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Additional collections of scanned books, articles, and other texts (usually organized by topic) are presented here.

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This document consists of the three 1999 issues of a newsletter published to disseminate information and resources to child care providers and administrators in Canada. The Winter 1999 issue deals with safety for the adults working in child care centers, and discusses risk factors associated with noise, child sized seating, and changing tables. This issue also presents a working conditions checklist to assess early childhood classrooms. The May 1999 issue discusses outdoor play, nature...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Administrators, Childrens Rights, Day Care, Early Childhood Education, Foreign...
This report assesses the transfer credit process for British Columbia (BC) college transfer applicants to the University of British Columbia (UBC). Results indicate that students are earning on average 49.7 credits from the BC college attended and are being granted an average of 42.2 credits when transferring to UBC. This translated into 84.9% of credits earned at the college that were granted transfer credits at UBC. In the cases where students were not granted transfer credits based on...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Admission Criteria, College Credits, College Transfer Students, Community Colleges,...
This study was designed to identify the causes of stress and coping strategies adopted among distance education students at the College of Distance Education in the University of Cape Coast. A total of 332 diploma and post-diploma final year students in 2014/2015 academic year were selected from two study centers using random sampling procedure to respond to self-administered questionnaire. The questionnaire which was adapted to suit the study context was pre-tested to ensure that it elicited...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Stress Variables, Stress Management, Coping, Distance Education, Undergraduate...
This study investigated the perception of university teachers regarding what critical thinking skills are needed for successful undergraduate study, and determined the relative importance of these skills within and across academic disciplines. A total of 31 university teachers in 6 academic disciplines of Physical Sciences, Biological Sciences, Social Sciences, Humanities, Engineering, and Education in an Australia in university responded to a 72-item questionnaires about their perception of...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Abstract Reasoning, Academic Achievement, College Faculty, Critical Thinking, Foreign...
Nature of science is defined as one of the directions of scientific literacy. The main aim of this study was to investigate both secondary school social and science branch post-graduate (non-thesis master) teacher candidates attitudes about the Nature of Science (NOS) and compare their attitudes towards NOS. A 12-item Likert type scale for teacher candidates was used, based on responses of 207 participants. The results indicated that teachers had low positive attitudes towards NOS, but found...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Student Teacher Attitudes, Graduate Students, Scientific Principles, Foreign...
This work addresses and aims to fulfill a very clear need in teaching biosystem engineering. When introducing students to the complexity of soil processes, one of the frustrations that teachers often experience is the impossibility to demonstrate practically, in the lab, some of the concepts and processes discussed in class. Either the experiments take far longer than a typical laboratory session or they require access to specific equipment. To deal with this situation, it would be ideal for...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Computer Simulation, Engineering Education, Science Experiments, Soil Science,...
This paper describes "Initiating Philanthropic Activities in Croatia (Rijeka) through Teacher's Education," a project started in 1995 and supported by the Indiana University Center on Philanthropy, and designed to help promote the values of philanthropy, primarily through teacher education. The project is part of the program called "Eastern European Initiative," which aims to spread and support the philanthropic idea over the region and build networks of philanthropic...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Action Research, Curriculum Development, Elementary Secondary Education, Foreign...
This document, the second part of the third volume of a study concerned with the role of institutions of higher education in the development of countries in South-East Asia, discusses the problems aroused by language in the region. Chapters I-IV cover assumptions of the study, common problems of the region, current solutions, and future outlook. Chapters V-XII study the policy, the instruments of policy, ethnic groups and media instruction, language courses and their objectives,...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Developing Nations, Educational Development, Educational History, Educational...
Volume II of this five volume investigation of the INSPEC SDI system contains discussions of the following topics: (1) Composition of user and control groups and the information use habits of users and controls, (2) thesaurus development and document indexing, (3) problems of printing notification cards and assessing numbers required for each document, (4) recall and precision failure and (5) precision performance of the SDI service. (Volume I is LI004067 and Volumes III through V are: LI004069...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Economics, Foreign Countries, Indexing, Information Dissemination, Information...
This study followed 513 graduates of regular, gifted, and private school programs in Ontario over 4 years as students at York University (Toronto). Overall, the study found that having participated in a gifted program in high school did not result in increased levels of achievement in university. However, it did find that graduates of gifted high school programs had slightly more positive self-concepts than other students in some areas. Tables summarize data on high school program by family...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Academic Achievement, College Students, Foreign Countries, Gifted, Graduate Surveys,...
This study investigated and compared the reasons given by 40 preservice teachers in New South Wales (NSW), Australia, and Ontario, Canada, for their career choice, focusing on whether their motivations reflected the marked difference in the status and remuneration of teachers in NSW and Ontario. Preservice teachers participated in in-depth, focused, individual interviews in which they were asked to tell a little about themselves and why they decided to become teachers. The NSW students...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Career Choice, Educational Change, Elementary Education, Foreign Countries, Higher...
This study examines the types, uses, and roles of science assessment in a bilingual/biliterate (Spanish/English) elementary classroom in the Honduras during one unit of science instruction. Focus is placed on how one teacher used assessment to a) inform practice; b) evaluate student learning; and c) modify curricula and teaching strategies to meet the needs of bilingual students. (Author/CCM)
Topics: ERIC Archive, Bilingual Education, Elementary Education, Evaluation, Foreign Countries, Learning...
The Specialist Schools and Academies Trust (SSAT) is a leading national organisation for secondary education in England and is responsible for supporting the specialist schools and academies programmes. This edition of SSAT's corporate plan builds on its 2006-2007 to 2008-2009 plan, which sets out the framework within which it will continue to work towards its long-term objective for the specialist system. A glossary is included.
Topics: ERIC Archive, Foreign Countries, Specialists, Secondary Schools, Specialization, Models,...
Education Indicators in Focus is a recurring series of briefs that highlight specific indicators in OECD's Education at a Glance that are of particular interest to policy makers and practitioners. They provide a detailed look into current issues in pre-primary, primary and secondary education, higher education, and adult outcomes from a global perspective, and contain an engaging mix of text, tables and charts that describe the international context of the most pressing questions in education...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Higher Education, Educational Indicators, Foreign Countries, Financial Support,...
The major purpose of this study was to investigate the views of students, parents and teachers regarding the rapid growth of ordinary "O" and advanced "A" level education systems and its implications for Pakistan. The main objective of study was to identify the importance of and social acceptance of "O" and "A" level education system in Pakistan. The population of the study was all "O" and "A" level schools, "O" and...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Foreign Countries, Parent Attitudes, Student Attitudes, Teacher Attitudes,...
The purpose of this article is to analyse the professional and creative development of natural geographic course teachers of the Republic of Tatarstan in the process of professional retraining. The method for work performing is a retrospective analysis of professional retraining of natural geographic course teachers within the higher professional education system. The creative potential development of natural geographic course teachers is based on the paradigm of preserving the fundamental...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Foreign Countries, Geography Instruction, Faculty Development, Higher Education,...
Many study abroad experiences offer opportunities for a broadened global perspective gleaned from interpersonal engagement with cultural others in an international setting. Unfortunately, and far too often, the campus majority who do not have this firsthand travel experience remain disengaged and might feel excluded. This article contends that participants are not the only people to benefit from international study; veterans of study abroad, as they share their experiences through multiple...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Study Abroad, Intercultural Communication, Cultural Awareness, Partnerships in...
To date, empirically derived guidelines for designing accessible online learning environments for learners with dyslexia are still scarce. This study aims to explore the learning experience of learners with dyslexia when reading passages using different online reading affordances to derive some guidelines for dyslexia-friendly online text. The study employed a multiple-case qualitative approach and key themes were interpreted based on these learners' perceived learning, engagement and...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Dyslexia, Online Courses, Electronic Learning, Assistive Technology, Learning...
This paper examines the Nigerian Muslims' apprehension on the implementation of the child's Rights Act. This is due to the fact that Islam being the religion of the significant segment of Nigerian population has exposed them to the rights of children other than the child Rights Act. Such rights as provided by Islam include right to proper upbringing, right to education, right to caring, right to equal treatment, right to love and affection, and right to life and equal life chances. The Muslims...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Foreign Countries, Fear, Educational Policy, Program Implementation, Civil Rights...
This research is about the effectiveness of Vocabulary Knowledge Scale after extensive reading which helps in the enhancement of global language skills especially their vocabulary. This research is an endeavor to create an awareness of its significance in language acquisition through extensive reading especially focusing on vocabulary. The Vocabulary Knowledge Scale and interviews were the data collection tools. On the basis of analysis and interpretation, it was understood that Vocabulary...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Vocabulary, Language Skills, Language Tests, Reading, Interviews, English (Second...
This study seeks to identify the obstacles and opportunities involved in setting up a bilingual education system and to identify the challenges and benefits associated with the daily experience of maintaining a bilingual education model. This study discusses the benefits of developing a bilingual education program and what these programs can offer regarding concerns related to the lives of minority people in Turkey. Explanatory sequential mixed method was used for this study. The first phase of...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Foreign Countries, Bilingual Education, Language of Instruction, Mixed Methods...
Most teachers feel confident espousing the benefits of using picture books in English lessons, talking about the importance of using the illustrations to enhance the text, engaging students and fostering a love and appreciation of literature. How many teachers passionately advocate the use of these same picture books in mathematics lessons? This author hopes to show how easily a quality picture book can stimulate mathematical discussion, introduce and develop abstract concepts, and lead into...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Foreign Countries, Picture Books, Mathematics Curriculum, Mathematics Instruction,...
In the "Digital Divide" research, adult women have generally been found to be the weakest group when compared with others. There is thus a need to provide this particular group with computer literacy training, and to give them opportunities to learn about using computers. In such training, women not only need to learn computer skills, but also a positive attitude. This study gathered qualitative and quantitative data from 175 women who attended computer literacy training, to analyze...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Females, Access to Computers, Computer Literacy, Performance Factors, Computer...
This project builds upon previous surveys of geographical education across Canada completed by Baine (1991) and Mansfield (2005). The purpose of this study was to survey the geography curriculum in each of the ten provinces and three territories in Canada. Geography and social studies curriculum guidelines for grades 1 through 12 were collected in each regional jurisdiction across Canada. A summary of key information was recorded for each grade in each jurisdiction; included were course title,...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Foreign Countries, Geography Instruction, Elementary Secondary Education, Curriculum,...
This study examined the teachers' perceptions of school organizational health (i.e. resource support, job satisfaction among staff, morale boosts, institutional integrity and initiating structure). Descriptive survey design was used for the study. The sample was composed of 330 secondary school teachers randomly selected from 283, 826 secondary school teachers in Osun State. Data collected was subjected to t-test analysis. It was found that that there is higher homogeneity within the group of...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Teacher Attitudes, Organizational Climate, Secondary School Teachers, Job...
Engaging students with real-world activities can be effective in supporting the learning of mathematics, "whenever possible, real-world situations will provide a context for both introducing and applying geometric topics" (NCTM 1989). Tool making is a way to bring real-world mathematics into the classroom and using the tool is a way of taking classroom mathematics into the student's real-world. This article focuses on a student-constructed protractor. The pedagogical discussion is...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Geometric Concepts, Geometry, Mathematics Activities, Mathematics Instruction,...
In this paper, factors that influence academic achievement and self-concept of Year 12 students in their final year of schooling at a Catholic co-educational school in Adelaide, Australia were investigated. The study hypothesised there were differences in attitudes and academic performance due to prior schooling experiences, sex, home experiences, peer influences and school policy and practices. The Self Description Survey (SDQ111) and aggregate results from four Year 12 assessment points were...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Academic Achievement, Parents, Foreign Countries, School Policy, Coeducation, Grade...
Following a discussion of contrasts between developed and developing countries, this paper describes problems encountered by the Universal Primary Education program, a project in Nigeria designed to promote literacy and eradicate superstititon and ignorance. Specifically, the following problems are described in the light of rural, traditional perspectives: neglect of agro-based industries, poor incentives for teachers, little consideration for staffing and equipment for rural schools, and...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Access to Education, Developing Nations, Educational Administration, Educational...
The challenge in survey methodology is to conduct studies as effectively and efficiently as possible. The University of Newcastle upon Tyne (England) has taken advantage of information technology (IT) developments to improve the conduct of in-house surveys. A surveying mechanism tied to the library OPAC (online public access catalog), accessible by users both inside and outside the library, was devised to dispense with the pencil and paper approach of surveying users and provide responses...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Academic Libraries, Data Collection, Evaluation Methods, Foreign Countries, Higher...
A review of craft apprentice training in Great Britain has been carried out by the training board, based on the reports of its regional training officers, on discussions with electricity board training staff, and on the comments received from the industry through the concordat procedure. As a result of the review, certain specific matters were identified on which it was evident some further guidance in the implementation of Recommendation 1 would be welcomed by electricity boards. These arose...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Apprenticeships, Educational Programs, Electricians, Foreign Countries, Program...
Nigeria is the most populous African country and the one most critical for U.S. relations with black peoples everywhere. It has a revitalized National Universities Commission (NUC), an ambitious new educational policy, and six old and seven new universities. The challenge is to find effective means of Nigerian access to the appropriate and interested U.S. universities out of the baffling total and to foster linkages in pursuit of mutually held objectives. That was the task undertaken by the...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Cooperative Planning, Developing Nations, Educational Development, Foreign Countries,...
The Alberta Initiative for School Improvement (AISI) is being implemented in Alberta school jurisdictions and charter schools in the 2000-01 school year. While the "Framework for the Alberta Initiative for School Improvement," December 1999, provides the AISI background, goals, principles, considerations, clarifications, and questions/answers, this handbook provides the AISI program and implementation details. The basic purpose of this handbook is to provide school jurisdictions and...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Achievement, Charter Schools, Educational Assessment, Educational Attainment,...
An evaluation is presented on the impact of HIV/AIDS on the education sector in the Asia Pacific region. Its focus is how human rights in relation to education have been upset by the epidemic. The education sector is urged to develop more initiatives to educate about the epidemic, and to build measures that deal with both immediate and long-term impacts of HIV/AIDS. Children infected with HIV are often restricted from access to education. This limitation does not only come from the community,...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Foreign Countries, Access to Education, Public Policy, Confidentiality, Inclusive...
The IBT TOEFL has become the principal example of online high stakes language testing since 2005. Most instructors who do the preparation for IBT TOEFL face two main realities: first, students are eager and highly motivated to take the test because of the prospective implications; and, second, specific studies would be necessary to see if instructors may be familiarized with the use of computers in teaching and/or language testing for other high stakes tests. Now, many standardized tests are...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Private Schools, Second Language Learning, Familiarity, Testing, Language Tests,...
This papers aims at analyzing the perception of Accounting professors about the necessary qualifications in Accounting undergraduate courses. The contribution of this study is to theoretically discuss the education of Accounting professors, with empirical data, because Accounting teaching requires specific competencies in the digital area. The research is applied in the Accounting Higher Education, descriptive in relation to the objectives, a qualitative approach to the problem with...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Foreign Countries, Accounting, College Faculty, Teacher Qualifications, Teacher...
Over the last two years, the University of Urbino, Italy, has been implementing Content and Language Integrated Learning (CLIL) courses in English across all disciplines. This study focuses on the online self-study CLIL scaffolding designed to help students involve in an Internationalization Project to build academic language and content-specific vocabulary autonomously. Within a CLIL counterbalanced instructional framework, which integrates content-based and form-focused instruction as...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Foreign Countries, Second Language Instruction, English (Second Language), Course...
This paper reports on a study to determine whether blind students' conceptualizations of force and motion differ from sighted students. This is particularly concerned with the question of whether the students' visual experiences have any relation to their conceptualizations or misconceptualization about force and motion. The research was designed as a case study and the data was collected from 6 blind high school students based on conceptual physics problems related to force and motion. The...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Physics, Science Instruction, Visual Impairments, Blindness, Scientific Concepts,...
The process of having inclusive education in Kenya has been very slow for children with special needs yet many of these children are still at home and have attained school going age. The purpose of this study was to assess teacher competencies in handling physically challenged pupils in public primary schools in Kericho County. The study was informed by Lev Vygotsky Social-Cultural Constructivism Theory. The study utilized a descriptive survey design. The objective of the study was to assess...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Teacher Competencies, Foreign Countries, Inclusion, Statistical Analysis, Qualitative...
Substance use amongst learners in South Africa has become a significant problem, with relationships between educators and learners being seriously challenged. Educators are often in a position to notice changes in the behaviour of learners and are able to provide support and assistance. A phenomenological, explorative study was undertaken and in-depth interviews were conducted with 16 educators from a secondary school in a high-risk community in the Western Cape. In addition, a World Café...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Foreign Countries, Substance Abuse, Phenomenology, Secondary School Teachers,...
The economic transition in China since the late 1970s has led to not only drastic social transformations but also rapid advancements in science and technology, as well as the revolution in information and communications technology. In order to enhance the global competence of the Chinese population in coping with the challenges of a knowledge-based economy, the higher education sector has been going through restructuring along the lines of marketization, privatization and decentralization....
Topics: ERIC Archive, Higher Education, Privatization, Global Approach, Foreign Countries, Social Change,...
This annotated bibliography contains over 60 sources for the study of women. Listings include papers presented at professional geographers associations and articles appearing in professional journals. Resources provide a geographic perspective on various women-related topics such as the status of women in the United States and other geographic regions, women's standing in the geography profession, and women's employment, housing, and safety. Resources are also listed for teaching geography and...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Employed Women, Foreign Countries, Geography, Geography Instruction, Human Geography,...
The widespread perception amongst advocates for learners from oppressed communities that linguistics are incapable of addressing such issues as the unequal distribution of power in South Africa, or of making their discipline part of the process of democratic transformation is traced to the paucity of studies concerned with the role of language in the establishment, maintenance, and change of social relations of power. To illustrate the sort of research required, this paper focuses on studies of...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Apartheid, Educational Policy, Ethnography, Foreign Countries, Higher Education,...
Pedagogical craft was established in the Scandinavia around 1950 under the name Sloyd. The ideology was developed by European educators from 16th and 17th century. Sloyd aimed to educate children holistically via a carefully structured system for teaching craft. The child became the centre of the educational activities and the development of the capabilities of the whole person. Sloyd had a noted impact on the early development of manual training, manual arts, industrial education and technical...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Handicrafts, Creative Activities, Creativity, Holistic Approach, Individual...
Effective usage of nonverbal and verbal communication in Japanese such as gestures, mimics, silence and employing grammatical or lexical honorifics plays a significant role in determining the success of foreign language learners in obtaining their intended employment. This study examines the second language (L2) learning of politeness and social interaction in professional life within sociocultural and sociolinguistic competence in situ among those L2 learners of Japanese who took the...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Sociocultural Patterns, Japanese, Business Communication, Intercultural...
The urgency of the research is determined by the need to ensure the quality of higher education an essential factor of which is development of the internal assessment system for educational activities at universities. The aim of the article is validation of the model of development of the internal assessment system for educational activities at universities which is aimed at providing the management with immediate, objective and reliable information on the state and development of the...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Foreign Countries, Educational Assessment, Quality Assurance, Universities, Models,...
This study explores major-related life experiences (MRLE) of psychology and law students to examine the stereotype of the wounded psychology student. Previous studies have shown that psychology students know people with mental disorders and are seeking treatment themselves. However, these studies do not allow drawing conclusions about the direction of these effects or the relationships' emotional closeness. As a consequence, the present, highly powered (n = 615) study examined whether...
Topics: ERIC Archive, College Students, Experience, Psychology, Legal Education (Professions), Majors...
The problems involved in reversing ineffective schools have begun to engage researchers, policy makers, and practitioners. This paper conceptualizes the extent to which ineffective schools have to be understood as "different" from schools with other levels of effectiveness, and speculates which types of improvement strategies are most appropriate to them. The paper describes problems involved in implementing the "turnaround" processes in two South Wales schools recognized as...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Educational Assessment, Educational Change, Educational Improvement, Educational...
This study of children in a Malay community assesses the cross-cultural validity of one conceptualization of temperament, identifies cultural differences in child rearing practices and beliefs, and explores parents' recognition of individual differences emerging in early childhood. The community studied consisted of three villages located about 20 miles from Kuala Lumpur. Forty child profiles were obtained through interviews with 32 families. The questionnaire for profiles of children less than...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Beliefs, Child Development, Child Rearing, Cross Cultural Studies, Cultural...
Because the scientific treatment of the concept of consciousness has been multifaceted, there have been several different approaches to research concerning consciousness. This article gives an introductory account of the research on consciousness. The main hypothesis advanced is based on the premise that consciousness emerges from the cooperative interaction of multiple agents and agencies within naturally produced text. Through Perspective Text Analysis, it is demonstrated that the Kantian...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Cognitive Processes, Foreign Countries, Language Usage, Measurement Techniques,...
A new approach taken to teach English to visiting West German teenagers in an immersion course in England emphasizes language use for fluency. Although the syllabus is designed to provide practice in all four language skills, it focuses on integrating the four skills, increasing productive skills, sensitizing the students to the value of paired and group work, encouraging increased independence and individualized learning, motivating students by involvement with the culture, and providing...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Course Descriptions, English (Second Language), Foreign Countries, Foreign Students,...
This report highlights trends in disease patterns and technological advances that call for sweeping changes in the education of oral health personnel. It first provides a brief history of the development of dental education. The second and most extensive section analyzes global trends for dental caries, periodontal conditions, tooth loss and edentulousness, developmental disorders, systemic diseases, and traumatic injuries. The third section considers what these trends will mean in terms of the...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Allied Health Occupations Education, Dental Health, Dental Hygienists, Dental...
Many examples of cooperative projects between English for Specific Purposes (ESP) units and university subject departments have been reported in the literature. Most are case studies of specific ESP programs, and explanations of methodologies have not been prominent. This paper reviews the different ways in which cooperative methods have been used in ESP programs, beginning with the history of cooperative teaching methods in engineering more than 100 years ago. Cooperative methods are...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Cooperative Programs, Engineering Education, English for Special Purposes, Foreign...
This study investigated the effects of college students' actual, rather than manipulated, perception of control along with expressive instruction, as they relate to cognitive and emotional aspects of academic achievement. In a simulated college classroom study, 228 male and female introductory psychology students at the University of Manitoba wrote an aptitude test and were classified into Perceived Control (low, high) categories based on perceptions of control over performance. Students also...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Academic Achievement, Attribution Theory, Cognitive Style, College Instruction,...
This workbook is one of a series designed for adult learners of English as a Second Language. The overall aim of this volume is that the student who is a landed immigrant in Canada and leaves the country for a vacation or family visit will be able to deal successfully with Canadian immigration and customs officials upon return to Canada. This includes giving personal information (name, address, status, destination, etc.), stating necessary facts about the time spent outside Canada, stating the...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Administrative Policy, Daily Living Skills, Dialogs (Language), English (Second...
Rwanda, a small country in Africa, has experienced declines in per capita food production. Fish culture is one part of a many-stranded effort to increase food production and food security by intensifying the use of land resources to produce a much-needed protein crop. Beginning in 1983, the Rwanda National Fish Culture Project has assisted farmers with the upgrading of their fish ponds and identified and provided a species suitable for the high elevation, cool water environment. Average annual...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Agricultural Production, Agriculture, Developing Nations, Farmers, Food, Foreign...
This article briefly outlines the need for evaluation, the benefits that can accrue to both the individual and the institution, and the similarities and differences between performance evaluations for non-teaching faculty (counselors and librarians) and teaching faculty. The Red Deer College performance evaluation package is discussed in detail. More specifically, each component of the package from eight required competencies for librarians to the evaluation forms to be filled out by staff,...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Academic Libraries, Evaluation Methods, Evaluation Utilization, Foreign Countries,...
This study shows how performance measurement can be developed to take advantage of the most advanced computer software and hardware now available. The "Toolbox" study was commissioned by the European Commission (EC) and undertaken by De Montfort University in partnership with Essex County Libraries and the Library and Information Statistics Unit at Loughborough University (England). Performance measurement systems to benefit library management should include mechanisms for: monitoring...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Academic Libraries, Access to Information, Computer Networks, Computer Software, Cost...
During the 1996-97 school year, 63 one-teacher primary schools were identified in Great Britain and 54 of these were surveyed. Three of the schools surveyed were in England, 47 in Scotland, and 4 in Wales. The majority of teachers in these schools were female, married, and 40-49 years old; had over 20 years teaching experience, with 5-15 years in the present school; and held teaching certificates only. Most schools were located in remote areas, many of them on Scottish islands. Most teachers...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Educational Practices, Elementary Education, Elementary Schools, Foreign Countries,...
A total of 26 representatives of government departments, relevant national bodies, and guidance professional associations in England, Northern Ireland, the Republic of Ireland, Scotland, and Wales met to identify ways they might work together to improve the information, advice, and guidance services available to adults in their respective countries. The discussions focused on the following three topics: key features of adult guidance systems and initiatives in each country; similarities and...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Adult Education, Adult Programs, Career Education, Career Guidance, Comparative...
Resident Assistants (RAs) are a mainstay of many universities worldwide that offer accommodation to visiting students. They look after both the administrative side and, more importantly, the emotional side of ensuring visiting students, including students from other countries, fit primarily into the university accommodation, and also the host culture as a whole. With an increase in the number of foreign students coming to Japan, it has become necessary at hosting universities to employ RAs at...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Resident Advisers, College Students, Foreign Countries, College Housing, Interviews,...
Career education is moving away from addressing careers as a single choice in time, or as one unit or course in a curriculum. This digest discusses the infusion of skills (research, thinking, questioning) into the regular school curriculum and describes one such infusion program. Research indicates that instilling these skills into education (rather than teaching them separately) benefits the students best as long as such instruction is accompanied by professional development or staff training....
Topics: ERIC Archive, Adolescents, Career Awareness, Career Development, Career Education, Career Guidance,...
This paper focuses on changes necessary for apprenticeship to meet society's current needs in terms of: providing an educational environment, meeting the needs of the European economies, and matching the aspirations of young people. Section 1 provides a narrative account of an apprentice working as a coach finisher in the Great Western Railway works in Swindon, England, in the 1940s. It provides a benchmark to examine how apprenticeship has changed and what has remained. As a biographical...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Apprenticeships, Experiential Learning, Foreign Countries, Job Skills, Personal...
A study investigated the substitution of the Japanese flap for English liquids /r/ and /l/ by 11 Japanese students in their first and fourth years of college. Phonological patterns were examined at the two different stages, in reading vs. spontaneous oral language tasks, and for word-initial singleton vs. word-initial cluster environments. The number of obligatory instances of /r/ and /l/ for each speaker for three reading tasks at the two stages combined ranged from 140 to 159 depending on the...
Topics: ERIC Archive, College Students, English (Second Language), Foreign Countries, Higher Education,...
This SPEC (Systems and Procedures Exchange Center) Kit presents the results of a survey of Association of Research Libraries (ARL) member libraries. The survey addressed the following questions about numeric data (i.e., any information resource, print or non-print, with considerable numeric content) in academic libraries: (1) What relationships exist between libraries and other academic units that have responsibility for numeric data? (2) What are the principle sources for numeric data? (3) How...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Academic Libraries, Access to Information, Foreign Countries, Higher Education,...
Improvements in education are occurring in Macedonia, but challenges remain with quality, equity, efficiency, and administration. This report presents to United States Agency for International Development (USAID)/Macedonia a way to move forward in assisting the education sector. It is the result of almost four plus weeks of study by a team of educators (n=3). Results are presented in three main sections of the report: (1) a review of sector performance indicators and issues; (2) recommendations...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Educational Change, Elementary Secondary Education, Foreign Countries, Human...
Formal schooling is less than 100 years old in the Kivalliq region of Nunavut. In the last three decades, efforts to reflect and value Inuit culture in northern schools have increased, in light of concerns over whether the dominant culture's education system was appropriate or effective for Inuit children. These efforts have resulted in varying "adaptations" to the Euro-Canadian school, but it is uncertain whether schools based on a Western model can be adapted effectively to meet the...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Bilingual Education, Canada Natives, Community Attitudes, Culturally Relevant...
The conception of literacy is changing to reflect the profound economic, social, political and cultural changes of the past half century. In this report, the authors examine three broad literacy ideologies - cognitive, individual-based model, economics-driven model, and sociocultural model. While current research situates literacy in social practice, government policy aligns more with the cognitive and economics-driven models of literacy. The authors find the need for a new national literacy...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Public Policy, Ideology, Discussion, Literacy, Foreign Countries, Surveys, Lonsdale,...
The persistence of the Great Recession provides us with the opportunity to engage in a long overdue conversation about public investments in America's children. Less than ten percent of the Fiscal Year 2010 federal budget of $3.603 trillion is allocated to children and youth. This percentage is likely to decline in the next decade if current laws and policies remain unchanged. While state and local governments spend more on children than the federal government, especially for public education,...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Financial Support, Public Education, Educational Finance, Government Role, State...
The study of social studies is an important subject especially if ESL students are to understand the world around them. To study social studies effectively students often need to read texts which are most often at a level only written for native speakers which can be daunting at times and this can often turn into a tedious task but also that they often have to be prepared to read text in more detail to that of other subjects. They need to develop schema to prepare them for reading, together...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Foreign Countries, Natural Resources, Native Speakers, Social Studies, Teaching...
This paper explores the impact of the "Bridging the Numeracy Gap Project" on the whole-number learning of Prep and Grade 1 students living in a low Socio-Economic Status (SES) community. The findings suggest that an approach that includes a specialist mathematics teacher who provides specialised programs for mathematically vulnerable students, and who works in partnership with classroom teachers to design individual learning plans, and classroom mathematics programs that cater for the...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Mathematics Education, Numeracy, Foreign Countries, Mathematics Teachers, Grade 1, At...
Teaching literacy requires accurate and current knowledge in the field (Commonwealth of Australia, 2005). There have been persistent inquiries into what constitutes specialist knowledge and skills for teaching students to be literate. Preservice teacher education is fundamental to literacy development, which includes the approaches universities employ to prepare graduates for teaching literacy. Indeed, preservice teacher programs and literacy education also elicit insatiable media coverage....
Topics: ERIC Archive, Preservice Teacher Education, Preservice Teachers, Literacy Education, Reading,...
Involvement is the cornerstone of the educational process, especially in the early years settings. It is a fundamental factor in people's actions particularly when they are deeply concentrated in an activity. However, little research has been conducted in the early years settings, with focus on teaching and learning. This piece of research investigates the effects of the arts as a means to promote children's involvement during literacy activities. This was based on the hypothesis that the arts...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Art Activities, Literacy Education, Learning Activities, Case Studies, Young...
This article seeks to contribute to the current discourse on internationalisation of higher education in Australia and to understanding and managing the increasing diversity of the student body. Its specific concern is a comparison of international versus domestic student experience regarding a range of a university's academic and general services provision. The research sample consisted of 5,090 students who participated in three University of Western Sydney (UWS) surveys in 2004-05. The...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Foreign Countries, College Students, Foreign Students, Student Surveys, Access to...
The purpose of the present study is developing a test to measure the numerical ability for students of education. The sample of the study consisted of (504) students from 8 universities in Jordan. The final draft of the test contains 45 items distributed among 5 dimensions. The results revealed that acceptable psychometric properties of the test; items parameters (difficulty, discrimination) were estimated by item response theory IRT, the reliability of the test was assessed by: Cronbach's...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Foreign Countries, Item Response Theory, Numeracy, Reliability, Test Construction,...
The purpose of this study was to empirically test two major theoretical models: a modified version of the social capital model (Pattie, Seyd and Whiteley, 2003), and the Informed Social Engagement Model (Barr and Selman, 2014; Selman and Kwok, 2010), to explain civic participation and civic knowledge of adolescents from Chile, Colombia and Mexico, using data from the International Civic and Citizenship Education Study 2009 (Schulz, et al., 2010). The models were used to identify factors...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Citizen Participation, Models, Social Capital, Adolescents, Knowledge Level,...