tv BBC World News America PBS April 9, 2012 6:00pm-6:30pm EDT
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>> and now "bbc world news america." >> this is "bbc world news america." reporting from washington, i am katty kay. the violence in serious bills and two neighboring states. syrian troops open fire on refugees trying to flee into turkey. in north korea is set for a nuclear test to celebrate the man who founded the country. the bbc is invited along. >> it is a personality cult for this totalitarian state. >> a century after the titanic set off on her maiden voyage, a crew retracing that historic voyage down to the very last detail.
welcome to our viewers on pbs in america and also around the globe. just when you thought the syria situation could not get worse, today i witnesses on the border with turkey say that troops opened fire on refugees as they tried to flee the country. the same day, a television cameraman was shot dead on the border with lebanon. this fighting has spurred increased fears that the cease- fire could collapse. >> the violent building up inside syria spilled over the border today. refugees who thought they reached safety in turkey were fired on or caught in crossfire. [unintelligible] >> it was the last straw for
this man. "they are killing us," he cried. "just come and see all the dead. they are butchering nest. you people, help us." there were at least 20 injured. the failure of international deployments to stop the fighting is a crushing blow for refugees who have been waiting many months to go home. they have been driven here in the past week, just when the kofi annan plan was supposed to be gaining momentum. the helicopter guns -- >> the helicopter gunships swept down. >> bullets hit two of his sons who were now in turkish hospitals. kofi annan's peace plan is now
regarded as one of the last hopes. unless there is a diplomatic miracle, they believe they will have to fight for their freedom. their turkish hosts are beginning to agree. the annan peace plan is the only one endorsed by the united nations. it calls for the opposition to commit to stop fighting and calls for all parties to implement a daily two-our humanitarian pause. ahead of tomorrow's deadline, the syrian government has escalated its attacks on opposition-held areas and now it appears impossible conditions for withdrawal.
the tour people out of what was left of their romance -- they mature people out of what was left of their homes -- they tore people out of what was left to their homes. if it fails, what then? there is no alternative plan from the u.n. bbc news, on the turkish-syrian border. >> for more on the violence which spilled across the syrian border today and the diplomatic efforts, i spoke earlier with mark lynch. he is the author of "the arab uprising." mark, thank you very much for coming. many thought that turkey would be the regional key to this. they were getting shot at inside turkey. could that be the trigger for turkey to take more action?
>> i think turkey has been embarrassed for all their posturing, they have not been able to lever, and you can see signs they are getting fed up with diplomacy and they are worried about their own border. there is still a basic problem, which is they do not want to get involved militarily. they have all the same problems everybody else has. who is going to police a humanitarian corridor? they want to do something, like we all do, but i think they are struggling if they can actually do with. >> when you look at is stempel, -- is a gamble, the more in the debt they look. they are throwing out this language, and yet as you say, they do not seem ready to do anything. what can and will turkey actually do?
>> i think that they thought that their relationship with assad would make a difference in their real economic power would make a difference, but none of it has. at this point, they are talking about declaring a safe area for refugees and the like keeping their recognize that once you have done that, there is no going back. they are very worried about the kurdish minority in their own country. they are worried about the possibility they might have syrian support. and they are very worried about being left hanging out to dry if international support is not forthcoming. i suspect they will want to stay with the international consensus and i do not think they are going to act unless they have clear backing from nato and the united states. >> tomorrow, the deadline to which the syrians agreed for the
cease-fire -- we have heard from the white house today and the state department that they do not really think this cease-fire deadline is going to hold. >> no, i do not think anyone thought assad was going to easily abide by the diplomatic process. what he has done so far has been unsurprising, trying to game the system, a gain advantage until the last minute, and now trying to weasel out of his commitments. i think what the annan process is trying to do is hold this non-compliance out to the world. >> what about pressure on russia? if assad flagrantly moves the april 10 deadline, will this change? >> that is the deadline that the russians themselves endorse. it does put them in a difficult
position. is very difficult to shame moscow into doing anything. that is true. once they seem more people turning against assad and the international community united against them, the harder it is for russia to stand and fight, especially if assad violates an agreement russia itself demanded. be real trouble is beijing. -- the real trouble is beijing. >> ok. thank you. from syria to egypt now where more than a year after helping -- after a pause in the mark was removed from power, the bid to -- after hosni mubarak was removed from power, the bid to succeed him is still ongoing. >> the light applause for the muslim brotherhood's official
presidential candidate. at the news conference, the millionaire businessman wanted to set out political business, but inevitably questions and return them back to the last- minute entry of the former intelligence chief in the presidential contest. he warns this would bring egyptians back out in the streets. >> he is the former regime represented in the former major general omar suleiman. >> and yet, mr. suleiman does have supporters. a crowd turned out to greet him at the election headquarters. he has promised to restore security and stability. although he claims to have had death threats from the muslim brotherhood, he says he will not
change his plans to run in next month's vote. there are more than 20 candidates in egypt for a presidential race, including a former arab league had. however now, the political debate is polarized along familiar lines. bbc news, cairo. >> and in yemen, at least 33 people including nine soldiers at been killed in a suspected al-qaeda attack on army barracks. the military says at least 18 al-qaeda fighters were also killed in clashes in a province where islamists control significant territory. several asian airlines are changing their flight plans ahead of an unexpected missile launch from north korea. satellite imagery shows an underground tunnel that appears to be in preparation for a third
nuclear test. this coincides with the 100th anniversary of pyongyang. we have rabb access to the country, and we have this report from the north korean capital. >> acting on cue, every single one in the crowd of perhaps 100,000. it is the start of a week of celebration. the motion almost sounds exaggerated. -- the emotion almost sounds exaggerated. north korea's dead dictators are worshiped almost as gods and the people are told to give thanks for the nation that they are told has been turned into a powerful, prosperous land. today, few from outside would recognize north korea as powerful or prosperous. what it has preserved as a
powerful personality cult. at first, we were told we could not talk to any of them. instead we were brought to this factory. it has never fired a single worker, i am told. is all down to the generous guidance -- it is all down to the generous guidance of north korea's founding president and his last-smiling at son kim jong-il. they are given instruction in mathematics, english, and physics. this celebration is the biggest national event in the country, she says. "i am going to celebrate by working even harder." she sticks to the same script. the kims, father and son, were a credit to everything.
"when they were alive, they instructed us to provide close to the people," she says. the ladies it would just talked to -- as soon as we stopped talking to them, they stop worked. outside, there are flash pass we would like to stop and see, but we could not. there are hints of a less perfect world. impatient queues for the morning tram. reflects a sense -- reflections that suggest that the land is not quite a socialist paradise. bbc news, pyongyang. >> a fascinating glimpse inside a secretive country there. you were watching "bbc world news america." still to come on the program -- a partnership the u.s. it means to keep tightly.
a team of americans has joined the pakastani army efforts to search for survivors of an avalanche in the himalayas. the avalanche struck a remote military base on sunday. from islamabad, orla guerin has this update. >> they are hoping for a miracle, and that is probably what it will take to find anyone alive now under the wall of ice and snow that came crashing down on sunday morning. someone could survive for two days to five days if they had oxygen supplies and rations, but that must now be an outside chance. an american team has been flown in. they are trained in alpine search and rescue. they could not fly today because there was bad weather.
there is a large-scale operation going on their. almost 300 people involved. there are earth movers, bulldozers, rescue dogs and paramedics. we understand they have not yet managed to reach any of the body's. -- bodies. this avalanche was on a massive scale. and covered about a square kilometer and is 80 feet deep. the rescue operation is taking place in some of the toughest terrain on earth. the base is located 6,000 feet above sea level at the edge of a glacier. all of this is making the search and rescue operation far more difficult. >> orla guerin there from pakistan. and in peru, nine miners have been trapped for four days now. they have appealed to mining
companies for help to get them free. in the effort to boost u.s. exports, a key country is brazil. that would explain why today it was on the agenda of president dilma rouseff and president obama at the white house. notrazil's president was first on the obama agenda today. that belonged to the easter bunny, who was seen at the white house along with thousands of children. it was no doubt just poor scheduling, but it may reinforce perceptions that the u.s.- brazilian relationship is hardly a top priority for this president. getting down to business in the oval office, he stressed business. >> our investment is reaching
record levels with jobs and business opportunities in both countries. >> dilman was blunter. she said the relationship was falling short of its potential in areas like energy and she complained monetary policy here was making brazilian exports less competitive. >> from the brazilian side, there is a sense washington has not invested in the potential of this relationship, endorsing, for example, brazil as a permanent member of the security council. this is how washington treats old friends. a state dinner last month for the economy -- for the prime minister.
at the indian prime minister of the first state dinner of the obama presidency. so, why is brazil treated differently? >> is brazil arrival or an allied? on one hand, you have a huge potential for trade and the economies of north and south america. on the other hand, there are sort subjects with foriegn policy. >> barack obama has personally invested in brazil. he visited last year. veteran admission, this is a slow-blossoming -- by their own admission, this is a slow- blossoming relationship. bbc news, washington. >> while brazil's economy may be booming, much of the rest of the world is still struggling. many of the hurdles that remain
-- i spoke to a professor from might see it -- from in might see who wrote a new book "white house burning." there was america, driving economic growth. now we have this flip-flop. we look to the brics around the world. >> they had agreed tenures. no question about that. @ think we should be careful about the cycle turning. -- i think we should be careful about the cycle turning. they had cash reserves. look at the eurozone. it could all happen. >> tell me about your book -- the subtitle of " the founding fathers, our national debt, and why it matters to you." >> it matters because the u.s. has lost control over its fiscal house.
if we get it back in order, we can be the political and economic power in the world again. it is entirely up to us. at the moment, that seems rather elusive. >> there are those who say, ok, we have to carry on and invest. and those who are more to the right saying, we cannot even do that. we have to deal with the deficit now. who is right? it is extraordinary. we are having an argument between growth and deficit reduction. >> neither side is right, thankfully. what you need is secure, robust revenue. no one wants to talk about taxes going up. they want all these other narratives about what can happen, but the reality is, you have to bring revenues up. we're proposing that tax rates go back to the 1990's level.
that was a time of fiscal responsibility, relatively speaking. but nobody wants to do that right now. >> hundreds of economists have said you have to raise taxes and cut spending. why won't it happen? >> well, because the politicians do not want to take any action. what would you take any difficult political position? the dangerous when the bond market's turn against you, as it surely will at some point, the interest rates will go up very rapidly, and that will be a very difficult time. >> is there a chance, looking ahead to the next election -- we could be heading into a time where there is even more political polarization, even more stagnation? we're looking at the prospect of four more years of politicians
and not fixing stuff? >> yes, that is a possibility. on the other hand, the bush-era tax cuts expire at the end of this year. there is a possibility. that will be a substantial, a significant adjustment. even if you do not do anything, that is a decision, which is an unusual moment for washington. do you want to keep the social insurance programs like social security and medicare? 40% of the people who use those programs do not know they are government programs. we need to have the conversation a little bit better informed. >> europe a threat to the economy? >> if you look at spain or italy, portugal perhaps, ireland, the banks are in really
bad shape. there is red danger and financial disease across the world. >> alright. thank you very much for coming on. on one more economic note tonight, it seems greece has another controversial way of raising money. those police officers we have seen so often on the streets at keeping the peace are now available for rent, along with patrol cars and police helicopters. and if tempted, a police officer can be hired for $40 an hour for security. now how do you feel about retracing the journey of the titanic? a century after the ship's ill- fated journey, a crew is sailing the same route from southampton to new york. they arrived in ireland today.
our correspondent is on board the ship and filed this report. >> this is always going to be an unusual cruise. so it is proving to be. they follow the titanic route all the way to the wreck site. departure,rday's things on board have calmed down with passenger swapping titanics stories and trivia. >> kate had a camera on board. >> in her cabin, and net adele -- annette o'dell, whose ancestors was on the titanic a century ago. >> very proud, doesn't he? yes. >> they were only on board for the first stage of the journey.
they got off on in ireland, and they and their photographs survived. >> this is my favorite of all of them. the size of that ship. >> look hall -- >> and irish welcome as the memorial crews arrived in gale force winds tonight. they will ceylon to the wreck site, just -- will sail on to the wreck site, just as the families are doing. >> a huge ship. that was our correspondent on board, retracing the route of the titanic. from all of us here, thank you for watching. we will see you back here tomorrow night.
me e nsof international news at bbc.com/news. >> funding was made possible by -- the freeman foundation of new york, stowe, vermont, and honolulu, newman's own foundation, union bank, and shell. >> this is kim, about to feel one of his favorite sensations. at shell, we're developing more efficient fuels in countries like malaysia that can help us get the most from our energy resources.