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tv   BBC World News America  PBS  March 16, 2012 5:30pm-6:00pm EDT

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>> this is "bbc world news america." >> funding for this presentation is made possible by -- the freeman foundation of new york, stowe, vermont, and honolulu, :;s/"$ our relationship managers use their expertise in global finance to guide you through the business strategies and opportunities of international commerce. we put our extended global network to work for a wide range of companies, from small businesses to major corporations. what can we do for you? >> and now "bbc world news america."
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>> this is "bbc world news america" reporting from washington. tensions rise between afghanistan and america as charges fly over the investigation into the deaths of 16 afghan civilians. >> this is deplorable activity. this behavior cannot be tolerated. >> opponents of the assad regime keep up their protests just as the new u.n. team is due to arrive in syria this weekend. counting down to st. patrick's day, in one u.s. classroom, the irish language is flowing off of the town. -- tongue.
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welcome to our viewers on pbs in america and around the globe. the end of the road, that is how afghanistan's president describes his frustration with the u.s. and its investigation into the killing of 16 afghan villagers by an american soldier last weekend. he was speaking after a meeting with some of the victims' relatives. currently, the u.s. service member who is suspected of carrying out the attack has been transferred to a military prison in the u.s. we had a chance to directly question president karzai on the rising tensions. >> a tribal elders and villagers came from the south to talk to their president. hamid karzai called them to the palace to help him understand what happened when 16 afghans were killed in sunday morning. the afghans at this table spoke
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with anger and emotion. one described how 11 people died in one house alone. president karzai had listened and took notes. when he rose to leave, i called out a question. do you accept the american account that only one american soldier was involved in these killings? >> the story of the village elders is entirely different. they believe that it is not possible for one person to do that. in his family, in four rooms, people were killed. women and children were killed. they were all put together in one room and then put it on fire. that, one man cannot do. the chief has just reported that the afghan investigation team
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did not receive the cooperation that they inspected. -- that they expected. >> what do you do next? >> it is by all means the end of the road here. >> the end of the road? >> the road. >> no one can expect this. >> does that mean that your relationship with the united states is at the end of the road? >> this horrible activity, this behavior cannot be tolerated. this is past the time. >> you cannot fight the taliban on your own. >> that is a different question. we will address this issue and we will look it up in an extremely diligent and forceful way. >> the u.s. has been trying to contain the damage from this latest violence but the
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president's condemnation strains an already difficult situation. >> for more on the growing tensions between the afghan president and the u.s., i spoke to our correspondent in kabul a short time ago. i asked him what kind of impact this was having on the u.s.- afghan relations. >> it has been tainted not just by that appalling massacre but also the burning of the core tehran by soldiers -- the burning of the koran by u.s. soldiers. president karzai and the international mission are in broad agreement. president karzai would like foreign troops out of the villages and back to their
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bases. the foreign troops would like to return to their bases and eventually return to their homes. the timetable is tricky. there is broad agreement that by the end of 2013, american troops and british troops will have gone back to their bases. most combat troops will go home by the end of 2014. it will be afghans that would be doing most of the fighting. >> you talk about u.s. troops going back to their bases from, will it be difficult for the u.s. to kind of control that process now because of these recent events? >> that is really the million- dollar question. no one would like an early exit from afghanistan. that would not be good for foreign soldiers or the afghan people and it would provide an advantage to the taliban.
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president obama called president karzai to congratulate him on the birth of his second child, but also they reaffirmed what is called the lisbon agreement which is the road map for troops to get out of here. there is always uncertainty because we have seen some appalling acts and crimes being committed here in afghanistan, sometimes by american soldiers come over the past year. we cannot say that this will not knock the strategy off track. >> the taliban will like to suspend whatever talks it was having with u.s. officials. does that make the job even trickier? >> it does because the simple truth is that the taliban will not be defeated on the battlefield. there have to be a political
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solution. in some parts of the country, they never went away. the taliban must return to the negotiating table to help find some kind of peace. the taliban are looking very interested in that. they know that foreign troops are going and they believe that they can take on the afghan national army. >> thank you very much. now, to syria, where the special envoy kofi annan says that the u.n. team is set to arrive. he says the primary goal is to get humanitarian aid into the country and warns an impact to the region if the situation is not handled properly. >> in the northern city of i dlib, opposition protests early this morning. this is the place where the government is believed to have regained full control. they are calling for immediate a
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foreign military intervention. more demonstrations in damascus. their chant "assad is god's enemy." the handmade placards say "we call on russia and china." after friday prayers, the numbers grew. in video posted by opposition activists showed up thousands of people marching and then apparently the government troops opened fire. meanwhile, kofi annan, the international envoy to syria, briefed the u.n. security council on his progress in pursuing a peace plan. >> i discussed with the council,
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proposals i made it to the syrian government that were aimed to stop the violence, accelerate a humanitarian assistance, and establish credibility and confidence before the political process when it is initiated. i will be sending a team in this weekend to pursue the discussions and the proposals we left on the table and at the proper time when i deemed sufficient progress has been made, i shall be prepared to go back to the region. >> he spoke of getting strong support and despite differences of opinion from russia and china, he said that he hoped the council would soon speak with one voice. he warned of a serious impact from the region if the crisis was not handled carefully but he
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offered no immediate solution. on the ground, there is no end to the violence in sight. political talks seemed to be far off. much of the syrian army focus has been on the southern town of deraa. opposition activists say that these pictures show security forces opened fire on protesters in the second city of aleppo yesterday. the u.n. will send a humanitarian mission to syria over the weekend but it can only get aid in if it is allowed to do so. >> in other news, the united states has denounced a plan by north korea to launch a long- range rocket which p'yongyang says will put a satellite in orbit. the u.s. says that this is a threat to regional security and is inconsistent with north korea's recent agreement to
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suspend missile tests in return for food aid. belgium has held a day of national mourning to remember the victims of the bus crash in switzerland in which 28 mostly children were killed. flags were flown at half mast and church bells rang as the country observed a minute of silence for the victims. after a decade of leading the anglican community worldwide, today the archbishop of canterbury announced he will step down at the end of the year. he said that he wished his successor the constitution of an auks and the skin of a rhinoceros. -- of an ox and the skin of a rhinoceros. >> rowan williams was a reluctant leader of the church. >> this is why the christians
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engage in passion in the world of society and politics. there is a real hunger and thirst to seek out image, the destiny of human beings to become gods sons and daughters. >> dr. williams said that he wanted to capture the imagination of the public for christianity. >> let us greet our newly enthroned archbishop with great gladness. >> but from the start, he had to contend with deep divisions about homosexuality. >> it is unfortunate that he came to be at the archbishop a time when there were these issues of human sexuality. but he is trying to do is to hold the church together, whatever his personal views. >> the ordination threatens the
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committee. >> he has had to deal with the tensions. he is not only working in this country, with the western liberal people, but internationally as well. there is american liberals and at african conservatives. >> many resent the liberal reinterpretation of the bible the pc and the west. it is dr. williams greatest achievement that he held the group together. -- many resent the liberal interpretation of the bible that they see in the west. >> i did not want to be the president of the next conference. i have done that. i have done that for the church. >> i can completely understand that after a long time in that
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very important top job, he would like to move on. i pay tribute to the service the has paid to the country and the church. >> he leaves the church in grave danger of division and they know that he will be hard to replace. >> you are watching "bbc world news america," still to come -- this sounds of -- the sans of the ipad line up to get the latest version. george clooney is no stranger to the spotlight but today he was using his celebrity to draw attention to the plight of those in the sudan. alongside his father, he was in washington, d.c. he was arrested for protesting outside of the sudanese embassy. the rest comes a day after he met with president obama to discuss the crisis in the sudan. -- the arrest comes a day
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after he met with president obama. >> george clooney taking his case to embassy row. >> we need humanitarian aid to be allowed into the sudan before it becomes the word to maturing crisis in the world, immediately. -- becomes the worst humanitarian crisis in the world, it immediately. they also need to stop killing men, women, children. >> he spent much of the week in washington including an appearance on capitol hill, arguing for action to stop sudanese attacks. >> we found children filled with shrapnel. >> he just got back from the border region from a secret track into the region. this has some graphic images of civilian images and it was shown
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to senators. george clooney has political clout and assets. he was among the guests at the state banquet in honor of david cameron. >> this is your third and final warning, you will be arrested. >> george clooney and his father come on a dozen activist deliberately defying the police knowing perfectly well what would follow. -- george clooney and his father, along with a dozen activists, deliberately defying the police. >> the latest version of the apple ipad went on sale today. another big push for the electronics giant. there is a growing focus on what it takes to make these products. the company's code of conduct for suppliers insist that all workers must be safe, well paid,
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and rested, wherever they are in the world. we have spoken to workers who make ipad parts in china and they say they have little choice but to work excessively long hours. >> the broken bones and the burns are almost 3 months old but still visible. these men and women were making parts for ipads when a cloud of aluminum dust exploded, the second such explosion in a year. they worry that they will be scarred for life, they tell me. apple proudly displayed a code of conduct for suppliers on its web site and it says that factories risk having their contracts terminated if they are unsafe or treat their workers and unfairly. alleged breaches of the code are easy to find. there are claims that the
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working week is often well in excess of the 60 hour maximum that apple demands. what is normal for here? 12 hour shifts is the norm, people told us. days off are rare. in a statement, apple said, every year we expect more factories going deeper into the supply train. -- every year, we inspect more factories going deeper into the supply train. we reported the progress on our website. the factory itself denied that any employee works for more than 60 hours a week. image is atk brand risk if it is seen to be failing to get suppliers to live up to the required standards. on the day that the new ipad is lost, they might also reflect on the realities facing
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all electronics companies. -- on the day that the new ipad is launched. of course, if consumers do have a moral reservations about pay and conditions in china, then they want to continue to pay rock-bottom prices for their gadgets. those who make those gadgets see little prospect of real improvement. apple's code of contact could not save this man from injury. >> despite the controversy, there is no denying that apple and its competitors have fueled the world of innovation. despite the advances, are too many being left behind? is there a way to share the benefits of innovation more equitably? that is the question from a new book, "need, speed, and agrg
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reed." the author joins us now. this has created jobs and taken away from some jobs. >> this is the process of creative destruction. this is part of the innovation process. this is actually the most exciting time in many many decades for innovation, really since the great victorian age of invention because we have an opportunity to solve some of the world's most wicked problems with not just new technologies but new business models and new ways of doing things. >> we are witnessing this big change, we have seen it in the music industry here in the music industry, and in the film business. it is very disruptive for many businesses trying to find new business models. >> absolutely. what motivated me to write this book is that not only are we at a time or opportunity is there
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and the pores are benefiting but many in the middle classes in britain and america are being left behind. -- and the poorest are benefiting, but many in the middle classes in britain and america are being left behind. the middle class might have worked their entire lives into the to the jobs and they don't have the access to the skills of the new 21st century economy. >> we go back in some ways to where we started which is that you give people the tools to sort of innovate, to create, but that does not necessarily create the big industries we have seen so far. for example, general motors, general electric. when you look at the new companies, facebook, for example, but this is not on the scale of the industrial age. >> i would challenge that assumption. a number of technologies are not
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only rising exponentially, but the big data revolution and cloud computing is about to transform many communities. these non not only are rising but they are converging. the clean energy problem might be solved by synthetic biology. a whole industry that did not exist. just where as we could not predict the 20s century revolution of electricity grid, we cannot predict which path it will go but this is an opportune time. >> obviously, you are based in china right now. is this a race to see who can be the quickest? >> innovation is not a zero sum game just as the rise of the japanese did not diminish the u.s. or britain. we should not think in terms of
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trade wars and we should have open minds. we should invest in education, infrastructure, the things that are the neighbors a future innovation. >> thank you very much for joining us. >> st. patrick's day is a time when americans have long acknowledged their irish roots, whether they are real or a imagined. -- whether they are real or imagined. we caught up with an instructor who teaches irish language lessons at a catholic school. we caught up with him to discuss why he is trying to keep gaelic driving. -- thriving. what's the reason that i teach irish is that i has been given an opportunity to help other people connect with their
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identity. so many people ask me about ireland, they have a real interest in irish language, culture, music. for me, i have an opportunity to discuss the language. there is an old latin name for ireland. when learning the language, many people have a chance to connect with something from their past. most people would come to my classes are either a parent that is from ireland or they know that their ancestors are from ireland and their name might be an irish name. there is some much irish words that are actually english. the word whiskey, blarney. -- there are many irish words
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that are used in english. the word whiskey, blarney. at the end of the six week course, we will go out and celebrate. this is what language learning is about, being able to take it outside and use it in a basic level. i look forward to st. patrick's day, to celebrate all things irish. whether it is going to some houses or having dinner together, those of the things that i enjoy. >> the efforts to keep the irish language thriving. that brings today's show to a close but remember you can find constant updates on our website. from all of us here at "bbc america" have a good weekend.
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>> make sense of international news at bbc.com/news. >> funding was made possible by -- the freeman foundation of new york, stowe, vermont, and honolulu, newman's own foundation, and union bank. >> at union bank, our relationship managers use their expertise in global finance to guide you through the business strategies and opportunities of international commerce. we put our extended global network to work for a wide range of companies, from small businesses to major corporations. what can we do for you? >> "bbc world news" was
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