tv BBC World News WHUT November 9, 2012 7:00am-7:30am EST
>> this is bbc world news. funding for this presentation is made possible by the freeman foundation of new york, stowe, vermont, and honolulu. newman's own foundation. and union bank. >> at union bank, our relationship managers work hard to know your business, offering specialized solutions and capital to help you meet your growth objectives. we offer expertise and tailored solutions for small businesses and major corporations. what can we do for you? >> and now, bbc world news. >> pressure mounts on burma's
government to end ethnic violence as president obama prepares for a first visit to the country. we have a special report from rakhine, where tens of thousands of muslims have been forced to flee from continued fighting. >> all the evidence we've heard paints a picture of a planned organized attack, in which security forces, at best, did nothing, and at worst, took part. >> welcome to "g.m.t." also in the program -- a new leader for the anglican church, former oil executive turned bishop, justin welby. he'll try to unify anglicans worldwide. as pakistan's schoolgirl recovers from gunshot wounds, her father thanks the world for
inspirational support. it's midday here in london, 8:00 p.m. in tokyo, and 6:30 p.m. in burma, a state undergoing rapid political change, but still dogged by ethnic violence. the bbc has gained access to villages in rakhine state, destroyed by violence in recent weeks. it's a region torn in two by ethnic conflict between buddhists and minority muslim rakhinjas. but the violence appears to go beyond local communal clashes. evidence has emerged that the burmese security forces are complicit in violence. we have this report from rakhine state. >> across the great waterways on burma's westernmost coast, a wave of hatred is breaking communities apart. there are very few roads here. this is how we reach a remote
fishing village of 1,500. there are 5,000 evacuees. their homes have been destroyed by the sectarian attacks which began in june. local buddhists are trying to drive out muslims who they say don't belong in burma. these muslim men showed us scars from the assault on their village two weeks ago, an assault backed, they say, by the police and army. this woman describes the moment her husband was killed by a bullet while he was trying to doups the flames in the burning mosque. she zpares now over how she and her children will survive. -- she despairs now over how she and her children will survive. this is a nearby town.
there are victims on both sides, buddhists and muslim. but the muslim rahinjas have borne the brunt of the violence. what happened to this village and many others wasn't a spontaneous outburst of ethnic anger. all the evidence we heard from victims paints a picture of a planned, organized attack in which the security forces at best did nothing, and at worst, took part. it's pushed them as muslims into ever smaller ghetto-liken claves and cast a shadow over the start of this country's democratic journey. more than 100,000 people have been left homeless and hungry, a part of burma already blighted by poverty. these people bear an added burden. even long-established families are not recognized as citizens. >> i have a rightful citizen of this country, and i am the rightful abider of this law, so
i am here. >> that policy has encouraged local buddhists to believe it's ok to expel muslim neighbors with whom they have a long list of grievances. at a monastery, i was shown photographs of alleged muslim atrocities. muslims are accused of trying to outgrow the buddhist population. >> we can't expel them. those who are legal citizens of burma can stay here, but if they do, they must adapt to our culture. >> this is the flip side of burma's seemingly miraculous transformation. long suppressed fear and intolerance bubbling to the surface. it drove this 45-year-old woman from her home and left her to die, racked with fever, while sheltering under a building in someone else's village. bbc news, rakhine state, burma.
>> as we heard there in jonathan's report from rakhine state, the violence has led to a rise in the number of refugees fleeing from that region and its capital, sitte. many are going to neighboring bangladesh. on wednesday, around 100 refugees died after their bank is he sank off the coast in bangladesh. it was the second such incident in the last two weeks. and joining me from teknaf is our correspondent. from what you see around you where you are, is the flow of refugees continuing, and what are they saying, if they're still coming in? >> already tens of thousands of muslim people are living in this area, following the recent communal clashes, more people are trying to come into bangladesh. bangladesh has been turning them over, saying they cannot afford to look after them because more than a quarter of a million people live inside
this country. but still, despite the tight security, hundreds of people have managed to get in to this country, and i've been visiting quite a few refugee camps since morning. i spoke to people who came in the last five or six days. they were talking about the attacks against the houses, how it led to such killings, more than 80 people are killed in the latest round of violence, and people have been crossing, undertaking very dangerous journeys across the river, which is just behind me. the other side is the burmese rakhine state, so they can live here peacefully. what they want is security. >> to be clear about it, are the bangladeshi authorities trying to stop fleeing refugees from entering bangladeshi territory? >> they have been doing this for the last few months when the conflict started. though the people have been coming into bangladesh for the
last four decades, and it's highlighted the plight of this people. this cry by the human rights group that's among the most oppressed minorities in the world. inside burma, they have no citizenship rights, no land rights. and when they come into bangladesh, they're not welcome here. the bangladesh, what they say is if burma is willing to take back these refugees, more than quarter of a melion, then we would be more than happy to welcome these people. but they're staying here for more than four decades, and there's no sign of people going back. it adds to the burden, and we cannot manage to have more refugees in the coming days or coming weeks. >> i suppose it says a lot about the terrible conditions some of the people are experiencing inside burma, despite the fact it is terribly difficult for them in bangladesh, they still want to get in. >> yes, indeed. that's what happened in the last few months or so. i came here a few months ago, i met a number of refugees who fled burma, bringing oppression
and exclusion, so they keep coming, because this is the nearest province. from here, it's the burmese, so it is easy for them to cover the river or come through the bay. but the bangladesh people say this is the problem of burma's authorities, they belong to burma, and they should go back to burma. however, burma considers them illegal immigrants from bangladesh. there are many unregistered camps, and the conditions are appalling, and the conditions are very, very basic. there's no sewer system. children don't have proper education or healthcare system. but still, people hope that the ongoing democratic reforms in burma would help them to go back to their homes one day. >> right there on the border, on the bangladeshi side of the border, thank you very much for joining us on "g.m.t." let's look at some of the other stories making headlines around the world today. the alleged source of the wikileaks revelations has offered to plead guilty to
lesser offenses, those with which he is charged. u.s. army private bradley manning faces a life sentence if found guilty in his maryland court-martial of aiding the enemy, one of 22 charges he currently faces. mans agency lawyer made the offer at a pretrial hearing, and it's the first sign he will admit to leaking secret afghanistan and iraq war reports and diplomatic cables. rescue workers are continuing to search for survivors of a powerful earthquake in guatemala. more than 50 people were killed in the strongest quake to hit the country in more than three decades. the 7.4-magnitude quake caused devastating land slides that can be felt up to 1,000 kilometers away. prince charles and his wife, camilla, the butch he is of cornwall, have toured parts of sydney, taking in a quick ride across the harbor, before meeting members of the australian defense borders. the royal couple are on a six-day tour of australia to mark the diamond jubilee.
the biggest syrian opposition bloc, the syrian national council, is under pressure to join up with other rebel groups to create a more unified leadership. nations supporting the opposition have tied the promise of increased financial support to a restructuring of the opposition. representatives of the key rebel organizations have been meeting in doha, the capital of qatar, to discuss the formation of a single 60-member leadership group which would present itself as, they say, the sole legitimate representative of the syrian people. well, while those talks are taking place, the violence inside the country continues. lena reports from damascus. >> there has been an escalation of violence this week in syria. government forces have bombarded several cities, and there were clashes on the ground with the group, the free syrian army. damascus was no exception. warplanes have been firing at
the eastern suburbs of the city, and artillery shelling on opposition-held areas much the number of civilians killed this week exceeded 500, including women and children. but the free syrian army is also moving closer to the center of the city, trying to gain ground. they had claimed attacks on government strongholds, including a military air force. the government denies those claims, but did accuse terrorist groups of attacks on neighborhoods. neighborhoods were attacked this week. they are inheart by residents loyal to president assad and are predominantly of the minority group. these were the first attacks of sectarian nature. they feel oppression by islamic radical group who the government says are rising in number. these groups, the government says, are paid by conservatives
and trying to destabilize the country in its secular nature. so far there hasn't been any political solution for the crisis here. and the military solution seems to be the one followed by both sides. president bashar assad has given remarks to the russian television saying he's determined to stay in control. some of the opposition are setting hopes on the re-election of the u.s. president, barack obama, to put more pressure on president assad. many people here feel syria's main ally, russia, would find a solution to the crisis. >> the anglican church has a new leader. after a lengthy appointment process, the former oil company executive and current bishop of durham, justin welby, has been officially announced as the new archbishop of canterbury. he'll take the top job at the end of the year from dr. rowan williams. a short time ago, he told reporters he supports the ordination of women bishops,
but he's backing the house of bishops' earlier statement which objected to same-sex marriage. >> i support the house of bishop statement in the summer in answer to the government's consultation on same-sex marriage. but i also know i need to listen very attentively to the lgbt communities and examine my own thinking carefully and prayerfully. i am alza verse to the language of exclusion. ove in the same way as jesus christ loves us. above all, in the church we need to create safe spaces for these issues to be discussed in honesty and in love. >> the soon-to-be archbishop of canterbury, justin welby, there. i'm joined by the bbc's emily buchanan from the church headquarters in london. emily, it ain't easy, is it, being the figurehead leader of
the worldwide anglican communion. i think dr. williams said he famously said you need the height of a rhinee. did justin welby look like he had the height of a rhino and ideas on how to keep the church together? >> it's interesting, just listening to him speaking there, how carefully he was choosing his words. i mean, he perhaps, more than any other candidate for this post in the anglican church, knows how deep that rift is across the anglican communion over homosexuality. he himself said he's been to nigeria more than 60 times, helping in reconciliation work and various fractions, including in northern nigeria, which was, if you remember, the first part of the country to bring in sharia law. so he has more experience really than anyone else just to try and bridge this huge gulf. he also knows, from the experience of rowan williams, the present ash bishop, how difficult it was for him and
how bitter some of the disputes have been. so, yes, he has his work cut out, but perhaps he will be better able to hold both sides together than his predecessor. >> his is a fascinating back story, because, of course, he was an oil executive for some years, and then he turned to the church, and his ride has been pretty meteoric. are there any voices suggesting perhaps he doesn't have enough experience to do the top job? >> i was just talking to somebody who was watching the process from the beginning. the disappointment commission started looking at candidates about six months ago. at that time, justin welby had only been there for about six months himself. and he was seen as not experienced enough. but as time went by and other candidates were looked at and certain negatives came up and they didn't quite fit, sudden it will became a point instead of saying, well, let's wait for the next time for justin welby, why not appoint him now?
yes, he doesn't have a lot of experience, but he has a lot of other experience to bring to the church. one of the things, most talked about today, was how comfortable he was with the media, and that's not something we've seen with other recent archbishops, whether it was george kerry, even rowan williams. they've had a rough ride when it comes to communicating. i think many people in the church feel that justin welby has the words, he has the confidence to kind of speak to the wider country. >> thanks very much for joining us on "g.m.t." still to come -- diving under the coffers. pakistan gets its first tour of international cricket in two years, but who exactly are they? >> a system spiraling out of control, that is the damning verdict on the u.k. border agency's handling of immigration and asylum cases,
delivered in a highly critical report by members of parliament. the british m.p.'s warn that attempts to clear a back log of 300,000 cases could lead to an amnesty for immigrants with no right to be in the u.k. the bbc's tom simons has this report. >> in may, it was as big as the population of cambridge. by july, the home affairs select committee said new castle. now the m.p.'s are measuring the immigration back log by country. iceland has a population of just over 300,000. and the total immigration back log for the last three months is 302,064. that includes what's called the migration refusal pool, 174,000 people who should have left britain because they don't have the right to stay here. 25,000 live cases currently being dealt with, and a controlled archive of 74,000
past asylum cases which are outstanding. this number at least is falling, but the m.p.'s say more needs to be done. >> it's spiraling out of control, and they need to take urgent action to deal with cases quickly, to close those cases, and then remove people from the country. who have no right to be here. the committee is concerned this will result in rushed decision making and an amnesty for some applicants. but the government says every day is getting harder to be an illegal immigrants, with restricted benefits and healthcare, along with tests for foreign students and more cases fought in the courts. tom simons, bbc news. >> don't forget, more on all the top stories on our web sited, bbc.com/news. it's all there. >> this is "g.m.t."
i'm stephen sacker. the headlines -- as president obama prepares to visit the country, ethnic conflict continues in burma's rakhine state, and reports that security forces could be complicit in the violence. a former oil executive has been appointed as leader of the anglican communion throughout the world. i'm now for business, jamie has joined me. there's a fascinating story involving the man who runs airlines. he also has a huge stake in the drinks business, and he's facing some trouble. >> it's interesting, the story really starts in drinks, and it moves through to airlines, quite interestingly, because those say he's a billionaire with his fingers in many buys. but it starts with diageo. it's going to spend about $2 billion. it's got a $1 billion expenditure, buying a large stake in united spirits, which is part owned by b.j.
it will probably end up getting a complete controlling stake in united spirits. that's fine, because it's a fantastic deal to get into, huge, great whiskey market, biggest whiskey market in the world. so that's doing diageo a great deal of good. on the other side, b.j. needs the money desperately, because he's got king fisher airlines. it's grounded now, it's in such a bad way t. hasn't been flying now since the beginning of october. it's been facing strikes and all the rest of it. the question is, is he going to use it to bail out king fisher or use it to bail out the united states spirits, which itself is deep in debt? this is what someone from mumbai says. >> many are seeing this deal as possible a reprieve for him, as far as airline business is concerned. but if you talk to a lot of analysts, there's still doubt whether the deal would be able to save kingfisher airlines, because united spirits itself has been in a lot of trouble, and the first priority for the group, the u.b. group, would be
to pull out united spirits, make it more profitable. >> so there's a question where he's going to use the money, which company to became out. >> it's clear, the airline business as a whole is in difficulties, and that became clear today when we had a dramatic announcement from iberia, which is part of i.a.g., which is -- which also owns british airways. if you combine them, you have a problem. they are getting rid of 4,500,000 jobs, a huge amount, and it really is a real blow. what i think is happening, though, with i.a.g., and with the iberia, is the problem is short haul. long haul they seem to be doing better, because they're the main connection between spain and latin america. that's where they're making their money. short haul is not working so well. but on the other hand, what seems to be their strategy, yesterday they were making up that bid for the local, low-budget airline. if they can use that to replace
their domestic business, that could be very profitable for them. but the problem there -- and this is what john strickland says, an airline industry says from their problems are many-sided. >> iberia, on the one hand, faces a very difficult, external trading environment, a weak spanish economy, rising airport charges, and tough competition. but internally it's a company that hasn't come into the modern age and made itself more lean and mean. it's overmanned, has a large number of routes on the network. >> jamie, thank you very much indeed. now, tens of thousands of people have signed an online petition calling for the pakistani schoolgirl who survived a gun attack by the taliban to be nominated for the nobel peace prize. malala yousafzai, who's 15, had become well known as a campaigner for girls' education. >> malala is said to be humbled and inspired by the thousands of cards and gifts that have been sent to her.
it's a month now since she was shot on a school bus for daring to say that girls should get an education. a peace prize nomination can't be made been a ordinary member of the public. that's why this petition has been started, calling on david cameron to put her name forward. >> malala thinks human dignity, tolerance, and plural. she has done with her second bout, a clear mind between the bar barity and human civilization. >> tomorrow has been declared malala day by gordon brown, now u.s. special envoy for global education. he'll be going to pakistan to deliver another petition inspired by malala. it contains more than a million signatures, and urges the president to make education a reality for all pakistani children, whether boy or girl. andy moore, bbc news. >> the british army just completed a high-profile mission in pakistan. the field of battle was the
cricket pitch, and in a cricket-mad nation starved of international matches because of security fears, the presence of the first 11 made front-page news. aleem maqbool has more. >> there's been no test cricket in pakistan the last few years because of security, but this is the last match in an international tour of a different type that has rave reviews over the last week in pakistan. this is the british army team playing the pakistani army, but also played pakistan cricket as well. the captain of the upper team is lance corporal jack prinsloo. how has this week been? >> just fantastic. none of us ever thought it could be so good in pakistan and actually get the opportunity to play at the stadium yesterday and play against the pakistani side. >> you've been on the front pages of the newspapers. that's something else, isn't it? >> it's a bit surreal.
you have to take a step back to let it all sink in a little bit. >> there have been no international matches in pakistan since the sri lankan squad was attacked in 2009. but these cricketers, all serving british personnel, have had an apparently safe tour, albeit under tight security. >> i think this is a good initiative taken by the british army. they can come and play, they are coming to that state, and the english players will come and play in pakistan. >> the amount of coverage that it's got with all the matches being shown live on national television is an indication of just how hungry pakistanis are for international sport to return here. and the cricketting authorities will be hoping the british army team will play some part in ensuring that happens. aleem maqbool, bbc news. >> that's it from us. stay with us on bbc.
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