstan two thousands of years ago the great silk road that ran through here connecting europe and china in those days goods were transported by camel in a journey that took about a year today with the rail infrastructure in place the congo takes just over two
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weeks to get from china to germany for example but it's still not seen as a real alternative to the sea route via the suez canal the even land route is more expensive less transparent and just modern fogy anymore but experts say this is about to change trade between neighboring countries in europe asia will reach eight trillion dollars by two into twenty it will be high value products that need to be transported quickly rather than cheaply the main export to china is investing billions in developing in central and western provinces and real transportation will suit them best as a whole china. region. what we do see is there's a lot more given the infrastructure. chinese
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factory. plant in china so they can actually ship it using truck to. now a lot of people. think. right now the capacity. and truths are the main concern of the chinese exporter is the same as two thousand years ago will have to pass through dozens of hands on its way to its final destination in order to change this the railway companies of the united customs union of russia kazakhstan and belarus are now creating a united logistical operator with unified terrorist and rules perhaps with that in mind russian railways is buying a major logistical operator french jeffco in order to enter the european markets and western transportation technologists. all right in a few minutes i was going off talks to pakistan's former ambassador to the united
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states who believes that america's future withdrawal from afghanistan suggests anything but victory stay with that. it's perched atop a jaw drop and the view from the kremlin stretches as far as the eye can see. for a city to siberia for centuries. it lost its economic importance even before it was bypassed by the chance siberian railway but the a spiritual center. scenes like these are a yearly occurrence thousands of worship has give themselves implicity water to commemorate the baptism of jesus.
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in the fifteen eighty s. the russians had only just conquered siberia taking it from the muslims. surrounded by enemies to balls to be their stronghold constructed on top of the city but soon enough it became an economic siberian oil of its time bringing in a third of all russia's state revenue but the ball location had of the uses for the russians the russian crowd a revolt against the tsar and eight hundred twenty five known as the decembrists were sent here and drove. there they created a replica high society adopting the latest fashions as soon as they came out or at least once they made it from paris to siberia. but the city also served up some bitter irony for the russian royal family after the bolshevik revolution. this is the office was nicholas the second spend most of the last year of his life his whole family had been exiled here they lead
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a fairly comfortable existence this was a big house but they weren't allowed to see visitors or go outside themselves whilst leaving this ordinary normal countryside lifestyle they even had thoughts of a skate but within the yeah the czar and his family would be dead. sure is that so much given to each musician on the mark when the syrian opposition says it is reinvented itself and asked to be recognized as a legitimate representative of the syrian people at home and on the global stage. please speak cool language. programs and documentaries in arabic it's all here on. reporting from the world talks specifically ip interviews intriguing story to tell you. in.
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arabic to find out more visit arabic don't teach. wealthy british style it's time to. market weiner scandal. find out what's really happening to the global economy is a report on r t. i was joined by pakistan's former ambassador to the united states course or used to be the national security advisor to the prime minister mr mahmud ali durrani sir thank you very much for coming here because you know the united states started the war on terror back in two thousand and one now international forces are expected to pull out by two thousand and fourteen and many do ask the question is this
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a sign of victory or defeat well it's certainly not. i think. the way they went in and do you object is they had i don't think they succeeded in . reaching the objectives in fact when i was the master there in washington number of years back i said that the way you're going you're not going to succeed and the tragedy is that you will make us the fall guy and this is happening today in your opinion what was the purpose of this whole operation and why are you leaving now well the purpose was to defeat the taliban and remove them and initially they did succeed and removing the taliban from kabul but evidently they had not studied the history of of one instant and they didn't realize that they had vanished survived and came back and the taliban. today i
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think if you look at a couple of indicators you look at the rate of the garbage. you see how much law and order did this thing about it you see how popular of the government that is did freedom of movement is there development has the poppy production gone down has begun turning gone don't you think any indicator. they have not succeeded this brings us to the next question since well al qaeda has been largely defeated perhaps in afghanistan but the taliban is still there it's actually aiming now to become a political force also and the terrorist network is on the rise so after the alliance is gone who will be there to stand up to the terrorists well that's a very difficult question. one needs to nature is very effective today on ethnic lines you know do not separate the west to separate to separate and the
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south which is essentially pushed to population to separate full be home with unity if there was a human unity or at least they were working together that's over there is i believe going to be a lot of problem after the u.s. troops move paying twenty forty and they're going to be turmoil and. there's a great probability that the taliban will become the strongest group and of understanding let's focus on pakistan for a moment just recently was saw a huge wave of anti-american protests in the muslim world caused by this anti muslim film made in the united states also pakistanis i have already been outraged by the recent needle strike which killed pakistani soldiers and we also all constantly hear about drones which don't only kill terrorists but also just ordinary pakistani and is this too big of
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a price that pakistan peed back in two thousand and one when it became an ally of the united states well it's a matter of opinion but. the majority of pakistanis do feel that they have a huge place the u.s. gives us monetary support and funding but overall in terms of. in terms of manpower in turn terms of infrastructure and wear and tear of military equipment if you all work it out it's been a lot of pakistan and more than that we have terrorism in the country in our tribal area before nine eleven we had no issue we had no terrorism but no there is terrorism particularly in the tribal area and the rest of pakistan so we have suffered hugely it's widely believed that terrorists in afghanistan often
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operate from their bases in pakistan to what extent does the pakistani elite sympathize with the terrorists well i think. pakistani elite does nor sympathize with the taliban and this is also admit if you could put up a wall between india and saudi between pakistan and afghanistan on the dude and lane afghanistan will still remain on i think there is enough space in of one is done to create problems. for the i said forces so yes there is limited element of people who cross the border from pakistan and create trouble but i would say that did not more than five percent ten percent saying that all the trouble that is another one is done emanate from pakistan that is totally false so with the taliban now being an example of a terrorist movement which is going political now. can this be viewed as
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a tendency in the region well i'm not too sure about that but devoted political thought before nine eleven if you remember the taliban were ruling of understand they were the people running the country so devoid of a political force then they've started fighting against what they considered as a foreign invader and. unfortunately they seem to have won out because america has lost appetite to fight anymore there are doubts that after the alliance with draws from of gonna stand the taliban won't be able to fulfill this power vacuum what sort of threats including security threats does this create for pakistan i think for you to probably. not be able to resolve. the issues of understand there are many and there are very entrenched problems and the taliban themselves may not be able to resolve the
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problem but that is that this video understanding that possibly they may form the government i'm not sure about that but hypothetically let's say they form the got but what happens to pakistan i think pakistan will have a problem because the year of one taliban are going to support the part where you. saw quite honestly the pakistani average person doesn't want a taliban type of a government in pakistan so this is support our taliban which is not good for our health so should pakistan reconcile with the taliban or aim to weaken it and well pakistan and i'm sorry if you read what's happening in pakistan nearly harf our army and we have a fairly large army nearly half our army is deployed today in fighting be inside.
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sure pakistan is doing the best that it can you so you have to understand the capability you're part no you look at of one is. about much smaller area and you have the top. military forces operating there and they have not been able to defeat the taliban why does the world expect miracles from pakistan on a much weaker country we are trying our best we've had the maximum military and civilian casualties so we are doing our best it this is a wrong notion that pakistan is as they say hunting down home then running with the hare you know this is this is pakistan is accused of yes there was a time when pakistan supported the taliban government in afghanistan that is true it's not hated but i think we made a turnaround and we supported the u.s.
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and we won't invade them together in this fight. but the impression that the world is getting is that pakistan you know the elite as you said in pakistan is supporting the taliban that is not true let's picture when the alliance leaves of aniston and if the security situation deteriorates or do you see drone strikes in certain intensifying well. it's a possibility that the drone troops will intensify yes but how is this doing general in pakistan. that are going in pakistan be drawn strikes are taken very very negatively in fact the unpopularity of the u.s. and pakistan is one of the there are many reasons but one of the fundamental reasons is the drone strike you know everybody says that don't strikes. cause a lot of collateral damage. i personally feel that the drones are very accurate
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concision weapons because unilaterally sorry damage in color to prevent men but not so much the issue is more of value to the pakistani people don't like that the us has come into pakistan bomb areas and this object that this is more although we talk about collateral damage but i think the issue of drone strikes is more political and people don't like the us to come into our territory while a sovereign entity what's your view now is the relationship between pakistan and the united states like well unfortunately it is at its lowest. i've been. to washington while i was the it was my effort to do my best to improve relations between pakistan and us but unfortunately with time
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and. america are suffering losses in one a stand we are becoming the fall guy and relationships. how is the war on terror viewed by the pakistanis themselves to the see americans as fighting a common enemy or what's what's your take on that we are allies and we have a common agenda to defeat the extremists but it's sad that in spite of having a common agenda a common enemy actually does the first a minor history that the u.s. and pakistan has a common agenda to defeat the taliban but yet in spite of that the mistrust is so deep between the two countries that it has a relationship which could have been very good. in your opinion should be done to fix this mistrust to boost the really. we should learn to talk to each other not
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past each other i think there are nor the short cuts to face i think the best way of fixing mistrust between two individuals is openly. roll up your sleeves and talked create you not just be your diplomacy in dion doesn't cut how do you see pakistan's relations developing with the united states in the next year now that barack obama is known that is staying in the president's speech i don't think it would make a dramatic difference to the relationship if. obama is coming back or the republicans had come back there is the c.d.s. mistrust between our two countries is very unfortunate because you know i have lived in america and the american people are very good very nice people but there is no mistrust between the two governments and that's fine he said thank you very
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much for your time this was a stance former ambassador to the u.s. and the former national security advisor to the pakistani prime minister mr mahmud ali durrani. resistance is not of politics but a culture. is couldn't. on it's own. cultures of resistance on our team.
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