tv BBC World News America PBS March 19, 2012 6:00pm-6:30pm EDT
>> this is "bbc world news america." >> funding for this presentation is made possible by the freeman foundation of new york, stowe, vermont, and honolulu, newman's own foundation, and union bank. >> at union bank, our relationship managers use their expertise in global finance to guide you through the business strategies and opportunities of international commerce. we put our extended, global
network to work for a wide range of companies, from small businesses to major .o.nsr c >> and now "bbc world news america." >> this is "bbc world news america," reporting from washington. i am katty kay. terror on the streets of to lose -- of toulouse. a gunman targets children. the fighting in syria spreads to the capital as even russia pushes for more humanitarian assistance. >> thank you also. >> overcoming royal nerves -- the duchess of cambridge delivers her first official speech. the future queen finds her voice.
welcome to our viewers on pbs in america and also around the globe. if you are a minority in southern prague to buy, you have reason to be nervous -- prague tonight, you have reason to be nervous. in the the third such attack, -- in southern france tonight, you have reason to be nervous. in the third such attack, a rabbi and his two children were among those killed. >> as parents drop the gates -- dropped children at the gates of the ozar hatorah school, a gunman opened fire. he shot everyone in front of him and chased it is terrifying --
chased the terrified children into the school. among the dead, the rabbi and his two sons. >> at first, he shot one bullet into the air. he hit the tree. then he shot the father and the two children. i did not turn around. i ran straight into the school. when he left, he started shooting again. >> the fourth victim was also a child between eight years old and 10 years old. eyewitnesses said one of the weapons jammed. that may have saved some of their lives. >> i just arrived. we heard shooting. we were frightened and shocked. >> this evening, their workers in the cathedral of notre dame -- there were prayers in the cathedral of notre dame.
president of nicolas sarkozy -- president nicholas sarkozy has instructed schools across the nation have a moment of silence. >> this does not concern just the jewish community, but all of france. the whole nation has been touched. >> police profilers have been building a picture of the suspect and his movements, falling to the previous attacks in the to lose -- to close -- in the toulouse region. tonight, police said reveal that there are three connected cases. on each occasion, -- tonight, police have revealed that there are three connected cases. on each occasion, the gunmen escaped on a motorbike -- gunman escaped on a motorbike. of gunman's knowledge
the routes and police suggest that he is local. the motive is less clear. the victims so far have been of jewish, black, or north african descent. police know they are working against the clock. surveillance has been stepped up at jewish places of school and worship. soldiers have been told not to wear uniforms outside of their bases. local police speculate there searching for a man or men with links to the far right and with considerable -- speculate that they are searching for a man or men with links to the far right and with considerable reach. >> if you are jewish, muslim, or black tonight in toulouse, have reason to feel nervous -- you have reason to feel nervous. >> i think that is right. you cannot escape the fact that
there is a racial profile to the victims that have been killed. eight people, we think, have been killed. we do not know what the condition of that soldier is. if he has died, eight people in three separate shootings in less than a week. the police know they are working across -- against the clock, because there is every indication that this man could kill again. they are brought in the anti- terrorist police from paris. they are stepping up security at every school and every place of worship, even at military bases, where soldiers have been told not to wear their uniforms off the base. >> this comes in the middle of a french election campaign. the chief rabbi says recent comments by french politicians about jews and muslims have increased anti-semitism and racism in the country. is that the feeling that people there share? >> yes, it is a criticism i
have heard today among people from the jewish community and campaigners to have descended upon the press conference -- campaigners who have descended upon the press conferences today. the debate is being steered toward immigration and integration. the jewish community are angry about that. they say it is sowing division within france unnecessarily. there are issues that they feel are more important, rather than what is widely considered -- to win those votes on the far right. >> sad and worrying attacks in southwest france. in syria, there seems no end to the fighting and killing. fresh battles have been reported in damascus and aleppo. for the first time, russia
joined other countries in pushing for daily cease-fire set to allow humanitarian aid into areas affected by recent -- daily ceasefires to allow humanitarian aid into areas affected by recent violence. >> gunfire broke out in a neighborhood in damascus. they said that free syrian army fighters were trying to attack a house. security forces tried to force the rebels from an apartment where they were hiding. state media says several opposition fighters were killed, including at least one security officer. this is the most serious fighting of its kind. so close to the center of power. it comes after three bombing attacks over the weekend, two in damascus and one in syria's second city. the authorities say the blasts
were the work of terrorists, which is how it often refers to the opposition. anti-government activists accused the syrian leadership of staging the explosions. there is a mass uprising in syria, but there is also an armed insurgency. meanwhile, after a visit to moscow by the head of the international red cross, russia and the agency are urging the syrian government and its opponents to agree without delay to daily, humanitarian cease- fires. >> clearly, one priority is a cease-fire. i explained that it has become even more urgent. it cannot be that you have the most intense fighting and you have no access to evacuate the wounded. >> the idea is to try and start with two cease-fires each day to allow aid workers in and the injured out. such windows are rare.
opposition grew charley video of what they say was more government shelling -- opposition groups share video of what they say was more government shelling. a small team working for the international envoy visits damascus to look at setting up a team of observers to monitor the violence. as things stand, they will have their work cut out. bbc news, beirut. >> the rebellion in syria is just over one year old. it was a year ago today that the nato bombing campaign began in libya. many of colonel gaddafi's supporters have been caught or killed. some remain at large, including abdullah al-senussi, libya's head of intelligence responsible for a string of deaths and deductions during gaddafi's time. reports on the many who are still missing. >> this is why libya wants abdullah al-senussi back for
trial. a mass grave outside tripoli, where at least 35 people are thought to be buried. protesters shot at the start of last year's uprising on the direct border of gaddafi former intelligence chief. no one has lost more than this man, who has not seen or heard from his five eldest son since they were abducted by gaddafi's police last summer -- his five eldest sons since they were abducted by gaddafi's police last summer. where are they now? do you know? >> i do not know. >> his son hopes the same fate has not fallen his -- hassan hopes the same fate has not be fallen -- befallen his brother. the cells are full of gaddafi
loyalists. >> maybe he is somewhere, dead or alive. do not know. i have to know. >> as long as there is a chance his brother may be alive, he will try anything, here giving his dna to a central databank. there are 300 or four under people here from across libya -- or 30400 people here from across libya. the blank spaces where the dead have been identified. there is little expertise, so trees and the others will not be easy. >> the process of -- so tracing the others will not be easy. >> the process of identification is not easy. it will take years.
>> these are the woods juin tripoli. -- this hotel is where many journalists stayed in tripoli. anti-gaddafi activists who were brought to this spot were murdered and left to rot. the killing fields are now explained. in this broken country, a lonely vigil for an old man,wh wants his boys to come home. wyre davies, bbc news, tripoli. >> italian police have arrested dozens of people on suspicion the money laundering and corruption. -- on suspicion of money laundering and corruption. 16 of those are judges. they allegedly took bribes on behalf of a crime syndicate. apple has announced plans to
give some of its estimated $100 billion cash pile back to shareholders. the company says it will spend $45 billion over the next three years on dividend and share repurchases. apple is the world's most soluble company. -- valuable company. lawyer at -- the lawyer defending the soldier accused of killing 16 afghan civilians last week as arrived in kansas to meet the sergeant, who is yet to be formally charged. as the legal wheels turn in this case, what impact will it have on the u.s. military and our relations with afghanistan? for answers, i spoke a short time ago with the senior fellow at the center of -- a senior fellow at the center of american progress. listen to the commentary surrounding this case, i wondered whether it was sergeant bales on trial for the war in afghanistan.
>> fighting the war in afghanistan has been on trial for a long time -- i think the war in afghanistan has been on trial for a long time. the obama administration is quite likely to stick with its strategy for transitioning in handing brings over to afghanistan -- and handing the reins over to afghanistan. both president karzai and president obama have discussed are how do we continue to implement a transition -- and discussed, how do we continue to implement the transition -- both president karzai and president obama have discussed, how do we continue to implement a transition? >> yet we do not see a big anti- war movement. >> the leading republican presidential candidates kind of want to stick around or add more troops. there is nobody speaking at a higher level for this discontent
to say, we have to bring them home now. president obama is trying to balance all these considerations, primarily focused on making sure we do not leave a mess, but leaving in the right way. >> do you think the case has been clearly made to american voters about why stay there another year and few months, rather than get out now? >> we could probably hear more from the senior leadership and the united states about what are the consequences if we pull out tomorrow -- the senior leadership in the united states about what are the consequences if we pull out tomorrow, both to the afghan people and to ourselves. we did not odyssey chaos and civil war. the key part is this -- we do not want to see chaos and civil war. the key part is this, what is going on with the diplomacy between the afghan taliban and the attempts to build institutions that will stand the test of time in afghanistan. >> i have been sort of struck by
the fact that we have not seen mass protests on the scale that we saw after the karan earnings -- koran burnings. were we wrong to assume this would have the same reaction? >> the burning of the holy book was an inflammatory action. the killings, as sad as it is, tragic and awful -- afghans are being killed by the thousands, mostly by the taliban. afghan is a very deadly -- afghanistan is a very deadly and dangerous place. it is shocking that an american soldier would do this. at the end of the day, most people understand this was localized. it is hard to explain mass murder of this sort. >> thank you a much for coming in. you are watching "bbc world news america." still to come, learning lessons from the past. can south africa's post- apartheid struggle help bring
closure to a very different conflict? the sydney harbour bridge, one of the most iconic structures in australia, is celebrating its 80th birthday. a series of events bang have been scheduled for the occasion -- of the eveevents have been scheduled for the occasion. it is affectionately known as the coat hanger -- >> it is affectionately known as the coat hanger. the sydney symphony orchestra and some test are sharing -- some guests are sharing the same day. >> we were named in honor of ralph friedman. [inaudible] >> there would be no better place than here to be having a
birthday party. ♪ we are building a bridge in sydney ♪ >> it took 40,000 men 18 years to build. the bridge still contains the 16 million rivets that they bang bed in by hand. >> the bridge which is about to be made available to them. >> this british loyalists tried to hijack the day by cutting the ribbon first -- this british loyalist tried to hijack the day by cutting the ribbon first. >> it is still standing. it is the grand old lady, as they call her, that really counts. for an octogenarian, she is
looking pretty good -- a bridge to transport this country's image to the world. bbc news in sydney. >> now, what can different conflicts teach each other about the process of moving forward? are there lessons from south africa for the people of northern ireland? both sides have visited south african leaders to learn about the process of reconciliation. one of our special correspondents joins them. >> in a place once traumatized by political violence, an extraordinary group has come together. here, a former senior ira man chatting to a police officer his organization once wanted to kill. this man is a top policemen from the irish republic.
sitting near him, a former loyalists prisoner -- a former, loyalist prisoner. >> it is angry to be people with you do not know. when you get in touch with their humanity and you know them as a person, it shows you anything is possible. >> they come here from a place with a political settlement, but with still-bitter divisions over the legacy of violence. ♪ live at witnesses from the truth and reconciliation commission -- they met witnesses from the truth and reconciliation commission. >> it is someone who fights. >> to lay the ghosts of the past -- >> south africa ' commission named names and was often emotionally highly charged -- south africa's truth commission named names and was often emotionally highly charged. there is agreement that some
truth process is needed in northern ireland. could you see, as a republican, the ira taking part in some kind of truth reconciliation -- truth process? >> yes. >> it is about conflict. you know a conflict is, at the end of the day, it is about war. it is about killing people. it will be about very painful things. >> the devil is in the detail. no group wants to see its members publicly named and blamed. there is strong opposition toward inquiries or amnesty for those who inflicted violence. it means discussions like this and others at home are tentative, part of a much longer process aimed at creating trust and, for the first time in irish history, the possibility of a shared memory. >> of course it is contentious.
it is the blame game. it is about who did what to whom. people could come up with the way to deal with the past. >> their last stop, the jail where nelson mandela and others were held. >> we are in the reception area. >> these are the cells where men spent decades of their lives, yet emerged with a message of reconciliation. this is a great journey. -- a brave journey, old enemies working together to find answers to a question that defies governments. the answers to these questions may be some time coming, but they are sent to create an enduring peace -- they are central to creating an enduring peace. >> a visit that would have been
unthinkable 20 years ago. hot on the heels of prince harry's triumphant tour of the west indies, it was time for the duchess of cambridge to take the spotlight. today, she delivered her first public speech at a u.k. children's hospice. she was a little nervous. hundreds gathered to hear her debut. >> with every engagement, the justice since the beginning in confidence -- the duchess seems to be gaining in confidence. her hands shook. the nerves could be heard. >> thank you for not only accepting me as your patron. thank you also for inviting me here today. you have all made me feel so welcome, and i feel hugely honored to be here to see this wonderful center. i am only sorry that william
could not be here today. he would love it here. through teamwork, so much can be achieved. thank you. >> it was a heartfelt speech and obviously well rehearsed. afterwards, the duchess described the experience as nerve wracking. the speech will no doubt be scrutinized around the world. ♪ the hard work over, it was back to doing what the duchess does best -- meeting people, in this case, children with severe disabilities. >> they like making noise. >> she was so nice and so interested in the children and the work of a hospice. she makes a fantastic patron, really lovely. >> she has been supported by the
rest of the team the last few weeks. the duchess seemed perfectly at ease on her own. as one member of the public said to me, she is rising to the occasion with dignity and composer. -- composure. the duchess will be eagerly awaiting prince william's return from the falkland islands. bbc news, ipswich. >> kate doing very well by herself. in a quick update on our top story, an image of the teacher and the children murdered in toulouse has been released. one of the biggest manhunts in recent times is now under way in france as police searched for the gunman who is suspected of being responsible for other attacks. that brings our show to a close. you can get updates on our website at any time. you can get in touch with me at twitter.
from all of us here at "bbc world news america," thanks for watching. i will see you here tomorrow. ak>> mse international news at bbc.com/news. >> funding was made possible by the freeman foundation of new york, stowe, vermont, and honolulu, newman's own foundation, and union bank. >> at union bank, our relationship managers use their expertise in global finance to guide you through the business strategies and opportunities of international commerce. we put our extended global network to work for a wide